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2
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1answer
68 views

Texts of Maharal’s Commentary on Shas

Does anyone happen to know where I can find online the text of the Maharal’s commentary on Shas that’s not copyright?
0
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0answers
19 views

Why do two blessings in the amidah start with the letter “vov” translated as “and” [duplicate]

In the text of all my Ashkenaz siddurim, the following blessings in the Amidah start with the letter “vov” translated as “and”: 1] The blessing ולמלשינים against informers which follows the blessing ...
0
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0answers
80 views

The origin of Metatrons cube

I have been reading countless Hebrew and English texts about Metatron. In the English they refer to Metatron cube. However, I can’t find a single Kabbalistic text in Jewish Kabbalah that references ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Size of words in Siddur; from one blessing to the next in the Amidah [duplicate]

I have noticed that some siddurim use different font sizes for different berachot in the Amidah. I initially thought that the larger fonts are used for less frequent parts of the Amidah, to assist the ...
1
vote
2answers
163 views

Who composed the text for Tena'im?

In many Ashkenazy weddings, a document called tena'im is drafted and read at the Chatan's Tisch (Chattan's "table" - a separate rom or area where the groom, family members and friends gather prior to ...
1
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2answers
81 views

Aryeh Kaplan Text Identification

Follow-up/related question: I recently acquired this book which belonged to Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan. On page 48/49, I found an index card with some things typed on a typewriter.(picture below) I can’t ...
4
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1answer
86 views

Did The Rebbe R' Heshel of Krokow have a different version of the Chumash?

In the Sefer Chanukas Hatorah, [written by the Rebbe R' Heshel of Krocow], in Parshas Pinchas (Bamidbar 27:3) it says: בפסוק (במדבר כז:ג) - אבינו מת במדבר והוא לא היה בתוך העדה הנועדים על ה' בעדת ...
7
votes
1answer
185 views

Rashi contradiction in B.M. 95b-96a

The Gemarah in Bava Metziah 95b bring an argument of Amoraim between Abaye and Rava who base their respective opinions on the Tanaim Rav Yoshiya and Rav Yonasan. The Gemara tells how they hold of ...
3
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0answers
21 views

Why (what is the origin) are ALL the plagues in Egypt called Makkot?

In the text of Sh'mot, the 10 "plagues" to which the Egyptians were subjected are described/called different things: Blood is called about because the water was hit (makkeh) by Moshe and Aharon (7:17)...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

When were the tefillos formulated?

I have been told that before Galus Bavel the only prayer a Jew was required to pray was the Shema. (And I suppose Birkas HaMazon, as well.) When the Jews were exiled to Bavel, the Anshei Knesses ...
3
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2answers
433 views

Gemara text with Nekudos

Does anyone know where to find a Gemara text with nekudot online? I'm having trouble finding one.
2
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0answers
66 views

Why do we not repair the Mishna according to the emendations of the Talmud?

Often times in analyzing a Mishna the Talmud will say that the Mishna is missing certain information and should read as follows - חסורי מחסרא והכי קתני. The Talmud will then posit the missing ...
2
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0answers
39 views

כְּהַיּוֹם vs. כַּיּוֹם

Why does the word sometimes appear as כַּיּוֹם and sometimes as כְּהַיּוֹם? As a general grammatical rule, a heh with a patach gets subsumed into the preceding kaf, so why are these cases different? ...
3
votes
1answer
217 views

How did they learn Torah before everything was taught in its entirety?

Halachos are spread throughout the Torah. Many times the Gemara uses pesukim that are scattered all around to figure out the true application of pesukim. So if, for example, we only had the section ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

How does the blessing that concludes Hallel start?

There seem to be two different opening expressions with for the blessing that concludes Hallel: יְהַלְלוּךָ ה' אֱלהֵינוּ על כָּל מַעֲשֶׂיךָ - O L-rd our G-d You shall be praised for all your works ...
0
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2answers
111 views

Omitted Part of Yonah?

I had heard once that there was an omitted/deleted part of Sefer Yonah after Hashem's response to Yonah about the kikayon. Is this true? Is there a source for this idea?
2
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0answers
59 views

Second and Third Person in Birchat Kohanim

I have been reading up on the shift in the text of many brachot from the second person (ata) to the third person (for example, "hemvarech et amO..."). One nice explanation comes from here: It is ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Tanach with trop as plain text

Is there any place to download the Tanach, or at least the Torah, in plain text format, including nekudos and trop? From Mechon Mamre I can download the HTML, but aside from the html tags the text is ...
1
vote
2answers
199 views

What dates were the Talmuds and Midrashes written?

Can we prove what dates in history these texts were written? Also, do we know exactly when the various Rabbis of these texts lived? What are those dates? Are there disputes about this? Further, ...
6
votes
1answer
280 views

Who Exactly Threatened to Excommunicate Ramchal?

Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzato, known as Ramchal, was a controversial and prolific Italian philosopher and Mekubal. According to the linked Wikipedia article, after disseminating Kabbalah in Italy, "...
5
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2answers
199 views

Is there an online database of early manuscripts of the Tanakh?

As a student of textual and historical criticism of the Christian scriptures, I am interested in seeing the earliest extant copies of the texts. There are a number of sites devoted to providing ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Why does “elokeynu” frequently follow “hashem” in tanach?

On almost every page in tanach you find the pair of words "hashem elokeynu" (Hashem our God). By saying "our God" it seems to imply that there are other gods. If this implication is not correct why ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

What to remove from a generic chumash to get only the letters as found in the torah scroll?

I am writing a program to do various computations with the Torah. To do this I need to remove all punctuation, spaces and other notations. I have removed the (פ) breaks and all non-Hebrew letters (...
8
votes
1answer
91 views

וְהִתְקִין לוֹ מִמֶּנּוּ בִּנְיַן עֲדֵי עַד Is the translation of מִמֶּנּוּ **His** very self or his very self?

The Koren Sacks siddur translates the 4th of the 7 wedding blessings as: אֲשֶׁר יָצַר אֶת הָאָדָם בְּצַלְמוֹ, בְּצֶלֶם דְּמוּת תַּבְנִיתוֹ, וְהִתְקִין לוֹ מִמֶּנּוּ בִּנְיַן עֲדֵי עַד: who ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Meaning of the (Hebrew?) abbreviation Ka"H

I saw this on a frum forum: It bothers me when my daughters keep hearing about their (ka"h) appearance,and no one talks about character. I had never seen this abbreviation before. Does anyone ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Is the word לבר or לבד?

In מסכת ברכות , on the top line of דף ל,ב, the text reads "בנהרדעא לבר מההוא יומא " [it continues the quote from Shmuel that he never davened mussaf privately in Neharde'a...] According to the ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Recommendation for a digital Torah codex for software developers

Could someone recommend a source for a machine-readable Hebrew with English Torah codex that may be used in software development projects? By "machine readable," I mean of a format that may be ...
3
votes
0answers
297 views

Mechon-Mamre Tanach text

Which manuscript of the Masoretic text is used as the basis for the Tana"ch on Mechon-Mamre.org? Is it based on the Leningradensis, the Keter Aram Soba, or another manuscript?
2
votes
2answers
61 views

What is the most common way of indicating qere/kethib in the biblical text?

What is the most common way used in Biblical Scripture to indicate Qere and Kethib? Especially for non-Hebrew languages.
2
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0answers
45 views

Text based Ritva / Rabeinu Kresscass?

My chavrusa is looking for a text-based copies of Ritva (חידושים מכתב יד) and Rabeinu Kresscass (ריטב"א) on Gittin, so that he could put them into his computer. Where can I find a copy of either of ...
4
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1answer
206 views

Seforim and Books online

Does anyone know of a website like this that has the text (not PDF) of seforim posted on their website for free?
7
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1answer
209 views

What is the precise difference between Kakatuv and Shene'emar and

The davening on the Yamim Nora'im references many verses and the machzor introduces those verses in a variety of ways. A quick glance at the davening for Yom Kippur shows v'ne'emar she'ne'emar ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Are we precise in which name of God we use outside of Chumash?

In the chumash, there is a distinction between the use of Elokim (midat hadin, the characteristic of justice/law) and the four letter name (midat harachamim, the attribute of mercy). Rashi on 1:1 ...
10
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1answer
199 views

Request document Identification (Ancient Scroll?)

Hi I have a document from Tunsia that I can't identify. Can anyone help me with this?
3
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2answers
141 views

ראש וראשון לכל דבר שבקדושה

The phrase "ראש וראשון לכל דבר שבקדושה" is used quite often in haskamos and introductions to describe people who devote their life to Torah study or supporting Torah study or other important Jewish ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Is this a mistake in a Torah scroll or intended decoration?

In the following pictures, is the superscript addition a correction or intended decoration? Are corrections like this kosher?
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0answers
49 views

How can the order of Ovinu Malkeinu be explained? Forgiveness comes before repentance

The order of the lines in [Ovinu Malkeinu] is troubling. It starts with a confession אָבִינוּ מַלְכֵּנוּ חָטָאנוּ לְפָנֶיךָ (and אָבִינוּ מַלְכֵּנוּ אֵין לָנוּ מֶלֶךְ אֶלָּא אָתָּה) and follows with ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

How does orthodox Judaism view the Dead Sea Scrolls?

I'm trying to understand how orthodox Jews view the dead sea scrolls. Are they considered authentic representations of Judaism? If there are textual variants between our current tanach texts and the ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Why does Koheleth 12:1 use בוראיך instead of בוראך?

Koheleth 12:1 says: וּזְכֹר, אֶת-בּוֹרְאֶיךָ, בִּימֵי, בְּחוּרֹתֶיךָ: עַד אֲשֶׁר לֹא-יָבֹאוּ, יְמֵי הָרָעָה, וְהִגִּיעוּ שָׁנִים, אֲשֶׁר תֹּאמַר אֵין-לִי בָהֶם חֵפֶץ. 1 Remember then thy ...
2
votes
3answers
179 views

The text of the fourth question at the seder

I just read through 40 or so Haggadot and, while I have a provisional (common sense) answer, no one seems to address this, so I appreciate any "real" sourced answers. The fourth question (current day,...
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8answers
9k views

Has the Torah been changed over the ages?

It is quite a famous argument from Muslims for authenticity of the Quran that the previous Holy Books (Bible and Torah) sent by God have been corrupted or changed by their followers and that Quran is ...
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2answers
85 views

Justification in the Tanakh

I'm trying to edit a version of the Tanakh, and I was wondering if formatting the text with justification (so that it spreads out evenly across the page) is permitted.
10
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3answers
211 views

Why is future tense used in Esther 3:2?

In Megillas Esther Perek 3 Pasuk 2 we are told: וּמָרְדֳּכַי--לֹא יִכְרַע, וְלֹא יִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה. Why is this sentence in future tense? Why does it not it say לא כרע ולא השתחוה, in the past tense?
3
votes
2answers
291 views

What Set Oholiab and Bezalel apart?

In Exodus 31, Gd designates Bezalel son of Uri son of Hur the Judite, Oholiab son of Ahisamach the Danite, and 'all the wise-hearted' to construct the tabernacle. Why are Bezalel and Oholiab ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Order of Idolatrous Kings' Courts

The Talmud in Gittin 88a says that Israel was only destroyed once it had seven courts that worshipped idols: Jeroboam son of Nebat's... Pekah son of Remalia's, Menahem son of Gadi's, and Hosea son of ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Do we consider ourselves converts?

OK, bad title but I have been having trouble with the titles recently. Sorry. In slichot, we say a whole set of things including many pesukim. Towards the end of the slichot, right before the shma ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

מחויאל and מחייאל Bereshis perek 4:18

Why did the pasuk change מחויאל to מחייאל in Bereshis 4:18? Is there any peirush who discusses this change and it significance?
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Misreading a k'suva

The k'suva text varies slightly depending on whether the bride is a virgin, independent of whether she has been married previously. (For one thing, the amount of money mentioned in it is different; ...
0
votes
1answer
293 views

What scriptures did Josiah discover in Kings II?

There is a story that Josiah discovers scriptures. What scriptures did he discover? Was it a Torah scroll? Which book of Torah was it, or was it all of them? Was it the last copy? If it wasn't the ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Is there a way to find proximate words?

I am looking to see if certain words in the tanach are used in proximity to other words. Other than looking a word up in my Even-Shoshan and reading through each instance and seeing if the other word ...