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Questions tagged [tanach]

An acronym of "Torah" (Five Books of Moses), "Neviim" (Prophets), and "Kesuvim" (Writings). The three books together form the "Written Torah".

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Sheimos-free versions of Tanach Online

There are many websites that provide the user with the text of Tanach (as well as various other Jewish sources). When printing sources, I like to avoid printing "Sheimos", or actual names of Hashem, ...
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Early descriptions of the Foundation Stone

I am looking for early descriptions of the "Foundation Stone" (אבן שתיה) -- the huge flat rock now enclosed by the "Dome of the Rock," and believed by many Jewish scholars to have been the site of the ...
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Source for Jewish Chapter breaks in Tanach

I know that the chapter divisions are a Christian invention, and therefore don't exist in very old Jewish sources (Aleppo Codex, Leningrad Codex, dead sea scrolls, etc.). However our divisions don't ...
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Proper Reading of the Word זועה

The word זועה appears six times in tanach: Yeshayahu 28:19 Yirmiyahu 15:4 Yirmiyahu 24:9 Yirmiyahu 29:18 Yirmiyahu 34:17 Divrei Hayamim II 29:8 In each one of these instances except the first, the ...
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209 views

Using Eicha trop when learning

When leining in shul, there are a few minhagim about what gets read with the Eicha trop. This is what I've seen most often (in chronological order through the year): איכה אשא לבדי in Devarim Most of ...
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What would the status of the “Book of the Wars of God” be today?

The Torah makes reference to a Book of the Wars of God (Bamidbar 21:10-16). According to most opinions this was an actual written work which has been lost over time. It is not clear (at least to me) ...
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Multiple characters with the same name in the bible

In the Bible most of the names are unique, especially for the main characters. As far as I know there is only one Abraham and only one Moses etc. There are some names that appear more than once like ...
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Criteria for special formats of some chapters in the Tanach Scrolls

Usually, when writing verses in Tanach Scrolls, words are written across the column from the right margin to the left (except, of course, for required Parsha spacing.) I have seen two "special" ...
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The Battle of Gog and Magog

Very little is known about The Battle of Gog and Magog, it is shroud in mystery and countless debates. The prophet Ezekiel (chapters 38-39) describes the battle and the prophet Zachariya (chapter 14) ...
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57 views

What is 1,530 a reference to?

In his commentary to Genesis 7:12, R. Isaiah of Trani (the Elder) writes: וכן במניין ישראל אלף וחמש מאות ושלשים ואי אפשר דבר זה שלא היה אחד מהם יתר או חסר אלא כן דרך המקראות לתפוש מניין שלם ואפי' ...
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Can anyone explain R. Nissim of Marseilles's seemingly problematic opinion on longevity in Genesis?

Recently, I have been looking into the idea of longevity in Genesis. Today, I stumbled upon R. Nissim of Marseilles's opinion of it, but no matter how many times I read over the article that mentioned ...
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Zecharia 14:4 vis-a-vis the reality of Har haZeisim being a cemetary?

This question has bothered me on and off over the years - typically around this time as we read this perek on the first day of Sukkot as the haftarah: וְעָמְד֣וּ רַגְלָ֣יו בַּיּוֹם־הַ֠הוּא עַל־...
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1answer
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Was Nebuchadnezzar's statue an image of Daniel himself?

The third chapter of Daniel brings the story of how King Nebuchadnezzar erected a statue made of gold for the people of the land to worship. (Ultimately, this is the story of how Hananiah, Mishael, ...
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How did the Shofar announcements work?

In this week's Parsha - יִתְרוֹ - we have the first occurrence (AFAIK) of the Shofar blast announcing something. בִּמְשֹׁךְ הַיֹּבֵל הֵמָּה יַעֲלוּ בָהָר. When you hear the long shofar sound, you may ...
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Why does Ezra-Nechemiah come before Divrei HaYamim?

In practically all printed editions of Tanach that I have come across, as well as the ordering given in Bava Batra 14b, Ezra( - Nechemiah) comes before Divrei HaYamim. Why is this the case? ...
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What is the earliest source for the Tanach order in our Tanachs?

What is the earliest source for the Tanach order? The idea that the order of books in the hebrew bible is first the 5 books of moses, then the prophets, then the writings? I'm referring exclusively ...
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Why no simanim for Rus, Shir HaShirim, and Eicha?

In the Koren Tanakh, besides for the church-invented chapter system, it also puts the Jewish simanim divisions at the side of the page. Why does it not do this for Rus, Shir HaShirim, and Eicha?
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111 views

Why do third-person singular female qal verbs lack a gaʿya?

The word הָיְתָ֣ה appears in the model Masoretic codices without a gaʿya on the initial ה in several places (e.g. Isaiah 1:21 in L [facsimile] & A). Likewise, זָכְרָ֥ה lacks a gaʿya (e.g. Nehamiah ...
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Any mention of Hakhel in Neviim or Ktuvim?

It appears that Hakhel is only mentioned in Dvarim 31:10-12 and Talmud. Is it ever mentioned in Tanakh outside of the Torah (i.e., Prophets or Writings)? E.g., "such and such king observed/failed to ...
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Mechon-Mamre Tanach text

Which manuscript of the Masoretic text is used as the basis for the Tana"ch on Mechon-Mamre.org? Is it based on the Leningradensis, the Keter Aram Soba, or another manuscript?
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Nature of cryptic prophecies

I understand that prophecies in the Tanach seem to be very cryptic until the prophecy actually happens: then do the verses become clear and be correlated to the happened events. What are good examples ...
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Are there any debates about the presence of entire words in Scripture?

Besides for the odd letter, such as an extra Vov or Yud, what Scriptual verses that we would find in Tanach today, were once or still debated by Halachic Authorities as to what is the correct text. Or ...
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The purpose and the permission to write Na"ch?

Torah (the 5 books) is [considered] G-d dictated, holistic and include all the necessary knowledge. It is allowed to be passed in the written form. The detailed interpretations were given orally and ...
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Why does ויאמר almost never use לאמר, and why does וידבר almost always use לאמר?

It seems that whenever Tanach says ויאמר, "and he said," it almost never uses the word לאמר, "saying."1 Conversely, whenever Tanach says וידבר, "and he spoke," it almost always uses the word לאמר, "...
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What verses of Tanach have penultimate stress on every word?

Saying kaparos this year, I noticed that Iyov 33:24, which is included in the rite, has all its words mil'el, i.e. with the penultimate rather than the ultimate syllable stressed. (Most words in ...
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How early were maps used to understand Tanach?

In many editions of Tanach I’ve seen there are often maps of the middle eastern area in attempt to explain the places where certain events occurred. (For example, the journeys of יעקב אבינו or stuff ...
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231 views

Unexpected Dagesh in Reish

I learned that a rule of Dageshim is that gutteral letters (אהחע''ר) reject dageshim. My question is why do we find 17 reishs (1 Samuel 1:6, 1 Samuel 10:24, 1 Samuel 17:25, 2 Kings 6:32, Jeremiah 39:...
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On the Root 'ע'ט'פ (and 'ע'ט'ה)

The Lishon Hakodesh root 'ע'ט'פ seems to take on a different meaning in various canons/eras: Pentateuch: In the discussion regarding Jacob's manipulation of Laban's flock, we encounter the verse (...
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60 views

Passuk-finder application

I am presently working on a siddur for personal use. However, one of my pet-peeves is when I am looking at a large block of text (let's say Hodu after Baruch She'amar in N"A) and I can't see any ...
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בגד (Begged) and מלבוש (Malbush)

Sometimes the Torah uses the word בגד for clothing, for example Vayikra 11:32, and sometimes it uses מלבוש, for example Iyov 27:16, or לבוש, as in Ester 6:8. This answer discusses the difference ...
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Anywhere in Tanach where brothers-in-law have the same name?

Is there anywhere in Tanach where brothers-in-law have the same name? Either two sisters married men with the same name, or a woman married someone with the same name as her brother. There is a ...
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209 views

Mention of any Prophet in other holy books

Did any prophet announce the mission of a future prophet, providing signs by which he would be known to be a prophet? Did any prophet confirm that any prior prophets were in fact true prophets? If ...
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1answer
253 views

Birth of Hezron and Hamul

Some critics of Genesis have noted that there is difficulty in understanding how Hezron and Hamul are considered part of the sojourning group into Egypt from the land of Canaan, when many notice that ...
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Difference between תא and לשכה

Middos 4:3 uses the term תאים to refer to the 38 chambers in the Beis HaMikdash. I was surprised to see this usage, as the term לשכה appears 29 times in Mishnayos, plus another 12 in the plural, ...
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Source of small/large letters in the torah

Although there are many small and large letters throughout tanach, both the aleppo codex and the Leningrad codex have extremely few of them. Were they later introduced? The different miforshim, ...
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Tools to validate Torah codes

Torah codes are "a purported set of secret messages encoded within the Hebrew text of the Torah" (Wikipedia). For instance, a well known code suggests that counting 3 intervals of 12111 letters from ...
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Strange letters according to Sefer haTaggin

My chevrusoh mentioned last week that there is a sefer entitled Sefer haTaggin which discusses all of the strange letters found in Tana"ch. Is there a collection of these letters and their forms (...
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Torah Genealogy not mentioning Childless people

In Shmuel 1, 17:12, the sons of Yishai are listed. There is a discrepancy between this count (of 7) and the textual statements that Yishai had 8 sons. Some meforshim explain this as because the 8th, ...
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Why does the Tetragrammaton sometimes include the cholam vowel?

Why does the Tetragrammaton sometimes include the cholam vowel ? The question isn't a duplicate of What are the reasons or rules for the different variations in vowels on the Tetragrammaton? Because ...
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2answers
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Is the king of Israel called 'God' at Psalm 45:7, as Aquila seems to read it?

Psalm 45 is a wedding song for the marriage of a king of Israel. At verse 7a the lyric says: כִּסְאֲךָ אֱלֹהִים, עוֹלָם וָעֶד The Jewish Greek translation which came to be called the Septuagint ...
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Is there a surviving Jewish translation of the entire Masoretic Text in Greek?

Please don't say "the Septuagint" because I know that this has fallen out of favor among most modern Jews (the only exception being Beta Israel, which I believe still uses it - correct me if I am ...
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1answer
525 views

best Hebrew-English Tanakh in printed form, interlinear if possible?

I've been using the Artscroll Interlinear series to read the Torah and it's helping me make a lot of progress in finally learning Tanakh Hebrew. But outside of the five scrolls and the psalms, ...
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Usage of final nun with kamatz

Frequently, in Tanac"h, the 3rd person female plural uses an end nun with a kamatz ןָ rather than nun-heh נָה. Is there any reasoning of preference of one usage vs. the other?
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Doubled up names of God - pronounce יהו-ה as Elokim

Many times in Tanach, God is referred to as יהו-ה or אדנ-י. Individually, each of these is read as Adonai. However, when those two different names are mentioned consecutively, the custom is to ...
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אדנ-י יהו-ה - Significance to these two names of God used together?

In many places in Tanach, God is referred to as אדנ-י יהו-ה. For example: David's speech in Shmuel II, 7:18-29 includes seven such references. What is the significance for God being addressed in ...
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Why do we (not) read Kesubim publicly?

Why are the five megilos read in synagogue on holidays, but not the books of Mishlei, Iyov, Daniel, Ezra/Nechemia, Divrei Hayamim, or Psalms?
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Maps of Biblical Israel according to different authorities

After learning through Sefer Yehoshua with a variety of commentaries, I noticed that there seems to be alot of differing opinions in how the land was divided up amongst the Shevatim and the shape of ...
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126 views

Can Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia be used for Torah study?

According to Orthodox rabbis, can Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia be used as a basis for torah study?
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151 views

which tanach is the most authoritative

There are many different Tanachs on the market and while the differences are very minute, they are there. I am under the impression that while it used to be that the Koren Tanach was considered the ...
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80 views

How do we know that we can interpret the torah non-literally beyond what is found in the talmud?

I have often heard "drashot" or homiletic interpretations of many verses in the torah. How do we know that the torah can be explained in a non-literal way beyond the non-literal explanations found in ...