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Questions tagged [tanach]

An acronym of "Torah" (Five Books of Moses), "Neviim" (Prophets), and "Kesuvim" (Writings). The three books together form the "Written Torah".

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Sheimos-free versions of Tanach Online

There are many websites that provide the user with the text of Tanach (as well as various other Jewish sources). When printing sources, I like to avoid printing "Shemot", or actual names of Hashem, ...
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Early descriptions of the Foundation Stone

I am looking for early descriptions of the "Foundation Stone" (אבן שתיה) -- the huge flat rock now enclosed by the "Dome of the Rock," and believed by many Jewish scholars to have been the site of the ...
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Source for Jewish Chapter breaks in Tanach

I know that the chapter divisions are a Christian invention, and therefore don't exist in very old Jewish sources (Aleppo Codex, Leningrad Codex, dead sea scrolls, etc.). However our divisions don't ...
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Proper Reading of the Word זועה

The word זועה appears six times in tanach: Yeshayahu 28:19 Yirmiyahu 15:4 Yirmiyahu 24:9 Yirmiyahu 29:18 Yirmiyahu 34:17 Divrei Hayamim II 29:8 In each one of these instances except the first, the ...
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Multiple characters with the same name in the bible

In the Bible most of the names are unique, especially for the main characters. As far as I know there is only one Abraham and only one Moses etc. There are some names that appear more than once like ...
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Criteria for special formats of some chapters in the Tanach Scrolls

Usually, when writing verses in Tanach Scrolls, words are written across the column from the right margin to the left (except, of course, for required Parsha spacing.) I have seen two "special" ...
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Zecharia 14:4 vis-a-vis the reality of Har haZeisim being a cemetary?

This question has bothered me on and off over the years - typically around this time as we read this perek on the first day of Sukkot as the haftarah: וְעָמְד֣וּ רַגְלָ֣יו בַּיּוֹם־הַ֠הוּא עַל־...
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How did the Shofar announcements work?

In this week's Parsha - יִתְרוֹ - we have the first occurrence (AFAIK) of the Shofar blast announcing something. בִּמְשֹׁךְ הַיֹּבֵל הֵמָּה יַעֲלוּ בָהָר. When you hear the long shofar sound, you may ...
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Why does Ezra-Nechemiah come before Divrei HaYamim?

In practically all printed editions of Tanach that I have come across, as well as the ordering given in Bava Batra 14b, Ezra( - Nechemiah) comes before Divrei HaYamim. Why is this the case? ...
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What is the earliest source for the Tanach order in our Tanachs?

What is the earliest source for the Tanach order? The idea that the order of books in the hebrew bible is first the 5 books of moses, then the prophets, then the writings? I'm referring exclusively ...
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Why no simanim for Rus, Shir HaShirim, and Eicha?

In the Koren Tanakh, besides for the church-invented chapter system, it also puts the Jewish simanim divisions at the side of the page. Why does it not do this for Rus, Shir HaShirim, and Eicha?
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Targum's use during second temple period

I'm curious about how the Targum was used. I've been told that Hebrew Scriptures were the holy writ but also see that the Targum was also used. Was the Targums' use isolated to a certain region, a ...
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Why do third-person singular female qal verbs lack a gaʿya?

The word הָיְתָ֣ה appears in the model Masoretic codices without a gaʿya on the initial ה in several places (e.g. Isaiah 1:21 in L [facsimile] & A). Likewise, זָכְרָ֥ה lacks a gaʿya (e.g. Nehamiah ...
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Mechon-Mamre Tanach text

Which manuscript of the Masoretic text is used as the basis for the Tana"ch on Mechon-Mamre.org? Is it based on the Leningradensis, the Keter Aram Soba, or another manuscript?
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Nature of cryptic prophecies

I understand that prophecies in the Tanach seem to be very cryptic until the prophecy actually happens: then do the verses become clear and be correlated to the happened events. What are good examples ...
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Why does ויאמר almost never use לאמר, and why does וידבר almost always use לאמר?

It seems that whenever Tanach says ויאמר, "and he said," it almost never uses the word לאמר, "saying."1 Conversely, whenever Tanach says וידבר, "and he spoke," it almost always uses the word לאמר, "...
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What verses of Tanach have penultimate stress on every word?

Saying kaparos this year, I noticed that Iyov 33:24, which is included in the rite, has all its words mil'el, i.e. with the penultimate rather than the ultimate syllable stressed. (Most words in ...
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How early were maps used to understand Tanach?

In many editions of Tanach I’ve seen there are often maps of the middle eastern area in attempt to explain the places where certain events occurred. (For example, the journeys of יעקב אבינו or stuff ...
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Any mention of Hakhel in Neviim or Ktuvim?

It appears that Hakhel is only mentioned in Dvarim 31:10-12 and Talmud. Is it ever mentioned in Tanakh outside of the Torah (i.e., Prophets or Writings)? E.g., "such and such king observed/failed to ...
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On the Root 'ע'ט'פ (and 'ע'ט'ה)

The Lishon Hakodesh root 'ע'ט'פ seems to take on a different meaning in various canons/eras: Pentateuch: In the discussion regarding Jacob's manipulation of Laban's flock, we encounter the verse (...
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Passuk-finder application

I am presently working on a siddur for personal use. However, one of my pet-peeves is when I am looking at a large block of text (let's say Hodu after Baruch She'amar in N"A) and I can't see any ...
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בגד (Begged) and מלבוש (Malbush)

Sometimes the Torah uses the word בגד for clothing, for example Vayikra 11:32, and sometimes it uses מלבוש, for example Iyov 27:16, or לבוש, as in Ester 6:8. This answer discusses the difference ...
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Anywhere in Tanach where brothers-in-law have the same name?

Is there anywhere in Tanach where brothers-in-law have the same name? Either two sisters married men with the same name, or a woman married someone with the same name as her brother. There is a ...
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Mention of any Prophet in other holy books

Did any prophet announce the mission of a future prophet, providing signs by which he would be known to be a prophet? Did any prophet confirm that any prior prophets were in fact true prophets? If ...
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Tools to validate Torah codes

Torah codes are "a purported set of secret messages encoded within the Hebrew text of the Torah" (Wikipedia). For instance, a well known code suggests that counting 3 intervals of 12111 letters from ...
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Strange letters according to Sefer haTaggin

My chevrusoh mentioned last week that there is a sefer entitled Sefer haTaggin which discusses all of the strange letters found in Tana"ch. Is there a collection of these letters and their forms (...
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Torah Genealogy not mentioning Childless people

In Shmuel 1, 17:12, the sons of Yishai are listed. There is a discrepancy between this count (of 7) and the textual statements that Yishai had 8 sons. Some meforshim explain this as because the 8th, ...
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Is there a surviving Jewish translation of the entire Masoretic Text in Greek?

Please don't say "the Septuagint" because I know that this has fallen out of favor among most modern Jews (the only exception being Beta Israel, which I believe still uses it - correct me if I am ...
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Usage of final nun with kamatz

Frequently, in Tanac"h, the 3rd person female plural uses an end nun with a kamatz ןָ rather than nun-heh נָה. Is there any reasoning of preference of one usage vs. the other?
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Doubled up names of God - pronounce יהו-ה as Elokim

Many times in Tanach, God is referred to as יהו-ה or אדנ-י. Individually, each of these is read as Adonai. However, when those two different names are mentioned consecutively, the custom is to ...
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אדנ-י יהו-ה - Significance to these two names of God used together?

In many places in Tanach, God is referred to as אדנ-י יהו-ה. For example: David's speech in Shmuel II, 7:18-29 includes seven such references. What is the significance for God being addressed in ...
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Sefer Tehillim and Megillas Esther

Chazal give the following list of names for books of Tanach (Bava Basra 14b): סידרן של כתובים רות וספר תהלים ואיוב ומשלי קהלת שיר השירים וקינות דניאל ומגילת אסתר עזרא ודברי הימים The order of ...
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Why do we (not) read Kesubim publicly?

Why are the five megilos read in synagogue on holidays, but not the books of Mishlei, Iyov, Daniel, Ezra/Nechemia, Divrei Hayamim, or Psalms?
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Maps of Biblical Israel according to different authorities

After learning through Sefer Yehoshua with a variety of commentaries, I noticed that there seems to be alot of differing opinions in how the land was divided up amongst the Shevatim and the shape of ...
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Can Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia be used for Torah study?

According to Orthodox rabbis, can Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia be used as a basis for torah study?
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Unexpected Dagesh in Reish

I learned that a rule of Dageshim is that gutteral letters (אהחע''ר) reject dageshim. My question is why do we find 17 reishs (1 Samuel 1:6, 1 Samuel 10:24, 1 Samuel 17:25, 2 Kings 6:32, Jeremiah 39:...
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which tanach is the most authoritative

There are many different Tanachs on the market and while the differences are very minute, they are there. I am under the impression that while it used to be that the Koren Tanach was considered the ...
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How do we know that we can interpret the torah non-literally beyond what is found in the talmud?

I have often heard "drashot" or homiletic interpretations of many verses in the torah. How do we know that the torah can be explained in a non-literal way beyond the non-literal explanations found in ...
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Common language and the language of the Scripture used in 1st century BCE?

I read from the internet where most articles say: A. The common language used by the Jews around 1st century BCE to (at least) the beginning of 1st century CE was Greek and the Scripture they use is ...
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Why does the Tetragrammaton sometimes include the cholam vowel?

Why does the Tetragrammaton sometimes include the cholam vowel ? The question isn't a duplicate of What are the reasons or rules for the different variations in vowels on the Tetragrammaton? Because ...
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When was music attached to trope?

My shul's chazzan and I have a good relationship, B"H. I ask him nusach questions; he asks me (A Torah reader) Torah questions. So, I'm passing this on from him... We both understand that the main ...
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Does rain come from clouds or the waters above the firmament?

In Bereshis 7:11-12 it says: וַאֲרֻבֹּ֥ת הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם נִפְתָּֽחוּ וַֽיְהִ֥י הַגֶּ֖שֶׁם עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ אַרְבָּעִ֣ים י֔וֹם וְאַרְבָּעִ֖ים לָֽיְלָה And the floodgates of the sky broke open. ...
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Does God only speak through the Hebrew scriptures?

I'm wondering if Jews believe that God only speaks through the Hebrew scriptures? To come at it from another angle; does God also speak through translations of the scriptures? What about modern day ...
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Are there any verses in the Hebrew bible (or just the Torah) that show that God is indivisible?

There are some monotheistic religions that believe that there is one god, but there are (or can be) parts to him (christianity is a good example). They don't believe that god is one and complete and ...
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How could Klall Yisrael make a Bamah when the Mishkan was in Shilo (Acc. to Metzudos David)?

The incident of the Pelegesh B'Gibeah and its aftermath as described in the last few Perakim in Sefer Shoftim discusses that after Benei Yisrael annihilated all of Sheivet Binyamin except for 600 men ...
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Is there any known Tanach edition with Yemenite Hebrew “version”?

I know that there is only one Hebrew version of Torah and Tanach in general. What I mean is that is there any known Hebrew Edition for Tanach using yemenite spelling (e.g. Aleph instead of Heh in "...
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Division of Parshiyot in Tanach – Same or Seperate Nevuah?

I had a question about the Masoretic divisions in the Tanach, specifically the "פ" and "ס" notations. I know that the division into chapters was a Christian development that has been accepted for ...
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Who saw angels?

Which historical figures in Tanach had visions of malachim (angels)? Which of these were themselves prophets (e.g. Abraham, Jacob, Balaam)? Which were figures very close to prophets but not themselves ...
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Are there any commentaries (besides Rashi) on Nach in English online?

I am trying to go through the navi online. I have been using chabad.org and it has Rashi in English but i would like to learn other commentaries as well. Are there any commentaries (besides Rashi) on ...
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Doros Rishonim on Shmuel writing tanach

I was hoping someone could point me in a more precise direction as to where the work Doros Rishonim (by Rav Yitzchak Issacc HaLevi) speaks about the opinion of some Bible scholars that Shmuel wrote/...