Questions tagged [tanach]

An acronym of "Torah" (Five Books of Moses), "Neviim" (Prophets), and "Kesuvim" (Writings). The three books together form the "Written Torah".

104 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
8
votes
0answers
170 views

Proper Reading of the Word זועה

The word זועה appears six times in tanach: Yeshayahu 28:19 Yirmiyahu 15:4 Yirmiyahu 24:9 Yirmiyahu 29:18 Yirmiyahu 34:17 Divrei Hayamim II 29:8 In each one of these instances except the first, the ...
7
votes
0answers
53 views

Why does Pirkei d'Rebbi Eliezer only connect certain berachos of Shemoneh Esrei to events in Tanach?

According to Pirkei d'Rebbi Eliezer: The first beracha of Shemoneh Esrei, "Blessed are You, Hashem, Protector of Avraham," refers to Hashem's protecting Avraham during the war with the four kings (ch....
7
votes
0answers
105 views

Sheimos-free versions of Tanach Online

There are many websites that provide the user with the text of Tanach (as well as various other Jewish sources). When printing sources, I like to avoid printing "Sheimos", or actual names of Hashem, ...
7
votes
0answers
173 views

Early descriptions of the Foundation Stone

I am looking for early descriptions of the "Foundation Stone" (אבן שתיה) -- the huge flat rock now enclosed by the "Dome of the Rock," and believed by many Jewish scholars to have been the site of the ...
7
votes
0answers
252 views

Source for Jewish Chapter breaks in Tanach

I know that the chapter divisions are a Christian invention, and therefore don't exist in very old Jewish sources (Aleppo Codex, Leningrad Codex, dead sea scrolls, etc.). However our divisions don't ...
6
votes
1answer
283 views

Can anyone explain R. Nissim of Marseilles's seemingly problematic opinion on longevity in Genesis?

Recently, I have been looking into the idea of longevity in Genesis. Today, I stumbled upon R. Nissim of Marseilles's opinion of it, but no matter how many times I read over the article that mentioned ...
6
votes
0answers
75 views

What would the status of the “Book of the Wars of God” be today?

The Torah makes reference to a Book of the Wars of God (Bamidbar 21:10-16). According to most opinions this was an actual written work which has been lost over time. It is not clear (at least to me) ...
6
votes
1answer
111 views

Why does Ezra-Nechemiah come before Divrei HaYamim?

In practically all printed editions of Tanach that I have come across, as well as the ordering given in Bava Batra 14b, Ezra( - Nechemiah) comes before Divrei HaYamim. Why is this the case? ...
6
votes
1answer
482 views

Using Eicha trop when learning

When leining in shul, there are a few minhagim about what gets read with the Eicha trop. This is what I've seen most often (in chronological order through the year): איכה אשא לבדי in Devarim Most of ...
5
votes
0answers
94 views

Multiple characters with the same name in the bible

In the Bible most of the names are unique, especially for the main characters. As far as I know there is only one Abraham and only one Moses etc. There are some names that appear more than once like ...
5
votes
0answers
123 views

Criteria for special formats of some chapters in the Tanach Scrolls

Usually, when writing verses in Tanach Scrolls, words are written across the column from the right margin to the left (except, of course, for required Parsha spacing.) I have seen two "special" ...
4
votes
0answers
38 views

Are there any examples of “par ha'elem davar” in Tanakh or Talmud?

In Lev. 4:13-15, we learn If it is the whole community of Israel that has erred and the matter escapes the notice of the congregation, so that they do any of the things which by the LORD’s ...
4
votes
0answers
25 views

Sheva and Dedan

Is there any connection between Sheva and Dedan, sons of Yokshan ben Avraham (Beresheet 25:3, Divrei Hayamim 1:1:32) and Sheva and Dedan, sons of Ra'ama ben Cush (Beresheet 10:7)?
4
votes
0answers
102 views

The Battle of Gog and Magog

Very little is known about The Battle of Gog and Magog, it is shroud in mystery and countless debates. The prophet Ezekiel (chapters 38-39) describes the battle and the prophet Zachariya (chapter 14) ...
4
votes
0answers
70 views

What is 1,530 a reference to?

In his commentary to Genesis 7:12, R. Isaiah of Trani (the Elder) writes: וכן במניין ישראל אלף וחמש מאות ושלשים ואי אפשר דבר זה שלא היה אחד מהם יתר או חסר אלא כן דרך המקראות לתפוש מניין שלם ואפי' חסר ...
4
votes
0answers
63 views

Why does ויאמר almost never use לאמר, and why does וידבר almost always use לאמר?

It seems that whenever Tanach says ויאמר, "and he said," it almost never uses the word לאמר, "saying."1 Conversely, whenever Tanach says וידבר, "and he spoke," it almost always uses the word לאמר, "...
4
votes
0answers
56 views

Zecharia 14:4 vis-a-vis the reality of Har haZeisim being a cemetary?

This question has bothered me on and off over the years - typically around this time as we read this perek on the first day of Sukkot as the haftarah: וְעָמְד֣וּ רַגְלָ֣יו בַּיּוֹם־הַ֠הוּא עַל־...
4
votes
0answers
42 views

How did the Shofar announcements work?

In this week's Parsha - יִתְרוֹ - we have the first occurrence (AFAIK) of the Shofar blast announcing something. בִּמְשֹׁךְ הַיֹּבֵל הֵמָּה יַעֲלוּ בָהָר. When you hear the long shofar sound, you may ...
4
votes
0answers
119 views

What is the earliest source for the Tanach order in our Tanachs?

What is the earliest source for the Tanach order? The idea that the order of books in the hebrew bible is first the 5 books of moses, then the prophets, then the writings? I'm referring exclusively ...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

Why no simanim for Rus, Shir HaShirim, and Eicha?

In the Koren Tanakh, besides for the church-invented chapter system, it also puts the Jewish simanim divisions at the side of the page. Why does it not do this for Rus, Shir HaShirim, and Eicha?
4
votes
0answers
122 views

Why do third-person singular female qal verbs lack a gaʿya?

The word הָיְתָ֣ה appears in the model Masoretic codices without a gaʿya on the initial ה in several places (e.g. Isaiah 1:21 in L [facsimile] & A). Likewise, זָכְרָ֥ה lacks a gaʿya (e.g. Nehamiah ...
4
votes
0answers
42 views

Any mention of Hakhel in Neviim or Ktuvim?

It appears that Hakhel is only mentioned in Dvarim 31:10-12 and Talmud. Is it ever mentioned in Tanakh outside of the Torah (i.e., Prophets or Writings)? E.g., "such and such king observed/failed to ...
4
votes
0answers
453 views

Mechon-Mamre Tanach text

Which manuscript of the Masoretic text is used as the basis for the Tana"ch on Mechon-Mamre.org? Is it based on the Leningradensis, the Keter Aram Soba, or another manuscript?
4
votes
0answers
133 views

Anywhere in Tanach where brothers-in-law have the same name?

Is there anywhere in Tanach where brothers-in-law have the same name? Either two sisters married men with the same name, or a woman married someone with the same name as her brother. There is a ...
4
votes
0answers
150 views

Nature of cryptic prophecies

I understand that prophecies in the Tanach seem to be very cryptic until the prophecy actually happens: then do the verses become clear and be correlated to the happened events. What are good examples ...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

What is the rationale for only marking certain letters with sheva, when they are the last letter in a word?

In printed and manuscript editions of Tanach, I've noticed that a sheva on the final letter of a word is almost never marked, and is meant to be inferred. The two exceptions I've come across are: A ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Why is נַעֲרָ sometimes marked as a keri uketiv and sometimes not?

The word נַעֲרָה na'arah (girl, maiden, young lady) is almost uniformly spelled in the Torah in the form נַעֲרָ, without the concluding heh. However, it seem that it is marked as an instance of keri ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

According to Rashi by Avraham's prayer for Sodom he reasoned that there were 8 righteous being saved. How would Ham be considered righteous?

According to Rashi on Genesis 18:32, Abraham reasoned that 8 righteous people weren't enough to save the world so that's the limit. However given what we know about Ham (cited here and other places), ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Are there any debates about the presence of entire words in Scripture?

Besides for the odd letter, such as an extra Vov or Yud, what Scriptual verses that we would find in Tanach today, were once or still debated by Halachic Authorities as to what is the correct text. Or ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Nechemiah 13 changes Hashem to Elokim

Nechemia 13:1 reads בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא נִקְרָ֛א בְּסֵ֥פֶר מֹשֶׁ֖ה בְּאָזְנֵ֣י הָעָ֑ם וְנִמְצָא֙ כָּת֣וּב בּ֔וֹ אֲ֠שֶׁר לֹא־יָב֨וֹא עַמֹּנִ֧י וּמֹאָבִ֛י בִּקְהַ֥ל הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים עַד־עוֹלָֽם This verse ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

What verses of Tanach have penultimate stress on every word?

Saying kaparos this year, I noticed that Iyov 33:24, which is included in the rite, has all its words mil'el, i.e. with the penultimate rather than the ultimate syllable stressed. (Most words in ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Doubled up names of God - pronounce יהו-ה as Elokim

Many times in Tanach, God is referred to as יהו-ה or אדנ-י. Individually, each of these is read as Adonai. However, when those two different names are mentioned consecutively, the custom is to ...
3
votes
1answer
338 views

Unexpected Dagesh in Reish

I learned that a rule of Dageshim is that gutteral letters (אהחע''ר) reject dageshim. My question is why do we find 17 reishs (1 Samuel 1:6, 1 Samuel 10:24, 1 Samuel 17:25, 2 Kings 6:32, Jeremiah 39:...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

On the Root 'ע'ט'פ (and 'ע'ט'ה)

The Lishon Hakodesh root 'ע'ט'פ seems to take on a different meaning in various canons/eras: Pentateuch: In the discussion regarding Jacob's manipulation of Laban's flock, we encounter the verse (...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Passuk-finder application

I am presently working on a siddur for personal use. However, one of my pet-peeves is when I am looking at a large block of text (let's say Hodu after Baruch She'amar in N"A) and I can't see any ...
3
votes
0answers
139 views

בגד (Begged) and מלבוש (Malbush)

Sometimes the Torah uses the word בגד for clothing, for example Vayikra 11:32, and sometimes it uses מלבוש, for example Iyov 27:16, or לבוש, as in Ester 6:8. This answer discusses the difference ...
3
votes
0answers
221 views

Mention of any Prophet in other holy books

Did any prophet announce the mission of a future prophet, providing signs by which he would be known to be a prophet? Did any prophet confirm that any prior prophets were in fact true prophets? If ...
3
votes
1answer
370 views

Birth of Hezron and Hamul

Some critics of Genesis have noted that there is difficulty in understanding how Hezron and Hamul are considered part of the sojourning group into Egypt from the land of Canaan, when many notice that ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

כּלּה kallâh “bride, spouse” < כּלל kâlal “to make perfect”?

Reading Strong's Real Hebrew dictionary, I discovered that כּלּה kallâh "bride, spouse" < כּלל kâlal "to make perfect". What does a bride have to do with perfection? cf. Hebrew ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Tanach without trup and nikudos

Where can I get a tanach without nikudos and trop in book form? It should be the whole tanach and not just the haftoras. It can be side by side with nikudos and trop like a tikun or just straight text....
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Do we know what Avodah means?

Parallel to this. The root ayin-vet-dalet seems to have three separate uses according to the Even Shoshan: as a noun, eved means A) a person who is owned by another or who is forced to work for ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Is the Aleppo Codex hekdesh?

Every 10 or so pages of the Keter, the words קדש לה' לא ימכר ולא יגאל are written across the top. These words are based on Vayikra 27:28, which discusses hekdesh. Does that mean somebody actually ...
2
votes
5answers
149 views

Moses at fault for spies?

Looking to better understand if, per the sources, Moses was at fault for sending spies, especially as it relates to sending them on a seemingly military mission.
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Why is the name “Tre Asar” in Aramaic?

All the books of Tanach are either named after a person, or are given a Hebrew name, except for Tre Asar, which is Aramaic. One would have expected the Hebrew title Shinem Asar, and indeed it is ...
2
votes
0answers
127 views

Does ehad mean “one” or “first” when used together with “rishon”?

How should ehad be translated in this phrase and why? וְשַׂ֣ר׀ מַלְכ֣וּת פָּרַ֗ס עֹמֵ֤ד לְנֶגְדִּי֙ עֶשְׂרִ֣ים וְאֶחָ֣ד י֔וֹם וְהִנֵּ֣ה מִֽיכָאֵ֗ל אַחַ֛ד הַשָּׂרִ֥ים הָרִאשֹׁנִ֖ים בָּ֣א לְעָזְרֵ֑נִי ...
2
votes
0answers
212 views

What are the original twenty books of the Tanach

I was asked to identify the original 20 books of the Tanach as they appear in the Masoretic Text but everything I found listed 24 books. I understand that the collective name for the original books of ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Where can I find how many roots the author needs to compose for each book of the Tenach

For example: I am reading now the book of Joshua in Hebrew. It looks to me quite simple language. The author uses often the same terms. Poetry and wisdom-litterature is much more complex. My ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Source of small/large letters in the torah

Although there are many small and large letters throughout tanach, both the aleppo codex and the Leningrad codex have extremely few of them. Were they later introduced? The different miforshim, ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Tools to validate Torah codes

Torah codes are "a purported set of secret messages encoded within the Hebrew text of the Torah" (Wikipedia). For instance, a well known code suggests that counting 3 intervals of 12111 letters from ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Strange letters according to Sefer haTaggin

My chevrusoh mentioned last week that there is a sefer entitled Sefer haTaggin which discusses all of the strange letters found in Tana"ch. Is there a collection of these letters and their forms (...