Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, metaphorical stories customs, and history.

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Are the talmudic “Prushim” the Rabbinic Pharisees?

In Masechet Sotah, 20a, the mishna details harmful forces and reads (translation from dafyomi.co.il) The following destroy the world - a foolish Chasid, a crafty evildoer, a woman who is Perushah, ...
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Talmud source that the righteous can create worlds with their words

Looking for a source in the talmud which says that the righteous can create worlds with their words - I saw this and I can't remember in which tractate/where exactly, google isn't helping.
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Comparison of editions of Shas menukad

As far as I'm aware, there are at least three editions of the Talmud which are currently available with nikkud in the daf itself (the Steinsaltz/Koren, the Tuvia's Judaica, and the Oz Vehadar). In my ...
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Is a bat kohen who has relations with a pasul (not marries) then forbidden from t'rumah?

Is a bat kohen who has relations with a pasul (not marries) then forbidden from t'rumah? I ask this because I'm having trouble understanding Noam Yerushalmi's explanation of Yerushalmi Yevamot 8:6 in ...
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what determines what parts of the talmud(if any) are in hebrew rather than aramaic?

I read in this question https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/226412/origins-of-turn-over-in-his-grave-turn-over-in-her-grave-etc-etc/226478?noredirect=1#comment576934_226478 That this line ...
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Why Vilna Sha"s?

If one enters a beit midrash and takes out a masechta of Talmud, one will invariably find that it is typeset following the exact form of the page found in the edition from Vilna. So here are two ...
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Reviewing studies 40 times or 101 times?

The Gemara in Pesachim 72a says, "One, who reviews a subject 40 times, is guaranteed it will be rooted in his memory as if it were placed in his pocket." However, the Mishnah Berurah 114:41 says, "...
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Why were the Ma'amad afraid of the Notzrim?

There is an interesting brief discussion at Taanis 27b which says that the Ma'amad would fast four days a week -- but never on Sunday. According to Rabbi Yochanan it is because they were afraid of ...
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How do we evaluate a b'raisa that quotes Rebbe against an anonymous Mishna?

At Rosh Hashanah 19b, the Gemara raises a b'raisa quoting Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi (aka "Rebbe") -- the editor of the Mishna -- to counter the opinion of the anonymous Tanna quoted in the previous Mishna ...
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Siyum Mishnayos on Erev Pesach

Today I learned of the minhag to make a siyum bechorim only on gemara. I understand the logic, but is there a source for it? This came up because I'm scheduled to make a siyum on the Mishna (first ...
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Inconsistent scheduling for the musaf offering

In P'sachim (58a), Abaye frames a disagreement between Rabbi Yishma'el and Rabbi Akiva regarding the ordering of the korban musaf and the bazichin (bowls of frankincense burned when the old showbread ...
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Identity of the Reish Gelutha

There seems to be an accepted list of who served as Reish Gelutha. Is it possible to deduce who was Reish Gelutha in any or all references in stories involving the office holder in the Gemara?
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A Mashal of HaShem as a crazy king and Moshe as His weak-kneed friend?

The Gemara (Ber. 32a) quotes R' El'azar that when HaShem wanted to destroy Bnei Yisrael and Moshe intervened, it is comparable to a king who beat his son terribly, and the king's friend was at his ...
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What are the “maasim tovim”?

Talmud, mishna, and other sources reference "maasim tovim" (good deeds) in many places (Avos 4:17 is one example). Do any sources define what this term actually includes? Some of the possible options ...
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Berur halachah - what is this called in English?

I'm translating an article concerning the need for a "berur halachah" in order to determine the legal status of individuals with mental retardation. How would say "berur halachah" in English? "...
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Why doesn't the Talmud provide a list of the 613 commandments?

The Talmud says that there are 613 commandments in the Torah: Rabbi Simlai, when preaching, said: 613 precepts were communicated to Moses: 365 negative precepts, corresponding to the number of ...
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Reasons for scattering Talmudic subjects over different Masechtot

It is easy to criticize the Rabbinical sources for inconsistency, as I did many times, but I would truly like to find a plausible and reasonable explanation for a certain trend in the Talmud based on ...
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List of all the times the principle of “svara” is used in Shas

There's a principle of "svara" in Shas, which exists on a d'oraisa level (see this related question). A few examples of svaras: 1) המוציא מחברו עליו הראיה - "the burden of proof rests upon the ...
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What animal is ערוד (Arod)?

I'm a visual learner. Now, I've been learning Daf 33a in Meseches Brachos and I came across the word ערוד, which Rashi explains as a hybrid of a Snake and a Toad. I was wondering if anyone ever saw a ...
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Why can Avodah Zara be בטל בשישים?

If עבודה זרה is so strict, why can it be בטל by 1/60 in דבר שלא במינו? (see :עבודה זרה ע"ג)
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Logic behind אם אינו ענין

Every now and again Chazal use a method of exegesis of the form אם אינו ענין ל___ תנהו לענין ___‏ which means that if a word or phrase is extra, due to the halacha it apparently teaches being ...
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Which enemies was Rav Huna running away from?

Yerushalmi, Pesachim 1.1: דאמר רב הונא כד הוינן ערקין באילין בוטיתא דסדרא רבה היו מדליקין עלינו נרות בשעה שהיו כיהים היינו יודעין שהוא יום ובשעה שהיו מבהיקין היינו יודעין שהוא לילה The Talmud ...
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Are There Two Kinds of “Don't Read” Expositions?

In The Practical Talmud Dictionary, by Yitzchak Frank, one can read that there are two kinds of “don’t read” expositions: one “not only in accordance with its Masoretic vocalization, but in accordance ...
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Distance between foundation stone and western wall

What is the distance between the foundation stone and the western wall? Does the Talmud or anything say anything about the distance?
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How is the male skeleton different from female?

This question is a follow-up to "Different-counts-of-the-248-organs-". As we see from the Mishnah in Ohalot 1,8, only the bones are counted as organs, namely a bone that has a sinew and some flesh. ...
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Proof of one side or question on the other, talmud

A boy asked me today: How does the gemora choose if to use something as a proof to one side or as a question on the other? The example he brought was: Of a question: Kiddushin 63b תנן ...
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Question on Kiddushin 7a (Rashi)

On Kiddushin 7a, Rashi writes (d.h. וכן לענין ממונא) about 3 principles where monetary transactions are supported by either the din of the guarantor (ערב) or the din of the eved ca'ani, or by both ...
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Sources on the parameters of Eilu VeEilu

There's a concept in the gemarra known as Eilu VeEilu: יצאה בת קול ואמרה אלו ואלו דברי אלהים חיים הן Ultimately, a Divine Voice emerged and proclaimed: Both these and those are the words of ...
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Do Jewish scholars and/or Rabbis consider myths to be a violation of the second commandment?

Scripture consistently instructs against idols. It is the second of the Ten Commandments: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or ...
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What tractates have been studied at Yeshiva University?

Tractates at YU RIETS are chosen once a seven-year cycle. I am curious in finding out if an entire list exists? For example, this article from 2002 discusses the tractates chosen for the next seven ...
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When the Gemoro answers the question לאתויי מאי is the answer complete or an example?

BACKGROUND A Mishnah may list a number of items and then follow with a general statement. For example in Shabbos 12 (4) the Mishnah says הכותב שתי אותיות בהעלם אחד - חיב. כתב בדיו, בסם, בסקרא, ...
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Looking for the right daf yomi shiur

I'm looking for the right daf yomi shiur that I can download online. I know there's a lot to choose from, so hopefully my criteria are specific enough to lead you in the right direction. I'm looking ...
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Torah reading on Shabbat afternoon was instituted for יושבי קרנות. Who are they?

Bava Kamma 82a (excerpts): עשרה תקנות תיקן עזרא שקורין במנחה בשבת Ezra made 10 enactments (1) Reading the Torah at Min'ha on Shabbat שיהו קוראין במנחה בשבת משום יושבי קרנות: Rash"i explains ...
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Levels of Soul ( According to Arizal, Pnei Yehoshua )

The Gemara in Masechet Brachot(10a) lists 5 worlds in which King David offered praises to Hashem( innards of his mother, when he was born etc.). In the Artscroll Edition one can find among the Notes a ...
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Any support for this Shita Mikubetzes?

The Shita Mikubetzes in Neddarim, top of 2b reads like this: מאי שנא גבי נדרים דתני כולהו. בכמה מקומות מקפיד התלמוד על כדומה לזה ושואל 'מאי שנא' כי הכא, ובכמה מקומות אינו שואל. לפי שדרך התלמוד להקשות ...
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Where can I find a Slavita print Gemara online?

Before the Vilna Shas print, there was the Slavita print (as well as others). There are many questions about this Vilna print (from which most Gemaras nowadays are reprints). I'm interested in seeing ...
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Why are different Agadot in different masechtot

I once heard that the agadot of each masechta are in that particular masechta fora reason. does anyone know the source of such a claim
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Sefardim starting to study the Talmud with Rashi and Tosfot

When did the sefardim start to study the Talmud with Rashi and Tosfot? And which books did they use before knowing about Rashi and Tosfot?
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Source for an Aggadah about Moshe feeding a bird

I was reading a book called "Shylock" by Hermann Sinsheimer and he made reference to a story from "the Jewish Talmud." I don't know to what he is referring. I looked online quickly and found someone ...
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Psak halacha from a havah amina in the Gemara

The Gemara will often begin a sugya with an initial understanding (havah aminah) of a mishnah or halacha and as the Gemara continues will change until it reaches the maskanah. Often, the maskana will ...
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Halachically, is one person ever bound by the intent of another?

In masechet shevuot, 41b, the gemara discusses a case of a loan as follows (h/t dafyomi.co.il) Levi lent Yehudah, and told him 'repay me in front of two witnesses who learn Halachah. Yehudah paid ...
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Gemara quoting nonexistent pasuk

In Brakhot 61a and Eruvin 18b, Rav Naḥman bar Yitzḥak quotes a nonexistent pasuk: מתקיף לה רב נחמן בר יצחק אלא מעתה גבי אלקנה דכתיב וילך אלקנה אחרי אשתו Tosafot there says it is a mistake since ...
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Why is the halacha like Beis Hillel?

It is a known rule that the halacha is like Beis Hillel unless explicitly stated. The Gemara (Eiruvin 13b) says Beis Hillel and Beis Shammai argued for three years until a bas kol called out and said ...
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Has the corpus of Tosafoth been printed in one volume?

The Talmudic commentary called Tosafoth has been printed together with the Talmud text itself for many centuries. For example, even Maharal testifies (in 1595) to this in Nesiv Hatorah ch. 5: והכל ...
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Where in the Talmud does it say, if it indeed does, that one who’s thoughts are heard lives a life not worth living?

In Chumash shiur in Yeshiva, I think I remember hearing that in the Gemara somewhere it says that “one who’s thoughts are heard lives a life not worth living”, or something like that. If it does say ...
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Does the Talmud continue to use extra Tanachic sources?

I'm trying to draw an analogy between the written and the oral Torah. After the Mishna was signed, the Sages continued to use extra-Mishnaic sources forever (Toseftah, Midrashim, etc). After the 24 ...
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Why did the Savoraim only emend certain parts of the Talmud?

I remember learning that Savoraim added certain parts to the Talmud- ex: the beginning of Kiddushin (2a-3a) & parts of Bava Metzia. (feel free to add additional examples) Any idea why they ...
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Interpretations of (pseudo)hallucinations vis a vis the Talmud’s interpretations of dreams

The Talmud (last chapter of Berachot, 55a ff.) contains a long treatment interpreting various visions one may experience “בחלום” (in a dream). If when under the influence of a psychoactive drug an ...
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“Not being precise” (Rashi) in recording the Oral Torah

This is a very loaded question, but I would like to work it out intellectually, please. I would like to understand a basic premise of Rashi that reflects on my understanding of the transferring of ...
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Source for zugos arguments

Is there any sefer that collects the various arguments of each zug (study pair)? Such as all the arguments of R yochanan and reish lukish, or abye and rava. It would be nice if it also proposed some ...