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Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, metaphorical stories, customs, and history.

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Why can women be lashed if Deuteronomy 25:3 speaks in masculine terms ("then thy brother should be dishonoured before thine eyes")?

According to Deuteronomy 25:3: ג אַרְבָּעִים יַכֶּנּוּ, לֹא יֹסִיף: פֶּן-יֹסִיף לְהַכֹּתוֹ עַל-אֵלֶּה מַכָּה רַבָּה, וְנִקְלָה אָחִיךָ לְעֵינֶיךָ. Forty stripes he may give him, he shall not exceed; lest, if ...
setszu's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
121 views

Piskei HaRosh - Standalone Edition

Does anyone know of a standalone edition of Piskei HaRosh? I know it's found in the back of the Gemara, but a standalone edition would be helpful for my purposes.
Bs234570's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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What's the point of a bracha before eating?

B"H The Gemara in Brochos says that anyone who benefits from this world with a brocho is as if he benefited from "holy sacrificial food" (which should only be eaten by a kohen etc.) The ...
B''H Bi'ezras -- Boruch Hashem's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
225 views

Where does the version of Hamapil that is different from the Gemara come from?

Many of my Siddurim have a version of Hamapil that’s not the same as the one given in Brachos 60b. Others have the version found in that Gemara. Where, and why, does the variant version come from?
user's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
345 views

When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos?

When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos? Aren't we afraid one might carry it to a friend? Like רבה says in Megilah Daf 4b :(https://www.sefaria.org/Megillah.4b.21?...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
425 views

Why do Ethiopian Jews who practice Haymanot Judaism still have roles like Nabiyy (Prophet) or Kahen or Kes (Priest)? How are they allowed this?

Please correct me if I'm wrong, but since the destruction of the Second Temple, (G-d, blessed be He, forbid), the roles such as that of a Priest/High Priest and the like, were removed and similar ...
setszu's user avatar
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0 answers
192 views

Who says angels have (only) male genitals?

At some point whilst reading up on the imagery of angels, I came across an essay detailing how at least one Rabbi in history claimed (as far as I remember) that angels basically came either with male ...
ANH's user avatar
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6 votes
0 answers
169 views

Baalei Batim and Daf Yomi versus Learning Halachah

Today, many baalei batim center their learning around gemara bavli, for example through programs like daf yomi. But the Drisha and Shach write that for those who aren't learning all day it's more ...
Meir Luria's user avatar
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2 answers
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Sandalphon and Azrael are the same archangels who gave the Torah to Moses?

I was hoping you guys could help me out with something. Recently, I heard a rabbi discussing the Kabbalah meaning of Moses receiving the Torah from Sandalphone. During the talk, the rabbi mentioned ...
Carlos's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
80 views

Source for story of authority of the halacha of the majority

I once heard a story that there was a certain (talmudic) rabbi who held that the halacha is a certain way with regard to produce from the field (when you can harvest it or something like that) but ...
Mijmij's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
81 views

Why are דרשות about סוכות allowed on Shabbat?

The Gemara in Megilah 4:1 says that if י"ד אדר falls out on שבת, you should learn about פורים on שבת. The Gemara then asks: "Why do we need to say this if we already know this from having ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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1 answer
39 views

Why doesn’t רבי שמעון בר נחמי accept רב שמן בר אבא explanation about בזמניהם?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
126 views

Why does the opening משנה in מסכת מגילה have a weird לשון?

The opening Mishna in Masechta Megilla reads as follows: מְגִילָּה נִקְרֵאת בְּאַחַד עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר, בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר, בַּחֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר. לֹא פָּחוֹת, וְלֹא ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
41 views

Where does רבי שמעון בר נחמי learn that different places have different designated times to read the Megilah?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
124 views

Does Changing "Beitza" to "Beiah" Really Acoomplish Anything?

There are legitimate sources that talk about calling masechet "Beitza" by the name "Beiah" because the Hebrew word "beitza" can also refer to a testicle. See answers here ...
Avraham's user avatar
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Why is the last chapter in masechet pesachim called ערבי פסחים in the plural, which does not match the girsa of the mishnah?

The mishnah begins ערב פסחים in the singular, yet the chapter is called ערבי פסחים in the plural. Chapter titles in the gemara almost always match the first words verbatim, very rarely skipping a word ...
Avraham's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
49 views

Source for Story about Rabbi Yehudah HaNasi Collecting Teachings from All the Tanaim

Someone recently mentioned to me a story that in the days of the Tannaim most people learned from a single teacher and learned a single derekh or set of halakhot. Rabbi Yehudah HaNasi was unusual in ...
Avraham's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
101 views

Where does the gemara say not to say "I heard it already"

I remember hearing many years ago that there is a story in the gemara in which one amora says "I will make a feast if anyone can tell me a teaching from my rebbi that I have never heard before&...
Moshe Katz's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
412 views

Refuting Sanhedrin Maimonides etc on 57a

Following on from my question here: Clarification on quotation sources around Sanhedrin 57a All citations (that I can find through Jewish resources linked in the original question) that claim to ...
ANH's user avatar
  • 273
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0 answers
69 views

Four counted as dead & Agunot

Nedarim 64b relates of the Gemara: "it was taught in a baraita: Four are considered as if they were dead: A pauper, and a leper, and a blind person, and one who has no children." Could one ...
ANH's user avatar
  • 273
2 votes
2 answers
113 views

A List of כל אתין and their interpretations

In Pesachim, 22a, the following braita is cited: כִּדְתַנְיָא: שִׁמְעוֹן הָעַמְסוֹנִי, וְאָמְרִי לַהּ נְחֶמְיָה הָעַמְסוֹנִי, הָיָה דּוֹרֵשׁ כׇּל ׳אֶתִּים׳ שֶׁבַּתּוֹרָה, כֵּיוָן שֶׁהִגִּיעַ לְ״אֶת ה׳...
rosends's user avatar
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0 votes
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What is the proof and reasoning that Rabbi Yitzchak and Rabbi Elazar are NOT arguing in Megillah 29a

B"H In a kuntress that the Rebbe gave out towards mid 5752 about the "house of our Rebbe in Bavel", it starts out with a chidush in Megillah 29a that Rabbi Yitzchak and Rabbi Elazar are ...
B''H Bi'ezras -- Boruch Hashem's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
199 views

Why did שמואל הנביא need permission to save his own life?

In יבמות ס״ה,ב׳ it brings the story of when Hashem told שמואל הנביא to go and anoint דויד, and שמואל asked Hashem what he should do in order not to arouse Shaul’s suspicion, thereby endangering his ...
שלום's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
408 views

The Maharsha accusing Rav Pappa!

The Gemara Shabbos 140b states the following.. וְאָמַר רַב פָּפָּא: הַאי מַאן דְּאֶפְשָׁר לְמִישְׁתֵּי שִׁיכְרָא וְשָׁתֵי חַמְרָא — עוֹבֵר מִשּׁוּם ״בַּל תַּשְׁחִית״. וְלָאו מִילְּתָא הִיא — ״בַּל ...
shayachagigah's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
221 views

your Masechta to enter the world to come

I found in one of the works of the great gaon Rav Moshe Greenwald (1853-1910 Chust-Hungary, known famously for his responsa sefer ערוגת הבושם), a sefer written as his 'final will' called- הכנה דרבה (a ...
shayachagigah's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
261 views

Rabbi Meir's yeshiva

We learned in the Daf (Nazir 49b also Keddushin 52b) that Rav Yehuda instructed his Talmidim not to accept into his Yeshiva any Talmid of Rav Meir because they just ask questions to annoy and confuse (...
shayachagigah's user avatar
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0 answers
52 views

Differences between Birur and הנהגה

How do the techniques of הנהגה and בירור work in Halacha? Is the difference that the latter needs proof, and the former is based on a חזקה?
KapinKrunch's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
119 views

Why would contradicting Tosafot be an issue if there were multiple authors?

Often, Rabbis will question why different Tosafot (even in different Mesechtas) disagree with each other, finding a way to make them congruent. If Tosafot was written by multiple authors (at least 100 ...
Elie's user avatar
  • 187
1 vote
1 answer
146 views

How did the Magic (Kishuf) applied on the Tanaim?

It is mentioned in Yerushalmi (Sanhedrin, 87, Halacha 13) that a magician/ witch (Mechashef) applied his magic on three Taanaim: Rabbi Yehoshua, Rabbi Lazer and Rabbi Akiva in a public bath house. How ...
Avi's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
127 views

Why does the recitation of Tehillim 145 three times a day secure one a place in Olam Haba?

It is stated in the Talmud (Brachos 4b) that one who recites "T'hila L'David" three times a day secures their place in Olam Haba. Why is this? What is so special about this psalm that it ...
ezra's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
142 views

Caret for an intentional Sin punishable by Death when there are no witnesses

We know that Sins punishable by death are punished when there are witnesses and warning. We also know that when there are no witnesses, but the sin is made intentionally, the punishment is Caret (1). ...
kouty's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
49 views

Encyclopedia Talmudit - Early Volumes

Where can one find the early volumes of Encyclopedia Talmudit for purchase? It seems that very few stores carry the early volume.
Bs234570's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
39 views

Numeric coincidence between Rava and Tosefta?

Nazir 13b: Rava asks: If one said: I am hereby a nazirite after twenty days, and I am hereby a nazirite from now for one one hundred days, what is the halakha? The next page resolves the question: ...
sds's user avatar
  • 1,341
2 votes
1 answer
94 views

When is a Talmudic statement considerd aggadah?

When is a statement in the Talmud considerd aggadah (and thus not necessarily to be taken litteraly, but rather teaches us a lesson) and when is a statement in the Talmud acctually literal? (i.e that ...
Mijmij's user avatar
  • 197
2 votes
0 answers
83 views

When did The Talmud first become available to the readers as a written document?

What was the probable earliest time, when some Jewish readers could get a hold of a document that contains any material that belong to the material that is found in Talmud Sanhedrin? What was the ...
ميخائيل مينا's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
283 views

Can a golem become human?

If a righteous sage creates a golem, like Rava did in Tractate Sanhedrin, can it become human, and since it is created by a Jew, can it become Jewish? Secondly, I don't know if they could or could not,...
ShipBuilding's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
118 views

Meaning of the word בר in Proverbs 31:2

I'm a ben Noach. I was studying the use of the word בר in the Mishlei Shlomoh and I noticed that many important translations translate Proverbs 31:2 as follows: "What, my son? and what, son of ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
95 views

Medrashim which seem to go against logic

I am giving a speech this week. I would like to include examples of Medrashim which seem implausible that it ever happened or could have ever happened. Can any of you provide examples of medrashim ...
fulltimekollelguy's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
32 views

Usage of אמר מר and גופא [duplicate]

The Gemora sometimes wants to discuss a side point from a previous text. It will introduce this as אמר מר or גופא for example the first page of Brachos says: אֲמַר מָר: ״מִשָּׁעָה שֶׁהַכֹּהֲנִים ...
fulltimekollelguy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
95 views

Traditional Text of the Gemoro Yerushalmi Maseches Peah online

Where on line can I find the text of the Gemoro Yerushalmi Maseches Peah, laid out according to the traditional dappim. Sefaria is excellent but lacks the traditional layout. I am following an online ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
60 views

Litigation vs out-of-court settlement

If I understand correctly, Batei Din encourage litigants to compromise / settle out of court rather than go to trial. Where in Gemarah is this stated explicitly?
sds's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
496 views

Meaning of וש"נ

Often the Mesuras HaShas in the top corner of each Amud of gemara will quote the source or other places a certain concept or sugya can be found. Sometimes, when there are a lot of other places one can ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 487
5 votes
1 answer
525 views

Source for Hardest Masechtos

I once saw that the hardest Masechtos in Shas are alluded to in "כל ימי -עני- רעים" (Mishlei 15:15), with ע standing for עירובין, and נ for נדרים (alternatively I've seen נדה or נזיר), ...
user907a's user avatar
  • 253
2 votes
1 answer
96 views

Why did Rav Yaakov snap back at his adoptive father?

It says in Sotah 49a that רַב אַחָא בַר יַעֲקבֹ אִיטַּפַל בֵיהּ בְרַב יַעֲקבֹ בַר בְרַתֵּיהּ כִי גָּדַל א״ל אַשְקְיָין מַיָּא אָמַר לוֹ לָאו בְרִיךְ אֲנָא Rav Acha bar Yaakov reared Rav Yaakov, his ...
yogazefish's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
103 views

Is it true that Simeon ben Shetach was summoned to a diplomatic meeting between Parthians and King Alexander Jannaeus by Queen Salome Alexandra?

There is a story on wikipedia for Simeon ben Shetach at this link.. After the civil war between the Pharisees and King Alexander Jannaeus the Judeans are meeting with Parthians. The Parthians asked ...
Tym0027's user avatar
  • 11
2 votes
0 answers
58 views

Why does the Gemara reference R' Yaakov in an odd way?

In Sotah 46a, it says the following: אָמַר לְהוּ הַהוּא מֵרַבָנָן ור׳ יַעֲקבֹ שְמֵיהּ לְדִידִי מְפָרְשָא לִי מִינֵּיהּ דְרַבִי יוֹחָנָן מְשִיכַת עוֹל לְרָחְבוֹ טֶפַח One of the rabbis said to them, ...
yogazefish's user avatar
7 votes
6 answers
2k views

Purpose of Learning Gemara

Disclaimer: I am Jewish. Don't get thrown off by the Arabic name. I can't login into my original stackexchange account. This is a pseudo twitter login account I use here. I am wondering if someone can ...
Mars Sojourner's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
444 views

Where can I download a complete text file of the Talmud Bavli?

I am writing a tool in python to analyze the Talmud (e.g. word counts, how many times a specific phrase is used etc.) and I need a free downloadable text file of the Gemara, preferably with Rashi and ...
fartgeek's user avatar
  • 247
0 votes
1 answer
134 views

Is insincere idolatry permitted?

The Talmud reports the following view about Gentiles who live outside Israel: דאמר רבי חייא בר אבא אמר רבי יוחנן גוים שבחוצה לארץ לאו עובדי עבודה זרה הן אלא מנהג אבותיהן בידיהן These sages seem to ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
110 views

Between Sanhedrin 108b & Sanhedrin.38b

According to Sanhedrin 108b: Rav Ḥana bar Leva’ei says that Shem the Great said to Eliezer, servant of Abraham: When the four great kings of the east and the west came upon you to wage war with ...
ميخائيل مينا's user avatar

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