Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, metaphorical stories customs, and history.

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Roman gods in the talmud

I'm currently writing an essay on Roman gods which are mentioned in the Talmud but I'm having a tricky time finding them, does anyone know any sources? EDIT Avoda Zora 44b Aphrodite: מתני׳ שאל ...
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Why is one asked to join the Jewish community if this practice is not mentioned in the Halacha? Or maybe it is but I am not aware of?

It is written in the Rambam (Laws of Forbidden Relations chap. 14, 2) that when the potential convert comes to convert "we notify him regarding a small number of weighty mitzvot and a small ...
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Introduction to Zeraim

I'm interested in learning the fundamentals of zeraim, and am looking for a good way to familiarize myself with the concepts. I've seen the Rambam's hakdama to the seder, but it's a little longer than ...
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Break down this Rashi for me

I'd like to understand pshat in this Rashi. This is Sota, 2b. Rashi reads as follows: והא מדכתיב ״והיא לא נתפשה״ מכלל דפשיטא לך דנטמאה והיכי קאמר והיא לא נתפשה אועד אין בה נהי דרישה דקרא איכא למימר ע״...
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What does the following mean from the meshech chochma?

The Meshech Chochmah, Vaeschanan, Deuteronomy 6:5, says something which I don't understand. Here it is: וא"ל (ואמרי לה) לקיים מילי דנזיקין, כי האדם מדיני בטבע, ואוהב הקבוץ לרוב חסרונו.‏ Here is ...
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Sources in the Talmud Aggaditah and/or Midrashim on Samal and Lilit?

I know that there are sources in the Gemara Aggaditah on Samal and Lilit (לילית & ס"מ) as well as in the Zohar. I have seen her mentioned in Shabbat, Eruvin, and Niddah. Still, not a clear ...
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Source for the act of completing Shas if every daf is distributed and completed individually by a group of people?

There is an unsourced claim I am seeking to verify. There is a claim that, if every daf of a masechet (and, by extension, Shas) is learned by a group of people - through the means of every person ...
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Praying to angels

The Gemara[1] records how a certain sage would address a sick person during the week: Rabbah bar bar Chanah said: When we would go with R' Elazar to visit a sick person, we noticed that sometimes he ...
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Why does the Gemara use gamma to compare shapes and not reish or chaf sofit?

When talking about shapes, the Gemara often uses Greek gamma (e.g., Peshachim 8b). Why doesn't it use reish, dalet or chaf sofit instead?
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Understanding of Ravina's view on Churban timeline

I came across a Gemara in Arachin 12a מכל מקום תשסרי לרבינא קשיא The Gemara objects: In any case, the assertion of the baraita that the destruction of the Temple occurred in the nineteenth year is ...
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Amount of Aggadeta in Talmud Bavli

Was wondering whether anyone has seen a write-up of/knows off-hand the amount of daf of aggadeta in the Talmud Bavli (for argument's sake, let's take the Daf Yomi count of 2711.) Thanks!
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Was there ever a Talmudic tractate on Avot?

Are there sources that we ever had such a tractate in either JT or BT? Were there debates and discussions over its propositions?
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R' Yohanan's behavior to make women bear kids in his resemblance

To support my previous question ("biblical-genetics-understanding-childs-resemblance-to-his-parents" here's a Talmudic passage (Berakhot.20a): רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן הֲוָה רְגִיל דַּהֲוָה קָא ...
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What exactly is considered a גרמא?

I faintly recall some Rishon saying that גרמא means something that doesn't happen right away but takes at least a few seconds to happen. Does anyone know the source for that, or anyone that disagrees?
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Kiddushin 8b: Making kiddushin vs fulfilling a mitzvah

Kiddushin 8b asks if a man says "Mikudeshes li" to a woman and gives her a loaf and she says "Give it to a poor person" she is not engaged - even if the poor person is supported by ...
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Was Shammai a builder?

Encyclopaedia Judaica says that “Nothing is known of the early life of Shammai except for the statement that he was a builder by occupation (Shab. 31a).” But that passage, the standing on one foot ...
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Can one make a שבועה to be מקיים a מצוה?

The Mishnah in Shvuos 27a says: If one takes an oath to refrain from performing a mitzva and he does not refrain, he is exempt from bringing an offering for an oath on an utterance. If he takes an ...
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Gemorah Baba Metzia 118A - Braisa about Employer 'paying' his worker with straw

Talking about replacing payment by cash with an alternative. The braisa is brought in that allows an Employer to substitutes some product for cash: 'The Gemara asks: But isn’t it taught in a baraita ...
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Is there a list of tractates of Talmud organized by commentary and annotation?

I currently use Artscroll to study Gemara and I wanted to know if a list of commentaries and annotations existed for each Talmudic tractate? I ruled out Sefaria as that isn't detailed enough? Any ...
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How does one make In-depth Torah Publications Understandable for People with Less Experience or Skill in Jewish Learning

I'm iy"H making some chiddushim I wrote into an attractive and user friendly booklet to give people in the Jewish community where I live a chance to learn in-depth Torah; especially for people ...
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Why K“Yatom and not K”Derobonnon?

In my Artscroll Siddur Yitzchak Yair Hashalem, after the section called Vayiten L'cha there is a small piece of instruction: בכמה קהילות אמרים כאן קדיש יתום In some congregations [people] say here ...
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Sfarim vs. Stand-alone sources

BSD I was learning with my Chavrusa the other day from a source sheet, and he displayed some surprise when I reached for the Sefer where the particular cited source was referenced. Upon asking why I ...
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Does anyone know of an online source for חידושי רב נחום?

Seeing if anyone knows somewhere online I can get ahold of the sfarim of Nochum Partzovitz on shas.‎ I think they're called חידושי רב נחום Thanks! Edit:‎ Ideally free,‎ but curious either way
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What is the difference between a Jewish marriage and a Noahide marriage?

Someone said that a Jewish marriage and a Noahide marriage are 2 different things. Could you give some Halakhic support? Ethical differences? I suppose the 2 have different missions, obviously, but ...
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Misprint in Rashi Nozir 45a?

In the texts that I have seen, Rashi commenting on the Gemoro in Nozir 45a says in part: והכי משמע אימתי ובא לפני ה' דהיינו במחנה לוייה בזמן שהוא ראוי לבא אל אהל מועד דהביא כפרתו הא אם לא הביא כפרתו ...
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Hatzlelponi and Tzelelponit

In Bamidbar Rabbah 10:5 it says that Shimshon's mother was called Hatzlelponi: "אִמֵּיהּ דְּשִׁמְשׁוֹן הַצְלֶלְפּוֹנִי שְׁמָהּ, וְהִיא מְיֻחֶסֶת עַל שֵׁבֶט יְהוּדָה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברי הימים א ד, ...
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What Talmudic disputes took place in Jerusalem?

I was asked this simple question, but couldn't recall one myself. I understand that it must include pre-R'Yochanan Ben Zakkai Tannoyim, and there are not many of them, but still. Were there disputes ...
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44 views

What does the word Ribboh (רִבּוֹא) mean?

I came across this word in the Gemara, Berakhot 32b.16. I was just wondering if someone could give an English translation for it. The translation I see in most books is "myriad," but I heard ...
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Concerning Gentiles [closed]

Is this quote real? Simeon Haddarsen, fol. 56-D: When the Messiah comes every Jew will have 2800 Gentile slaves i think it is very hard to refute, becuase another chapter says so: Eruvin 43b קָא ...
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101 views

What are the teachings regarding prophets nowadays?

Since the Talmud mentions that once, there were hundreds of thousands of prophets: twice as many as the number of people who left Egypt (Megillah 14a), but that many had messages only for their ...
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4answers
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Does Judaism insult the gentiles?

My dear brothers and sisters. I'm an Arab, from the Persian Gulf, Raised in a Muslim family but they are semi-Athiests, I have converted to Christianity since I entered the University, for there are ...
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When does the gemara learn two stuff from the same פסוק and when not?

In בבא קמא נח ע' ב the gemara doesn't want to learn two דינים from the same verse, while in many other gemaras (סוטה כט ע' א) the gemara has no such problem. When does the gemara learn two stuff from ...
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Sugya summary for each mesechta

I am looking for an English sefer that contains a summary of each sugya in a mesechta as well as the halachos learned in that sugya. Thanks, Yosef
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What does the following mean from בן יהוידע על עירובין כ״א: ? I understand the general gist but not the specifics

"נָלִינָה בַכְּפָרִים", אַל תִּקְרִי: 'בַּכְּפָרִים', אֶלָּא 'בַּכּוֹפְרִים'. הא דנקטה בעכו"ם 'נָלִינָה' ובישראל 'נַשְׁכִּימָה' (שיר השירים ז, יג)? נראה לי בס"ד כי אמרו רבותינו ז&...
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Finding a Talmudic Passage: Pauper, Adulterer, Rich Man

I am currently reading Rabbi Shimon Huberband's Kiddush Hashem, which is constructed of passages that he authored in the Warsaw Ghetto. In his description of Rosh HaShanah 5700 (1939), he mentions ...
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Tosfos Rabbeinu Peretz on Sanhedrin

I saw in Rav Steinsaltz's commentary on Sanhedrin 17a a reference to Tosafos Rabbeinu Peretz. Is Tosafos Rabbeinu Peretz on Sanhedrin available online anywhere?
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Where is the Yam Shel Shlomo's essay on breira printed?

I've heard that the Maharshal wrote a detailed essay on breira. Where can it be found in his writings? Is it somewhere in the Yam Shel Shlomo?
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1answer
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What is the difference between the arrangement/layout of the Talmud pre bomberg's printing, and the arrangement/layout of the Talmud post bomberg?

What is the difference between the arrangement/layout of the Talmud pre bomberg's printing, and the arrangement/layout of the Talmud post bomberg's printing? For example nowadays the Talmud has quite ...
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What is the א“ת ב”ש ג"ר calendar mnemonic?

The Gemara Arakhin 9b discusses certain rules of the calendar. Specifically, it mentions that Rosh Hashana will always be on the same day of the week as the day of the Omer (the 2nd day of Pesach), or ...
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Did Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi learn the Angel of Death's personal name?

I recently heard that when Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi was in Paradise he learned the personal name of the Angel of Death/Satan. Can anyone provide a source for this claim? In Ketubot 77b it is written: &...
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Is the Talmudic section of Avoda Zara really about “idolatry” or is it just a euphemism gentiles, christians, and apostates?

Is the Talmudic section of Avoda Zara really about "idolatry" or is it just a euphemism for gentiles, christians, and jewish apostates and jewish heretics? For example, if we look near the ...
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Does the Munich Manuscript mention Oved Kochavim anywhere? Or is the expression purely a later invention?

Does the Munich Manuscript mention Oved Kochavim anywhere? Or is the expression purely a later invention? For example, looking What is the phrase in the Munich talmud, that is used in sanhedrin 59a, ...
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Did the Rashbam write a commentary on the rest of Shas?

Rashi's commentary on the Gemara is incomplete on some tractates. The commentary of his grandson, the Rashbam, is printed in its place in Bava Batra and Pesachim. Did the Rashbam only write a ...
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Apparent contradiction if Elul was made full when necessary

The Gemara Rosh Hashanah 19b says: והאמר רבי חיננא בר כהנא א"ר מימות עזרא ואילך לא מצינו אלול מעובר לא מצינו דלא איצטריך הא איצטריך מעברינן ליה Didn’t Rabbi Chinana bar Kahana say that Rav said: ...
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What is the meaning of the acronym מה"ט?

FOr example in מגדל עוז שבת י״ב:ב׳ ומה״ט נמי ניחא סוגיין דפ׳ מילה גמרא ט"ז על אורח חיים תצח האי ביום שני אין לו ביאור דאפילו ביום טוב ראשון שרי מה"ט ותו מאי מעליותא דהביאום מערב דהיינו בי&...
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Why is Yevamot the first masechet in Nashim?

Rashi in Nazir (2a) says that Ketuvot is the main Masechta in Nashim. If so, why is Ketuvot not the first Masechta in Nashim? Thanks so much in advance.
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Meaning of the phrase ובחנם דחק לפרש in Tosofos

I'm seeing a phrase ובחנם pop up in Tosofos in a few places, for example ובחנם דחק לפרש on בבא קמא נת עב Curious if anyone knows what that means.
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Doing something for the sake of Heaven

I have seen the phrase "for the sake of Heaven" / "in Heaven's sake" / לשם שמים multiple times both in the Gemara and in discussions here on Mi Yodeya. Examples here, here and here ...
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Origin of mesora for halachos covered in Seder Zeraim

Other than Berachos, there is no gemara in Seder Zer'aim. Where then does our mesora for the halachos discussed in that seder come from? The rishonim do discuss them, but were did they get it from? ...
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What is the Talmudic source for the idea that any halachic question has numerous answers?

I remember hearing a story about a rav who was going for smicha and was challenged first to explain 100 reasons for why a chicken was kosher and then afterwards challenged to provide 100 reasons why ...

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