Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, metaphorical stories customs, and history.

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Is hell a concept in judaism? [duplicate]

Hell is a culturally pervasive term referring to a metaphysical location where a person after death may eternally suffer at the judgement and wrath of non-human entities. Is there a basis to this ...
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Talmid Rabbeinu Yeĥiel of Paris on Moed Katan

Steinsaltz edition of Moed Katan cites a comment on daf 17a from Talmid Rabbeinu Yeĥiel of Paris. This doesn’t appear in Tosafot. Does anyone know where I might find it?
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Yeshiva-style shiurim on Maseches Megillah

I'm looking for yeshiva-style shiurim on Maseches Megillah, esp. the last perek, and more esp. the sugya of kedushas beis haknesses. Can anyone recommend either an online link or a specific sefer?
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Satan does not "work" On Yom Kippur

The Gemara in Nedarim 32B states; הַשָּׂטָן בְּחוּשְׁבָּנֵיהּ תְּלָת מְאָה וְשִׁיתִּין וְאַרְבְּעָה The letters of the term the Satan [haSatan] in numerical value is 364, which equals the number of ...
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Why Hebrew wasn't the spoken language in the Gemara times?

Why was Hebrew NOT the spoken language of the Jewish people after the Mishna? And why was a scholarly text, which was created for individuals who also obviously understood Hebrew, written in Aramaic? ...
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Yeshiva Mir Mesechtas

What is the Mir Yeshiva’s (Yerushalayim) cycle of mesechtas? What are they learning for next zman? Does the Mir Yeshiva in Brooklyn follow the same cycle?
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Rav ha Meiri's interpretation of the term "notzrim" in Talmud Bavli-Avodah Zarah 6a and 7b

According to the legal determination established in Talmud Bavli -Avodah Zarah 6a and 7b, the halachic status of christians (“notzrim”) appears to be that of idolaters: Avodah Zara 6a Avodah Zarah 7b ...
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Getting Masechtos for Daf Yomi

Is there a subscription service (ala Chayenu) for Daf yomi where I can receive an easily transportable Gemara for the upcoming week(s)
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Is photosynthesis discussed in halacha?

There is a discussion in the talmud/halacha about if a plant grows between an upper floor and lower floor, who does the plant belong to. [I don't have the source, I only heard part of a class in ...
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What is a Dofen Akuma?

The gemara in Sukka 4 speaks of Dofen Akuma (literally a "bent wall"). How does this halacha look/work?
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42 Levite Cities as Cities of Refuge

Bamidbar 35 discusses the cities that are to be given to the Leviem, and says that in addition to the 6 cities of refuge they are to be given 42 cities. Numbers 35:6 וְאֵ֣ת הֶֽעָרִ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֤ר ...
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A place with illustrations of Gemara Sukkah?

The beginning of Sukkah (4a/4b) describes different scenarios where platforms are built alongside the three walls of the Sukkah. I am having a very tough time picturing how they are built and ...
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May one write in a Gemara? [duplicate]

The top answer to this question states that l’chatchila one should not write in a sefer torah. What about a Gemara? Would one be allowed to use a pencil in it? What if it’s directly on the words like ...
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Gan Eden has gates and keepers?

According to Wikipedia: In the Talmud there are two types of spiritual places called "Garden in Eden". The first is rather terrestrial, of abundant fertility and luxuriant vegetation, known ...
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Is this image visualizing the hierarchy of religious authority accurate?

I found this image titled Spiritual hierarchy in Judaism and it seems possibly accurate, but there's so much packed in and I don't know enough to point out deficiencies. I love infographics, and it'd ...
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Who was the father of Rav Aha Bar Rav?

Rav Aha Bar Rav was a talmid-haver of Ravina (6th generation of amoraïm), and also a contenporary of Ravina II (7th) (source). So it's seems that Rav Aha is not the son of Rav (ie Rabbi Abba bar Aybo, ...
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Looking for example(s) of differing rulings by Rav Yochanan vs. R' Yose bar Chanina

In discussing whose halachic rulings we follow when tanaaim and/or amorim give different rulings, in Halachipedia it says: Rav Yochanan vs. R' Yose bar Chanina is a Machaloket (regarding whom we ...
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Were the Mishnah and/or the Talmud translated into Greek or Latin? [duplicate]

Were the Mishnah and/or the Talmud ever translated into Greek or Latin in ancient times as the Bible was?
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What is authoritative in the Talmud?

Maimonides says: However, all the matters mentioned by the Babylonian Talmud are incumbent on the entire Jewish people to follow. We must compel each and every city and each country to accept all the ...
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Some questions about the Talmud [closed]

I have some questions about the way the Gemara is formulated. Feel free to answer all, some, or just one! What exactly is the Vilna Shas? Is it the only type of Shas used today? I Know there are 2,...
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Does Avos appear in the Artscroll English Schottensteim set?

Usually Pirkei Avos appears in Nezikin but I cannot find it in the classic Artscroll Schottenstein set. Is it there?
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Is there a mention of the 7 Mitzvot deRabanan in the Talmud or Midrash?

Is there a mention of the 7 Mitzvot deRabanan in the Talmud or Midrash? Or does this come from other, later sources?
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Where can I find a relatively inexpensive set of Talmud Bavli?

Product recommendation: looking to buy a small, inexpensive set of Shas (with Gemara) to use on the way to work, on a walk, etc. I would love for the set to be individual gemara's, not just six ...
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Does Talmudic-Era Hebrew or Aramaic Distinguish Between Teaching and Learning?

In English, teaching and learning are two distinct verbs, but this is not the case with (many) other languages, where the same word is used to express both concepts. Whilst pondering upon the ...
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What is "going" in terms of head covering?

related: Kippa in Torah? The talmud in Kiddush 31a relates that רב הונא בריה דרב יהושע לא מסגי ארבע אמות בגילוי הראש "Rav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua, would not walk four cubits with an uncovered ...
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Gemara with Rashi in "regular" script [duplicate]

I am overseeing the creation of a beis medrash program for high schoolers with zero exposure to traditional texts, and am looking for editions of the gemara--with the standard vilna layout--but have ...
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Can there be kiddushin between a Ger Toshav and a Jew?

I came across an article that quoted Rabbi Yitzchak Yosef in his Shulchan Ha'ma'arechet, (it didn't give an exact reference,) as saying that Kiddushin can be effected between a Ger Toshav, meaning a ...
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What to do when you should not publicize the halacha?

The gemara 33b brachot says: אֲמַר לֵיהּ לָאו הֲלָכָה אִתְּמַר אֵלָּא מַטִּין אִתְּמַר Rabbi Zeira then said to him: It wasn't stated in public that the halachah follows Rabbi Eliezer, but that we ...
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The Identity of R' Elazar ben Chananyah

Recently, I found that there are some academics that identify the Tanna Rabbi Elazar ben Chananyah with Elazar ben Chananyah, one of the rebel leaders during the Great Revolt. Prof. Ephraim Urbach in &...
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Numbering in the Mordechai

I've noticed that the Mordechai has a strange numbering system (א,ב,ג etc.) that goes through it. I thought it might just be enumerating the individual halachos l'maaseh, but I noticed that it often ...
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Does a list of all perakim in shas with summary of each perek exist?

Is there an existing list of all chapters in shas and include a brief summary of each perek?
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Can it be that some midrashic literature got lost over time?

Is it possible that some of the material of the old Jewish midrashim (on the different books of the Hebrew Bible) that was written and was available during the Pre-Talmudic era is no longer available?
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Is there a Braita like Rabbi Pinchas Ben Yair but for intellectual virtue?

The braita of Rabbi Pinchas Ben yair in Masechet Avodah Zara 20b enumerates the levels of moral virtues. As quoted below, there is a structured progression to get to the next virtue. מכאן א"ר ...
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What is the difference when Rashi says בגמרא מפרש and מפרש בגמרא?

When Rashi comments on a Mishna telling us that the gemara will explain, sometimes he uses the phrase בגמרא מפרש and sometimes he uses the phrase מפרש בגמרא. (see here) Why would Rashi use one over ...
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Classic Achronim and Rishonim [closed]

People often say they learn Shas with Achronim and Rishonim. I'm curious, what are the mainstream Rishonim and Achronim that are generally learnt throughout Shas?
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Aramaic in a baraisa

I always understood a major difference between a mishna/baraisa and the text of the gemarra is the former is in Rabbinic Hebrew and the latter is in Aramaic. The other day I chanced upon a gemarra in ...
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Rav Yosef Engel style of learning

I understand that the world is very much into learning Gemara via the Brisker method. I was told that Rav Yosef Engel had a different approach to learning Gemara etc. However, I wasn't told how his ...
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Sources in Gemara that a person should not marry a convert?

The Gemara says in Pesachim 112b that a person should not marry a convert. The Gemara is clearly implying a marriage between a female convert and a Jew who is not necessarily a Kohen. Are there any ...
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132 views

How many Talmudic manuscripts are there?

"What is the Talmud" by Eliezer Berkovits states: The only complete Talmud manuscript is in Munich; besides that only larger or smaller fragments have survived. In his “Dikduke Sofrim,” (...
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Where Can I find this Machlokes about the 13 Middot of Drush?

Several years ago, I came across the following machlokes between Rashi and Tosfot in Shas Bavli. Rashi said that all 13 middos of drush require a mesorah except for Kal Vachomer, and Tosfot said all ...
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What are things or actions which cause poverty?

The Gemara in Chullin 105b says that leaving bread crumbs can increase a person’s vulnerability to poverty. Also, The Gemara in Pesachim 111b says that bran(parei) in the house causes poverty and ...
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Was the Talmud available in written form, partially or fully, before the 7th century?

was the Talmud available in written form partially or fully before the 7th century? or just was transmitted orally?
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Had Noah a wicked wife, son?

Is there any instance in Jewish literature that mentions that one of Noah's sons was a disbeliever who refused to come aboard the Ark, instead preferring to climb a mountain, where he drowned? or ...
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Hashem has doubt? [duplicate]

Masechet Shabbat says that when you give the benefit of the doubt, Hashem will give you benefit of the doubt. However, Hashem cannot have the benefit of the doubt. The benefit of the doubt relies on ...
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443 views

Whom does G-d pray to?

Berakhot 7a says: מִכָּאן שֶׁהַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מִתְפַּלֵּל Whom does G-d pray to?
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Did any of the gentile prophets receive a divine message to be directed to the Jews?

Was Bilaam a prophet to both the Jews and the gentiles ? According to the site member "Baby Seal": Bilaam's prophecy (Num 23, 24), contained much pertaining to Israel, and may have been his ...
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Is Job considered a prophet and an Israelite, according to the majority of the rabbis?

According to Wikipedia: "It is said in Bava Batra that these tannaim necessarily considered Job an Israelite; but R. Chananel ben Chushiel has in his text, "All the Tannaim and Amoraim, with ...
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873 views

If God removed prophecy from the gentiles because of Bilaam's wickedness, how come that Obadiah who was a gentile was a prophet?

According to Midrash, because of Bilaam's wickedness, as emblematic of the wickedness of gentile prophets, God removed prophecy from the gentiles (Midrash Tanchuma, Balak, siman 1). From the Talmud, ...
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What is the most comprehensive Gemara available today?

In terms of the number of Rishonim and Acharonim printed, along with the Rif and additional modern clarifying mevuarot, what is the most comprehensive גמרא available today? I'm referring to those with ...
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Hillel was a student of Ezra?

Sanhedrin 11a says: אמרו עליו הי חסיד הי עניו תלמידו של עזרא How could Hillel have been a disciple of Ezra? Didn't Ezra die several generations before Hillel was even born?

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