Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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Source that you can't tell your wife not to lend to others

Although I heard in a shiur that there is a gemara which says a husband is not allowed to tell his wife not to lend to others since she would eventually develop a bad name, I can't find it - are there ...
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Sefer explaining why Aggada stories in the Talmud are located where they are

I saw a great reason given by R' Tzaddok HaKohen about why the story about the destruction of the Beis Hamikdash and its aftermath is specifically in Maseches Gittin 55b-58a: (adapted from a Jewish ...
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Where in the Talmud does it say, if it indeed does, that one who’s thoughts are heard lives a life not worth living?

In Chumash shiur in Yeshiva, I think I remember hearing that in the Gemara somewhere it says that “one who’s thoughts are heard lives a life not worth living”, or something like that. If it does say ...
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Where in ש״ס who one find the adage, “He who suggests the idea should carry it out”?

If I can recall it would be found in Kedushin (besides others)
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List of all the times the principle of “svara” is used in Shas

There's a principle of "svara" in Shas, which exists on a d'oraisa level (see this related question). A few examples of svaras: 1) המוציא מחברו עליו הראיה - "the burden of proof rests upon the ...
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Where in Shas was the psak din of Rabbi Meir vs. Rabbi Yehuda accepted?

I think I remember that, in disputes between Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Yehuda, we follow Rabbi Yehuda except in two occasions. Is this correct and where are these two instances?
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Talmudic sages of Davidic descent

Which (individual) sages of Talmud were said to be traced back to King David? IIRC, R. Hillel was one (?). Are there others? Sources are welcome.
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Books/ biography about the Ketzos and his learning methodology

Does anyone know of any noteworthy books/ biographies on R' Aryeh Leib HaCohen Heller (1745 – 1812) author of the Ketzos Hachoshen, Avnei Miluim, and Shev Shmaytsa- that explain his learning ...
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Why were masechtot of mishna without gemara included (or not) in Talmud Bavli and daf yomi?

I would like to better understand why certain tractates of mishna which don't have gemara were selected or not for inclusion in Talmud Bavli and/or daf yomi? Here is what I understand most tractates ...
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Does the Talmud discuss “Solomon's Pools”

I recall visiting Solomon's Pools, located a bit south of Bethlehem, years ago, before it became "Area A". Wikipedia says: The water system based on Solomon's Pools has provided water to ...
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What are the “maasim tovim”?

Talmud, mishna, and other sources reference "maasim tovim" (good deeds) in many places (Avos 4:17 is one example). Do any sources define what this term actually includes? Some of the possible options ...
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Longest to Shortest tractates of Yerushalmi by daf

A follow on from this question: I simply would like a listing of longest to shortest (or vice versa!) tractates in Yerushalmi by daf, ideally listing the number of daf/tractate.
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What is the phrase in the Munich talmud, that is used in sanhedrin 59a, for what became oved kochavim?

What is the phrase in the Munich talmud, sanhedrin 59a, for what became 'oved kochavim'? I can see a talmud online that is probably censored. https://www.sefaria.org/Sanhedrin.59a?lang=bi ואמר ר' ...
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Talmudic concept of a sensitive individual--“istus?”

There is a Talmudic term I've heard mentioned in passing but have not been able to locate. It relates to the concept of a person who is especially sensitive to physical discomfort in situations such ...
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Are there examples of Tanaim, Amoraim,Rishonim, Achronim using secular sources for Limud Torah?

For instance, although I cannot find the source-I do believe the Vilna Gaon told a Talmid of his to translate the Elements of Euclid (Geometric proofs, inter Alia) to Hebrew in order to augment ...
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Gemara quoting nonexistent pasuk

In Brakhot 61a and Eruvin 18b, Rav Naḥman bar Yitzḥak quotes a nonexistent pasuk: מתקיף לה רב נחמן בר יצחק אלא מעתה גבי אלקנה דכתיב וילך אלקנה אחרי אשתו Tosafot there says it is a mistake since ...
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A Baby Too Large?

Apparently there is a gemara which says if a fetus is too large for the mother, then the mother is put in danger. (Heard in a recorded shiur) Where is this gemara? [As a bonus point, why would Hashem ...
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Does the Talmud continue to use extra Tanachic sources?

I'm trying to draw an analogy between the written and the oral Torah. After the Mishna was signed, the Sages continued to use extra-Mishnaic sources forever (Toseftah, Midrashim, etc). After the 24 ...
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Did Hillel the Elder committed a Gezel? [duplicate]

Can the the famous story of Hillel the Elder, who couldn't pay to enter Beit Midrash and instead listened from the outside to his teachers, be considered as an act of Gezel? Yoma 35b:7-8 Hillel ...
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248 views

Source for: Abstaining from sin being considered a mitzvah in Talmud Bavli

I remember seeing a passage in Talmud Bavli saying something along the lines of: "every moment that a person sits and does not engage in sin, he is considered to be doing a mitzvah." I'm not able to ...
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247 views

Did Rabbi Akiva accept arguments from ignorance?

There's a common principle found in various academic disciplines, that absence of proof does not equal proof of absence (ie: a lack of evidence for something doesn't mean that it does not exist). I am ...
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What animal is ערוד (Arod)?

I'm a visual learner. Now, I've been learning Daf 33a in Meseches Brachos and I came across the word ערוד, which Rashi explains as a hybrid of a Snake and a Toad. I was wondering if anyone ever saw a ...
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What are some sefarim that go through the Chakirot of ש״ס?

It would also help if the sefer demonstrates some foundations of the applications of those chakirot.
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What are some good modern Brisker/Chakira based analysis sefarim by masechta?

I'm a big fan of the Brisker/Chakira approach to gemara b'iyun and looking for a sefer that I can use to learn either alone or with a chavrusa. I'm looking for something in Hebrew, and (a) by ...
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How did the initial Mishnaic disagreements arise?

The Wikipedia on Tannaim says this Until the days of Hillel and Shammai (the last generation of the Zugot), there were few disagreements among Rabbinic scholars. After this period, though, the "...
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54 views

Is there a list of all of the cases in the Talmud where תיקו (“Teiku”) is said?

Sometimes in the gemara there are questions that for whatever reason are unable to be answered, and to such a question the gemara simply says "teiku" (usually translated to mean "let it stand"). Does ...
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Hashem's Gratitude on Yom Kippur

Rav Aharon Kotler z"tl apparently would often say a Chazal during Yomim Noraim about Hashem having gratitude for us doing teshuva on Yom Kippur. Just like a king having a grand meal which he is afraid ...
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Did Albert Einstein really say he wished he would have “studied the Talmud?” [closed]

In Rabbi Aaron Parry's "The Complete Idiot's Guide to The Talmud," Rabbi Parry writes in the introduction: Is this a true statement, and if so is there a legitimate source where this statement can ...
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Did Beruriah add to, “Women are light-headed,” to say, “…except Beruriah”?

I'm seeing a couple of secondary sources which suggest, without citing a primary source, that Beruriah may have supplemented her husband's teaching "Women are light-headed", either orally or in ...
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In which order should Mesechtos be learned? [duplicate]

Are there any sources that state for a fact that one should one learn one mesechta before another? Or that perhaps one mesechta is more praiseworthy to learn then the other?
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Whoever saves one soul is like saving the whole world - Mishna edition [duplicate]

There is a famous quote from the Talmud: "Whoever saves one soul is like saving the whole world". The origin of this quote in the Babylonian Talmud is a Mishna (Sanhedrin 4:5), but the translation is ...
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Why doesn't the Talmud provide a list of the 613 commandments?

The Talmud says that there are 613 commandments in the Torah: Rabbi Simlai, when preaching, said: 613 precepts were communicated to Moses: 365 negative precepts, corresponding to the number of ...
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Authenticity of some personal stories in Gemmorah [duplicate]

The Gemmorah in Bavli Kiddushin 81a brings several similar stories: .ר' עקיבא הוה מתלוצץ בעוברי עבירה .יומא חד אידמי ליה שטן כאיתתא בריש דיקלא .נקטיה לדיקלא וקסליק ואזיל 'כי מטא לפלגיה דדיקלא ...
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What signs in Gemmorah suggest that a ruling must hold forever?

The reasoning of the Gemmorah's Rabbis is very fluid and everchanging, each generation offering new interpretations, considerations, measures, and decrees. Usually, the development of the Halachah, ...
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Elisha ben Abuya and Repentance

Talmud Bavli in Chagigah 15a says: ת"ר מעשה באחר שהיה רוכב על הסוס בשבת והיה רבי מאיר מהלך אחריו ללמוד תורה מפיו אמר לו מאיר חזור לאחריך שכבר שיערתי בעקבי סוסי עד כאן תחום שבת א"ל אף אתה חזור ...
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If the woman seduces the man, must he pay the penalty?

The Torah says if a man seduces a woman he must pay her 50 silver shekel and should marry her (Shemot 22,16): וְכִי־יְפַתֶּה אִישׁ בְּתוּלָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא־אֹרָשָׂה וְשָׁכַב עִמָּהּ מָהֹר יִמְהָרֶנָּה ...
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How to determine who offered the second Korban Tamid of the day?

The mishnah in Tamid 3:1 and Yoma 2:3 says there was a daily lottery for who would bring the (morning) Korban Tamid. There was another Korban Tamid every day. How was the person for the second Tamid ...
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Study Mishna or Mishna-and-Gemara?

There are books and courses on studying the Mishna. Just the Mishna. Why would anyone want to study the Mishna by itself, without studying the Gemara at the same time? Practically speaking, when ...
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How does the gemara know where to start?

In any tractate, why isn't the background or explanatory information presented first? For example, why do the laws of Shechita not begin with the laws of Shechita? Masechet Chullin (and the Yoreh De'...
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Shortest amud or daf in Shas?

What is the shortest amud or daf in Shas? I vaguely remember seeing a daf that was only a couple lines of gemara or so (maybe in Pesachim?) but don't remember where it was. Daf in this case, ...
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How does frequency of a Sanhedrin killing make sense in light of the concept of “Kippah”?

The mishnah on Makkos 7a states: סנהדרין ההורגת אחד בשבוע נקראת חובלנית רבי אליעזר בן עזריה אומר אחד לשבעים שנה רבי טרפון ורבי עקיבא אומרים אילו היינו בסנהדרין לא נהרג אדם מעולם רשב"ג אומר אף הן ...
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Are there any “prerequisite” masechtot?

When I have taught Talmud classes to some beginners, I try to give them an overview of the tractate prior to starting it. Usually, I locate the relevant laws / verses in the Torah. I think it's tough ...
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Why can Avodah Zara be בטל בשישים?

If עבודה זרה is so strict, why can it be בטל by 1/60 in דבר שלא במינו? (see :עבודה זרה ע"ג)
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Why is there no gemara for Mikvaot? [duplicate]

I've been told that Niddah is the only masechet in Taharot with Gemara because it has practical applications even when there is no temple. But the halachot of Mikvaot are just as important nowadays ...
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Logic behind אם אינו ענין

Every now and again Chazal use a method of exegesis of the form אם אינו ענין ל___ תנהו לענין ___‏ which means that if a word or phrase is extra, due to the halacha it apparently teaches being ...
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What does the Shabbos Shel Mi mean?

In Maseches Shabbos, in between the perakim of Bameh Ishah and Bameh Beheimah, the Shabbos Shel Mi writes the following: דרשינן סמוכים פ' במה בהמה ובמה אשה כל הקרב הקרב כי לא לחנם הלך זרזיר אצל ...
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Which mishnah in Shas has the most daf between it and the subsequent mishnah?

Beginning from: one מתני׳ => gemara => the next מתני׳ Does anyone know which mishnah has the most dafim between it and the subsequent mishnah? My gut tells me Bava Basra due to its length (...
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Divorcing one's wife if “she burnt his food OR he saw someone prettier.” Huh?

The mishnah on Gittin 90a lists two starting reasons that could be grounds for divorcing one's wife: ובית הלל אומרים אפילו הקדיחה תבשילו שנאמר כי מצא בה ערות דבר ר' עקיבא אומר אפי' מצא אחרת נאה ...
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305 views

Longest to Shortest tractates of Bavli by daf

Guessing it's been asked & answered already but not seeing it clearly. I simply would like a listing of longest to shortest (or vice versa!) tractates in Bavli by daf, ideally listing the number ...
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262 views

Shoteh in the gemara

The Gemara in many places including Berachot 15b talks about a shoteh(imbecile). What type(characteristics)of people does the gemara refer to as "Shoteh"?