Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, metaphorical stories customs, and history.

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1answer
28 views

What is the difference when Rashi says בגמרא מפרש and מפרש בגמרא?

When Rashi comments on a Mishna telling us that the gemara will explain, sometimes he uses the phrase בגמרא מפרש and sometimes he uses the phrase מפרש בגמרא. (see here) Why would Rashi use one over ...
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Classic Achronim and Rishonim [closed]

People often say they learn Shas with Achronim and Rishonim. I'm curious, what are the mainstream Rishonim and Achronim that are generally learnt throughout Shas?
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93 views

From what examples did R' Eliezer learn that Halacha can be decided by miracles?

In the famous argument between R' Yehoshua and R' Eliezer (Tanuro Shel Achnai, B"M 59b) R' Eliezer chose to prove his approach by performing miracles: "Rabbi Eliezer answered all possible ...
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Aramaic in a baraisa

I always understood a major difference between a mishna/baraisa and the text of the gemarra is the former is in Rabbinic Hebrew and the latter is in Aramaic. The other day I chanced upon a gemarra in ...
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2answers
231 views

Sources in Gemara that a person should not marry a convert?

The Gemara says in Pesachim 112b that a person should not marry a convert. The Gemara is clearly implying a marriage between a female convert and a Jew who is not necessarily a Kohen. Are there any ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Rav Yosef Engel style of learning

I understand that the world is very much into learning Gemara via the Brisker method. I was told that Rav Yosef Engel had a different approach to learning Gemara etc. However, I wasn't told how his ...
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4answers
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Source of the word “teva” for nature

I was told by someone who I consider to be very reliable that the word טבע, which means nature, does not have a source in Biblical or Talmudic literature, and it is a word that first emerges in ...
5
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1answer
168 views

Explain dispute about damaged rows on Bava Kamma 6b?

I was learning Bava Kamma 6b and am having trouble understanding the machlokes between R' Yismael and R' Akiva. One problem I'm having is at the part of the sugya with Rav Idi bar Avin, he said that ...
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What are things or actions which cause poverty?

The Gemara in Chullin 105b says that leaving bread crumbs can increase a person’s vulnerability to poverty. Also, The Gemara in Pesachim 111b says that bran(parei) in the house causes poverty and ...
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חזקה מעיקרא vs ספק

I am in the middle of מחלוקת with someone as to, if I originally had a חזקה and now there's a ספק to whether that status is still true, whether I maintain that original status or my status changes to ...
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1answer
142 views

Berachot 3a - Verb choices regarding Temple destruction

Pesikta Rabasi (28 mid.) suggests that there are two aspects of the Temple. An upper [spiritual] one and a lower [physical] one. אחריבנו אמר רבי תחליפא בר קרויה באותה שעה נכנסו כל מלאכי השרת ועמדו ...
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1answer
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How many Talmudic manuscripts are there?

"What is the Talmud" by Eliezer Berkovits states: The only complete Talmud manuscript is in Munich; besides that only larger or smaller fragments have survived. In his “Dikduke Sofrim,” (...
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104 views

Was the Talmud available in written form, partially or fully, before the 7th century?

was the Talmud available in written form partially or fully before the 7th century? or just was transmitted orally?
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Where Can I find this Machlokes about the 13 Middot of Drush?

Several years ago, I came across the following machlokes between Rashi and Tosfot in Shas Bavli. Rashi said that all 13 middos of drush require a mesorah except for Kal Vachomer, and Tosfot said all ...
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128 views

Had Noah a wicked wife, son?

Is there any instance in Jewish literature that mentions that one of Noah's sons was a disbeliever who refused to come aboard the Ark, instead preferring to climb a mountain, where he drowned? or ...
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3answers
789 views

Why is it Ok to have tzizit without techelet?

The Mishna in Menachos 4:1 says that the mitzvah of the white tzizit is not gone if there is no techelet, and the mitzvah of the techelet is not gone if there is no white. That seems a straight ...
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4answers
341 views

Does Judaism insult the gentiles?

My dear brothers and sisters. I'm an Arab, from the Persian Gulf, Raised in a Muslim family but they are semi-Athiests, I have converted to Christianity since I entered the University, for there are ...
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1answer
163 views

Hashem has doubt? [duplicate]

Masechet Shabbat says that when you give the benefit of the doubt, Hashem will give you benefit of the doubt. However, Hashem cannot have the benefit of the doubt. The benefit of the doubt relies on ...
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1answer
316 views

What exactly is the meaning of “I will hide [haster asteir] my face on that day?”

[This is a long and complicated question, but if you want just scroll down to the end summary to get the main points] It says in the Talmud Chullin Daf 139b, it says "Where is Ester from the ...
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2answers
807 views

Who was Methuselah?

Who was Methuselah? The Torah tells us not much about him. What does the Talmud and the Rabbis say about Methuselah?
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2answers
888 views

Talmud Bavli Sanhedrin 98b: an interpretation in a messianic sense of the figure of the “suffering servant” of Isaiah 52-53?

I’m an Italian noahide. I read in various Jewish sources, and also in this forum at The suffering servant? Yeshayahu- Isaiah - Chapter 53 that the figure of the "suffering servant" described in ...
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Who does G-d pray to?

Berakhot 7a says: מִכָּאן שֶׁהַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מִתְפַּלֵּל Whom does G-d pray to?
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Any pre 7th century Jewish source, teaches that non-Jewish prophets will never be sent again?

1- were the non-Jewish prophets sent to non-Jewish nations only, and not Jews ? if the answer is Yes Does it mean there is no way a non-Jewish prophet can ever be sent to the Jews? any textual basis ...
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90 views

Is Job considered a prophet and an Israelite, according to the majority of the rabbis?

According to Wikipedia: "It is said in Bava Batra that these tannaim necessarily considered Job an Israelite; but R. Chananel ben Chushiel has in his text, "All the Tannaim and Amoraim, with ...
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Did any of the gentile prophets receive a divine message to be directed to the Jews?

Was Bilaam a prophet to both the Jews and the gentiles ? According to the site member "Baby Seal": Bilaam's prophecy (Num 23, 24), contained much pertaining to Israel, and may have been his ...
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1answer
827 views

If God removed prophecy from the gentiles because of Bilaam's wickedness, how come that Obadiah who was a gentile was a prophet?

According to Midrash, because of Bilaam's wickedness, as emblematic of the wickedness of gentile prophets, God removed prophecy from the gentiles (Midrash Tanchuma, Balak, siman 1). From the Talmud, ...
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What is the most comprehensive Gemara available today?

In terms of the number of Rishonim and Acharonim printed, along with the Rif and additional modern clarifying mevuarot, what is the most comprehensive גמרא available today? I'm referring to those with ...
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897 views

Hillel was a student of Ezra?

Sanhedrin 11a says: אמרו עליו הי חסיד הי עניו תלמידו של עזרא How could Hillel have been a disciple of Ezra? Didn't Ezra die several generations before Hillel was even born?
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Stories of Eliyahu HaNavi in Gemara

Throughout the Gemara there are many stories in which Eliyahu HaNavi appears in one form or another and is in conversation with Chazal. Have any commentators or scholars provided a systematic approach ...
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What Talmudic manuscripts (if any) have Jesus instead of Balaam? / What Does 'MS.M. Jesus' mean?

What manuscripts (if any) have Jesus instead of Balaam? I'm aware that some claim that Balaam is a code-word for Jesus. I know Rabbi Gil Student makes a good argument that it cannot be I have read ...
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1answer
125 views

Why is Rebbi Meir frequently quoted as “he used to say” in the Talmud?

If one has taken a 'swim' in the Talmud, it would become apparent that Rebbi Meir is often cited as "he used to say". I cannot express with certainty that it is a completely unusual ...
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2answers
135 views

If there is no longer any Avodah Zarah, why do we need to follow the relevant halachah?

If it is accepted that Avodah Zarah has effectively ceased to exist, as suggested elsewhere on this site, why do we need to follow any of the relevant halachah, that applies to social relationships ...
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2answers
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Is Avodah Zarah still the great danger that it once was? [duplicate]

I have no direct sources, but I seem to recall that various Chassidic rabbis, maybe others too, have taught that idolatry no longer has any real, or effective power. I think this is limited to Jews, ...
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1answer
148 views

What is the relationship between the tradition of the Pharisees and Rabbinic Judaism (Yahadut Rabanit)?

I am an Italian Noahide In several articles and studies I have read that the Rabbinic Judaism (Yahadut Rabanit) would have its roots in the Pharisaic tradition. However, here is what I read on a ...
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3answers
105 views

Translate Rashi's commentary regarding Rabbi Sheila

Rabbi Sheila says: And the Torah said: If one comes to kill you, kill him first. He struck him with the staff and killed him. Yet, Rabbi Sheila does not provide any verse from the Torah. Could ...
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Why did Rabbi Shila hide what he said?

In Berakhot 58a, Rabbi Shila thanks G-d by saying: ״לְךָ ה׳ הַגְּדֻלָּה וְהַגְּבוּרָה וְגוֹ׳״ When he's asked by the authorities about what he said, he replies: ״בְּרִיךְ רַחֲמָנָא דְּיָהֵיב ...
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Why R' Yehoshua didn't mention the majority rule?

The more I study the Sugyah of Tanuro Shel Achnai, the more I get confused: At the culmination of the argument "Rabbi Yehoshua (c. 100 CE) stood on his feet and said: It is written: “It is not in ...
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Who is the voice of Tosafoth?

Tosafoth were the sons-in-law, grandchildren, and students of Rashi (and their students), and "they" wrote a commentary on the Talmud that is often at odds with Rashi's earlier commentary. Sometimes ...
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63 views

Would God be equally happy if the sages canceled Shabbat or allowed some Arayot?

"...Years after, Rabbi Natan encountered Elijah the prophet and said to him: What did the Holy One, Blessed be He, do at that time, when Rabbi Yehoshua issued his declaration? Elijah said to him: ...
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Why did R' Yehoshua scold the walls of the shul?

"Rabbi Eliezer then said to them: If the halakha is with me, the walls of the study hall will prove it. The walls of the study hall leaned inward and began to fall. Rabbi Yehoshua scolded the ...
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Rashi on the third scroll in the Temple

Slightly related. Rashi on Divrei Hayamim 1:8:29 writes: "...This is what is explained at the end of Megillath Yerushalmi. Ezra found scrolls: the scroll of מְעוֹנִים (Me'onim), the scroll of ...
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Does one have to take a Midrash/Aggadah literally?

Does one have to take a Midrash/Aggadah literally?
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1answer
132 views

Can someone translate this excerpt?

Could someone translate the following from Rashi's commentary on the Talmud: במחשכים הושיבני - שאין נוחין זה עם זה ותלמודם ספק בידם I'm interested in what Rashi has to say regarding Rabbi Yirmeya's ...
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The possible history of Sefer Za'atutei?

I noticed that one of the changes made by the sages that authored Targum Hashiv'im (the LXX) for King Talmai was: "וַיִּשְׁלַח אֶת זַאֲטוּטֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֶל זַאֲטוּטֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל ...
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1answer
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Can you translate Rabbi Yosef's commentary on Shabbat 146a?

Could someone translate the following: בשעה שבא נחש על חוה. פשט המאמר הוא כמו שאמרו המפרשים ז"ל, דלא בא עליה ח"ו ביאה ממשית גופא בגופא, אלא ביאה מחשבית והטיל בה זוהמא בראיה, ואותה הזוהמא ...
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Where from the Torah does the Talmud know that all verses are from G-d?

The Talmud (Sanhedrin 99a) wrote : תניא אידך כי דבר ה' בזה זה האומר אין תורה מן השמים ואפילו אמר כל התורה כולה מן השמים חוץ מפסוק זה שלא אמרו הקדוש ברוך הוא אלא משה מפי עצמו זהו כי דבר ה' בזה It is ...
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1answer
424 views

How is the male skeleton different from female?

This question is a follow-up to "Different-counts-of-the-248-organs-". As we see from the Mishnah in Ohalot 1,8, only the bones are counted as organs, namely a bone that has a sinew and some flesh. ...
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1answer
50 views

In Gittin 45a was the Captive who ידע בלישנא דציפורי a soothsayer?

In Gittin 45a, we read about a Man who ידע בלישנא דציפורי knew the language of birds. - While in captivity with Rav Ilish, the bird translator speaks for a Raven and Dove. The Birds try to tell Rav ...
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2answers
258 views

Is this stated in the Talmud?

Those who are cruel to the kind, are kind to the cruel. I heard it was stated in the Talmud, but not able to find it. Thoughts?
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Is there a lookup table that links Mishnayos with Gemara page

For example, משנה עירובין פרק ט משנה ד is in תלמוד בבלי on דף צה עמוד א. Is there a comprehensive table that links all the (relevant) משניות to where they are in תלמוד בבלי?

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