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Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, metaphorical stories customs, and history.

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1answer
95 views

What exactly is the meaning of “I will hide [haster asteir] my face on that day?”

[This is a long and complicated question, but if you want just scroll down to the end summary to get the main points] It says in the Talmud Chagiga Daf 139b, it says "Where is Ester from the ...
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Does Shituf only apply in the context of oaths, or can it apply to a religion even outside of the context of oaths? [closed]

Does Shituf only apply in the context of oaths, or can it apply to a religion even outside of the context of oaths? Please include the source, with English.. which I understand would be the Talmud ...
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4answers
286 views

Did HaShem “regret” creating someone/something

I heard once that it says somewhere in Chazal that there were certain things or people that HaShem "regretted" (had "charatah") in creating. Although I don't remember which examples were given or if a ...
11
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1answer
915 views

Is part of the Mediterranean sea considered Eretz Israel?

I heard that the Gemmorah discusses some islands in the Mediterranean sea as belonging to the Biblical Eretz Israel. Is the sea considered a part of Eretz Israel and what are practical ramifications ...
3
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1answer
339 views

Why did the Vilna Sha"s become so widespread?

If one enters a beit midrash and takes out a masechta of Talmud, one will invariably find that it is typeset following the exact form of the page found in the edition from Vilna. So here are two ...
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1answer
89 views

Reasons for scattering Talmudic subjects over different Masechtot

It is easy to criticize the Rabbinical sources for inconsistency, as I did many times, but I would truly like to find a plausible and reasonable explanation for a certain trend in the Talmud based on ...
5
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2answers
678 views

What is “okinta”?

A friend of mine, a professional translator and interpreter, was stymied in her work by a word that some rabbis keep using when quoting Talmud, baraitot, Rambam, even Rav Kook. To her ear (she is a ...
2
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1answer
86 views

Source that Amorayim are not required to know Beraitot/Toseftot

I was told that some Rishonim on Sha"s comment that Amorayim were not required to know Beraitot or Toseftot, they only were required to know the Mishna. Where's that source?
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1answer
108 views

What does “knowing the whole Torah” mean?

Many Rabbis from our forefathers to Moses to Tannayim are said to "know the Whole Torah" (כל התורה כולה). This is very unusual, as in other realms we usually don't say that about other people "he ...
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7answers
257 views

Are there examples of Tanaim, Amoraim,Rishonim, Achronim using secular sources for Limud Torah?

For instance, although I cannot find the source-I do believe the Vilna Gaon told a Talmid of his to translate the Elements of Euclid (Geometric proofs, inter Alia) to Hebrew in order to augment ...
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1answer
57 views

Source for electricity in the times of the Talmud?

Many years ago I was told a story about an Amorah (Talmudic sage) who had an electric lamp, and when discovered said something along the lines of, the world isn't ready for this yet. I'm looking for ...
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4answers
2k views

Zeh klal gadol batorah - really?

In the Talmud Yerushalmi, Nedarim 9:4 ואהבת לרעך כמוך: אמר רבי עקיבא זה כלל גדול בתורה: "You shall love your fellow as yourself. Said Rabbi Akiva: This is a great principle in the Torah." ...
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1answer
159 views

Why is the Rif's digest of tractate Niddah hidden in tractate Shevuos?

Rabbi Isaac Alfasi's summary of tractate Niddah is hidden in masechet Shevuot. Why is it buried in maseches Shevuos?
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56 views

A little Yabam who made Yibum and died

See Mishna Yevamot 7.4. העובר, והיבם, והאירוסין, והחירש, ובן תשע שנים ויום אחד, פוסלין ולא מאכילין. ספק שהוא בן תשע שנים ויום אחד ספק שאינו, ספק הביא שתי שערות ספק לא הביא, נפל הבית עליו ועל בת ...
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0answers
49 views

Source for multiple names [duplicate]

What is the source of giving multiple names? Who is the earliest person who had two given names? Any Tannah Amorah or Rishon? Note that I am aware that people in tanach (Moshe Avraham etc.) as well ...
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3answers
857 views

I am 15 years old and do not go to a Yeshiva but would like to learn Talmud. A few rabbis near me said they could teach me. How should I start

I am 15 years old and do not go to a Yeshiva but would like to learn Talmud. There are many rabbis near me who said they would be willing to teach me. How should I start knowing that I only speak ...
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0answers
42 views

Why did Hillel not turn a convert away three times, not even once. And convert them straight away?

Why did Hillel not turn a convert away three times, not even once? And why did he convert them straight away, when if seen by todays standards, they're the most terrible candidates. They were ...
3
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1answer
121 views

Looking for a Tosafos

I remember seeing a Tosafos in Ksubos a while back which states that when a man gets married, he should go to his in-laws for the chag that follows his wedding. Does anyone know exactly where I can ...
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2answers
79 views

How it it possible to use different words and yet still be a Gezeira Shava?

I can understand how a gezeira shava would work when the word used is similar, like "kicha kicha m'sdei Ephron" in the beginning of Maseches Kiddushin. But logically speaking, how can we have a 4 way ...
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1answer
54 views

What other phrase did the rabbis use to describe “yom teruah” besides the ones below?

What other phrase did the rabbis use to describe "yom teruah" besides the ones below? Our rabbis of blessed memory gave additional "phrases" to describe or to name our holy days. For example, the ...
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3answers
656 views

What Talmudic manuscripts (if any) have Jesus instead of Balaam? / What Does 'MS.M. Jesus' mean?

What manuscripts (if any) have Jesus instead of Balaam? I'm aware that some claim that balaam is a code-word for Jesus. I know Rabbi Gil Student makes a good argument that it cannot be I have read ...
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Why let the Sages stay anonymous in arguments?

This bothers me a lot - the idea of using anonymous "Chachamim" in arguments. I don't understand why is it important or useful to hide their names. The Mishnah uses it extensively and makes it very ...
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11answers
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How does “eilu v'eilu” work out with an absolute truth?

I'm under the impression that religious Judaism believes in absolute truths. That being the case, how does the concept of "eilu v'eilu divrei elokim chaim" (Eruvin 13b) work out? When two scholars ...
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2answers
153 views

Malbim on “Eilu v Eilu”

I recently came across the following quote of the Malbim on the topic of אלו ואלו דברי אלוקים חיים: רק עד חתימת התלמוד (:מלבי"ם על הש"ס עירובין יג) That seems to be a pretty unique ...
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2answers
72 views

Title “Rabbi” for Tanoim and Amoroim

Why do we find in the Mishna and Talmud that most תנאים and אמוראים were prefaced with the title "rabbi" but some were not?
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2answers
194 views

Rashi on Berachos 33b “al kan tzipor yagiu rachamecha”

In Brachos 33b, the mishna says: "One who says [in his tefilla -Rashi], 'Your [God's] mercy reaches the birds nest'... shut him up." Rashi says on that: אנשים שהיו מראים עצמם כמתכונים להעמיק בלשון ...
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Maps that can aid the locations of the cities referenced in Masechet Gittin?

I’m currently learning Masechet Gittin and would like to know where I can find maps of the cities referenced in the first daf or so that can assist me. Cities like heger, rekem, kfar lud, etc is what ...
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42 views

Is weeping at death a bad omen (סימן רע) or not?

The Talmud (Kesubos 103a; see Avos Rebbi Nason 25:2) says: מת מתוך השחוק סימן יפה לו מתוך הבכי סימן רע לו If one dies from laughter it is a good omen for him, but it is a bad omen to die from ...
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1answer
207 views

“Laughing at” prominent rabbonim? [duplicate]

I encountered an interesting sugya today (Bava Qama 102b), in which we are told that, "in the west", the rabbonim laughed at the interpretation of Rabbi Yohanan. Presumably, this is a reference to ...
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3answers
813 views

How to explain the Talmud to someone who hasn't ever opened one?

To those who are in Yeshiva, learning Gemara for three sedarim a day is often a regular sight. To those who are actually learning it, it's often an extremely rewarding experience, and one in which ...
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1answer
68 views

Yoma 45b Ner Tamid - How to light it?

I'm trying to figure out what the text of Yoma 45b is teaching it's reader. There is this part (verse 6) about the 'perpetual fire' of the outer court of the mikdash as in Vayikra 6:6. And from this ...
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0answers
42 views

Why do many masechtot conclude with a portion of Aggadata?

From what I've seen, many Masechtot in Shas seem to conclude with an aggadata portion that can be found towards the end of that particular Masechta. Is there a documented or stated reason as to why ...
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0answers
68 views

who did yechezkel hanavi do t'chias hamaisim on?

the benai ephraim left egypt many years before yetzias mitzrayim happened, unfortunately however they passed through eretz pelishtim,and the pelishtim killed them near gaas. however r'yehuda ben b'...
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2answers
139 views

What is the origin of learning Talmud daf yomi?

These days, it is the practice of many to learn a folio of the Vilna printing of the Talmud each day. Where did this custom come from? When?
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2answers
78 views

What is the translation of the word Talmud and Gemara and why those words?

The word Talmud and Gemara is used to refer to the written down Oral Law (written down somewhere between 500CE-1000CE?). What is the English translation of those two words and why were they chosen/...
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0answers
40 views

When answering a greeting one should top it

On a daf yomi shiur I heard that when someone is being greeted/blessed he should reply with a greater blessing. When I heard that I thought that this was the reason why people reply shabbat shalom ...
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1answer
127 views

Generally speaking, how should one interpret Mishnayos that go off-tangent?

To pose a few examples of the types of Mishnayos I'm speaking about: Pesachim 4:1-5 discusses various activities which depend on the local custom, most of which have nothing to do with Pesach Gittin ...
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2answers
108 views

What were the ספרי דבי רב?

BBava Batra 124b, for instance, has Rav Nahman quoting "the remaining books of Debei Rav." How many were there? What were they exactly? If they contained written halachot, why were they allowed? (...
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0answers
72 views

Has the corpus of Tosafoth been printed in one volume?

The Talmudic commentary called Tosafoth has been printed together with the Talmud text itself for many centuries. For example, even Maharal testifies (in 1595) to this in Nesiv Hatorah ch. 5: והכל ...
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1answer
180 views

List of all the times the Talmudic principle of “chiddush” is used in Shas

(similar type of question asked about: "svara", "תיקו" "Halachot L'Moshe MiSinai") The Talmudic principle of "chiddush" is sometimes invoked to explain certain areas of halacha. Namely, there are ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Why does Rebbe Yehoshua need a passuk?

The Gemara (Nazir 65b) says that Rabbi Yehoshua learns from the passuk of לטהרו או לטמאו that the case of ספק שיער לבן קדם ספק בהרת קדמה the halacha is טהור. The question is why he needs a passuk to ...
3
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1answer
82 views

What are the “maasim tovim”?

Talmud, mishna, and other sources reference "maasim tovim" (good deeds) in many places (Avos 4:17 is one example). Do any sources define what this term actually includes? Some of the possible options ...
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1answer
123 views

“You're married to my half” (Kiddushin 7a) - how come?

The Gemorah (Kiddushin 7a) renders the expression "You're married to my half" valid for kiddushin, deciding that she's acquired to him as whole for the sake of kiddushin itself, but does not add ...
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9answers
1k views

What are some good resources for deciphering a Tosfos comment that I can't figure out?

What are some good resources for deciphering a Tosfos comment that I can't figure out? Here is what I am looking for in a resource: When Tosfos brings another gemoro this resource should provide an ...
5
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1answer
240 views

Where were sacrifices offered if not in the Temple?

When a woman has to offer sacrifices after being impure (due, for example, to childbirth), where does she bring that offering? In Masechet K'ritut, the discussion on 8a centers on a woman who has to ...
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4answers
375 views

Is the Talmud 100% Oral Torah?

I've been taught that the Oral Torah was passed from generation to generation from Moshe Rabbeinu. And I've also heard that the Talmud is basically a recollection of Oral Torah. This would suggest ...
8
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2answers
397 views

Why masechet “Beitza” and not masechet Yom Tov?

Why do we call it masechet Beitza now, and not masechet Yom Tov, as was apparently once common? Unlike the parshiot, which are named after their first words, masechtot are all named after topics, ...
11
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1answer
552 views

How were men allowed to watch an execution?

It says in Maseches Sota (8a) that that if a woman would be punished by stoning, she would be stoned virtually unclothed, and men would be allowed to attend. The Gemara says that there is no concern ...
3
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0answers
264 views

Are the talmudic “Prushim” the Rabbinic Pharisees?

In Masechet Sotah, 20a, the mishna details harmful forces and reads (translation from dafyomi.co.il) The following destroy the world - a foolish Chasid, a crafty evildoer, a woman who is Perushah, ...
3
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2answers
87 views

What does the Shabbos Shel Mi mean?

In Maseches Shabbos, in between the perakim of Bameh Ishah and Bameh Beheimah, the Shabbos Shel Mi writes the following: דרשינן סמוכים פ' במה בהמה ובמה אשה כל הקרב הקרב כי לא לחנם הלך זרזיר אצל ...