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Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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Distance between foundation stone and western wall

What is the distance between the foundation stone and the western wall? Does the Talmud or anything say anything about the distance?
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How is the male skeleton different from female?

This question is a follow-up to "Different-counts-of-the-248-organs-". As we see from the Mishnah in Ohalot 1,8, only the bones are counted as organs, namely a bone that has a sinew and some flesh. ...
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Proof of one side or question on the other, talmud

A boy asked me today: How does the gemora choose if to use something as a proof to one side or as a question on the other? The example he brought was: Of a question: Kiddushin 63b תנן ...
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Coin System from the Talmud — the Selah, Darkon and Dinar

in Rambam Hilchos Shekalim Perek 1 Halachos 2-4, the basic coinage system is like this: 1 Isar = 8 Perutahs. = 4 barley kernels 1 Pundyon = 2 Isarin. 1 Me'ah/Gayrah = 2 Pundyonin. = 16 barley kernels ...
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Question on Kiddushin 7a (Rashi)

On Kiddushin 7a, Rashi writes (d.h. וכן לענין ממונא) about 3 principles where monetary transactions are supported by either the din of the guarantor (ערב) or the din of the eved ca'ani, or by both ...
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Sources on the parameters of Eilu VeEilu

There's a concept in the gemarra known as Eilu VeEilu: יצאה בת קול ואמרה אלו ואלו דברי אלהים חיים הן Ultimately, a Divine Voice emerged and proclaimed: Both these and those are the words of ...
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Why do we not repair the Mishna according to the emendations of the Talmud?

Often times in analyzing a Mishna the Talmud will say that the Mishna is missing certain information and should read as follows - חסורי מחסרא והכי קתני. The Talmud will then posit the missing ...
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Do Jewish scholars and/or Rabbis consider myths to be a violation of the second commandment?

Scripture consistently instructs against idols. It is the second of the Ten Commandments: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or ...
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What tractates have been studied at Yeshiva University?

Tractates at YU RIETS are chosen once a seven-year cycle. I am curious in finding out if an entire list exists? For example, this article from 2002 discusses the tractates chosen for the next seven ...
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When the Gemoro answers the question לאתויי מאי is the answer complete or an example?

BACKGROUND A Mishnah may list a number of items and then follow with a general statement. For example in Shabbos 12 (4) the Mishnah says הכותב שתי אותיות בהעלם אחד - חיב. כתב בדיו, בסם, בסקרא, ...
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Looking for the right daf yomi shiur

I'm looking for the right daf yomi shiur that I can download online. I know there's a lot to choose from, so hopefully my criteria are specific enough to lead you in the right direction. I'm looking ...
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Torah reading on Shabbat afternoon was instituted for יושבי קרנות. Who are they?

Bava Kamma 82a (excerpts): עשרה תקנות תיקן עזרא שקורין במנחה בשבת Ezra made 10 enactments (1) Reading the Torah at Min'ha on Shabbat שיהו קוראין במנחה בשבת משום יושבי קרנות: Rash"i explains ...
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Levels of Soul ( According to Arizal, Pnei Yehoshua )

The Gemara in Masechet Brachot(10a) lists 5 worlds in which King David offered praises to Hashem( innards of his mother, when he was born etc.). In the Artscroll Edition one can find among the Notes a ...
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Any support for this Shita Mikubetzes?

The Shita Mikubetzes in Neddarim, top of 2b reads like this: מאי שנא גבי נדרים דתני כולהו. בכמה מקומות מקפיד התלמוד על כדומה לזה ושואל 'מאי שנא' כי הכא, ובכמה מקומות אינו שואל. לפי שדרך התלמוד להקשות ...
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Where can I find a Slavita print Gemara online?

Before the Vilna Shas print, there was the Slavita print (as well as others). There are many questions about this Vilna print (from which most Gemaras nowadays are reprints). I'm interested in seeing ...
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Sefardim starting to study the Talmud with Rashi and Tosfot

When did the sefardim start to study the Talmud with Rashi and Tosfot? And which books did they use before knowing about Rashi and Tosfot?
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Source for an Aggadah about Moshe feeding a bird

I was reading a book called "Shylock" by Hermann Sinsheimer and he made reference to a story from "the Jewish Talmud." I don't know to what he is referring. I looked online quickly and found someone ...
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Psak halacha from a havah amina in the Gemara

The Gemara will often begin a sugya with an initial understanding (havah aminah) of a mishnah or halacha and as the Gemara continues will change until it reaches the maskanah. Often, the maskana will ...
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Halachically, is one person ever bound by the intent of another?

In masechet shevuot, 41b, the gemara discusses a case of a loan as follows (h/t dafyomi.co.il) Levi lent Yehudah, and told him 'repay me in front of two witnesses who learn Halachah. Yehudah paid ...
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How do we evaluate a b'raisa that quotes Rebbe against an anonymous Mishna?

At Rosh Hashanah 19b, the Gemara raises a b'raisa quoting Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi (aka "Rebbe") -- the editor of the Mishna -- to counter the opinion of the anonymous Tanna quoted in the previous Mishna ...
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Why did the Savoraim only emend certain parts of the Talmud?

I remember learning that Savoraim added certain parts to the Talmud- ex: the beginning of Kiddushin (2a-3a) & parts of Bava Metzia. (feel free to add additional examples) Any idea why they ...
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Interpretations of (pseudo)hallucinations vis a vis the Talmud’s interpretations of dreams

The Talmud (last chapter of Berachot, 55a ff.) contains a long treatment interpreting various visions one may experience “בחלום” (in a dream). If when under the influence of a psychoactive drug an ...
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“Not being precise” (Rashi) in recording the Oral Torah

This is a very loaded question, but I would like to work it out intellectually, please. I would like to understand a basic premise of Rashi that reflects on my understanding of the transferring of ...
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Source for zugos arguments

Is there any sefer that collects the various arguments of each zug (study pair)? Such as all the arguments of R yochanan and reish lukish, or abye and rava. It would be nice if it also proposed some ...
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Did the entire generation of the wilderness lose their Olam Haba

What does the Gemara mean when it says (Sanhedrin 108), The generation of the wilderness have no share in the future world and will not stand at the [last] judgement, as it is written in this ...
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Why the extra “בֶן” in חֲנַנְיָה's name?

The Mishna in Shabbos (1:4) references חֲנַנְיָה בֶן חִזְקִיָּה בֶן גֻּרְיוֹן, with two בֶן's, but when referenced in Menachos (45a): אמר רב זכור אותו האיש לטוב וחנינא בן חזקיה שמו the Tanna's ...
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Raban Gamliel and learning near a pile of gold

I heard that raban gamliel learned near a pile of gold as a segula for something. I'd like to find out if there is a source for this and what it was a segula for
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Excluding a case in קנין but קנין remains valid

I heard of an idea that when it comes to קנינים (Acquisitions)if the קנין cannot be done in every instance, the קנין does can not apply at all. Example: (Forgetting רש"י or other commentaries) In ...
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Can one repeat a siyum?

A few summer camps have a small dining room that can't fit all the campers and counselors for a meal at one time. Therefore, the camp schedules two meal shifts. During the Nine Days, the camp ...
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Grammar or Gmara?

I recently reviewed Rashi commentaries on the word "כי" in Torah, he quotes several times this Gemara (one of the occurences is in Rosh Hashana 3a): דאמר ריש לקיש: כי משמש בארבע לשונות: אי, דילמא, ...
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What subjects did talmud censoring involve and how far back does it go?

I'm aware of censoring of the name Yeshu, in the soncino printing of the talmud where they replaced it with "sinners of israel" in Gittin 57a. I'm interested what other subjects or names were ...
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When does the Gemara say “שנאמר” vs. “כדכתיב”

There are many times when the Gemara uses the word "שנאמר" when it quotes a verse. Why does it sometimes use the word "כדכתיב" when quoting a verse, and sometimes it says "שנאמר"
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Who put the parentheses in the Gemara, when, and for what reason(s)?

From time to time there are parentheses in the gemara (e.g., Taanis 17b). Who put the parentheses there, when, and for what reason(s)?
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RABA (רבה) Bar Rav Shila or RAVA (רבא) Bar Rav Shila?

On the Talmud (Brachot- ברכות דף ב ע"א) there are a two versions: RaVa bar Rav Shila (רבא בר רב שילא) RaBa Bar Rav Shila (רבה בר רב שילא) What is the right version?
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Prayer in the Ran at the end of Neddarim

Printed at the end of Ran's pirush on maseches Neddarim, before the hadran, is a prayer for Torah and the Beis HaMikdosh. It reads: א-לקים משמים יאיר עינינו בתורתו כאור החמה שבעתים. ויזכנו לראות ...
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Why are different Agadot in different masechtot

I once heard that the agadot of each masechta are in that particular masechta fora reason. does anyone know the source of such a claim
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Rambam and 10 Malachim

In Yesodei HaTorah 2:7, The Rambam lists 10 malachim (angels) in order of power. Many people have told me that this halacha proves that the Rambam knew Kabalah, since this knowledge is nowhere found ...
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God issuing prophecy in the name of idols

I once read somewhere in the Gemara that a Rabbi asked how come idolaters claim that, as they walked by an idol, the god made a prediction (or gave advice) that came true. The answer was that God ...
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Looking at the Nasi

It says in the Gemorah in Chagigah Daf 16a המסתכל בג' דברים עיניו כהות בקשת ובנשיא ובכהנים ...בנשיא דכתיב ונתת מהודך עליו That the eyes of anyone who looks at the "Nasi" (a leader of the Jewish ...
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If giving tzedakah money to parents is a “disrespectful matter” (Talmud, Kiddushin 32a), is giving tzedakah to other relatives a bad idea as well?

My question is going to be a bit complicated so stay with me before you mark it as a duplicate. In my previous question Is giving money to parents considered a tzedaka?, I received answers that it's ...
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List of easiest mesachtos according to Chazal

Is there a source anywhere that show us in any way what Chazal thought were the easiest to hardest Talmud Bavli tractates?
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The Names of Yehudis, Antiyochus or Yochanan Kohein Godol in the Torah

The Gemara in Chullin 139b says the following: From where in the Torah can one find an allusion to the hanging of Haman? He replied: The verse states after Adam ate from the tree of knowledge: “...
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Why does the Steinstalz Talmud interpret this one sentence in contradiction to Rashi?

A sentence towards the bottom of Sanhedrin page 5b speaks of kneading dough in a state of impurity. In the English Koren edition, Rabbi Steinsaltz translates this as meaning the people were impure. ...
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does anyone know where the source of this gemora:

Does anyone know where the source of this gemora: A father says my son should be for a korban, and the gemora digresses and says we dont know if the father is a chosid or a shoteh.
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Missing father's obligations on sons (Kiddushin 29)

According to the Mishna in Kiddushin 29, backed by the Braitah (in place), father's Mitzvos (definition not clear) upon his son(s) are only the follows: Circumcise Redeem the firstborn Teach ...
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“Stay away from doubt” in Kiddushin - why not if you can?

This is an overview question on Halokhos of Kiddushin in general. Many many ways of Kiddushin result in "Kiddushin in doubt" ("מקודשת מספק"). Examples: Omitting "to me" in "Harei At Mekudeshet..." ...
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Moses minting coins in the desert?

Numerous Talmudic discussions (Kiddushin 9-12, B"M 44 and more) refer to coins that were in use by Moses (in Moses times, i.e. in the desert, I presume), some that the Torah mentions, like Shekel, ...
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No Talmud and Rambam fear of Indian idolatry?

India is mentioned in many ways in Talmud, and clearly our sages had extensive trade with India, for example Kohen Gadol's garments and Ketoret ingredients see Mishnah and Talmud dealing-with-indian-...
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What the מאירי holds on חזקה

Where are places in the Gemara (or anywhere else) that we see the way the מאירי holds when it comes to חזקה. Preferably חזקה דמעיקרה but all sources are helpful. Thanks!
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Why does the gemara sometimes use a mashal to explain a statement?

Sometimes the gemara (or a braysa) will say something and then give a mashal (parable) to explain the true intent of what was previously said. Why does the gemara do this? Why not simply make the ...