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Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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Parshas HaGet used as a Get?

Tosfos in מסכת גיטין (Tosfos 20A "אי''... Tosfos 24A "כל הגט") keeps on repeating the concept of using a Sefer Torah for גירושין... Tosfos uses phrases such as... "ספר תורה דלא איכתוב לשם גירושין ...
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How to explain the Talmud to someone who hasn't ever opened one?

To those who are in Yeshiva, learning Gemara for three sedarim a day is often a regular sight. To those who are actually learning it, it's often an extremely rewarding experience, and one in which ...
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source of a phrase found on a tombstone

Does anyone know the source for the phrase "a person who dispenses humor will be in the kingdom of heaven, for he has lessened the sadness of human life"? It was cited as Taanit 22b, but is not there. ...
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Does killing a gentile unintentionally absolve you from the crime? (Makkot 7b)

Does killing a gentile unintentionally absolve you from the crime? (Makkot 7b) "(דברים יט, ד) בבלי דעת פרט למתכוין מתכוין פשיטא בר קטלא הוא אמר רבה פרט למתכוין להרוג את הבהמה והרג את האדם לכותי והרג ...
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Is there a discussion in the Talmud or Halacha about “בְּתוּלִים” or “בְּתוּלֵי בִתִּי” (Parashat Ki Teitzei / פרשת כי־תצא)?

Is there a discussion in the Talmud or Halacha about "בְּתוּלִים" or "בְּתוּלֵי בִתִּי" (Parashat Ki Teitzei / פרשת כי־תצא)? Questions I have in regards to this passage, namely Devarim 22:17, which ...
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Is it mention anywhere in the Midrash or other Rabbinic literature that when moshiach comes people will no longer be able to have children

Is it mention anywhere in the Midrash or the Mishna or the Talmud or the Gemara or other Rabbinic literature that when moshiach comes people will no longer be able to have children?
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843 views

Where are there discussions about Torah commands that nobody is known to have broken?

Where are there discussions about Torah commands that nobody is known to have broken? These discussions can come anywhere, from the Talmud to the Midrashim. We read from Devarim 21:18 כִּי-יִהְיֶה ...
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Where are women quoted in the Talmud? [closed]

On Eruvin 65A, the daughter of Rav Chisda is quoted, talking to her father. I am seeking a compilation or list of places in the Talmud that a woman is quoted.
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63 views

Two Rabbi Akivas?

The gemara, in Ketubot 38b, resolves a contradiction between a mishna and a baraita by postulating the existence of a second person named Rabbi Akiva. Is there any reference, outside of this ...
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1answer
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Which other authorities agree with Ramban in regards to the Mitzvot in Sefer Bamidbar?

Do other authorities agree with Ramban that "There are no mitzvot in" Sefer Bamidbar "that are customary for generations" for Israelites (except perhaps for Levites and Priests)? In Regards to Sefer ...
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List of Torah commands that were only meant “for that generation and not to be repeated from generation to generation”?

In a recent Torah reading, it talked about the daughters of Zelophehad choosing to marry within their tribe, in order to keep their father's inheritance within his tribe. The guest rabbi, whom I ...
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Question on Rashi Gittin 90a and 90b

The mishnah in Gittin daf צ amud א (last daf) lists different positions rabbis hold about when a man can/should divorce his wife. Beit Shammai seems to be the most restrictive and says only if the ...
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1answer
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Why are we not concerned about zugos with lechem mishneh?

There is a gemara (Pesachim 110) describing the concern for ruach ra with eating even numbers of foods, in particular: 109b - Question: Why did Chachamim enact to drink four cups? This is ...
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In the Talmud, how is the Tetragrammaton rendered?

Did the authors of the Talmud substitute the Tetragrammaton with something else? I'm wondering if the practice extant in the LXX of using a title other than the Tetragrammaton where the name appears ...
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1answer
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Germanic populations in Talmudic and other rabbinic texts?

In the 11th century, Hai Gaon and Rashi refer to the country and language of “Ashkenaz” (referring to the area around the Rhineland, northern France and Germany). By the 12th and 13th centuries, ...
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What are some relatively easy gemaras to learn? [closed]

Please list masechtas that easier to learn. Don't mention Megillah I already learned that one
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1answer
248 views

Looking for a source which was mentioned in a shiur

Kind of a longshot but has anyone heard of a Gemorah or any text which mentions the following: ... he wondered why there were old Jews in Bavel, the verse says in order you shall lengthen your days ...
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1answer
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Who is the “Gilyon” on the page of the Talmud?

In many versions of the Talmud there are textual emendations made by "Gilyon". Who is this Gilyon and where did the publishers of the Talmud get this material from? The Gilyon I'm referring to is ...
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The Big Three in Private

I know that for the sins of sexual immorality, murder and idolatry one is required to die rather than violate them. The Gemara in Avodah Zara 54 seems to imply that in private one is allowed to ...
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What is a “Chosson Shas”?

My community has a local email list where people post items that they want or items for sale, etc. This morning, I saw a post requesting an Oz Vehadar Chosson Shas. I must be an early-aged "A.K." ...
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135 views

Does this Talmudic quote have any merit? [duplicate]

Sanhedrin 55b:4 אמר רב יוסף תא שמע בת שלש שנים ויום אחד מתקדשת בביאה ואם בא עליה יבם קנאה וחייבין עליה משום אשת איש "A girl who is three years and one day old whose father arranged her betrothal is ...
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Why the extra “בֶן” in חֲנַנְיָה's name?

The Mishna in Shabbos (1:4) references חֲנַנְיָה בֶן חִזְקִיָּה בֶן גֻּרְיוֹן, with two בֶן's, but when referenced in Menachos (45a): אמר רב זכור אותו האיש לטוב וחנינא בן חזקיה שמו the Tanna's ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to lodge an appeal for a soul that has gone to Gehenom?

Unsong is a work of online serial fiction by Scott Alexander which is based heavily on Judaism. (I highly recommend it to Jews and Gentiles alike.). As I discussed in my earlier question here, the ...
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1answer
145 views

Eating on Dairy Dishes that have been used for Chalav Stam [duplicate]

If an individual holds from Cholov Yisroel , may they eat in someone's home that uses cholov stam . In particular may they eat on dishes that have been used for cholov Stam?
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191 views

Why would people assume that “Afriki” is Africa?

Follow up on this question. Other than the name being similar to the English one, why would one assume that אפריקי in the Gemara has anything to do with Africa? The names are similar, but is there ...
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How did they learn Torah before everything was taught in its entirety?

Halachos are spread throughout the Torah. Many times the Gemara uses pesukim that are scattered all around to figure out the true application of pesukim. So if, for example, we only had the section ...
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1answer
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Did Rabbi Akiva Go To Africa?

The Gemara in Rosh Hashana 26a says: ואמר רבי עקיבא כשהלכתי לאפריקי... Rabbi Akiva said: when I went to Afriki Is this referring to the continent of Africa? Was Africa in this time period ...
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Do Jewish scholars and/or Rabbis consider myths to be a violation of the second commandment?

Scripture consistently instructs against idols. It is the second of the Ten Commandments: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or ...
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2answers
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King's haircut, every hair the same length?

I think I remember seeing somewhere in the Talmud that the King's haircut entailed that each hair should be exactly the same length. Am I mistaken, or does anyone know the source?
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Which are the “Yeshivish Masechtos”?

Generally speaking there seems to be a list of "Yeshivish Masechtos" (masechtos usually studied in Yeshivot) and specific Perakim which are learnt in Chareidi mainstream Yeshivot. For instance, in ...
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Can one be allowed to use a house for free because he is able to use that house for free?

As per Bava Kama 20a, a squatter who does not benefit from a property, where the owner does not lose anything from the squatting, need not pay rent. Rashi explains there that the squatter is not ...
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Is there a Talmudic “score card”?

When I am learning a masechta, one thing that shocks me is the ability of those people involved in arguments to cite an authority and know his view on most any other case. So if Rabbi Yehoshua is ...
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High Quality Gemara Exercises

I have recently been introduced to formal math and have found that the difficult exercises that are usually found at the ends of chapters really help cement my understanding and intuitive grasp of the ...
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Is the existence of Ashkenazi and Sephardi traditions a violation of “Lo Titgodedu”?

Devarim 14:1: בָּנִים אַתֶּם לה' אֱלֹקיכֶם לֹא תִתְגֹּדְדוּ וְלֹא־תָשִׂימוּ קָרְחָה בֵּין עֵינֵיכֶם לָמֵת׃ You are children to Hashem your G-d. You shall not cut yourselves, nor make a bald ...
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What is the source for “asi aseh v'dachi lo sa'aseh”?

Throughout Shas we have a concept of "asi aseh v'dachi lo sa'aseh," that a positive commandment overrides a negative commandment (ex. Beitzah 8a, Yevamos 84a, etc.). What is the source for this ...
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1answer
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What is a Mazal Tov? (A question on Rashi)

In Moed Qatan 27a, the gemara refers to a certain type of couch or stool as an ערסא דגדא: a couch of fortune. Rashi explains it as a couch that is only used for showcasing mazal tovs: מטה שמייחדים ...
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Rabbi Zeira and Matthew 6, 1-4

I would like to know something about Rabbi Zeira (The short one with singed legs; Bava Metsia 85a). I read that a medieval polemicist (R. Shem Tov, XIV century) compares the saying of Jesus, contained ...
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Source in the Gemara for having homosexual relations with yourself

Is there a Halachic question that is brought down somewhere in Shas regarding the question of whether it is forbidden for a Jew to have homosexual relations with himself? I imagine that, if possible, ...
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1answer
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Why is אותו מקום referred to as the מקום התורף? What does תורף mean?

In Bavli Berachot 24a (and Shabbat 64b), the Gemara records that: כל המסתכל באצבע קטנה של אשה כאילו מסתכל במקום התורף -- Anyone who gazes upon a woman’s little finger is considered as if he gazed ...
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Maseches Beitzah 7a and science

In Maseches Beitzah 7a the gemara says that any animal that mates by day will give birth at day-this is talking about a chicken ,and any animal that mates by night gives birth at night, this is ...
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3answers
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Is this phrase about Adam and Eve recorded in the Talmud?

Somewhere someone says this saying is in the Talmud:"The woman was made of a rib out of the side of Adam; not made out of his head to rule over him, nor out of his feet to be trampled upon by him, but ...
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I'm not sure what to do when I reach this phrase in the Gemara?

When learning Gemara and I run into a phrase that says, "On this answer they asked all the questions that were asked earlier on the page and they were answered the same way they were answered there," (...
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“The Sea of Talmud”: Origin of a Metaphor

There's a very widespread metaphor applied to the Talmud, through which it is likened to a vast body of water, which means that the person "navigating" the Talmud is being likened to a sailor, a ...
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129 views

The bear and the lion (Bavel and persia) in Tosfos

In Tosfos of Avodah Zarah 2b it asks why is Persia mentioned as being more important than Bavel since Bavel is called a lion and Persia is called a bear. A lion is much stronger than a bear. Tosfos ...
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Masekhes Kesubos as “Shas Qatan”

There is a custom of referring to Tractate Kesubos in the Bavli as "Shas Qatan", the Talmud in miniature. This is due to the fact that it treats of a wide variety of different topics, and includes a ...
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1answer
957 views

Source for believing the world was created for me

I believe there is a Gemara or Mishna that says that each Jew should believe that the world was created for them alone. Does anyone know where this source is.
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What tractates have been studied at Yeshiva University?

Tractates at YU RIETS are chosen once a seven-year cycle. I am curious in finding out if an entire list exists? For example, this article from 2002 discusses the tractates chosen for the next seven ...
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61 views

Raban Gamliel and learning near a pile of gold

I heard that raban gamliel learned near a pile of gold as a segula for something. I'd like to find out if there is a source for this and what it was a segula for
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2answers
522 views

Formal Logic and Gemara

I've recently tried to fuse my background in programming with my Gemara learning, resulting in what I now call computational gemara. You can read more about the idea here. An older article I wrote ...
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2answers
144 views

What does it mean that the Shas was compiled wit Ru'ach Ha'kodesh?

A Rebbi of mine in elementary school told me that me that the Talmud was written with Ru'ach Ha'kodesh, an idea that is accepted by many in the Orthodox world. What does it mean?