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Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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Gehinnom; the place where the confrontation with one's own sins helps to purify this person?

I have a question about Gehinnam/Gehinnom which is often pictured as a big washing machine, a place for purification, a purgatory. But once I came across a teaching/scripture describing that at this ...
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3answers
143 views

Purim as the time of “receiving the Torah” according to the Gaonim?

In a recent interview, Rabbi Hershel Schachter is quoted as saying: In the days of the second Beis HaMikdash, there were many yamim tovim d’rabanan, all of which were batul after the churban ...
14
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1answer
138 views

Is Tosafos correct about unique phraseology for specific amoraim?

In Kesubos 2b there is a discussion in which an answer is introduced with the phrase פשיט רב אחאי – R. Achai answered. There is a discussion in Tosafos as to the identity of R. Achai. Rashbam claims ...
8
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1answer
219 views

Jacob Obermeyer and Talmudic Maps?

I had seen a footnote in Socinco on Pesachim (Or, for a real reference see note on בדיתא לבאי in M.K. 11a), I do not currently remember which page but it referenced a city that was mentioned in the ...
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3answers
114 views

Subjectivity of halacha

My friend who is just getting into judaism asked me a question while learning some gemara: Why should I learn gemara? Obviously it is interesting and etc, but halacha-wise, it is just these people's ...
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1answer
31 views

In Chulin 95b, it states that “Rav never partook of a seudas reshus”, is that referring to why he didn't eat the meat, or anything at all?

In Chullin 95b when describing why Rav didn't partake of some meat it says: אלא סעודת הרשות הואי ורב לא מתהני מסעודת הרשות (rather it was an optional meal and Rav did not partake of optional meals)....
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29 views

Question on Kiddushin 7a (Rashi)

On Kiddushin 7a, Rashi writes (d.h. וכן לענין ממונא) about 3 principles where monetary transactions are supported by either the din of the guarantor (ערב) or the din of the eved ca'ani, or by both ...
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1answer
102 views

What is a kilbis fish?

The Gemara (Avodah Zarah 40a) mentions that if you find a "kilbis" (כילבית) fish in fish brine you can eat it. What does a "kilbis" fish translate out to in English?
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Why Counting Months (first, second) is not a Mitzvah from Torah? [duplicate]

This is not a duplicate, the other question asks about adopting the Babylonian calendar system, please remove the notice. The original names for Hebrew months, as they appear in Torah - are just ...
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1answer
88 views

Source wanted: Talmudic story of either Tanah or amorah with many children dreading and not enjoying maritial intercource

I heard this story of a Tanah or Amorah who had many children (possibly 11) but it was said he didn't enjoy intercourse with his wife. This was his opinion on how one should approach the subject of ...
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1answer
69 views

What does “knowing the whole Torah” means?

Many interpretations (both Talmudic, Midrash, Rishoynim etc) when referring to the wisdom of our Sages (from Moses to Tanoyim) use this allegory of "knowing the Whole Torah" (כל התורה כולה). What ...
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0answers
30 views

Yoma 45b Ner Tamid - How to light it?

I'm trying to figure out what the text of Yoma 45b is teaching it's reader. There is this part (verse 6) about the 'perpetual fire' of the outer court of the mikdash as in Vayikra 6:6. And from this ...
2
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1answer
100 views

How does the bed of Procrustes appear in Talmud?

I heard two different persons in two different occasions (few weeks ago, respectively 10 years ago) during the church programs affirming that people in Sodom had a bed for guests. If the person ...
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2answers
56 views

Keitsad tsolin mefarshim

I need advice on mefarshim for the seventh chapter of pessahim keitsad tsolin. Most mefarshim left it. I am looking for rishonim or kadmone achronim, like Pney Yehoshua.
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3answers
307 views

Not Forgotten Until Name is Forgotten

There is this really thoughtful project, called Stolpersteine of Gunter Demnig, a German artist, to place a cobblestone with an inscribed brass plate in front of houses, where victims of the Holocaust ...
8
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1answer
174 views

Yibum against her will

It says in Yevamos 53b among other places that Yibbum (levirate marriage to the wife of one's brother when a brother died childless) works against her will. So I was wondering if while it works is it ...
3
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1answer
88 views

How to understand Rashi's sudden reminder of the Beis Din shel Matto

Rashi in Makkos 4b comments on the words עדים זוממין אין צריכין התראה, as follows: בכתובות אמרינן טעמא באלו נערות (דף לג.) נתרי בהו אימת כו' אבל כל שאר עונשין בב"ד של מטה צריכין התראה Why does ...
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1answer
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What are the most well known mishnayot (excluding avot)? [closed]

Trying to get a gage on what some of the most well known mishnayot. Which are your personal favorite? Wondering mostly about halacha -- excluding aggadot and masechet Avot.
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“Stay away from doubt” in Kiddushin - why not if you can?

This is an overview question on Halokhos of Kiddushin in general. Many many ways of Kiddushin result in "Kiddushin in doubt" ("מקודשת מספק"). Examples: Omitting "to me" in "Harei At Mekudeshet..." ...
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0answers
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Why is the word “Talmud” censored? [duplicate]

In Megillah 2a, Rashi writes: שמצינו בכמה מקומות בשם ר"א בר' יוסי סתימתאי Regardless of the context there, as it's not needed for this question, Oz Vehadar brings from Dikdukei Sofrim (I don't ...
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2answers
512 views

How does one begin studying the Talmud?

I am a non-Jew and am I interested in studying the Talmud, but don't know how to begin. To start with, I have tried looking for an affordable Talmud or even part of it that I can buy just to start ...
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43 views

Moses minting coins in the desert?

Numerous Talmudic discussions (Kiddushin 9-12, B"M 44 and more) refer to coins that were in use by Moses (in Moses times, i.e. in the desert, I presume), some that the Torah mentions, like Shekel, ...
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2answers
50 views

Execution by Bet Din [duplicate]

Learning gemara I did not see any death sentences that were carried out by the Bet Din. Did the Bet Din ever carry out a death penalty case?
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2answers
132 views

Is there a daily / weekly reading? [closed]

Is there something like a daily or weekly reading of the Torah and/or Talmud? Where could they be found? Is there maybe a commentary about them too?
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1answer
154 views

Legend of Bahamut giant fish/whale that carries earth on its back?

There is a Islamic account of a giant fish/whale that carries the earth on its back and resides in a vast ocean. It is a authentic narration but is said its a Israiliyat account - meaning fables ...
5
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1answer
70 views

To whom did Reish Lakish sell himself?

In Gittin 46b-47a it discusses the laws when one sells himself to a non-Jew. There it recounts that Reish Lakish sold himself to the Ludai (לודאי). Rashi (end of 46b) and Sefer haAruch explain that ...
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3answers
175 views

What does בי in בירבי mean?

The word בירבי "the son of Rabbi..." appears many times in the acrostics of piyyutim (e.g. El'azar the Kalir signs his name אלעזר בירבי קליר, e.g. in the יוצר beginning אומן בשמעו). (I have seen it ...
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2answers
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What does the Halakhah says regarding Devarim, 22.13-21 regarding מוציא שם רע - Motzi Shem Ra?

I am an Italian gentile believer in HaShem, who engages in the observance of the noahide precepts, as commanded by the Creator in the Torah. I have never understood the exact meaning of Devarim 22:13-...
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65 views

Sources on the parameters of Eilu VeEilu

There's a concept in the gemarra known as Eilu VeEilu: יצאה בת קול ואמרה אלו ואלו דברי אלהים חיים הן Ultimately, a Divine Voice emerged and proclaimed: Both these and those are the words of ...
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Why is מועד the only סדר משניות that is singular? [duplicate]

In שבת לא. it brings the names of the 6 sederim of משניות. All of them are plural (זרעים נשים נזיקין קודשים טהרות) apart from מועד that is singular. Does anyone know is this issue is dealt with ...
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Middah keneged middah vs Moddedin

I've seen two expressions used by Chazal: Hashem judges a person מידה כנגד מידה, measure for measure, for example Nedarim 32a במידה שאדם מודד בה מודדין לו, by the measure a person uses They use to ...
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0answers
131 views

No Talmud and Rambam fear of Indian idolatry?

India is mentioned in many ways in Talmud, and clearly our sages had extensive trade with India, for example Kohen Gadol's garments and Ketoret ingredients see Mishnah and Talmud dealing-with-indian-...
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51 views

Stomach grumbling during prayer

"If one sneezes in his prayer it is a good sign for him, that as they give him relief below [on earth] so they give him relief above" (Berachot 24b) the talmud comments on sneezing and some other ...
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1answer
79 views

Help with finding a specific passage in the Talmud

I'm currently involved in a research project about literacy in the Ancient Mediterranean, and I keep finding mentions of a passage in the Talmud referred to as [Ketubot 8:11 32c]. I checked Sefaria ...
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1answer
100 views

Isn't Rava's reaction here a bit harsh?

In B. Ketuvot 63a, we learn the following story (translation with commentary from R. Adin Steinsaltz): רב יוסף בריה דרבא שדריה אבוהי לבי רב לקמיה דרב יוסף פסקו ליה שית שני כי הוה תלת שני מטא מעלי ...
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“Whose opinion is this mishna?”: a question on Ketubot 49a

In Ketubot 49a, the mishna presents the opinion that a man is not legally obligated to support his daughters. The gemara then goes on to determine whose opinion this is: first it excludes Rabbis Meir, ...
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1answer
168 views

In the Talmud, who is Plimo?

In Menachos 37a, there is a part which involves someone named "Plimo" (פלימו): בעא מיניה פלימו מרבי מי שיש לו שני ראשים באיזה מהן מניח תפילין א''ל או קום גלי או קבל עלך שמתא Plimo asked Rabbi: ...
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Did the entire generation of the wilderness lose their Olam Haba

What does the Gemara mean when it says (Sanhedrin 108), The generation of the wilderness have no share in the future world and will not stand at the [last] judgement, as it is written in this ...
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1answer
86 views

Chesronot haShas sources

On a recent Daf Yomi, Sanhedrin 107b, there is a long passage that was censored by non-Jews. It has been discussed here, whether we should still learn the omitted parts or not. At one such question I'...
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1answer
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Rambam on the Gemara's Scientific and Historical authenticity

Where does the Rambam state that the non-Halachic parts of the Gemara - for instance, Agadata, Science etc - aren't to be taken literally or simply aren't factually correct?
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2answers
532 views

Gemara text with Nekudos

Does anyone know where to find a Gemara text with nekudot online? I'm having trouble finding one.
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1answer
49 views

It is same species if offspring can have offspring (source)

I heard that if we do not have a messora on a certain bird but we do have one on a similar species then we can check by checking if their offspring can have offspring What is this idea based on? I ...
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1answer
94 views

Source of 3 daily miracles love of occupation, place of living and wife

I heard a shiur of Gemara (I might be mistaken with the details): The world would not be able to exist if not for Hashem causing 3 constant miracles, that man: 1 enjoys his occupation, 2 enjoys his ...
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2answers
2k views

Why if you drink water directly from a river you'd be considered pagan?

I once heard that one way to determine if a person were a pagan or Jewish was to see how the person drinks from a water reservoir (river/lake etc). If a person would hold the water with their hands ...
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0answers
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The testimony of former minors - a question on Ketubot 28a

The Mishna (Ketubot 2:10, 28a) states that there are certain people who are trusted to deliver testimony that relates to something that they witnessed as minors. Included within that list are those ...
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3answers
160 views

Why does Rashi pair a Tzaddik with a Tzanuah and not a Tzadeikes?

The Gemara in Sotah 2a discusses that although a first marriage is predetermined, a second marriage is according to one’s status at the time (summary based on conclusion of Gemara there). Rashi there ...
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1answer
47 views

Lions vs. dogs for defense?

I am looking for a statement in Gemara or Halacha that one may own a dog for defense but not a lion. Does any of you know the source?
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1answer
68 views

Where is there a reference to Moshe in the Torah? Please explain Chullin 139b [duplicate]

We read in Chullin 139b: משה מן התורה מנין בשגם הוא בשר Where is there a reference to Moshe in the Torah? "Since he is but flesh" (Bereishit 6:3) The gemara finds a hint to Moshe in this passuk as ...
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68 views

Why do we not repair the Mishna according to the emendations of the Talmud?

Often times in analyzing a Mishna the Talmud will say that the Mishna is missing certain information and should read as follows - חסורי מחסרא והכי קתני. The Talmud will then posit the missing ...
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0answers
44 views

Difference between the ordinary and extraordinary wind in Talmud [duplicate]

There are several instances that recur to the distinction between ordinary and extraordinary. For example wind. For instance: Sukkah must withstand ordinary wind (Orach Chayim 630.10) When one wind ...