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Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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Do the Talmudic disputes prove absence of ruled Halachah (הלכה פסוקה)

This is a serious question about our understanding of the development of the current Halachah. When I started my Teshuvah some 30 years ago, I was told that the Sages knew the Whole Torah and their ...
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Why learning from examples vs learning from Halakhah?

Our Talmud uses different methods to teach Halachot, one of them is telling stories about Rabbis and concluding the Halachot from their behavior. One of the famous is R' Akiva in Brochos 62 (check ...
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Why does the Steinstalz Talmud interpret this one sentence in contradiction to Rashi?

A sentence towards the bottom of Sanhedrin page 5b speaks of kneading dough in a state of impurity. In the English Koren edition, Rabbi Steinsaltz translates this as meaning the people were impure. ...
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Can a father marry off his daughter for nissuin or only arusin?

In the Torah a father is given the right to marry off his daughter before she's an adult. Does this work even for nissuin (the second stage of marriage) or only arusin?
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How was Elazar HaKohen allowed to marry the daughter of Puti (Yisro)?

Rashi (quoting Sanhedrin 82b) states that Pinchas' mother was the daughter of Puti (Yisro). We know that a kohen may not marry a convert (Shulchan Aruch Even Haezer 6,8), and if a kohen does marry a ...
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Why are non-Jews referred to as עובדי כוכבים in the גמרא?

When the גמרא refers to עובדי כוכבים, it is usually (eg. Artscroll) translated as "non-Jews". Is this supposed to exclude monotheistic non-idolatrous non-Jews or is it inaccurate translation? If ...
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Proof from Arvos Moav to Har Sinai regarding who was there

גמרא שבת קמו עמוד א ישראל שעמדו על הר סיני פסקה זוהמתן גוים שלא עמדו על הר סיני לא פסקה זוהמתן אמר ליה רב אחא בריה דרבא לרב אשי גרים מאי אמר ליה אף על גב דאינהו לא הוו מזלייהו הוו דכתיב (דברים ...
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Source for Tashlumin On Pesach?

The Gemara in Chagigah 9a (according to Rashi and Steinsaltz) derives by Gezeira Shavah from Pesach that you can bring tashlumin for the first day of Sukkot the whole holiday. In Chagigah 17a and ...
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Proof of one side or question on the other, talmud

A boy asked me today: How does the gemora choose if to use something as a proof to one side or as a question on the other? The example he brought was: Of a question: Kiddushin 63b תנן ...
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Dama Ben Netina story escalation over time - from 100 to 600K

"Kidushin 31a brings the story of Dama ben Nesina and his amazing Kibud Av V'Aim which cost him a huge fortune." It is not clear when the Maaseh has happened, but this famous story is brought in the ...
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Aryeh Kaplan and Talmud memorization

Aryeh Kaplan’s Jewish Meditation, page 27: I recall that when I was in yeshivah, a few friends and I decided to have a contest to see who could memorize the most pages of Talmud. For me, it was an ...
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Food ‘fight’ in the Talmud

Does the Talmud talk about a food fight (i.e. throwing food at one another)? In general, what would the Talmud have to say about a food fight in terms of wasting food, or otherwise? Is it okay? Not ...
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Me'am Lo'ez on not beginning a new mesechta on Rosh Chodesh

It is brought down by the Me'am Lo'ez to Vayikra (page 64) that it is customary not to begin learning a new mesechta on Rosh Chodesh. The footnote gives as a source "Tur; Hagah; Taanis 32; Yoreh Deah ...
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When why and how was the Talmud sealed

Throughout my life I've heard that the Talmud is sealed and rabbinic enactment can't be repealed. But from where do we know this? Why was it done? HOW was it done? A gzeirah? A minhag?
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When was the pagination of the Talmud begun and finalized and by whom? [duplicate]

Early editions of the Talmud did not have page numbers. (Early commentators give citations to chapters.) When did page numbering begin and, if today's page numbering differs, when was the page ...
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Hallel on a non rosh chodesh day

Im looking for the source in the gemorah which says there was once a community that said hallel on a day that wasnt rosh chodesh, and that even though it wasnt the correct minhag it was seen a ...
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Why Did Talmud Bavli decide to differ from Talmud Yerushalmi by starting on page 2?

Follow up to Why does the gemarah start on daf bet?. The accepted (and most voted) answer says: The simple explanation is that this is how the printers typeset it This sounds like this decision ...
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Why is Talmud Bavli studied more than Yerushalmi?

I'm far from an expert on either Bavli or Yerushalmi. But, I'm curious as to why yeshivot (and, to an extent, even individual adults learning by themselves, chevruta or via shiurim) study Bavli far ...
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does anyone know where the source of this gemora:

Does anyone know where the source of this gemora: A father says my son should be for a korban, and the gemora digresses and says we dont know if the father is a chosid or a shoteh.
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Does “attempted murder” carry punishment by Jewish law?

[Question recently posed to me by a friend] קידושין דף מ עמוד א---------Kidushin 40a מחשבה רעה אין הקדוש ברוך הוא מצרפה למעשה שנאמר (תהלים סו, יח) און אם ראיתי בלבי לא ישמע ה' ואלא מה אני ...
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What language is called by the Gemara עברית / Ivrit and who were the עברים / Ivrim?

גמרא מגילה יח עמוד א ____________ Gemara Megilla 18a מיתיבי קראה גיפטית עברית עילמית מדית יוונית לא יצא [The Gemara is discussing languages for reading the Megilla... It is taught in a baraita: If ...
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What is the meaning of the expression “an arrow in Satan's eye?”

The expression "an arrow in Satan's eye" is from the Talmud. What is the meaning of the expression "an arrow in Satan's eye?"
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Is there a online appendix or index or list where names, words, etc., appear in the Talmud [duplicate]

I'm trying to find an online preferably appendix where it lists in alphabetical order every word, name, place, etc., of the Talmud and where every cite can be found. I have the Jastrow, but it's not ...
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How can it be that David hamelech died on shavuos and Shabbos

The Gemara (Mesechet Shabbat) says that Shavuot can never fall on Shabbat. But it is known that David Hamelech was niftar on Shavuot and Shabbat?
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How can using the bathroom be equated to the pleasure of the afterlife?

There are three things which are a taste of the World to Come: Shabbat, the sun, and “usage.” What does “usage” mean? Usage of the bed [i.e. marital relations]? But that weakens the body. Rather it ...
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Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli

I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from תנ״ך. With that, were one to complete the entire ...
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Aramaic-gemara lashon- reverse search

Are there any online tools that allow for searching of an english word to produce the gemara/aramaic translation? I dont really mean translate, I mean to search the jastrow dictionary to find the ...
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How did Chana vow that her son should be a Nazir?

How did Chana vow that her son (Shmuel hanavi) should be a Nazir, when the (Gemara Sotah 23a) says a woman can't impose Nezirut on her son?
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Where is נהר פקוד?

Is this a actually river named pikod? Are there records where it is? (Mentioned in Zevachim 8b among other places.)
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Do any of the differences between the various printings of Shas (Mishnah and Gemara) have halachic significance?

I recently watched a video by Rabbi David bar Hayim about the "18 minute matzah fallacy." While I don't think I know nearly enough to weigh into this debate in particular, he brings an odd proof. He ...
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Chalitza to wife? (Qidushin 3b)

Talmud Qidushin 3b סד''א תיתי בקל וחומר מיבמה מה יבמה שאינה יוצאה בגט יוצאה בחליצה, אשה שיוצאה בגט אינו דין שיוצאה בחליצה ... ספר כורתה ואין דבר אחר כורתה [You could think ... if a yevama that ...
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where can I find Rashi translated into English on Talmud either recorded or printed? Ty

I always find shiurim that translate well the Gemara into English but I have difficulty with Rashi. Where can I find a translation of Rashi on Gemara?
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Coin System from the Talmud — the Selah, Darkon and Dinar

in Rambam Hilchos Shekalim Perek 1 Halachos 2-4, the basic coinage system is like this: 1 Isar = 8 Perutahs. = 4 barley kernels 1 Pundyon = 2 Isarin. 1 Me'ah/Gayrah = 2 Pundyonin. = 16 barley kernels ...
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Are there specific behaviors that make someone a rasha?

What halachically constitutes a rasha- Wicked person? Are there parameters with which to determine someone's status in this area?
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Talmud passage relevant to #metoo

At the Seder table, my sister told me about a passage in the Talmud advocating that women go to the toilet together, lest they be raped. I was wondering if anyone had the exact location?
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Establishing the relative order of Rashi's commentaries

In learning Masekhet Ketubot, I encountered Rashi's definition of בי שמשי on daf 103a. There, since the passage is clearly referring to twilight on erev shabbat in particular, Rashi explains why so ...
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How long did Rav Ashi live?

Rashbam in B.B. 157b ד״ה מהדורא בתרא מהדורא בתרא - כשחזר לימודו פעם שניה נמצא בתשובת רב האי ובפר"ח רב אשי חיה ששים שנה ובכל שנה מחזר לימודו בשני חדשי הכלה ניסן ותשרי ולכשהגיעו שלשים שנה סיים כל ...
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Shas Yidden specifics?

Shas Yidden finish shas every year as explained in the numbers on their website. I’m curious for any insider or additional information on exactly what they learn and when including the reviews, daily ...
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Must a non-Jew believe in G-d? [duplicate]

I am not asking about geirei toshav or Noahides, but the unrighteous non-Jews, who are not wicked, since they do not have bad intentions in their lives, but just never knew G-d. According to R. Moshe ...
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Why is Satan described as dancing?

In the Gemara, Satan is frequently described as "dancing". (Examples being Berachot 33a, Megillah 11b, and Pesachim 112b.) Why is this so?
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Freeing Non-Jewish Slave

I stumbled across this statement regarding the prohibition of freeing a non-Jewish slave in an online article quoting Gemara Brachos. I am just looking for some clarity and background as to the nature ...
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What is the number one or the most recommended Talmud/Gemara passage for a child to begin studying?

What is the number one or the most recommended Talmud/Gemara passage for a child to begin studying? I understand that the number one or the most recommended Torah passage for a child to begin ...
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Missing father's obligations on sons (Kiddushin 29)

According to the Mishna in Kiddushin 29, backed by the Braitah (in place), father's Mitzvos (definition not clear) upon his son(s) are only the follows: Circumcise Redeem the firstborn Teach ...
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What does it mean that “his face became blackened” in the Gemara?

Throughout the Gemara we see times when someone's face is described as becoming blackened, due to fasts or other things like intense learning. (Example: Sotah 12a) What does this mean?
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No sevara before completing shas?

In this shiur http://classic.yutorah.org/lectures/lecture.cfm/895937/Rabbi_Hershel_Schachter/Derech_HaLimud_and_Shiur_of_the_Rav# at about the 26 minute mark Rav Schachter says "they printed" that Rav ...
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How could Aharon stand inside the Mishkan

According to the position in the gemara in Shabbos :צב that all of the leviim (includes cohanim) were 10 amos tall, how could Aaron or Moshe fit in the Ohel Moed (10 Amos tall as well, see parshas ...
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Source for zugos arguments

Is there any sefer that collects the various arguments of each zug (study pair)? Such as all the arguments of R yochanan and reish lukish, or abye and rava. It would be nice if it also proposed some ...
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What does איברא mean?

The word איברא only appears a handful of times in the Talmud. (E.g. Pesachim 104a; Chulin 59b, 60a) it means something like its true, you’re right etc. What is the true meaning of this word, it’s ...
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How to spell Beit Hillel (הילל/הלל)?

In Pesachim 103a the term בית הילל is used for the normal הלל. This is not the only place in Pesachim. A quick search in sefaria reveals a couple other places in Shas bavli and yerushalmi (about 20 or ...
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Does a double siyum occur? [duplicate]

What is the procedure if one happened to finish two masechtas simultaneously? Does a double siyum occur? What would that be, anyways?