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Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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What specifically was the sin of Acher (Elisha ben Avuyah)?

In Chagigah 14b-15a it says What is the meaning of "Acher destroyed the plants"? Of him scripture says: "Do not let your mouth make your flesh sin". What does this mean? Acher saw that Metatron ...
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Children's “Little Gemarah”?

My family enjoys this English language Little Midrash series. Does something like an English language 'Little Gemarah' (ie introduces reasoning logic) exist for children 6-12 years old?
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When the Gemarrah quotes midrashim mentioned in Avot D'Rav Nattan, why does it not attribute its source?

If my history is correct, Rav Natan lived before the Bavli was compiled. It seems that in a sense, Avot D'Rav Natan is a type of "tosefta". There are numerous midrashim and quotations in the Gemarrah ...
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Are there unresolved ‘tekus’ in the Talmud later resolved in responsum?

Often in the Talmud questions are asked which do not yield a result. These non-answers are called ‘teku’ (תיקו). Frequently, the questions which are left with teku are those which are far-fetched. ...
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How did Chana vow that her son should be a Nazir?

How did Chana vow that her son (Shmuel hanavi) should be a Nazir, when the (Gemara Sotah 23a) says a woman can't impose Nezirut on her son?
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Yibum against her will

It says in Yevamos 53b among other places that Yibbum (levirate marriage to the wife of one's brother when a brother died childless) works against her will. So I was wondering if while it works is it ...
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Rishon who holds killing in an upward motion is more negligent

The Mishnah (Makkos 2:1) teaches that someone who kills inadvertently is sent to exile, if and only if they killed in a downward motion. If it was in an upward motion, there is no exile. Is this ...
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Story of Megaddalela, rabbi tells man to marry woman of ill-repute

I once read a story in the Talmud about a woman of ill-repute named Megaddalela, whom a rabbi told a man to marry. I used it for a research project and can no longer find the original source. And I do ...
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Torah prohibition of Shofar on Shabbos Rosh Hashanah?

The Torah says Rosh Hashanah is a יום תרועה, a day of shofar blasts, and זכרון תרועה, a remembrance of shofar blasts. This seems like a contradiction. The Gemara (Rosh Hashanah 29b) suggests that the ...
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Even though “ayn shliach l'dvar aveirah” does the person who sent him also get a punishment?

The Mishnah in Bava Kamma 59a tells us that if Reuven sent a חרש שוטה וקטן to do a destructive act he'd be "פטור בדיני אדם וחייב בדיני שמים" exempt in a human court, but liable in the court ...
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Why is “marriage effective contingent upon the approval of the Sages”?

In Gittin 33a, Kesuvos 3a we learn that Rabbanan have the power to uproot a kiddushin because: כל דמקדש אדעתא דרבנן מקדש ואפקעינהו רבנן לקידושין מיניה When a man betroths a woman, he does so ...
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Is there a difference between “kareis” and “misas be'dei shamayim?”

They sound very similar- is there a difference between them or are they interchangeable and pretty much mean the same thing?
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Are there any pranks in the talmud?

Are there any examples of someone pulling a prank or other practical joke on another person in the talmud?
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Question on Rashi Gittin 90a and 90b

The mishnah in Gittin daf צ amud א (last daf) lists different positions rabbis hold about when a man can/should divorce his wife. Beit Shammai seems to be the most restrictive and says only if the ...
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Sources on the parameters of Eilu VeEilu

There's a concept in the gemarra known as Eilu VeEilu: יצאה בת קול ואמרה אלו ואלו דברי אלהים חיים הן Ultimately, a Divine Voice emerged and proclaimed: Both these and those are the words of ...
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In regard to a Sotah, does “zchus tola la” also apply to the person she was mezanah with?

By a Sotah, there's a concept of "zchus tola lah" Mishnah Sotah 3:4 אִם יֶשׁ לָהּ זְכוּת, הָיְתָה תוֹלָה לָהּ. יֵשׁ זְכוּת תּוֹלָה שָׁנָה אַחַת, יֵשׁ זְכוּת תּוֹלָה שְׁתֵּי שָׁנִים, יֵשׁ זְכוּת ...
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What are the 3 shvuot that are d'oraisa?

I know that a shvuat heses is drabanan. I think modeh b'miktzas is one, and that shvuat hashomrim is another, but what is the third? (and are the 2 I mentioned correct) Thanks!
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The Names of Yehudis, Antiyochus or Yochanan Kohein Godol in the Torah

The Gemara in Chullin 139b says the following: From where in the Torah can one find an allusion to the hanging of Haman? He replied: The verse states after Adam ate from the tree of knowledge: “...
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What are the steps to learn via Aliba DaHilchasa? [duplicate]

How does one learn Aliba Dehilchasa? What are the main steps? Does it mean to learn the Gemara and then look up the Halacha? Does it mean to Learn a Pasuk then a Gemara then a Halacha? Does it ...
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What's the longest “‫אמר ר׳ X אמר ר׳ Y‬” in the Talmud?

What's the longest "‫אמר ר׳ X אמר ר׳ Y‬" in the Talmud? For example Kiddushin 39: ואינהו כמאן סברוה? כי הא דתניא:‏ רבי אלעזר בר׳ יוסי אומר משום ר׳ יוסי בן דורמסקה שאמר משום ...
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Why is it that when rishonim quote Talmud Yerushalmi they don't quote the daf?

Why is it that when rishonim quote from the Talmud Yerushalmi they don't quote the daf?
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Brisker Shiurim Online

I am looking for advanced Shiurim online which teach Gemara in the Brisker fashion, does anyone know if any (preferably free) classes are available online?
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Difference between El and Eloah

El(אל) and Eloah(אלוה) are both singular forms (nouns), but its אל thats being used to form the plural Elim (אלים), and אלוה thats being used to form the plural Elohim (אלוה׳ם). Both singular forms ...
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Did Amoraim in Bavel study or know of the Talmud Yerushalmi?

The Talmud Yerushalmi was completed while the Amoraim in Bavel were still debating and discussing halachos that would be recorded later on the Talmud Bavli. I'd like to know if we can know or assume ...
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Davening to change nature

In Mashcehes Brachos (Bavli) 60 the Gemara states that one should not pray that his unborn baby be a boy if it's after the time the baby has formed already in the womb. However, in Masheches Brachos ...
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List of which Rishonim wrote on each Masechta?

I would like to know if anyone has made a comprehensive list/chart of which Rishonim wrote on each masechta in shas. Such a list would include details such as: Masechtos where Rashi is not rashi, the ...
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Anti-altering measures of the Oral Torah

The Oral Torah was [presumably] forbidden to be written down. The Gemmorah clearly shows that even in a span of 100 years there were huge differences in recalling the Mishnaic formulas. For example "...
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Different counts of the 613 (248) organs - bones or soft tissues?

First read the related questions here (mitzvot-and-their-body-parts and here (613-organs. The Mishnah in Ohalot (1:8) states that there are 248 organs and lists all of them: "מָאתַיִם ...
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חזקה מעיקרא vs ספק

I am in the middle of מחלוקת with someone as to, if I originally had a חזקה and now there's a ספק to whether that status is still true, whether I maintain that original status or my status changes to ...
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Jacob Obermeyer and Talmudic Maps?

I had seen a footnote in Socinco on Pesachim (Or, for a real reference see note on בדיתא לבאי in M.K. 11a), I do not currently remember which page but it referenced a city that was mentioned in the ...
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1answer
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Are there any audio recordings of the Gemara?

929 Project has recordings of Tanach in which a voice actor reads the given chapter of Tanach in the original Hebrew with intonations that fit the subject matter (example). This can be useful for ...
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Why is the halacha like Beis Hillel?

It is a known rule that the halacha is like Beis Hillel unless explicitly stated. The Gemara (Eiruvin 13b) says Beis Hillel and Beis Shammai argued for three years until a bas kol called out and said ...
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Why would people assume that “Afriki” is Africa?

Follow up on this question. Other than the name being similar to the English one, why would one assume that אפריקי in the Gemara has anything to do with Africa? The names are similar, but is there ...
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Where are there discussions about Torah commands that nobody is known to have broken?

Where are there discussions about Torah commands that nobody is known to have broken? These discussions can come anywhere, from the Talmud to the Midrashim. We read from Devarim 21:18 כִּי-יִהְיֶה ...
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Shamai HaZakein Buying for Shabbos All Week

The Gemara (Beitzah 16a) talks about Shamai HaZakein, who would buy meat every day, setting aside the current day's meat for Shabbos when superior to the previous day in quality, then he would eat the ...
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Why does Rabba bar Mari in the Talmud quote Ben Sira as a part of “the Writings” when it is not in the Ketuvim section of the Tanakh?

As revealed in the answer here, in Bava Kama 92b, Rava asks Rabba bar Mari for the source of a popular saying, and Rabba bar Mari answers with five different sources for it. The third verse, which is ...
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What is the issue with Rabbi Tarfon's redeeming of first-borns in Bechoros 51?

Bechoros 51b: וכך היה מנהגו של רבי טרפון שהיה נוטל ומחזיר וכששמעו חכמים בדבר אמרו קיים זה הלכה זו הלכה זו ותו לא אלא קיים זה אף הלכה זו This was how Rabbi Tarfon [the Kohen] used to deal with ...
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When two opinions differ how the Halachah is made? [closed]

Lets supose that in talmud sage A say that something is permitted and sage B say that something is not permitted, what opinion should we follow? Have seen some places that the difference is absurd, ...
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Where can I get the data base for Masoret Hashas?

I really interested about the connections between masechtot, I mean like how many times does Masechet Brachot quote Masechet Shabat for example. So, for this I need all the data of the Masoret Hashas,...
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Why are the Masechtos Ketanos included with Nezikin?

I've noticed that, besides for the several masechtos actually a part of Shas Bavli that don't have Gemara (shameless plug), it's the custom of printers to include Mishnayos Zera'im after Brachos and ...
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Why is the format for referencing books sometimes backwards?

The Rambam is usually reference in the following way: פרק א׳ מהלכות ק״ש הלכה ט׳ - chapter 1 from from hilchos kerias shma, halacha 9. Why is it referenced this way? Why not the way many ...
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The methodology of Mesores haShas

In Mesores haShas (printed in the margins of the Vilna Shas), is there any order to the sequence of quoted masekhtas? For example, on Sanhedrin 105b, a story is related that concerns the length of ...
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Are There Two Kinds of “Don't Read” Expositions?

In The Practical Talmud Dictionary, by Yitzchak Frank, one can read that there are two kinds of “don’t read” expositions: one “not only in accordance with its Masoretic vocalization, but in accordance ...
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Source in the Gemara about seven qualities of an individual's personality

I recently heard a Torah lesson in which the speaker mentioned that according to the Gemara there are seven different sections or aspects of a person: How people view you Your deepest emotional needs ...
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Masekhes Kesubos as “Shas Qatan”

There is a custom of referring to Tractate Kesubos in the Bavli as "Shas Qatan", the Talmud in miniature. This is due to the fact that it treats of a wide variety of different topics, and includes a ...
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How do you go from the Talmud to Halacha Lemaasah?

What is the process involved for figuring out the halacha of today based on something written in the Talmud? Basically, what does a modern day posek do starting from the Talmud to reach a halacha he ...
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What kind of ‘rocking boat’ is Menachos 94 referring to?

The Gemara in Menachos 94b says: רבי חנינא אמר כמין תיבה פרוצה ר' יוחנן אמר כמין ספינה רוקדת Rabbi Ḥanina says: It was rectangular, with a wide base and two parallel walls with an open space ...
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1answer
220 views

How did they learn Torah before everything was taught in its entirety?

Halachos are spread throughout the Torah. Many times the Gemara uses pesukim that are scattered all around to figure out the true application of pesukim. So if, for example, we only had the section ...
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How could Yaakov name his children Gad and Dan?

Shabbos 67b says Gad was the name of an idol of the Amorites, and Dan was an idol of Samaria. If we're not supposed to even say the name of idols, how could Yaakov name his sons after them? (or is it ...
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What is/was the Bat Kol?

The Talmud records people "hearing" the Bas Kol. The Talmud also says that a bas kol goes out even nowadays. My question is, what is the nature of this bas kol? Is it a sound? If so why can't I hear ...