Questions tagged [talmud-bavli]

The Talmud is a commentary on the Mishna (the oral law) written in Babylonia containing discourses of Amoraim spanning the 3th-5th century

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16
votes
3answers
760 views

Yerushalmi Versus Bavli in Halacha

The halacha we have today is mostly sourced in Talmud Bavli(the Babylonian Talmud),Medrash and Zohar. I would like to know what Halachot in which we rule according to the Yerushalmi (the Jerusalem ...
16
votes
1answer
350 views

Non-literal interpretation of the barrel of wine virginity test?

In Ketubos 10:, Rabban Gamliel seats a lady on a barrel of wine to test her virginity. If wine can be smelled on her breath she is not a virgin, and if not then she is; there is no odour from the lady'...
14
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4answers
2k views

Which masechtot don't really have Rashi?

I often hear that the printed "Rashi" commentary in certain masechtot of the Talmud Bavli (first that come to mind are Moed Katan and Nedarim) is not actually written by Rashi. Does anyone have a full ...
13
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2answers
704 views

Sh'kalim, Kinim, Midos in daf yomi

Why are Sh'kalim (Y'rushalmi) and Kinim and Midos (mishnayos) learned as part of the standard daf yomi cycle for Talmud Bavli? And if the answer relies on some fact of publication, then (a) why ...
11
votes
2answers
138 views

Is something missing from Menachot 63b?

In the classic Vilna printing of the Talmud, there is a significant amount of white space present underneath Menachot 63b. Why is this the case? Is there something missing that used to be there in ...
11
votes
2answers
274 views

One Gemara cites another — evidence of the order in which Shas was compiled?

Gemara Tamid notes (on daf 27b) that a certain Braisa appears in Yoma, in Perek Ba Lo Kohen Gadol. This citation is correct; Artscroll notes (Tamid 27b3 #27) that more specifically the Braisa appears ...
10
votes
4answers
208 views

Does Rashi's commentary on a quoted mishna reflect the true explanation?

Often the Bavli will quote a mishna from another maseches (tractate) or another part of the same maseches. Does Rashi's commentary on the Bavli's quotation of the mishna reflect his interpretation of ...
10
votes
2answers
651 views

Returning Lost Property to a Gentile

Why is it forbidden to return lost property to a non-Jew? Its been a while since I learnt the discussion about hashovas aveido (returning lost property) in Baba Metzia; but I just learnt Sanhedrin ...
10
votes
1answer
271 views

Is 'A father and son sleeping with a betrothed young woman on yom kippur' an expression?

Bava metza 83b: Rabbi Elazar brebbi Shimon is afraid that he may have wrongfully caused someone to be hanged, but is reassured that the hanged and his son 'slept with a betrothed maiden on yom kippur'...
9
votes
11answers
487 views

Talmud Yerushalmi Halachot

The halacha we have today is mostly sourced in Talmud Bavli(the Babylonian Talmud),Medrash and Zohar. I would like to know what Halachot which we have today which are sourced strictly in the ...
9
votes
4answers
201 views

How could Rebbi Zeira forcibly forget his learning?

In Bava Metzia 85a it says that ר' זירא כי סליק לארעא דישראל יתיב מאה תעניתא דלשתכח גמרא בבלאה מיניה Rebbi Zeira, when he left to the land of Israel, fasted 100 times to cause himself to forget ...
9
votes
2answers
229 views

One Shabbos or two?

Yerushalmi Taanis 1:1 says: א"ר לוי אילו היו ישראל משמרין שבת אחת כתיקנה מיד היה בן דוד בא R. Levi said: If Israel kept one Shabbos correctly, the son of David would immediately come. But ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does the gemarah start on daf bet?

Mesechtas in the Bavli shas start on daf bet instead of daf aleph, why is this so? As a child I was told it was to give you incentive to start ("Hey, I'm already on page 2!") but that now seems both ...
8
votes
3answers
889 views

I am 15 years old and do not go to a Yeshiva but would like to learn Talmud. A few rabbis near me said they could teach me. How should I start

I am 15 years old and do not go to a Yeshiva but would like to learn Talmud. There are many rabbis near me who said they would be willing to teach me. How should I start knowing that I only speak ...
8
votes
2answers
466 views

Which Amora is mentioned most often in the Gemara?

Which Amora is mentioned most often throughout Talmud Bavli?
8
votes
2answers
136 views

Why does the Gemara often mention that certain Amoraim were asleep?

I've noticed that in the Gemara you often see a pattern where two people are discussing an issue in front of an Amorah (e.g R' Yirmiyah) while he was asleep. After their discussion he wakes up and ...
8
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0answers
97 views

Source of opinion that Talmud Yerushalmi was corrupted by Karaites

In the entry for Talmud Bavli/Yerushalmi in Chida's Shem Hagedolim Hashalem (c.1800, the older versions do not have this paragraph), he references a theory from maskilim of his time that the Rabbis ...
7
votes
3answers
8k views

Where can I find an online Talmud with interlinear text?

I would like to examine the Babylonian Talmud interlinearly. That is, it has both the original language and English near one another. The biblical interlinears that I have seen are usually line-by-...
7
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5answers
598 views

Why is Talmud Bavli studied more than Yerushalmi?

I'm far from an expert on either Bavli or Yerushalmi. But, I'm curious as to why yeshivot (and, to an extent, even individual adults learning by themselves, chevruta or via shiurim) study Bavli far ...
7
votes
2answers
259 views

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli

I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from תנ״ך. With that, were one to complete the entire ...
7
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1answer
1k views

What are the merits and weaknesses of the various available printed editions of Talmud Bavli?

I have been looking for a good version of Talmud Bavli to start building up a set. A couple of years ago I got Mashechet Bava Kamma from the Shas Vilna Hachadash published by Mesoret HaSHas and Z. ...
7
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2answers
192 views

Why does the Talmud use the term רחמנא?

When quoting verses, the Talmud often says something like אמר רחמנא - "the Merciful One said..." What is the significance of this name? Why not use a name like הקדוש ברוך הוא - a name commonly found ...
7
votes
1answer
134 views

Who said many agados were to wake students?

Someone told me this morning that he had, years before, seen a commentary published in the back of a volume of g'mara, likely Maharsha or Maharam, say that many of the agados throughout shas were said ...
7
votes
1answer
459 views

What happened to the rest of masechet Meilah — it ends at 22a but the daf yomi calendar says it goes to 37?

This daf yomi calendar says that Meilah goes to 37, so I was surprised to discover that my digital copy of the Soncino edition of talmud ends it at 22a. This is also true of the copy at halakhah.com, ...
7
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1answer
69 views

Interpreting Abayyei's mnemonic in Megillah 31a

In Megillah 31a, Abayyei lists the sections from the Torah that we read on each successive day of Pesach as follows: "משך תורא קדש בכספא פסל במדברא שלח בוכרא". Each of the eight words within this ...
7
votes
2answers
268 views

What is the image on many volumes of Shas called?

Does anyone know the official name of the 4-poled structure in the middle of the image below (of a cover of a volume of the Talmud)? I'm pretty sure that this 'structure' has a name, but my intense ...
7
votes
1answer
280 views

To what extent is someone on the way to do a mitzvah protected from danger?

Pesachim 8A (link) says: R. Elazar taught that harm will not befall a Shali'ach (someone on the way to do a) Mitzvah! That is a short excerpt from a discussion about being protected when doing a ...
7
votes
1answer
140 views

Why no halachos in the Babylonian Talmud like in the Jerusalem Talmud?

Most Jewish texts have a easy way to pin down a citation. Some are numbered. For example, Rambam and Y'rushalmi and Tosefta have chapter and halacha. Some of these have different numberings in ...
6
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1answer
343 views

Source for eulogy of lost bookcases

I recall learning a gemarah (Bavli) where a certain scholar passed away and when another scholar was asked to eulogize him he responded with something akin to, "What should I say? We lost our ...
6
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2answers
245 views

Online Synopsis of each Mesechta of Talmud Bavli

Where can I find an online synopsis of each Mesechta of Talmud Bavli? Details: I do not care so much about length, the longer the better. As long as it is not too long. I want a overall summary of ...
6
votes
2answers
400 views

Zohar vs. Yerushalmi

M"B 25:42 makes it clear that we always follow Gemara over Zohar. And we similarly follow Bavli over Yerushalmi (as is clear from the Hirhurim article quoted in this related discussion). However, do ...
6
votes
1answer
163 views

Why is the Rif's digest of tractate Niddah hidden in tractate Shevuos?

Rabbi Isaac Alfasi's summary of tractate Niddah is hidden in masechet Shevuot. Why is it buried in maseches Shevuos?
6
votes
1answer
205 views

Why are we bound to rabbinic laws?

I know that one of the reasons given for our being limited by miderobonon laws is explained in Masechet Shevuot, 39a which says as follows (lifted from dafyomi.co.il) i. "Asher Yeshno Po ha'Yom" ...
6
votes
2answers
175 views

What is the exact source of the “hadeq heteiv, heteiv hadeq” passage from Seder HaKorbanot in Shacharit?

Warning: extreme Talmud beginner here. In the Koren siddur, in the readings on korbanot before Shacharit (pp. 46–47 in the Hebrew/English siddur), there is the following passage: תַּנְיָא, רַבִּי ...
6
votes
3answers
400 views

Why Choose Talmud Bavli For The Daily Study

As we know it is a big custom to learn a daf of Talmud Bavli a day (Dafyomi). My question is why did they choose to pick Talmud Bavli. There are so many other Subjects that could actually affect ...
6
votes
2answers
368 views

Rashi on the Rif?

Is Rashi on the Rif the same as the one in the Gemara? If it is, why is it put there? If its not, then why did Rashi write a different pirush on the Rif, and does it have a different Derech then ...
6
votes
1answer
511 views

Why is Shekalim in the Bavli?

I have a few different sets of Shas Bavli, and most of them contain Shekalim from the Yerushalmi. (The Steinsaltz version does not, for example, though the Oz v'Hadar version does). When did people ...
6
votes
1answer
569 views

Longest Tosfot in Shas

Occasionally when learning gemara one comes across an incredibly long and daunting Tosfot like s.v. Parah on Bava Kama 76a or an "iceberg"[1] such as s.v. Mah on Yoma 82a-b. (These are just examples.) ...
6
votes
1answer
79 views

Understanding Kli Yakor question on Rashi about Betzalal following Moishe's instructions

The Gemara says in Berachos (55a) א״ר שְׁמוּאֵל בַּר נַחְמָנִי א״ר יוֹנָתָן בְּצַלְאֵל עַל שֵׁם חָכְמָתוֹ נִקְרָא בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁאָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא לְמֹשֶׁה לֵךְ אֱמוֹר לוֹ ...
6
votes
1answer
102 views

Who says the wicked are full of remorse? Help tracking down a supposed statement of Chazal

One section of the Tanya is called Likutei Amarim. Chapter 11 of this section contains the statement “Concerning such a person, the Rabbis of blessed memory have said, “The wicked are full of remorse.”...
6
votes
1answer
125 views

Yasis alayich, not yasos

The gemara in megillah 10b and Sanhedrin 39b make a diyuk from the word 'yasis', as opposed to 'yasos' in devarim 28,63 that Hashem makes our enemies happy when we sin but he himself is not happy. In ...
6
votes
1answer
259 views

Why do we still not mention Rebbi Meir's name?

According to the gemarah in Horiyot 13b-14a statements made by Rebbi Meir were dubbed 'acherim' and those of Rebbi Natan were changed to 'yeish omrim'. This was done as a punishment for an attempt ...
6
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0answers
80 views

The methodology of Mesores haShas

In Mesores haShas (printed in the margins of the Vilna Shas), is there any order to the sequence of quoted masekhtas? For example, on Sanhedrin 105b, a story is related that concerns the length of ...
6
votes
5answers
633 views

Why do Yeshivos learn Talmud Bavli so extensively?

Most Yeshivos (from 5th Grade-End of High school) Learn Talmud Bavli. My question is: Why? What is the point of learning Talmud Bavli so extensively? I know that it is Hashem's Word, but there are ...
5
votes
2answers
307 views

What is the greatest number of pages (daf) you can go in the Babylonian Talmud without encountering Abayei or Rava?

What is the greatest number of pages (daf) you can go in the Babylonian Talmud without encountering Abayei or Rava? I've heard it was 3?
5
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1answer
1k views

What was the ultimate fate of Rabbi Elisha ben Abuyah (Acher)?

Unsong is a work of online serial fiction by Scott Alexander which is based heavily on Judaism. (I highly recommend it to Jews and Gentiles alike.) In this chapter of Unsong, the archangel Uriel ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

What available resources identify the reasoning structure of Tosafot?

I’m not looking for resources that explain tosafot’s commentary , rather that which explains tosafot’s dialectic, syntax and other components utilized in tosafot’s commentary.
5
votes
2answers
505 views

Which are the “Yeshivish Masechtos”?

Generally speaking there seems to be a list of "Yeshivish Masechtos" (masechtos usually studied in Yeshivot) and specific Perakim which are learnt in Chareidi mainstream Yeshivot. For instance, in ...
5
votes
2answers
373 views

How could the time of when the Azazel red strip turns to white be imprecise?

In Yoma on 67a, in the middle, it talks about the where the strip of red wool should be tied before sending the goat off the side of the mountain. As far as I understand (and with the help of the ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

Are there Holy Books that Khazal (חז"ל) actually took out?

We find in Babylonian Talmud that there were some Holy Books that Khazal (חז"ל) wanted to take out / to hide (לגנוז), such as the Book of Ezekiel, The Song of Songs and others (see for example: ...

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