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Questions tagged [talmud-bavli]

The Talmud is a commentary on the Mishna (the oral law) written in Babylonia containing discourses of Amoraim spanning the 3th-5th century

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5 answers
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Which masechtot don't really have Rashi?

I often hear that the printed "Rashi" commentary in certain masechtot of the Talmud Bavli (first that come to mind are Moed Katan and Nedarim) is not actually written by Rashi. Does anyone have a full ...
Double AA's user avatar
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16 votes
3 answers
1k views

Yerushalmi Versus Bavli in Halacha

The halacha we have today is mostly sourced in Talmud Bavli(the Babylonian Talmud),Medrash and Zohar. I would like to know what Halachot in which we rule according to the Yerushalmi (the Jerusalem ...
simchastorah's user avatar
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16 votes
1 answer
854 views

Non-literal interpretation of the barrel of wine virginity test?

In Ketubos 10:, Rabban Gamliel seats a lady on a barrel of wine to test her virginity. If wine can be smelled on her breath she is not a virgin, and if not then she is; there is no odour from the lady'...
Daniel Moskovich's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
1k views

Sh'kalim, Kinim, Midos in daf yomi

Why are Sh'kalim (Y'rushalmi) and Kinim and Midos (mishnayos) learned as part of the standard daf yomi cycle for Talmud Bavli? And if the answer relies on some fact of publication, then (a) why ...
msh210's user avatar
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13 votes
2 answers
625 views

Source of opinion that Talmud Yerushalmi was corrupted by Karaites

In the entry for Talmud Bavli/Yerushalmi in Chida's Shem Hagedolim Hashalem (c.1800, the older versions do not have this paragraph), he references a theory from maskilim of his time that the Rabbis ...
רבות מחשבות's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
362 views

One Gemara cites another -- evidence of the order in which Shas was compiled?

Gemara Tamid notes (on daf 27b) that a certain Braisa appears in Yoma, in Perek Ba Lo Kohen Gadol. This citation is correct; Artscroll notes (Tamid 27b3 #27) that more specifically the Braisa appears ...
Chaim's user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
1k views

I am 15 years old and do not go to a Yeshiva but would like to learn Talmud. A few rabbis near me said they could teach me. How should I start

I am 15 years old and do not go to a Yeshiva but would like to learn Talmud. There are many rabbis near me who said they would be willing to teach me. How should I start knowing that I only speak ...
Yehoshua Shalom Halevi Segal's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
178 views

Is something missing from Menachot 63b?

In the classic Vilna printing of the Talmud, there is a significant amount of white space present underneath Menachot 63b. Why is this the case? Is there something missing that used to be there in ...
Joel K's user avatar
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10 votes
11 answers
743 views

Talmud Yerushalmi Halachot

The halacha we have today is mostly sourced in Talmud Bavli(the Babylonian Talmud),Medrash and Zohar. I would like to know what Halachot which we have today which are sourced strictly in the ...
simchastorah's user avatar
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10 votes
4 answers
305 views

Does Rashi's commentary on a quoted mishna reflect the true explanation?

Often the Bavli will quote a mishna from another maseches (tractate) or another part of the same maseches. Does Rashi's commentary on the Bavli's quotation of the mishna reflect his interpretation of ...
msh210's user avatar
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10 votes
4 answers
272 views

How could Rebbi Zeira forcibly forget his learning?

In Bava Metzia 85a it says that ר' זירא כי סליק לארעא דישראל יתיב מאה תעניתא דלשתכח גמרא בבלאה מיניה Rebbi Zeira, when he left to the land of Israel, fasted 100 times to cause himself to forget ...
please remove my account's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
1k views

Why do Yeshivos learn Talmud Bavli so extensively?

Most Yeshivos (from 5th Grade-End of High school) Learn Talmud Bavli. My question is: Why? What is the point of learning Talmud Bavli so extensively? I know that it is Hashem's Word, but there are ...
user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
1k views

Returning Lost Property to a Gentile

Why is it forbidden to return lost property to a non-Jew? Its been a while since I learnt the discussion about hashovas aveido (returning lost property) in Baba Metzia; but I just learnt Sanhedrin ...
Etzbah's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
308 views

Is 'A father and son sleeping with a betrothed young woman on yom kippur' an expression?

Bava metza 83b: Rabbi Elazar brebbi Shimon is afraid that he may have wrongfully caused someone to be hanged, but is reassured that the hanged and his son 'slept with a betrothed maiden on yom kippur'...
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10 votes
2 answers
344 views

One Shabbos or two?

Yerushalmi Taanis 1:1 says: א"ר לוי אילו היו ישראל משמרין שבת אחת כתיקנה מיד היה בן דוד בא R. Levi said: If Israel kept one Shabbos correctly, the son of David would immediately come. But Bavli ...
Premundane's user avatar
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9 votes
5 answers
2k views

Why is Talmud Bavli studied more than Yerushalmi?

I'm far from an expert on either Bavli or Yerushalmi. But, I'm curious as to why yeshivot (and, to an extent, even individual adults learning by themselves, chevruta or via shiurim) study Bavli far ...
DanF's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
1k views

Which are the "Yeshivish Masechtos"?

Generally speaking there seems to be a list of "Yeshivish Masechtos" (masechtos usually studied in Yeshivot) and specific Perakim which are learnt in Chareidi mainstream Yeshivot. For instance, in ...
El Shteiger's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
163 views

What's the longest "‫אמר ר׳ X אמר ר׳ Y‬" in the Talmud?

What's the longest "‫אמר ר׳ X אמר ר׳ Y‬" in the Talmud? For example Kiddushin 39: ואינהו כמאן סברוה? כי הא דתניא:‏ רבי אלעזר בר׳ יוסי אומר משום ר׳ יוסי בן דורמסקה שאמר משום רבי יוסי הגלילי ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
792 views

Why do we still not mention Rebbi Meir's name?

According to the gemarah in Horiyot 13b-14a statements made by Rebbi Meir were dubbed 'acherim' and those of Rebbi Natan were changed to 'yeish omrim'. This was done as a punishment for an attempt ...
rikitikitembo's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why does the gemarah start on daf bet?

Mesechtas in the Bavli shas start on daf bet instead of daf aleph, why is this so? As a child I was told it was to give you incentive to start ("Hey, I'm already on page 2!") but that now seems both ...
user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
377 views

Source for eulogy of lost bookcases

I recall learning a gemarah (Bavli) where a certain scholar passed away and when another scholar was asked to eulogize him he responded with something akin to, "What should I say? We lost our ...
user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
591 views

Any known translations of the Talmudim et al into classical languages, prior to the 19th century?

Through the 19th and 20th centuries, the Bavli and Yerushalmi were fully or partially translated into English, French, German, Arabic and Italian. Are there any extant translations of the Talmudim and/...
Meir Illumination's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
716 views

Which Amora is mentioned most often in the Gemara?

Which Amora is mentioned most often throughout Talmud Bavli?
Gershon Gold's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
200 views

Why does the Gemara often mention that certain Amoraim were asleep?

I've noticed that in the Gemara you often see a pattern where two people are discussing an issue in front of an Amorah (e.g R' Yirmiyah) while he was asleep. After their discussion he wakes up and ...
Yaakov Kuperman's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
384 views

Why does the Talmud use the term רחמנא?

When quoting verses, the Talmud often says something like אמר רחמנא - "the Merciful One said..." What is the significance of this name? Why not use a name like הקדוש ברוך הוא - a name commonly found ...
Ypnypn's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
635 views

What happened to the rest of masechet Meilah -- it ends at 22a but the daf yomi calendar says it goes to 37?

This daf yomi calendar says that Meilah goes to 37, so I was surprised to discover that my digital copy of the Soncino edition of talmud ends it at 22a. This is also true of the copy at halakhah.com, ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
9k views

Where can I find an online Talmud with interlinear text?

I would like to examine the Babylonian Talmud interlinearly. That is, it has both the original language and English near one another. The biblical interlinears that I have seen are usually line-by-...
Frank Luke's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
355 views

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli

I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from תנ״ך. With that, were one to complete the entire ...
Dr. Shmuel's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
585 views

Who is "Mar" ("The Master") in the Bavli?

Throughout the Bavli, but (based on a Sefaria search) never in the Mishnah, the Tosefta, or the Yerushalmi, we find the phrase "amar Mar" (אמר מר) without any other identifier (in contrast ...
Benjamin Davidson's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

What are the merits and weaknesses of the various available printed editions of Talmud Bavli?

I have been looking for a good version of Talmud Bavli to start building up a set. A couple of years ago I got Mashechet Bava Kamma from the Shas Vilna Hachadash published by Mesoret HaSHas and Z. ...
Shimon's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
225 views

What is the exact source of the "hadeq heteiv, heteiv hadeq" passage from Seder HaKorbanot in Shacharit?

Warning: extreme Talmud beginner here. In the Koren siddur, in the readings on korbanot before Shacharit (pp. 46–47 in the Hebrew/English siddur), there is the following passage: תַּנְיָא, רַבִּי ...
Jon Mitchell's user avatar
  • 1,507
7 votes
1 answer
175 views

Who said many agados were to wake students?

Someone told me this morning that he had, years before, seen a commentary published in the back of a volume of g'mara, likely Maharsha or Maharam, say that many of the agados throughout shas were said ...
msh210's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
170 views

Yerushalmi Horoyos in Shas Vilna

The Vilna Shas (Bavli) contains the Yerushalmi Horoyos, without meforshim, following the Bavli version. It does not have this for any other masechta (that I know of). Why is this?
YSR's user avatar
  • 221
7 votes
2 answers
525 views

What is the image on many volumes of Shas called?

Does anyone know the official name of the 4-poled structure in the middle of the image below (of a cover of a volume of the Talmud)? I'm pretty sure that this 'structure' has a name, but my intense ...
Rafael's user avatar
  • 1,373
7 votes
1 answer
260 views

Why are we bound to rabbinic laws?

I know that one of the reasons given for our being limited by miderobonon laws is explained in Masechet Shevuot, 39a which says as follows (lifted from dafyomi.co.il) i. "Asher Yeshno Po ha'Yom" ...
rosends's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
103 views

Interpreting Abayyei's mnemonic in Megillah 31a

In Megillah 31a, Abayyei lists the sections from the Torah that we read on each successive day of Pesach as follows: "משך תורא קדש בכספא פסל במדברא שלח בוכרא". Each of the eight words within this ...
Shimon bM's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Longest Tosfot in Shas

Occasionally when learning gemara one comes across an incredibly long and daunting Tosfot like s.v. Parah on Bava Kama 76a or an "iceberg"[1] such as s.v. Mah on Yoma 82a-b. (These are just examples.) ...
Double AA's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
596 views

To what extent is someone on the way to do a mitzvah protected from danger?

Pesachim 8A (link) says: R. Elazar taught that harm will not befall a Shali'ach (someone on the way to do a) Mitzvah! That is a short excerpt from a discussion about being protected when doing a ...
A L's user avatar
  • 2,557
7 votes
1 answer
216 views

Why no halachos in the Babylonian Talmud like in the Jerusalem Talmud?

Most Jewish texts have a easy way to pin down a citation. Some are numbered. For example, Rambam and Y'rushalmi and Tosefta have chapter and halacha. Some of these have different numberings in ...
msh210's user avatar
  • 73.4k
6 votes
1 answer
361 views

Will the real Shas Kattan please stand up

There is an old tradition commonly referenced in the yeshiva community that Masekhet Ketubot is the "Shas Kattan" of Talmud Bavli, that is, it contains ideas that connect to just about every ...
הנער הזה's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
462 views

Online Synopsis of each Mesechta of Talmud Bavli

Where can I find an online synopsis of each Mesechta of Talmud Bavli? Details: I do not care so much about length, the longer the better. As long as it is not too long. I want a overall summary of ...
user6781's user avatar
  • 3,333
6 votes
2 answers
533 views

Zohar vs. Yerushalmi

M"B 25:42 makes it clear that we always follow Gemara over Zohar. And we similarly follow Bavli over Yerushalmi (as is clear from the Hirhurim article quoted in this related discussion). However, do ...
b a's user avatar
  • 24.8k
6 votes
1 answer
217 views

Why is the Rif's digest of tractate Niddah hidden in tractate Shevuos?

Rabbi Isaac Alfasi's summary of tractate Niddah is hidden in masechet Shevuot. Why is it buried in maseches Shevuos?
tealhill supports Monica's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
133 views

Are there Holy Books that Khazal (חז"ל) actually took out?

We find in Babylonian Talmud that there were some Holy Books that Khazal (חז"ל) wanted to take out / to hide (לגנוז), such as the Book of Ezekiel, The Song of Songs and others (see for example: ...
The Glacier's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
619 views

Why Choose Talmud Bavli For The Daily Study

As we know it is a big custom to learn a daf of Talmud Bavli a day (Dafyomi). My question is why did they choose to pick Talmud Bavli. There are so many other Subjects that could actually affect ...
user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
498 views

Rashi on the Rif?

Is Rashi on the Rif the same as the one in the Gemara? If it is, why is it put there? If its not, then why did Rashi write a different pirush on the Rif, and does it have a different Derech then ...
termsofservice's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
132 views

Who wrote the "Seder Vehilchos Korban pesach rishon beketzarah"

In Pesachim 57b (right before the 5th chapter) there is a page containing a summery of laws pertaining to the Korban Pesach. Who wrote it?
ertert3terte's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
833 views

Why is Shekalim in the Bavli?

I have a few different sets of Shas Bavli, and most of them contain Shekalim from the Yerushalmi. (The Steinsaltz version does not, for example, though the Oz v'Hadar version does). When did people ...
Shimon bM's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
89 views

Understanding Kli Yakor question on Rashi about Betzalal following Moishe's instructions

The Gemara says in Berachos (55a) א״ר שְׁמוּאֵל בַּר נַחְמָנִי א״ר יוֹנָתָן בְּצַלְאֵל עַל שֵׁם חָכְמָתוֹ נִקְרָא בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁאָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא לְמֹשֶׁה לֵךְ אֱמוֹר לוֹ ...
sfeksfeika's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
168 views

Who says the wicked are full of remorse? Help tracking down a supposed statement of Chazal

One section of the Tanya is called Likutei Amarim. Chapter 11 of this section contains the statement “Concerning such a person, the Rabbis of blessed memory have said, “The wicked are full of remorse.”...
Chaim's user avatar
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