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Questions tagged [talmud-bavli]

The Talmud is a commentary on the Mishna (the oral law) written in Babylonia containing discourses of Amoraim spanning the 3th-5th century

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Why no halachos in the Babylonian Talmud like in the Jerusalem Talmud?

Most Jewish texts have a easy way to pin down a citation. Some are numbered. For example, Rambam and Y'rushalmi and Tosefta have chapter and halacha. Some of these have different numberings in ...
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The methodology of Mesores haShas

In Mesores haShas (printed in the margins of the Vilna Shas), is there any order to the sequence of quoted masekhtas? For example, on Sanhedrin 105b, a story is related that concerns the length of ...
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Simanim in the Rosh

In the Rosh's work found at the back of most gemaras, his halachos are split up into simanim (sections). I am wondering whether we can make inferences from how the simanim are split up and hence want ...
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Doctor's mistake and homicide

The mishnah in Makkos (beginning of 2nd chapter) teaches that if the person inadvertently killed someone through performing a mitzvah, the murder is exempt from the punishment of exile, which I ...
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Are there examples of Sasanian censorship in the Bavli?

The talmud Bavli was compiled and edited in Iraq while Jews were under the rulership of the Sasanian empire. There are (unfortunately) ample examples of the Bavli being censored by Christians I would ...
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What is the difference in Sha"s types; Oz V'hadar, Zecher Chanoch, N'harda'ah(נהרדעא)?

I am looking to purchase a true Chossen Shas, and I see various editions or publications. I am familiar with the classic Vilna Shaas, but I see many sets in either Oz V'hadar עוז והדר, Zecher Chanoch ...
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what determines what parts of the talmud(if any) are in hebrew rather than aramaic?

I read in this question https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/226412/origins-of-turn-over-in-his-grave-turn-over-in-her-grave-etc-etc/226478?noredirect=1#comment576934_226478 That this line ...
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Is the name Rami mentioned in the gemarah the full version?

I am trying to ascertain if the name "Rami" is a Jewish one. If rabbis in the Babylonian Talmud are named Rami then that would be a good indication. There are at least 3 Ramis found in the gemarah: ...
Ani Yodea's user avatar
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Understanding how the omer was sifted

M'nachos 76 amud 2, describes how flour was sifted to yield the good-quality soles flour for the omer offering that was brought on the second day of Pesach. It was sifted thirteen times, the mishna ...
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Lighting on Chanuka for advertising the mitzva?

The Bavli, Shabbos 21b, discusses lighting the Chanuka lights out of doors; Rashi gives the reason for outdoor lighting as משום פרסומי ניסא / for advertising the miracle. Further down the amud, ...
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looking for resources on making a group siyum of talmud bavli

I would like to organize a group siyum of talmud bavli (for a refuah shelema). Does anyone know of downloadable signup sheets, or the like, that I can use, that split up the talmud, say, 25 dapim at a ...
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Are non-Jews who are converting to Judaism allowed to read the Talmud?

A general question, I’ve been curious about. Are non-Jews who are converting to Judaism allowed to read the Talmud?
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Why does Sanhedrin 95a not list the Kefitzas HaDerech example of the 10 spies in Shelach

Question inspired by R. Elchanan Shoff Oneg Shelach 2019 p.6 Rashi on Bamidbar 13:25 states "They returned from scouting the Land at the end of forty days: But does not the Land measure four ...
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Why do many masechtot conclude with a portion of Aggadata?

From what I've seen, many Masechtot in Shas seem to conclude with an aggadata portion that can be found towards the end of that particular Masechta. Is there a documented or stated reason as to why ...
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Which Divrei Minus are forbidden to read/hear today?

The Talmud in (Avodah Zara 16b–17a) brings that Rabbi Eliezer was upset that he had been accused by the Romans. His student, Rabbi Akiva suggested that perhaps he had heard a teaching of the minim and ...
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Did Amoraim in Bavel study or know of the Talmud Yerushalmi?

The Talmud Yerushalmi was completed while the Amoraim in Bavel were still debating and discussing halachos that would be recorded later on the Talmud Bavli. I'd like to know if we can know or assume ...
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Difference between the words מיחייב and חייב

Rava in masheches megillah 7b famously said that one is obligated to drink until he cannot differentiate between Haman and Mordechai. My question is: Rava used the loshon of מיחייב instead of חייב. ...
sam's user avatar
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Is there significance to putting one's head between his knees for personal prayers?

In many places in Talmud Bavli (e.g. Brachos 30b) Tannaim and Amoraim are described as putting their heads between their knees when praying for something, usually miraculous, which then occurred. This ...
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How to understand: All found on land is found also in the sea

It says in Chullin 127a that all found on land is found also in the sea, except a "chuldah". Is there is a larger list of such fish (other than the Gemara mentions)? Any insights would be ...
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Pronunciation of Vav prefix in Talmud Bavli

In Tanakh, according to our mesorah from the Tiberian Masorites, a וְ prefix before a Shva or a bilabial letter is pronounced as וּ [wu]. However, the Babylonian Masorites had these cases as וִ [wi], ...
QwertyCTRL.'s user avatar
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Printed/Online List of All Major Sugyas

I would like to see a printed or an online list of major sugyas from the Bavli - obviously, together with references (so that I can look them up for myself), but ideally also with a little bit of ...
Shimon bM's user avatar
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Why isn't burning the limbs considered the melacha of cooking?

In Yevamos 33b, the gemarra is trying to figure out what part of the Temple service would constitute a Shabbos violation if a non-Kohen were to do it. The gemarra suggests throwing the animal limbs on ...
robev's user avatar
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Does the law of pi tikrah apply to temporary structures such as a sukkah?

In Eruvin 94b the Sages are debating about the Sinaitic law of partitions, more specifically “pi tikrah” ( פי תקרה יורד וסותם .) Here the topic is about permanent homes. Presently, I am in the process ...
אפור קוף's user avatar
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List of all the times the principle of "svara" is used in Shas

There's a principle of "svara" in Shas, which exists on a d'oraisa level (see this related question). A few examples of svaras: 1) המוציא מחברו עליו הראיה - "the burden of proof rests upon the ...
alicht's user avatar
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Why R' Akiva's "Love your neighbor" didn't make it to Bavli?

R'Akiva's famous statement appears in Safra, Bereyshis Rabbah, and (Yerushalmi Nedarim 30b): "ואהבת לרעך כמוך" רבי עקיבה אומר זהו כלל גדול בתורה. "Love your neighbor as yourself". ...
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Why is שהחיינו called "ז" in P'sachim but "ח" in M'gila?

Why is the "שהחיינו" blessing abbreviated "ז" in Bavli P'sachim 103 but "ח" in Bavli M'gila 21? I'd expect some consistency. And it's not like "ז" makes more sense, or "ח" less sense, in P'sachim than ...
msh210's user avatar
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Why did the Savoraim only emend certain parts of the Talmud?

I remember learning that Savoraim added certain parts to the Talmud- ex: the beginning of Kiddushin (2a-3a) & parts of Bava Metzia. (feel free to add additional examples) Any idea why they ...
alicht's user avatar
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Scattering of Israel: Remedy or Punishment?

The Gemara (Pesachim 87b) states that Hashem performed a righteous deed with Israel in that he scattered them (pizron) among the nations. Rashi explains that instead of being exiled to a single ...
Real Torah's user avatar
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R' Yehoshua and the Athenian Elders: Endless pouring

This is part of a series of questions on the Gemara in Bechoros 8b-9a. Below is a summary of the relevant parts of the Gemara. After being challenged by Caesar, R' Yehoshua went to Athens to defeat ...
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2 votes
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R' Yehoshua and the Athenian Elders: The mattress

This is part of a series of questions on the Gemara in Bechoros 8b-9a. Below is a summary of the relevant parts of the Gemara. After being challenged by Caesar, R' Yehoshua went to Athens to defeat ...
DonielF's user avatar
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Explanation of Gemara's Interpretation of מצא

The Gemara Bava Kamma (113b) states that the term ומצאתה implies physical acquisition (rather than mere finding as the word would seem to imply): אמר רבינא {דברים כב-ג} ומצאתה דאתאי לידיה משמע The ...
mevaqesh's user avatar
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How many sugyot are marked in the 1835 Vilna Printing of the Talmud Bavli?

How many sugyot are marked in the 1835 Vilna printing of the Talmud Bavli? I am defining a sugya by a section divided between "two dots" ( : ) or between the words of mishna and "two dots". I am ...
avi's user avatar
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Gemoro says contents of a verse must be reversed to understand it. So why did the Torah write it 'backwards'?

The Gemoro quotes Devorim 12 (17) לֹֽא־תוּכַ֞ל לֶאֱכֹ֣ל בִּשְׁעָרֶ֗יךָ מַעְשַׂ֤ר דְּגָֽנְךָ֙ וְתִירֹֽשְׁךָ֣ וְיִצְהָרֶ֔ךָ וּבְכֹרֹ֥ת בְּקָרְךָ֖ וְצֹאנֶ֑ךָ וְכׇל־נְדָרֶ֙יךָ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּדֹּ֔ר ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
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Is it "שמן המור", or is it "אנפקינון"?

In Megilah 13a we bring down a פסוק which talks about what the woman did before going to אחשוורוש to try + become king: "For six months, they anointed themselves with "שמן המור" We then ...
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Why is מרדכי the only one called a "יהודי?"

In Tractate Megilah 13a - it explains that מרדכי was called an איש יהודי, since he went against עבודה זרה. If so - then why is he the only one called a "יהודי?" Why not משה? Or אברהם? Or דוד?...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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Why are דרשות about סוכות allowed on Shabbat?

The Gemara in Megilah 4:1 says that if י"ד אדר falls out on שבת, you should learn about פורים on שבת. The Gemara then asks: "Why do we need to say this if we already know this from having ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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What is the SOURCE of the rules/protocols [for dealing with machlokes] within the Oral Law?

As far as I am aware, there are 3 major categories of Torah She’baal peh; a) Known via direct Mesorah. b) Known via interpretation (following the RULES of interpretation [eg hermeneutic laws and s’...
Tzvi K's user avatar
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Source for a rabbi warning his student/son?

I distinctly remember a passage in the Talmud that went something like this: A Rav advises his student (or son) that he should ensure that he uses the correct Torah scroll or chumash when praying/...
GGG's user avatar
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Were the Talmudic Sages fools according to R. Saadia Gaon?

In Emunot V’Deiot (7:5) R. Saadia Gaon writes the following, with regard to some verses in Chapter Nine of Ecclesiastes: [An example,] again, of the third type [of verses presenting difficulty so far ...
Alex's user avatar
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1 vote
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The Torah Transmission Date Discrepancies?

I'm curious to know the dates of birth and death of the following Torah transmitters, who appear in Pirkei Avot, since I've seen conflicting dates when doing some independent research: Shimon HaTzadik ...
Yosef's user avatar
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Why mention Achashverosh's pillars?

The Bavli spends several pages (M'gila 10–16) going through parts of the book of Esther with aggadic commentary. Esther 1:6 describes a party: חוּר כַּרְפַּס וּתְכֵלֶת אָחוּז בְּחַבְלֵי בוּץ ...
msh210's user avatar
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1 vote
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Why the Gemmorah's disputes are left unresolved?

In the Gemmorah we can see three types of the Halachic resolution of a dispute: the issue is settled and the Halachah is clearly ruled multiple approaches mentioned but there's no clear resolution ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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397 views

When can one pray after semen emission?

I read in Talmud Bavli that one cannot pray a certain period after seminal emission. There is a discussion about how long that period is. What's the accepted halacha on this issue? Does one who had a ...
Dan Weisberg's user avatar
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Online Depictions of the Colorful Second Temple

Are there any artistic depictions, available online, of the multicolored appearance of the Second Temple, based on archaeological finds (see, e.g., here), or, e.g., the depiction of the blue/green and ...
Loewian's user avatar
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Did Rav Yosef seriously instruct us to leave people in pits?

Avodah Zarah 26a-b In a passage here, Rav Yosef instructs us to leave idolators and 'shepherds of small animals' in pits. Abaye constructs an excuse to fish them out. Abahu stands with leaving them ...
bimargulies's user avatar
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184 views

Why no manuscripts of Talmud survive in the Arab lands?

http://halakhah.com/talmud/nezikin_h.html: ...Munich manuscript which covers the whole Talmud and dates from the year 1334. Alas, that that is the only complete manuscript of the Talmud in ...
sds's user avatar
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Individual Chosson Shas Volumes

Are there any stores or websites which happen to sell individual Chosson Shas volumes (i.e. Oz VeHadar, Vilna Chadash and the like)?
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106 views

Where can i see touch and feel before i order : Talmud bavli Oz Vehadar Safa Brura

I live in Jerusalem (Israel). I am to buy a complet set of Talmud bavli Oz Vehadar Safa Brura. But before i would like to see one for real. Does any one knows where in Jerusalem i can see touch and ...
israel's user avatar
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R' Yehoshua and the Athenian Elders: The floating Rav

This is part of a series of questions on the Gemara in Bechoros 8b-9a. Below is a summary of the relevant parts of the Gemara. After being challenged by Caesar, R' Yehoshua went to Athens to defeat ...
DonielF's user avatar
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1 vote
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What's "כי אתא פלוני אמר פלוני"?

The phrase "‫כי אתא [name] אמר [name],‏ [statement]‏‬‬" appears many times in the Bavli. For example, Rosh Hashana 35:1: כי אתא רבין אמר רבי יעקב בר אידי אמר רבי שמעון חסידא לא ...
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