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Questions tagged [talmud-bavli]

The Talmud is a commentary on the Mishna (the oral law) written in Babylonia containing discourses of Amoraim spanning the 3th-5th century

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8 votes
4 answers
200 views

Why does the Gemara often mention that certain Amoraim were asleep?

I've noticed that in the Gemara you often see a pattern where two people are discussing an issue in front of an Amorah (e.g R' Yirmiyah) while he was asleep. After their discussion he wakes up and ...
6 votes
3 answers
464 views

Online Synopsis of each Mesechta of Talmud Bavli

Where can I find an online synopsis of each Mesechta of Talmud Bavli? Details: I do not care so much about length, the longer the better. As long as it is not too long. I want a overall summary of ...
2 votes
0 answers
50 views

Pronunciation of Vav prefix in Talmud Bavli

In Tanakh, according to our mesorah from the Tiberian Masorites, a וְ prefix before a Shva or a bilabial letter is pronounced as וּ [wu]. However, the Babylonian Masorites had these cases as וִ [wi], ...
0 votes
3 answers
129 views

Where can I find online a good recording of Gemorah which explains it very well peshuta shel talmud

Where can I find online a good recording of Gemorah which explains it very well peshuta shel talmud? I do not need a lot of mephorshim just someone who explains very well and clear the peshuta shel ...
6 votes
1 answer
364 views

Will the real Shas Kattan please stand up

There is an old tradition commonly referenced in the yeshiva community that Masekhet Ketubot is the "Shas Kattan" of Talmud Bavli, that is, it contains ideas that connect to just about every ...
3 votes
0 answers
73 views

Are non-Jews who are converting to Judaism allowed to read the Talmud?

A general question, I’ve been curious about. Are non-Jews who are converting to Judaism allowed to read the Talmud?
3 votes
2 answers
4k views

Why does Nero convert to Judaism in folio 56a in tractate Gittin in the Babylon Talmud?

In the Gittin tractate, folio 56a (focusing on the destruction of Jerusalem), it briefly mentions Nero: "He [the Emperor] sent against them Nero the Caesar. As he was coming he shot an arrow ...
0 votes
1 answer
51 views

What is the source from the Gemara that you should kill a roidef before he comes to try to kill you [closed]

BH I heard if a roidef is coming to try to kill you you should kill him first. Where does it talk about this first in the Gemara and Halacha? How does Halacha define a roidef? And what if the Roidef ...
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

Gezel do indeed encounter an ocasion with bitlu

Shavua tov! On Makkos טז. on the end of the amud, the guemara asks if just the in shiliach haken and ones we encounter “bitlu ve lo bitlu”. And suggests gezel and mashcuno and pea. Gezel, it finishes ...
1 vote
0 answers
38 views

Is it stealing to eavesdrop? [duplicate]

According to bYoma 35b Hillel was denied entrance to a Beit Midrash which required students to pay for admission. Hillel instead climbed to the skylight and listened to the discussion for free. I ...
3 votes
1 answer
273 views

Seeking a cross reference between the Jerusalem and Babylonian Talmuds

The Bavli and Yerushalmi overlap in content (to a large extent), but the pagination of the overlapping content differs. I am seeking a reference work that shows on what page(s) given topics in one ...
1 vote
0 answers
22 views

Gemoro says contents of a verse must be reversed to understand it. So why did the Torah write it 'backwards'?

The Gemoro quotes Devorim 12 (17) לֹֽא־תוּכַ֞ל לֶאֱכֹ֣ל בִּשְׁעָרֶ֗יךָ מַעְשַׂ֤ר דְּגָֽנְךָ֙ וְתִירֹֽשְׁךָ֣ וְיִצְהָרֶ֔ךָ וּבְכֹרֹ֥ת בְּקָרְךָ֖ וְצֹאנֶ֑ךָ וְכׇל־נְדָרֶ֙יךָ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּדֹּ֔ר ...
0 votes
1 answer
40 views

Where does רבי שמעון בר נחמי learn that different places have different designated times to read the Megilah?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
1 vote
1 answer
271 views

What is the date of the Babylonian Talmud and how is it dated?

A related question once appeared asking about how the Talmud (and related texts) are dated: when were the mishnah, talmud, and tosefta written? But none of the answers given to it actually explained ...
5 votes
2 answers
22k views

Does the Talmud say that Jesus writhes in excrement and Mary was a prostitute?

There is a widespread belief among many Christian denominations that Jesus and Mary are referred to in overly disrespectful, even scatological, language in the Talmud. Examples often given are that ...
4 votes
1 answer
118 views

Talmud Yerushalmi vs Bavli

We all know that only a Sanhedrin can vote conclusively on a halakha for the entire nation. Since the Sanhedrin was dismantled, the next best option was to listening to the hachamim of your locale. ...
19 votes
5 answers
3k views

Which masechtot don't really have Rashi?

I often hear that the printed "Rashi" commentary in certain masechtot of the Talmud Bavli (first that come to mind are Moed Katan and Nedarim) is not actually written by Rashi. Does anyone have a full ...
3 votes
1 answer
149 views

The search for invariants

In an interview, French Jewish intellectual Jacques Attali claimed that modern science is partly based on Jewish tradition because like talmudic discussions, it is based on the "search for ...
1 vote
0 answers
31 views

Is it "שמן המור", or is it "אנפקינון"?

In Megilah 13a we bring down a פסוק which talks about what the woman did before going to אחשוורוש to try + become king: "For six months, they anointed themselves with "שמן המור" We then ...
0 votes
0 answers
28 views

How did the whole world know about אסתר's beauty?

In Megilah 13a it says all the nations of the world knew that אסתר was beautiful? How did they even know who אסתר is? Let alone, her beauty!
1 vote
0 answers
32 views

Why is מרדכי the only one called a "יהודי?"

In Tractate Megilah 13a - it explains that מרדכי was called an איש יהודי, since he went against עבודה זרה. If so - then why is he the only one called a "יהודי?" Why not משה? Or אברהם? Or דוד?...
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

Why does "שוכו" change into "סוכו?"

In Tracte Megilah 13a - it lists the children of בתיה - the daughter of פרעה. One of the children's names is חבר - father of שוכו. The Gemara then explains that all of these names of the kids - are ...
0 votes
0 answers
48 views

Listing of amount of Blatt per perek of Shas [duplicate]

Where can I get a listing of how many blatt / pages are in each chapter of gemarah talmud bavli? I found a post with a spreadsheet that has the amount of mishnayos per perek and I am looking for the ...
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Longest Tosfot in Shas

Occasionally when learning gemara one comes across an incredibly long and daunting Tosfot like s.v. Parah on Bava Kama 76a or an "iceberg"[1] such as s.v. Mah on Yoma 82a-b. (These are just examples.) ...
-1 votes
1 answer
169 views

Did the Himyarite Kingdom (Jewish state from c. 380 CE till 530 CE) have the Talmud/Oral Torah? If they converted without it, are they valid converts?

The Himyarite Kingdom became a Jewish kingdom in what is today Yemen, from around 380 CE at the earliest and continued to be Jewish until around 500 CE with the 530 CE date being the very latest date ...
1 vote
1 answer
826 views

The Yud and Hey in creation (Isaiah 26:4)

Isaiah (26:4) is usually translated: "Trust in G-d forever, for in Y-ah, [who is] G-d, is the everlasting rock." However, the prefix translated here as "in" can also mean "through" or "by"; and the ...
0 votes
1 answer
70 views

Rashi, Yebamoth 55b:7

Is my translation of this Rashi on Yevamot correct? It deals with impurity due to contact with a dead body - in case a man has sex with his dead wife it is not impurity because the latter is always ...
2 votes
1 answer
252 views

What page of the Babylonian Talmud has the most words?

Looking for what page of the traditional Vilna Shas edition of the Babylonian Talmud has the most words?
4 votes
2 answers
342 views

When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos?

When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos? Aren't we afraid one might carry it to a friend? Like רבה says in Megilah Daf 4b :(https://www.sefaria.org/Megillah.4b.21?...
2 votes
1 answer
122 views

Why does the opening משנה in מסכת מגילה have a weird לשון?

The opening Mishna in Masechta Megilla reads as follows: מְגִילָּה נִקְרֵאת בְּאַחַד עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר, בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר, בַּחֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר. לֹא פָּחוֹת, וְלֹא ...
1 vote
0 answers
80 views

Why are דרשות about סוכות allowed on Shabbat?

The Gemara in Megilah 4:1 says that if י"ד אדר falls out on שבת, you should learn about פורים on שבת. The Gemara then asks: "Why do we need to say this if we already know this from having ...
0 votes
1 answer
37 views

Why doesn’t רבי שמעון בר נחמי accept רב שמן בר אבא explanation about בזמניהם?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
3 votes
2 answers
107 views

In what way was the way of learning in Israel different from the Babylonian to cause R' Zeirah to fast?

The Gemmorah BM 85a: "ר' זירא כי סליק לארעא דישראל יתיב מאה תעניתא דלשתכח גמרא בבלאה מיניה כי היכי דלא נטרדיה" "When Rabbi Zeira ascended from Babylonia to Eretz Yisrael, he fasted ...
0 votes
0 answers
70 views

Hillel's or Shammai's?

In this Talmudic passage, which opinion prevails on the law according to the Talmud, Hillel's or Shammai's? "Rav Ḥisda raised an objection from a mishna (Nidda 64b). With regard to a young girl ...
1 vote
1 answer
84 views

How were the conclusions of Horayot 13b reached?

I desire to know how the conclusions of Horayot 13b were reached. For example, why does “eating from that which a mouse eats and from that which a cat eats” cause one to forget his Torah study?
0 votes
1 answer
98 views

Genesis 32:33 a law or a custom?

It is mentioned in The Tanach that Jacob fought with an angel who could not beat him. At the end of the fight, the angel strikes a nerve in Jacob's leg, causing him to limp. The verse then states: &...
0 votes
0 answers
72 views

What is the proof and reasoning that Rabbi Yitzchak and Rabbi Elazar are NOT arguing in Megillah 29a

B"H In a kuntress that the Rebbe gave out towards mid 5752 about the "house of our Rebbe in Bavel", it starts out with a chidush in Megillah 29a that Rabbi Yitzchak and Rabbi Elazar are ...
3 votes
0 answers
61 views

Why does Sanhedrin 95a not list the Kefitzas HaDerech example of the 10 spies in Shelach

Question inspired by R. Elchanan Shoff Oneg Shelach 2019 p.6 Rashi on Bamidbar 13:25 states "They returned from scouting the Land at the end of forty days: But does not the Land measure four ...
0 votes
0 answers
81 views

What influence was present to convince Israel to accept the Babylonian Talmud as the basis to Halacha?

In the times of the Gaonim, Yehudai Gaon and Pirqoi ben Baboi seem to have tried to convince Israel to follow the Babylonian Talmud in the wake of earliest codified halachic works. What other ...
0 votes
2 answers
256 views

Recommendation for the best Talmud Bavli set [closed]

I want to purchase the best Talmud Bavli set that every Jew would dream to have. I have been using Artscrolls Bavli for many years now. Can you recommend me the best set (price is not an issue)? Make ...
3 votes
2 answers
5k views

So what happens to Judaism if Moshiach doesn't come by the year 6000?

Since it says in the Talmud that Moshiach has to come by the year 6000, so what happens to Judaism if Moshiach doesn't come by the year 6000. The year 6000 view comes from the Babylonian Talmud, ...
1 vote
0 answers
94 views

What is the SOURCE of the rules/protocols [for dealing with machlokes] within the Oral Law?

As far as I am aware, there are 3 major categories of Torah She’baal peh; a) Known via direct Mesorah. b) Known via interpretation (following the RULES of interpretation [eg hermeneutic laws and s’...
0 votes
1 answer
73 views

Where is Shabbat 116b in the Munich Manuscript?

Can someone please tell me on which folio to find Shabbat 116b in the Munich Manuscript? My Hebrew is weak, and the numbering is different in the Munich Talmud: https://www.digitale-sammlungen.de/en/...
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

End of Redaction of the Mishnah and the Gemara

The Talmud has three layers, the Mishnah, the Gemara and the comments (mainly Rashi for Bavli and others for Yerushalmi, who are well known). What is the estimate timeline for the end of redaction of ...
7 votes
3 answers
590 views

Who is "Mar" ("The Master") in the Bavli?

Throughout the Bavli, but (based on a Sefaria search) never in the Mishnah, the Tosefta, or the Yerushalmi, we find the phrase "amar Mar" (אמר מר) without any other identifier (in contrast ...
0 votes
0 answers
65 views

Agadah / Talmud Bavli Map

Is there a spreadsheet or list available, linking the אגדתא of shas with the standard pagination? I.e., flagging daf כ ע"א, כב ע"ב, כה ע"א as having אגדתא. (Anything in עין יעקב, but in ...
7 votes
1 answer
170 views

Yerushalmi Horoyos in Shas Vilna

The Vilna Shas (Bavli) contains the Yerushalmi Horoyos, without meforshim, following the Bavli version. It does not have this for any other masechta (that I know of). Why is this?
2 votes
2 answers
169 views

טירטוריו"ש in Rashi

In his commentary to Nazir 49b (heading קנטרנין), Rashi gives one word: טירטוריו"ש What does this word mean please?
1 vote
2 answers
86 views

Question on the connection of the braitot in Sanhedrin 32b

In Bavli Sanhedrin 32b it says: "The Sages taught: The verse states: “Justice, justice, shall you follow.” This teaches that one should follow the best, most prestigious, court of the generation....
1 vote
2 answers
447 views

English translation of Rashi Talmud Commentary

Are there any Rashi commentaries in English on Moed Katan? If not, does anyone know where I can find an accurate (non-Google translate) rendition of this: אפילו בספר עזרא - ספר תורה של עזרא ואני שמעתי ...

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