Questions tagged [slave-serve-eved-avadim]

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1answer
89 views

Why does the Torah write Vayikra 25:51 & 25:52?

Vayikra 25:50-52: נ וְחִשַּׁב֙ עִם־קֹנֵ֔הוּ מִשְּׁנַת֙ הִמָּ֣כְרוֹ ל֔וֹ עַ֖ד שְׁנַ֣ת הַיֹּבֵ֑ל וְהָיָ֞ה כֶּ֤סֶף מִמְכָּרוֹ֙ בְּמִסְפַּ֣ר שָׁנִ֔ים כִּימֵ֥י שָׂכִ֖יר יִהְיֶ֥ה עִמּֽוֹ׃ נא אִם־ע֥וֹד ...
2
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2answers
424 views

Are we children or servants of HaShem?

HaShem teaches us to serve Him (Shemot 23:25), because we're His servants (Vayikra 25:42, 25:55), HaShem also teaches that we're His children (Devarim 14:1). There is a long explanation about these ...
4
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3answers
245 views

Why didn't Jewish slaves rebel against the Egyptians?

A number of traditional sources indicate that the population of Jews in Mitzrayim was burgeoning. Pharaoh himself was concerned about it, worrying that they would take over the land. Why didn't a ...
14
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5answers
258 views

Would Esther really have kept silent?

In Esther 7:4 we read וְאִלּוּ לַעֲבָדִים וְלִשְׁפָחוֹת נִמְכַּרְנוּ, הֶחֱרַשְׁתִּי--כִּי אֵין הַצָּר שֹׁוֶה, בְּנֵזֶק הַמֶּלֶךְ ... ... But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held ...
2
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0answers
34 views

At the time of the giving of the parshah of Nirtza (of avadim), was the avoda done by the Bchoros?

Or was it done by the kohanim at that time? [The din of nirtza is briefly to make a hole in the ear of a slave who wants to continue serving his master, he becomes a slave until Yovel.] The question ...
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5answers
151 views

Why did God want the Israelites to take riches from Egypt before the Exodus?

In parshat Bo, we read: And the Lord said to Moses... Speak, please, in the ears of the people, and let them ask every man of his neighbor, and every woman of her neighbor, jewels of silver, and ...
3
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0answers
64 views

Ten Martyrs - Why would Binyamin be culpable?

There's the famous incident known as the Ten Martyrs (see here), where Ten famous Rabbis were killed (not in the same period) as an atonement for the Ten children of Yaakov selling Yosef. The ten are ...
0
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1answer
66 views

Were the “maidens” of Rebekah “schifchot” to Isaac or “pileg'shim” to Isaac?

Were all or one of the "maidens" of Rebekah "schifchot" to Isaac or "pileg'shim" to Isaac (regardless whether he consummated with them or not)? Why or why not? The "...
3
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2answers
194 views

How to become a Canaanite slave

Rambam provides the different ways how a Jew could purchase a Canaanite slave. He may be acquired through the transfer of money, the transfer of a deed of purchase, the manifestation of one's ...
2
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2answers
251 views

Had an unmarried Jewish woman ever owned a male slave, whom she acquired or asked to become her husband?

Had an unmarried Jewish woman ever owned a male slave, whom she acquired or asked to become her husband? Was there ever any occurrence in the Tanach, Gemara, Mishna, Halacha, Aggadot, Midrashim, etc. ...
2
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1answer
121 views

A Jewish-slaves Mitzvahs obligations

What mitzvos is a Jewish slave (a Jew owned by a Jew mentioned Shemot 21,2) obligated in? Is a Jewish slave obligated in time bound mitzvos? or he obligated to the same mitzvos as a woman? Sources ...
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0answers
36 views

Looking for a source on the city of Gilad

Some time ago I heard a Dvar Torah (which I brought here) by someone who stated, among other things, that the city of Gilad used to be, at least from the time of the sale of Yosef until it was ...
8
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1answer
152 views

The Ear That Heard “Don't Steal”

Rashi to Exodus 21:6 quotes the Mechilta which connects the drilling of the ear of the slave to hearing "don't steal" at Sinai. The obvious question asked by the Moshav Z'keinim (there) is that Rashi ...
3
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1answer
299 views

Ear Piercing of Jewish slave that wants to stay a slave a mum?

I heard in a daf yomi shiur (on kedushin 21b) that a koen can not want to stay a slave (one opinion says it is because he the Ear Piercing will make him have a mum What Ear Piercing makes a mum? ...
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30 views

Does an ex-slave need to do Tshuva?

Rashi, on Shemot 21:6 that talks about an Eved-Ivri extending his servitude, writes: What is the reason that the ear had to be pierced rather than any other limb of the servant’s body? Rabban ...
3
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1answer
323 views

Why were the Levi'im not enslaved?

Rashi on Shemot 5:4 says: GO YE UNTO YOUR BURDENS — Go to your work which you have to do at home; but it cannot signify “go to your labours as slaves”, for he was speaking to Moses and Aaron who ...
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0answers
103 views

Is a maidservant required to be 'moseret nefesh' for her master?

In Sefer Bereshit, 30:3-13 the maidservants of both Rochel and Leah are given to Yaacov in their stead to build Yaacov's house through bearing additional children. Since the text states that any ...
6
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2answers
259 views

Why is the name of Eliezer often missing?

Very often in the Torah Eliezer's proper name is omitted when he is discussed. Examples include the story of finding a wife for Yitzhak where he is referred to as eved or ish, his accompanying Avraham ...
5
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1answer
171 views

What happened to Noah's slaves?

According to such commentators or midrashim as say that Noah had slaves that joined him on the ark[1], what happened to them? That is: We hear a lot in the immediately succeeding chapters of Genesis (...
8
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2answers
509 views

Can one buy a slave nowadays?

Assuming that there's no legal issues (like the slave doesn't mind, or doesn't know that he can run away), can one buy a slave nowadays in America to have the laws of an Eved Kenaani?
1
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1answer
158 views

Slavery, an apparent contradiction?

In the Exodus, G-d hears the suffering of Israel as follows: “The Israelites were groaning under the bonding and cried out, and their cry for help from the bondage rose to G-d” (Exod 2:23); “I will ...
2
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2answers
137 views

Why did G-d promise the former slaves to continue cultivating slavery?

This question is a different aspect of the previous question "why-parshas-mishpatim-begin-with-laws-of-slaves". A man that is discharged from a prison promises to never get back. A nation that was ...
0
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1answer
115 views

Circumventing the conversion fuss by enslaving and freeing

Can a long path of the Orthodox conversion be circumvented by the following procedure*? Enslaving a Gentile person by buying from him/herself Dipping him/her in a Mikve before a Beis Din for the ...
6
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1answer
667 views

Why does the Mishneh Torah detail how to free a slave if it is forbidden?

Mishneh Torah Hilkhot Avadim 5:1-3 details how a Canaanite slave is freed (with money or a document). However, 9:6 states that one may not free a Canaanite slave (though if one does, the slave is free)...
2
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2answers
205 views

Do slaves owned by jews observe shabbat (day of rest)?

To my understanding it is a commandment of God that those who live among jews observe Shabbat. Historically, slaves owned by jews must have lived among them. Does Gods commandment apply to slaves, if ...
10
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1answer
417 views

Slavery in halacha today

Are all/any the halachos of slavery still in effect today? For example: If a destitute Jewish person stole and did not have the money to repay, could a modern beis did sell him/her as a slave? If a ...
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0answers
224 views

Half Jew half Gentile

I always thought it was a misconception to be "half-Jewish". Usually the speaker means one of their parents are Jewish, making them either fully Jewish or fully Gentile. However, I saw today that the ...
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0answers
40 views

Can a slave say the Haggadah?

Throughout the Haggadah, we make reference to the fact that originally we were slaves, but now we are freed. To quote just a couple of them: עבדים היינו לפרעה במצרים...ואלו לא הוציא הקב״ה את אבותינו ...
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2answers
367 views

Do any poskim exempt 13-20-year-olds from Mussaf?

In Artscroll’s edition of Sefer HaChinuch (vol. 2, p. 303), they quote a discussion regarding whether women are exempt from davening Mussaf: If women are obligated as men are in all the communal ...
4
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0answers
64 views

What happens if Hebrew Slave goes on strike?

@Joel's answer to my previous question "whats-so-slave-ish-in-the-hebrew-slave" showed a possible difference between a slave and an employee - the later can simply walk away. That made me think: what ...
3
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2answers
282 views

Why didn't the Israelites fight against being enslaved?

In Parashat Shemot, the pasuk says וַיֹּאמֶר, אֶל-עַמּוֹ: הִנֵּה, עַם בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל--רַב וְעָצוּם, מִמֶּנּוּ Pharaoh was, for whatever reason, worried that the Israelites had become more ...
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2answers
220 views

Why does the torah on injured slaves call out eyes and teeth but not other damages?

In Parshat Mishpatim (Sh'mot 21:24-25) the torah tells us that if a man injuries another person he owes compensation: eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, and so on (listing ...
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1answer
45 views

Hebrew slaves and Yovel - how does it starts and ends?

The Gemmorah links the Hebrew slavery to the [idea of] Yovel (Gitin 65, Kidushin 69, Erchin 29, Rambam Avadim 1, 10): "אין אמה העבריה נוהגת ולא עבד עברי נוהג אלא בזמן שהיובל נוהג. בין עבד עברי ...
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4answers
613 views

Why does God allow slavery?

How could a kind G-D allow his people to use slavery on their weaker contemporaries and neighbors and yet be so strict with other requirements?
4
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1answer
147 views

Why may a master torture his non-Jewish slave?

We’re commanded to be sensitive to a convert, as we know what it’s like to be in a foreign land (Shemos 23:9): וְגֵ֖ר לֹ֣א תִלְחָ֑ץ וְאַתֶּ֗ם יְדַעְתֶּם֙ אֶת־נֶ֣פֶשׁ הַגֵּ֔ר כִּֽי־גֵרִ֥ים הֱיִיתֶ֖ם ...
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2answers
80 views

Unexpected Yovel (50th year) to free slaves?

Rambam Avadim 2: "מְכָרוּהוּ בֵּית דִּין עוֹבֵד שֵׁשׁ שָׁנִים ... אֲבָל אִם פָּגְעָה בּוֹ שְׁנַת יוֹבֵל אֲפִלּוּ נִמְכַּר שָׁנָה אַחַת לִפְנֵי הַיּוֹבֵל הֲרֵי זֶה יֵצֵא לְחֵרוּת : If the court ...
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1answer
42 views

Controversies in counting the 24 organs of freeing the slave

I've already asked a couple of questions on the counting of the 248 body organs, see the list. Lately, I asked some question on slavery and here's where those topics cross. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin ...
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1answer
88 views

What's so slave-ish in the Hebrew Slave?

I'm trying to compare the status and duties of a Hebrew slave that sells himself to slavery versus a man that agrees to work for 7 years (שכיר שבוע), as in B"M 9,11: "שְׂכִיר שַׁבָּת, שְׂכִיר חֹדֶשׁ, ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Are there examples of Hebrew Slaves in the Gemmorah?

Are there examples of Hebrew Slaves mentioned in the Gemmorah? Names of the slaves or their masters, the amounts paid, the terms served etc? (I recall a couple of Eved K'naani like Tavi, but can't ...
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0answers
29 views

Who would want to buy a Hebrew slave to equal him to his master?

We all know how benevolent our position to the Jewish slavery is (Rambam Avadim 1): "כָּל עֶבֶד עִבְרִי אוֹ אָמָה הָעִבְרִיָּה חַיָּב הָאָדוֹן לְהַשְׁווֹתָן לוֹ בְּמַאֲכָל וּבְמַשְׁקֶה בִּכְסוּת ...
1
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1answer
40 views

What prevents a needy from stealing and being sold into slavery?

Imagine a poor Jewish guy with a screaming wife and 12 little kids that went bankrupt and lost everything he had. He still needs to support himself and his family. What prevents him from selecting ...
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3answers
407 views

Why is a Jewish slave called an Eved Ivri and not Eved Israeli? [closed]

Why throughout Judaism (starting from Parashat Mishpotim - Shemos 21:2 a Jewish slave is called Eved Ivri כִּי תִקְנֶה עֶבֶד עִבְרִי? Why does it not call him an Eved Yisroeli, instead? The last ...
4
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2answers
532 views

Did the rights of a Jewish slave owner include having sex with his female slaves?

I know that Abraham had sex with his slave who acted as a surrogate for Sarah and I understand that to have been standard practice (even though God did not intend for his promise to be fulfilled ...
6
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4answers
291 views

Why does Parshas Mishpatim begin with laws of slaves?

Parshas Mishpatim, as its name implies, deals with the civil laws of the Torah. Out of all the civil laws in the Torah, the parshah begins with the laws of the Hebrew slave. Why did the Torah see fit ...
2
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1answer
90 views

Israel in Egypt after being freed but before the Exodus?

One of Artscroll's "Daily Dose of Torah" books, on parshat Vaera, says that the Israelites stayed in Egypt for a significant period of time after being freed from slavery but before the Exodus. I ...
2
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2answers
163 views

What was the justification for selling Joseph into slavery?

In Parashat Vayeishev, the story is recounted about how the children of Jacob conspired to kill Joseph. The explanation is that they judged him to be guilty of several violations and deserving of ...
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0answers
32 views

Is Eved Ivri obligated in honoring one's parents?

A tough question that I could not find anyone mentioning. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin 30b says a married woman is exempt from honoring the parents as "whereas with regard to a woman, it is not in her ...
4
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1answer
129 views

Understanding the servants' hard/soft hearts

In Parshas Bo (10:1) we read that God hardened the hearts of Pharaoh's servants: כִּי אֲנִי הִכְבַּדְתִּי אֶת לִבּוֹ וְאֶת לֵב עֲבָדָיו. The Ohr HaChaim explains that this is so that the servants ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Freeing Non-Jewish Slave

I stumbled across this statement regarding the prohibition of freeing a non-Jewish slave in an online article quoting Gemara Brachos. I am just looking for some clarity and background as to the nature ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Why is a slave sold for six years?

Why is a slave sold for six years? He's being sold for stealing. So he should be sold for the amount of time it takes to make enough to pay back the stolen amount.