Questions tagged [shoftim--book-of]

Book of Judges. The second book in the "Prophets" section of Tanakh going through the leaders of Israel spanning from after Joshua's death till Shimshon's death and various events that took place therein.

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How did Manoach not know he was speaking with an Angel?

In the passage in Shoftim chapter 13, Manoach and his wife speak with an Angel. His wife in verse 6 tells him she has spoken with an Angel. A few verses later, the verse says that Manoach didn’t know ...
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Does Shoftim 2:10 refute the Kuzari argument?

Shoftim 2:10 states that a generation arose which: לא ידעו את ה' וגם את המעשה אשר עשה לישראל knew not the L-rd, nor yet the work which he had done for Yisrael This either means that we literally ...
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Pronunciation of YHVH in the Pesel Micha story

The Minchas Shai on Shoftim 17:3 quotes the Gemara (Shevuos 35a) and Maseches Sofrim (4:6) regarding if the names יהוה and אלהים in the story of Micha's idol are holy or not. The Tanna Kama says that ...
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What was God's involvement in the matter of Jephthah's daughter?

The book of Judges tells us the sad story of Jephthah (Yiftach), who vowed he would sacrifice anything coming out of his house, and it turned out to be his daughter. [Judges 11] Not only does God not ...
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Midrash on Novach

In Ruth Rabbah 5:5 it says: "...And similarly "And Nobah went and took Kenath, and the villages thereof, and called it Nobah, after his own name (Numbers 32:42) this teaches that her own ...
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Samson and the Jawbone

Is the story of Samson killing a thousand men (Judges 15:15) with the jawbone of a donkey supposed to be taken literally or is it an allegory or metaphor? Seems unlikely in the extreme that a man ...
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Multiple Tribes of Binyamin?

In the book "Sefer Yosef Breslevi", there's an essay by Yisrael Ben-Shem in which he raises multiple questions related to various appearances of people from the Tribe of Binyamin throughout ...
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Cutting up the concubine of Gibeah

I've been learning Prophets on the Shabbat, and honestly, I was quite disturbed by the violent fate of the concubine of Gibeah. But even worse, the poor woman was cut up into 12 pieces by a Levite ...
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Yiftach's bones were scattered

I saw in a sefer (Ishei Hatanakh) that Yiftach's bones were scattered as a punishment for killing his daughter. The sefer said the source was otzer midrashim: the aleph bet of ben sira 36, but I ...
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Memorializing biblical characters through song? (Yiftach's daughter)

If we are going of the opinion that Yiftach did indeed kill his daughter, the verse then says the daughters of Yisroel memorialized her once a year through songs (Shoftim 11:40). Are there any other ...
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What shevet is Yiftach from? Who are אַנְשֵׁ֣י גִלְעָ֔ד?

In Shoftim Perek 12, it speaks of the people of גִלְעָ֔ד. Who are these people? They fight against the people of Ephraim and I am just confused which shevet they are from? Additionally, it says in 12:...
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Has anyone seen God?

Some verses seem to indicate that God was seen. In Exodus 33:11 So the Lord used to speak to Moses face to face, just as a man speaks to his friend. When Moses returned to the camp, his servant ...
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The woman who killed King Avimelekh

The Book of Judges relates how Avimelekh, the son of Gideon rose to power and made himself a king by killing his seventy brothers. His eventual fate came, when he sieged Teiveitz and wanted to take a ...
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Why did Shimshon not suspect Delilah of betraying him?

Shalom. I have been troubled by the story of Shimshon and Delilah since I first heard it as a child. Why did Shimshon not suspect Delilah of betraying him long before he was finally captured? Three ...
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Name of Sisera's Mother

The mother of Sisera seems to take on a fairly large role [see Rosh Hashana (33b)] in understanding blowing the Shofar on Rosh Hashana, based on her crying for her son after his war against Klal ...
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Why is the *nun* raised?

The Book of Judges says: The Children of [the Tribe of] Dan erected graven images [idols] for themselves; and Jonathan son of Gershom son of Menashe [וִ֠יהוֹנָתָן בֶּן־גֵּרְשֹׁ֨ם בֶּן־מְנַשֶּׁ֜ה], ...
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Is Shechem in the time of Avimelech (son of Gidon the Judge) made of Jewish people?

Gidon married a Pilegesh (second wife) from Shechem. Was she Jewish? She bore him a son Avimelech. He convinced the people of Shechem to agree that he should become king. Were the people of Shechem ...
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Was Otniel ben Kenaz a half-brother or a nephew to Kalev?

Otniel ben Kenaz, who was the first Judge of the Jewish People, married Kalev's daughter. I read in one place that he was a half brother to Kalev, and somewhere else it says he was a nephew to Kalev. ...
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Connection between Tehillim 68 and the Song of Deborah?

I've noticed a number of similarities between the language of Tehillim 68 and the Song of Deborah (Shofetim 5). Some examples: Tehillim 68:8-9: אֱ‍ֽלֹהִ֗ים בְּ֭צֵאתְךָ לִפְנֵ֣י עַמֶּ֑ךָ ...
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Why is Yiftach's sacrifice of his kin looked at so negatively, while Chana's "sacrifice" of kin so positively?

According to the commentaries (who include the Ralbag, Radak, Ibn Ezra and Abarbanel) who say Yiftach didn't literally kill his daughter but rather made more of a spiritual "sacrifice", where she ...
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The Nikud of the word תמות in the sentence תמות נפשי עם פלישתים

In the Tanach, Shoftim טז Pasuk ל: וַיֹּאמֶר שִׁמְשׁוֹן, תָּמוֹת נַפְשִׁי עִם-פְּלִשְׁתִּים, וַיֵּט בְּכֹחַ, וַיִּפֹּל הַבַּיִת עַל-הַסְּרָנִים וְעַל-כָּל-הָעָם אֲשֶׁר-בּוֹ; וַיִּהְיוּ הַמֵּתִים, ...
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How was the concubine of givah killed

What killed the concubine of givah. What is the natural explanation. It does not seem natural that mass rape can kill someone overnight. Source please
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What tribe was Barak from?

Please bear with the odd question. About a year ago, I was in the middle of writing an essay on some of the shoftim that have less background information written about them in Sefer Shoftim. ...
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What are the limits of hospitality? [duplicate]

Hospitality is valued very highly in Judaism, witness Abraham [Gen. 18:1-5], Lot [Gen. 19:1-8], Laban [Gen. 24:28–32], Manoah [Judges 13:15-16] or the unhappy matter of the concubine of Gibeah [Judges ...
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What was the consequence of Yael's sin?

The gemarah (Horiyot 10b, Nazir 23b) states that Yael sinned for the sake of God in sleeping with Sisra. I would like to know what consequence, if any, there was for this sin. Was her husband ...
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Was Yael Jewish?

In Shoftim chapters 4 and 5 we learn of a woman named יָעֵל אֵשֶּׁת חֶבֶר הַקֵּינִי, Yael the wife of Chever the Kenite, who kills Sisra. In the song of Devorah, the Midrash (Ruth Rabba 1:8) and ...
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Who originally conquered Jerusalem?

Of course we generally think that it was conquered by King David. But in Shoftim 1:8 it says that Jerusalem was captured by the tribe of Judah soon after the death of Joshua. So how do we understand ...
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How did Midyan survive the war? [duplicate]

According to the Torah, the Israelites killed all of the kings of Midian and all males and all but the youngest girls and took all of their possessions (Parashat Mattot - B'midbar 31:7-10). ...
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Did Yiftach's daughter have to comply with his vow?

In Judges chapter 11 Yiftach vows to dedicate whatever first comes out of the doors of his home to God (perhaps to be sacrificed as an offering) should he be victorious in battle. After his victory he ...
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Was Samson permitted to commit suicide and if so why?

In Judges 16:30 Samson commits suicide. Samson cried, “Let me die with the Philistines! See Metzudat David there Seemingly his supernatural strength had returned, perhaps only temporarily. But, ...
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(In the choice of people that was made in the Gideon story), why were those who bowed down upon their knees to drink water rejected? Judges 7:5-6

Is there anything wrong with bowing down upon the knees to get anything (fulfill a need, even a basic need as drink water is)(given that you can do it by avoiding the "bowing down upon your knees" ...
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Why did they need such an elaborate plan after Pilegesh Begiv'ah?

I've been thinking about this for a while, but this question reminded me. After the incident of Pilegesh Begiv'ah, the tribe of Binyamin had been almost wiped out and was down to 600 men. Everyone ...
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In Judges 8:18 what suggested royalty to Zebah and Zalmunna?

NOTE: I'm double-posting this question on Hermeneutics as it may produce two viewpoints, dunno. KJV Judges 8:18 Then said he unto Zebah and Zalmunna, What manner of men were they whom ye slew at ...
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Judges Chapter 9 and Aesop's Fable

In the book of Judges 9:8-15 we have the following fable: 8 The trees went forth on a time to anoint a king over them; and they said unto the olive-tree: Reign thou over us. 9 But the olive-...
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Aveira Lishma: Is it permissible to make a decision that contradicts Halacha because it is for the greater good?

The gemara in brachos 10a says that Chizkiyahu made the decision not to have children as he saw that his kids would be negative influences on the Jewish people. Then, Yeshayahu tells him that is not ...
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The three missing titles of Shofet

The era commonly known as the period of the Shoftim, Judges of the Jewish nation, spanned from the leadership of Osniel Ben K'naz through Shimshon Hagibor. Prior to these judges, The Seder olam also ...
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Why was Shimshon's fourth response to Delilah worse than the third?

When Delilah asked Shimshon where his miraculous strength came from, he gave four responses: tie me up with seven moist ropes no, they have to be NEW, THICK ropes put seven of my hairs into a loom ...
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How a tribe that was just decimated (end of the book of judges) managed to unify all other tribes into a kingdom (beginning of the book of Samuel)? [closed]

How the tribe of Benjamin after the concubine incident went from being a wiped out people, to producing Saul as a warlord and unifying all Israel? It seems almost as if the davidic scribe of the ...
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Why is the word ראש singular by Orev and Ze'ev in Sefer Shoftim

The pasuk in Shoftim 7:25 teaches us וַֽיִּלְכְּד֡וּ שְׁנֵֽי־שָׂרֵ֨י מִדְיָ֜ן אֶת־עֹרֵ֣ב וְאֶת־זְאֵ֗ב וַיַּהַרְג֨וּ אֶת־עוֹרֵ֤ב בְּצוּר־עוֹרֵב֙ וְאֶת־זְאֵב֙ הָרְג֣וּ בְיֶֽקֶב־זְאֵ֔ב וַֽיִּרְדְּפ֖וּ ...
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Who is the author of Sefer Shoftim (Judges)?

According to Jewish tradition, who wrote Sefer Shoftim / Book of Judges? I'd also be curious to know what secular scholars would answer to this question. However I am mainly concerned with what ...
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Why couldn't Dan defeat the Amorites?

Chapter 1 of the book of Shoftim (Judges) describes how the Amorites chased the tribe of Dan to the mountains. My question is why couldn't Dan defeat the Amorites - especially when G-d promised to ...
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What was the name of Yiftach's (Jephthah's) daughter?

Do we have any sources for the name of Yiftach/Jephthah's daughter in Shoftim?
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תְּחִלָה vs. בְּרֵאשִׁית

Why is בְּרֵאשִׁית used in Bereshit 1:1 but תְּחִלָה used in Shoftim 1:1? Both words mean beginning/first as far as I can tell. I am just wondering why one is used in one location and the other ...
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How could Klall Yisrael make a Bamah when the Mishkan was in Shilo (Acc. to Metzudos David)?

The incident of the Pelegesh B'Gibeah and its aftermath as described in the last few Perakim in Sefer Shoftim discusses that after Benei Yisrael annihilated all of Sheivet Binyamin except for 600 men ...
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Why did Yiftach have to fulfill his oath?

Yiftach swore that the first thing to come out of his house upon his arrival would become a sacrifice. Unfortunately, that was his daughter. Why he didn't get it annulled and why he went through with ...
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Was it customary for there to be an annual lamentation for someone's death, e.g. the daughter of Jephthah? Details as to her mourning process?

In Judges 11, the overzealous (or prideful) short-reigned judge of Israel, Jephthah, makes the rash vow to G-d that if he is victorious against the Ammorites and safely returns home, then he will ...
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Seasons of judgment

Seasons of Jugdment Are there seasons of judgment?Seasons where Hashem judge the world.We know about Yom Kippur and the seal .But when or in what season does this judgment take place.Is there a ...
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Was Laish (A.K.A Leshem) under the rulership of the Jewish people?

Note: The following question is for those who have a relative understanding of the following incident in Tanach. If you think you can help answer my question but need the necessary background I ...
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Why did Shimshon ask his parents to help him marry a Philistine woman?

In the 14th perek of Sefer Shoftim the pasuk reads: Translation is via Sefaria וַיַּ֗עַל וַיַּגֵּד֙ לְאָבִ֣יו וּלְאִמּ֔וֹ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אִשָּׁ֛ה רָאִ֥יתִי בְתִמְנָ֖תָה מִבְּנ֣וֹת פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים ...
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Did Shimshon sleep with the harlot when he Came to Gaza

In the book of Judges Chapter 16 it says: 1And Samson went to Gaza, and saw there a harlot, and came to her. אוַיֵּלֶךְ שִׁמְשׁוֹן עַזָּתָה וַיַּרְא שָׁם אִשָּׁה זוֹנָה וַיָּבֹא אֵלֶיהָ: When it ...
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