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Questions tagged [shoftim--book-of]

Book of Judges. The second book in the "Prophets" section of Tanakh going through the leaders of Israel spanning from after Joshua's death till Shimshon's death and various events that took place therein.

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What was the consequence of Yael's sin?

The gemarah (Horiyot 10b, Nazir 23b) states that Yael sinned for the sake of God in sleeping with Sisra. I would like to know what consequence, if any, there was for this sin. Was her husband ...
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Was Yael Jewish?

In Shoftim chapters 4 and 5 we learn of a woman named יָעֵל אֵשֶּׁת חֶבֶר הַקֵּינִי, Yael the wife of Chever the Kenite, who kills Sisra. In the song of Devorah, the Midrash (Ruth Rabba 1:8) and ...
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Who originally conquered Jerusalem?

Of course we generally think that it was conquered by King David. But in Shoftim 1:8 it says that Jerusalem was captured by the tribe of Judah soon after the death of Joshua. So how do we understand ...
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How did Midyan survive the war? [duplicate]

According to the Torah, the Israelites killed all of the kings of Midian and all males and all but the youngest girls and took all of their possessions (Parashat Mattot - B'midbar 31:7-10). ...
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Did Yiftach's daughter have to comply with his vow?

In Judges chapter 11 Yiftach vows to dedicate whatever first comes out of the doors of his home to God (perhaps to be sacrificed as an offering) should he be victorious in battle. After his victory ...
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Was Samson permitted to commit suicide and if so why?

In Judges 16:30 Samson commits suicide. Samson cried, “Let me die with the Philistines! See Metzudat David there Seemingly his supernatural strength had returned, perhaps only temporarily. But, ...
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(In the choice of people that was made in the Gideon story), why were those who bowed down upon their knees to drink water rejected? Judges 7:5-6

Is there anything wrong with bowing down upon the knees to get anything (fulfill a need, even a basic need as drink water is)(given that you can do it by avoiding the "bowing down upon your knees" ...
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Why did they need such an elaborate plan after Pilegesh Begiv'ah?

I've been thinking about this for a while, but this question reminded me. After the incident of Pilegesh Begiv'ah, the tribe of Binyamin had been almost wiped out and was down to 600 men. Everyone ...
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In Judges 8:18 what suggested royalty to Zebah and Zalmunna?

NOTE: I'm double-posting this question on Hermeneutics as it may produce two viewpoints, dunno. KJV Judges 8:18 Then said he unto Zebah and Zalmunna, What manner of men were they whom ye slew at ...
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Judges Chapter 9 and Aesop's Fable

In the book of Judges 9:8-15 we have the following fable: 8 The trees went forth on a time to anoint a king over them; and they said unto the olive-tree: Reign thou over us. 9 But the olive-...
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Aveira Lishma: Is it permissible to make a decision that contradicts Halacha because it is for the greater good?

The gemara in brachos 10a says that Chizkiyahu made the decision not to have children as he saw that his kids would be negative influences on the Jewish people. Then, Yeshayahu tells him that is not ...
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The three missing titles of Shofet

The era commonly known as the period of the Shoftim, Judges of the Jewish nation, spanned from the leadership of Osniel Ben K'naz through Shimshon Hagibor. Prior to these judges, The Seder olam also ...
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Why was Shimshon's fourth response to Delilah worse than the third?

When Delilah asked Shimshon where his miraculous strength came from, he gave four responses: tie me up with seven moist ropes no, they have to be NEW, THICK ropes put seven of my hairs into a loom ...
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How a tribe that was just decimated (end of the book of judges) managed to unify all other tribes into a kingdom (beginning of the book of Samuel)? [closed]

How the tribe of Benjamin after the concubine incident went from being a wiped out people, to producing Saul as a warlord and unifying all Israel? It seems almost as if the davidic scribe of the ...
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Why is the word ראש singular by Orev and Ze'ev in Sefer Shoftim

The pasuk in Shoftim 7:25 teaches us וַֽיִּלְכְּד֡וּ שְׁנֵֽי־שָׂרֵ֨י מִדְיָ֜ן אֶת־עֹרֵ֣ב וְאֶת־זְאֵ֗ב וַיַּהַרְג֨וּ אֶת־עוֹרֵ֤ב בְּצוּר־עוֹרֵב֙ וְאֶת־זְאֵב֙ הָרְג֣וּ בְיֶֽקֶב־זְאֵ֔ב וַֽיִּרְדְּפ֖וּ ...
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Who is the author of Sefer Shoftim (Judges)?

According to Jewish tradition, who wrote Sefer Shoftim / Book of Judges? I'd also be curious to know what secular scholars would answer to this question. However I am mainly concerned with what ...
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Why couldn't Dan defeat the Amorites?

Chapter 1 of the book of Shoftim (Judges) describes how the Amorites chased the tribe of Dan to the mountains. My question is why couldn't Dan defeat the Amorites - especially when G-d promised to ...
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What was the name of Yiftach's (Jephthah's) daughter?

Do we have any sources for the name of Yiftach/Jephthah's daughter in Shoftim?
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תְּחִלָה vs. בְּרֵאשִׁית

Why is בְּרֵאשִׁית used in Bereshit 1:1 but תְּחִלָה used in Shoftim 1:1? Both words mean beginning/first as far as I can tell. I am just wondering why one is used in one location and the other ...
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How could Klall Yisrael make a Bamah when the Mishkan was in Shilo (Acc. to Metzudos David)?

The incident of the Pelegesh B'Gibeah and its aftermath as described in the last few Perakim in Sefer Shoftim discusses that after Benei Yisrael annihilated all of Sheivet Binyamin except for 600 men ...
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Why did Yiftach have to fulfill his oath?

Yiftach swore that the first thing to come out of his house upon his arrival would become a sacrifice. Unfortunately, that was his daughter. Why he didn't get it annulled and why he went through with ...
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Was it customary for there to be an annual lamentation for someone's death, e.g. the daughter of Jephthah? Details as to her mourning process?

In Judges 11, the overzealous (or prideful) short-reigned judge of Israel, Jephthah, makes the rash vow to G-d that if he is victorious against the Ammorites and safely returns home, then he will ...
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Seasons of judgment

Seasons of Jugdment Are there seasons of judgment?Seasons where Hashem judge the world.We know about Yom Kippur and the seal .But when or in what season does this judgment take place.Is there a ...
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Was Laish (A.K.A Leshem) under the rulership of the Jewish people?

Note: The following question is for those who have a relative understanding of the following incident in Tanach. If you think you can help answer my question but need the necessary background I ...
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Why did Shimshon ask his parents to help him marry a Philistine woman?

In the 14th perek of Sefer Shoftim the pasuk reads: Translation is via Sefaria וַיַּ֗עַל וַיַּגֵּד֙ לְאָבִ֣יו וּלְאִמּ֔וֹ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אִשָּׁ֛ה רָאִ֥יתִי בְתִמְנָ֖תָה מִבְּנ֣וֹת פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים ...
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Did Shimshon sleep with the harlot when he Came to Gaza

In the book of Judges Chapter 16 it says: 1And Samson went to Gaza, and saw there a harlot, and came to her. אוַיֵּלֶךְ שִׁמְשׁוֹן עַזָּתָה וַיַּרְא שָׁם אִשָּׁה זוֹנָה וַיָּבֹא אֵלֶיהָ: When it ...
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Samson and the Nazarite Vow

When Samson returned to check on the carcass of the lion he had slain (Judges 14:8), did he ceremonially defile himself? (especially considering that he took honey from out of the carcass) Would even ...
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151 views

Why Was Benjamin Almost Destroyed?

What do classic sources / commentaries say on why the tribes went to war against Benjamin, Shoftim 19-21, and what the Benjaminites sins were? On the face of it, the rape and murder of a single ...
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Why didn't the tribes try to get their oath annulled so that they could give their daughters to the Benjamite men (end of Judges)?

In Shoftim (Judges) 21, the tribe of Benjamin was almost eliminated except for 600 men. However, all the other tribes had made an oath stating that no one was allowed to give their daughters to the ...
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After the Philistines caught Shimshon, is it true they used to bring their wives to him for sex?

And the Philistines seized him, and gouged out his eyes. And they brought him down to Gaza, and bound him with copper chains, and he did grind in the prison house. כאוַיֹּאחֲזוּהוּ פְלִשְׁתִּים ...
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Was Delilah Micahs mother

After the story of shimshon and Delilah and the sum of 1100 shekels it goes onto the story of Micah the 1100 shekels he stole from his mother. Could the mother of micah whos name is not mentioned be ...
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Why did Dan attack and kill the people of Laish?

In Judges 18-19, Dan searches for a piece of land to inhabit. They send out spies to Laish. It says that the inhabitants of Laish were prosperous. It seems that the inhabitants of Laish were peaceful, ...
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Why didn't Joshua appoint a leader after him?

When Joshua dies, he doesn't (at least not explicitly in Joshua 24 or Judges 1) appoint a spiritual or military leader after him. Joshua was appointed by Moses (Numbers 27:15-23) and that appears to ...
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Discrepancy -shoftim 7:18 and 7:20

Before Gideon goes out to war: יח וְתָקַעְתִּי בַּשּׁוֹפָר אָנֹכִי וְכָל אֲשֶׁר אִתִּי וּתְקַעְתֶּם בַּשּׁוֹפָרוֹת גַּם אַתֶּם סְבִיבוֹת כָּל הַמַּחֲנֶה וַאֲמַרְתֶּם לַיהֹוָה וּלְגִדְעוֹן: He says ...
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Child from the relations Yael had with Sisra

According to Shoftim 5:27, per the explanation found in Yevamos 103a (in the name of רבי יוחנן), Yael had relations with Sisra. אמר רבי יוחנן שבע בעילות בעל אותו רשע באותו היום שנאמר בין רגליה כרע ...
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Chronology of Shofetim

Where can I find a diagram or timeline showing the chronology of the Shofetim according to different commentators? For example Rashi on Shofetim 11:26, Ralbag nearby and Abarbanel on Shmuel 1 chapter ...
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Did Yael Sleep with Sisra?

I've read that Yael slept with Sisra, but this obviously isn't directly in the text. What is the source for this and the reasoning behind it. Wasn't Yael married?
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Root of Tribe of Binyamin's Sin

We have a rule that everything found in the Navi (Prophets) and Ketuvim (Writings) are sourced in the Torah (see opinion of Rabbi Yochanan in Taanit 9a, see also Talmud Yerushalmi Megilla Chapter 1 ...
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Two simultaneous shoftim

According to the timeline of the shoftim in the Artscroll Tanakh (supposedly based on the Vilna Gaon), Barak and Devorah served as judges of Israel at the same time. Why was it necessary for them both ...
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What was the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal?

Judges 9:57 OJPS and all the wickedness of the men of Shechem did God requite upon their heads; and upon them came the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal. My understanding on this book is still ...
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What tree represents Jotham and/or Abimelek?

What tree represents Jotham and/or Abimelek? Or am I completely missing the point of this parable? Help would be appreciated. Judges 9:7-15 OJPS 7 And when they told it to Jotham, he went and ...
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What is the role of a shofet (as in the book of Shoftim)?

In the book of Shoftim (Judges) we are introduced to a the role of a shofet ("judge"). At first glance, it's a very vague role. Hashem uses judges to prevent the Jews from sinning. But not much else ...
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Should Jepthah have sacrificed his daughter?

Jepthah made a vow that whatever came out of his house first would be sacrificed to the LORD. (This is actually pretty strange; what other object in his house can get out by itself?) Nevertheless, ...
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Why did Samson's parents not see the incident with the lion?

It says in sefer Shoftim (14,5-6) "And Shimshon and his father and mother went down to Timnas, and they came until the vineyards of Timnas, and behold, a young lion roared towards him. And there ...
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Why did the people want a king?

Why did the people want a king? Why couldn't they just find another shofet ("judge"-ruler, as in the book of Judges)? Can't also shofets lead in battle (Joshua, et al.)?
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Zombie Midianites?

In Numbers 31, the Jews wipe out Midyan. I'd think this referred to only those of Midyan who happened to be defending against the Jews' attack, and not the whole nation, except that even women and ...
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Why is Shimshon buried “in the grave of his father” and not father and mother?

Nearly everywhere in the story of Samson, more than in most stories in Tanakh, both parents are mentioned quite frequently. Leading up to birth, both parents share about equal page-time. After birth,...
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2answers
167 views

Was Pinchas born in Egypt?

I'm a little confused about the chronology of the Biblical giants Caleb and Pinchas. Caleb appears to have been part of the Exodus generation, and with Joshua, their defense of the Land of Israel ...
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How did the Oral Torah survive the years after Joshua died?

In the Book of Judges 2:10 it says that after the death of Joshua and his generation, "there arose another generation after them, who knew not Hashem nor the deed which He had done for Israel." ...
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How was Devorah appointed a judge?

Although there is already a question on how judges were appointed during the period after the First Temple was built, that question did not cover the period of the Judges, following the time of Joshua....