Questions tagged [shmita]

the sabbatical year; every seventh year when the land in Israel lies fallow

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14
votes
2answers
152 views

Does Shmita apply in Jordan?

Since the East bank of the Jordan River was given to shevet Reuven as an inheritance, was Shmita observed there as well? If so, does shmita still apply there?
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the Yovel every 49 or 50 years?

When is Yovel? Is it in the 49th year of the shmita cycle, or the 50th? And if it is in the 50th, when is the next shmita, in the 56th or 57th year? What is the practice in modern day Israel?
12
votes
2answers
62k views

When is the next shmita year (as of 5772)?

When is the next shmita year? Is there disagreement about which year? If so, which Jewish sects or traditions believe the shmita is in which years? If you specify years since creation, please also ...
9
votes
1answer
88 views

“Planting” astroturf during shmita

I previously asked about Planting grass during shmita, and discovered that it is forbidden. But what about astroturf (synthetic grass)? Would there be any problem with installing that during the ...
8
votes
1answer
270 views

Why is Shmita only Rabbinic nowadays?

I was reading up on Heter Iska and it said that Shmita and Shmitat Kesafim are only Rabbinic today. Why do the Biblical laws no longer apply?
7
votes
1answer
145 views

Over what parts of current Israel do the laws of Shemittah apply?

Over what parts of current Israel do the laws of Shemittah apply? Do the laws apply to the West Bank (Judea and Samaria)?
7
votes
1answer
255 views

Can one test God with Shmita?

In Vayikra 25: 20-22 (below) God says that he will guarantee a bountiful harvest if the Shmita is observed. Unlike other promises of spiritual reward, this one is easily quantifiable with observable ...
6
votes
1answer
148 views

The Omer during Shmita

The original Omer was an offering of newly cut barley. So what happened during the Shmitta year when there was no harvest? Presumably this offering was not brought? Was there still a biblical ...
6
votes
2answers
167 views

Rambam on Planting non-fruit trees on Shemita

The Yerushalmi in Sheviit 4:4 says: וכן היה רשב״ג אומר נוטעין אילן סרק בשביעית So too Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel would say - one may plant non-fruit trees on the seventh then RaMBa"M goes and ...
6
votes
2answers
513 views

What to do with a sh'vi'it etrog

Last year (5775) was a shemitah year, as such, etrogim produced in Israel end up becoming sh'vi'it (produce of the seventh year). One of the boxes I saw mentioned that the etrog should be disposed of ...
6
votes
1answer
66 views

How can Biur Sheviit precede Biur Maaser?

The Mishna (Maaser Sheni 3:2) rules that one should not buy Terumah with Maaser Sheni money since one thereby further limits who can eat the Maaser Sheni which could lead to it being wasted. The ...
6
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0answers
249 views

Ma Inyan Shmitta Eitzel Har Sinai?

Rashi says What does the subject of Shemittah have with Mount Sinai? Were not all the commandments stated from Sinai? However, [this teaches us that] just as with Shemittah, its general principles ...
5
votes
4answers
61 views

Why was Shmitta specifically chosen to teach that the intricacies of all mitzvot were given at Har Sinai?

(related to "Ma Inyan Shmitta Eitzel Har Sinai" but not the same) Parshas B'Har starts off saying Hashem spoke to Moshe on Har Sinai and instructed Moshe about the mitzvah of Shmitta. Rashi (s.v. ...
5
votes
1answer
377 views

What is Otzar Beis Din?

During shmittah, some stores sell otzar beis din produce which is ok to eat. What is otzar beis din and why does it make the produce permissible to eat?
5
votes
3answers
49 views

Why is Hakhel done specifically after the shemittah year is completed?

Devarim 31:10-12 mentions that at the end of shemittah (Sabbatical) year all of Israel should gather during the holiday of Succot to hear the Torah read. I gather that the reason Succot is chosen is ...
5
votes
1answer
189 views

Shmita and Joseph's Dreams

Shmita is every 7 years and we leave the land unused. In Egypt there were 7 years of feast, then 7 years of famine. As leaving the land unused could be considered famine like conditions, are there any ...
5
votes
1answer
157 views

Reasons for allowing התר מכירה in this day and age

Here is the concluding paragraph from an article from Torah L'Daat (red volume, BeHar 'בענין אם יש קנין לנכרי בארץ ישראל להפקיע קדושת שביעית') that discusses the halachic boundaries of whether non-...
5
votes
1answer
80 views

May the Shmittah Etrog be used to make lemon-scented deodorant or furniture polish?

My son brought me a pamphlet produced by Yeshiva Sh'or Yoshuv (Far Rockaway, NY) that discussed the laws of the 4 minim. (If I can locate an online copy, I'll edit in a link.) Near the end of the ...
5
votes
0answers
47 views

What to do with discarded shemittah produce of co-workers

I currently work in an environment where colleagues (irreligious and/or not Jewish) are consuming produce that has shemittah sanctity. They often throw their left over food directly in the bin with ...
4
votes
2answers
517 views

What happens to the debts after Shmitat Ksafim?

The question is rather simple - What happens to a loan after Shmitat Ksafim (I refer only to those entitled for Shmitah): Is the debt fully annulled and the Shtar/agreement invalidated in this world'...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Time-Set Irrigation for Shmita?

On Shmita one is not allowed to work the land (in Israel). Would it be permissible to set up on a timer (or a more sophisticated version) an irrigation system that waters the land and gives it the ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Should Gentiles observe the Shemitah by not farming and how else should they observe it?

As Christians we want to serve God is all the ways He wants us to. Does Judaism call on us to observe the Shemitah year by obstaining from our farming and gardening? What about cutting fire wood for ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Mah inyan Shmita eitzel the price of tea in China?

I saw some red peppers in an American grocery store labelled "Product of Israel". I have never seen that before, and my guess is that since it's a shmitta year, there is less of an Israeli domestic ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Were the there only 55 שמיטה years between the Exodus and the First Temple?

The sefer Sifsei Cohen (not to be confused with the commentary on the Shulchan Aruch) on VaYetzeh, Beraishis 28:13 writes the following: ואמר הארץ אשר אתה שוכב עליה לך אתננה...עוד אתננה אתן נה פי׳ ...
3
votes
2answers
204 views

The underlying reason for Shemitat Ksafim?

I've researched the topic for a while and I could not find a single interpreter discussing the reason (טעם המצווה) for canceling loans after the Shemitah Year. I know it is a Machloket (see my ...
3
votes
3answers
84 views

How is the land appeased regarding Shemittah?

In Parshas Bechukosai (Vayikra 26:34), the verse states: אָז תִּרְצֶה הָאָרֶץ אֶת שַׁבְּתֹתֶיהָ כֹּל יְמֵי הָשַּׁמָּה וְאַתֶּם בְּאֶרֶץ אֹיְבֵיכֶם אָז תִּשְׁבַּת הָאָרֶץ וְהִרְצָת אֶת שַׁבְּתֹתֶיהָ ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Fear of shmitta and 10 year loans

The Gemara Makkos 3b says: א"ר יהודה אמר שמואל המלוה את חבירו לעשר שנים אין שביעית משמטתו ואע"ג דאתי לידי לא יגוש השתא מיהא לא קרינן ביה לא יגוש If someone who makes a loan only payable in 10 ...
3
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1answer
92 views

Bikkurim during Shemita

During shemita, every 7th year of the agricultural cycle, the land of Israel is to be left completely fallow. One is forbidden from working the land which includes: plowing, planting, pruning and ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

How can one provide collateral to one's own debtors?

Picture the following scenario: Reuben needs to borrow money, and Shimon is happy to lend it to him. Unfortunately, Shimon won't lend Reuben the sum that he is after without something in the way of ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Hydroponics – Allowed on Seventh Year?

Would hydroponics be allowed in Israel on the seventh year, when there are additional restrictions on farming the land?
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Israeli esrogim after shemittah [duplicate]

Regarding esrogim the year after shemittah, when you prepare them to be made into jam, is it muttar to throw away the seeds?
3
votes
1answer
62 views

What is to be done with food illegally harvested in shmita year?

If some food was harvested and sold and this was done on shmita year, and this harvest is later found or left in ones possetion,without having purchased it, is it permissible or desirable to be eaten ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Issur Sefichin on Otzar Beis Din produce

The Sages were concerned that individuals would plant vegetables in the seventh year and claim that these had grown by themselves. They therefore forbade consumption of Shemitta vegetables where the ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Can the concept of Heter Mekhirah truly be supported from the Rambam?

Many of those who support the concept of the heter mekhirah today rely (at least in part) on their reading of the Rambam in various parts of the Mishneh Torah, most specifically in Hilkhoth Shemittah ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Is there a prayer for the prosperity of those keeping the shmitta year and if not – why not?

Is there an accepted* form of prayer for the prosperity of those keeping the shmitta year and if not – why not? My idea for a prayer would be along these lines which could be added into ברך עלינו: "...
2
votes
4answers
105 views

Was biblical Shmita observed during the time of the second temple?

Was biblical shmita observed during the second beit hamikdash? Is there a source for this?
2
votes
2answers
225 views

What year was the first Shemita?

When was the first Shemita year? I want to compare with our years from 1800 til now.
2
votes
2answers
419 views

Was the Shmita year ever observed before the first exile?

The Jews were punished with 70 years of exile for the 70 Shmita years (sabbatical years) they did not keep. (Chronicles II 36:21). Does this mean they never kept Shmita even during the time of the ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Questions regarding counting for Shemitta and Yovel

Leviticus 25:8 (Sefaria English translation): וְסָפַרְתָּ֣ לְךָ֗ שֶׁ֚בַע שַׁבְּתֹ֣ת שָׁנִ֔ים שֶׁ֥בַע שָׁנִ֖ים שֶׁ֣בַע פְּעָמִ֑ים וְהָי֣וּ לְךָ֗ יְמֵי֙ שֶׁ֚בַע שַׁבְּתֹ֣ת הַשָּׁנִ֔ים תֵּ֥שַׁע ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Is moving a potted plant with vegetables from the ground to a table change its status as far as Shmita?

If potted vegetables on the ground (considered shmita worthy) is placed on a table, does this change its status as far as the laws concerning shmita food?
2
votes
1answer
108 views

What happens to the obligation of rivai when a new fruit tree reaches its third or fourth year during Shmitah?

We learn in Leviticus 19:23, 24 that the fruit of a new tree is forbidden (orlah) for benefit for its first three years, but all of the fruit from the fourth year is sanctified (revai) and [when the ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

The observance of Shemitah

Do Jews forgive all debts and break from farming during Shemitah? If a Jew has a mortgage that is longer than 7 years, would that debt be forgiven? Could a Jew get a 30 year mortgage from a Jewish ...
2
votes
1answer
897 views

Vilna Gaon, Gog and Magog war and Hoshana Rabba

1) I read on Soul Mazal, the following: "...The Vilna Gaon on the Mechilta (Shmos 14:20) says that the Gog U'Magog war shall begin three hours before "Hanetz Hachama" (crack of dawn) on Hoshana ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Aquatic Plants for Aquarium During Shmita

I have a fish tank and was wondering if there are any restrictions to putting aquatic plants (fully submerged) inside to help with the water chemistry during the shmita. The plant's main function will ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Shomronim (Samaritans) and Sheviit [closed]

I am wondering if the Samaritans observe the Sabbatical year differently than most the "Masoretic" Jews. If so, how?
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Shmittah in Space

Inspired by this question. There are certain halachos, such as Shmittah, which only apply in Eretz Yisrael. My question is: is it a din in the land of Eretz Yisrael or the airspace of Eretz Yisrael? ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Commisioning a pruzbul in Monsey area

What are the procedures for commissioning a pruzbul, e.g. in the greater Monsey, NY area? Are there local batei din or shul rabbis who do this? Can it be done online?
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Is it usury to give a lender more than you borrowed on a Shemittah-cancelled loan?

Let's say that, prior to Shemitah, Reuven borrowed a bottle of milk from Shim'on, it had already been opened and partially consumed. For whatever reason, Reuven was unable to return the milk, and ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Why not give tzeddakah before shmittah?

Devarim 15:7 cautions us not to withhold help to others because of the approach of the shmittah year. However, the help we would expect to give would be charity and thus would not be repaid. If ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Can a partially moldy shmittah etrog be disposed?

In a recent pamphlet from Sh'or Yashuv Yeshiva (5 Towns), I read that a shemittah etrog must either be eaten or left to rot until it is inedible. Usually, when people see mold on food, they throw the ...