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Questions tagged [shmita]

the sabbatical year; every seventh year when the land in Israel lies fallow

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6
votes
1answer
65 views

How can Biur Sheviit precede Biur Maaser?

The Mishna (Maaser Sheni 3:2) rules that one should not buy Terumah with Maaser Sheni money since one thereby further limits who can eat the Maaser Sheni which could lead to it being wasted. The ...
5
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4answers
61 views

Why was Shmitta specifically chosen to teach that the intricacies of all mitzvot were given at Har Sinai?

(related to "Ma Inyan Shmitta Eitzel Har Sinai" but not the same) Parshas B'Har starts off saying Hashem spoke to Moshe on Har Sinai and instructed Moshe about the mitzvah of Shmitta. Rashi (s.v. ...
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2answers
39 views

Is Shmitat Ksafim practiced after a Yovel?

Many link between the Yovel and Shmitat Ksafim, like in Shu"A H"M 67: "דין שמיטה ופרוזבול ובו ל"ח סעיפים: אין שמיטת כספים נוהגת מן התורה אלא בזמן שהיובל נוהג" Is Shmitat Kasafim actually ...
3
votes
2answers
204 views

The underlying reason for Shemitat Ksafim?

I've researched the topic for a while and I could not find a single interpreter discussing the reason (טעם המצווה) for canceling loans after the Shemitah Year. I know it is a Machloket (see my ...
4
votes
2answers
517 views

What happens to the debts after Shmitat Ksafim?

The question is rather simple - What happens to a loan after Shmitat Ksafim (I refer only to those entitled for Shmitah): Is the debt fully annulled and the Shtar/agreement invalidated in this world'...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Bikkurim during Shemita

During shemita, every 7th year of the agricultural cycle, the land of Israel is to be left completely fallow. One is forbidden from working the land which includes: plowing, planting, pruning and ...
5
votes
3answers
49 views

Why is Hakhel done specifically after the shemittah year is completed?

Devarim 31:10-12 mentions that at the end of shemittah (Sabbatical) year all of Israel should gather during the holiday of Succot to hear the Torah read. I gather that the reason Succot is chosen is ...
0
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2answers
90 views

Does one need to worry about shmitah on Arab produce in Israel?

I often go to the Arab Market in Jerusalem's Old City to buy nuts and fruit because the quality is good and it's the cheapest I've found. I haven't seen a halakhic issue with their roasted nuts since ...
1
vote
1answer
249 views

Is the Samaritan Sabbath Year Concurrent with the Shmita?

Samaritan literature claim they observe a Sabbatical Year, and presumably a cycle of sevens in their calendar. However it is difficult to find actual years that this was practiced. The only concrete ...
0
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1answer
127 views

Can a non-Jewish slave convert and exit slavery this way?

Once entered into slavery, they have a semi-conversion whereupon they must keep a certain set of limited rules. Can they choose to fully convert and then be freed at the appropriate time of Shmita and ...
-2
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2answers
140 views

Do convert slaves and Jewish slaves get released at the same time?

If a slave had converted prior to being acquired, do they also get released on Shmita and the Jubilee year?
2
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1answer
103 views

Shmittah in Space

Inspired by this question. There are certain halachos, such as Shmittah, which only apply in Eretz Yisrael. My question is: is it a din in the land of Eretz Yisrael or the airspace of Eretz Yisrael? ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Questions regarding counting for Shemitta and Yovel

Leviticus 25:8 (Sefaria English translation): וְסָפַרְתָּ֣ לְךָ֗ שֶׁ֚בַע שַׁבְּתֹ֣ת שָׁנִ֔ים שֶׁ֥בַע שָׁנִ֖ים שֶׁ֣בַע פְּעָמִ֑ים וְהָי֣וּ לְךָ֗ יְמֵי֙ שֶׁ֚בַע שַׁבְּתֹ֣ת הַשָּׁנִ֔ים תֵּ֥שַׁע ...
3
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1answer
89 views

Hydroponics – Allowed on Seventh Year?

Would hydroponics be allowed in Israel on the seventh year, when there are additional restrictions on farming the land?
2
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0answers
59 views

Can a partially moldy shmittah etrog be disposed?

In a recent pamphlet from Sh'or Yashuv Yeshiva (5 Towns), I read that a shemittah etrog must either be eaten or left to rot until it is inedible. Usually, when people see mold on food, they throw the ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Israeli esrogim after shemittah [duplicate]

Regarding esrogim the year after shemittah, when you prepare them to be made into jam, is it muttar to throw away the seeds?
5
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1answer
80 views

May the Shmittah Etrog be used to make lemon-scented deodorant or furniture polish?

My son brought me a pamphlet produced by Yeshiva Sh'or Yoshuv (Far Rockaway, NY) that discussed the laws of the 4 minim. (If I can locate an online copy, I'll edit in a link.) Near the end of the ...
2
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1answer
886 views

Vilna Gaon, Gog and Magog war and Hoshana Rabba

1) I read on Soul Mazal, the following: "...The Vilna Gaon on the Mechilta (Shmos 14:20) says that the Gog U'Magog war shall begin three hours before "Hanetz Hachama" (crack of dawn) on Hoshana ...
6
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2answers
511 views

What to do with a sh'vi'it etrog

Last year (5775) was a shemitah year, as such, etrogim produced in Israel end up becoming sh'vi'it (produce of the seventh year). One of the boxes I saw mentioned that the etrog should be disposed of ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Commisioning a pruzbul in Monsey area

What are the procedures for commissioning a pruzbul, e.g. in the greater Monsey, NY area? Are there local batei din or shul rabbis who do this? Can it be done online?
9
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1answer
88 views

“Planting” astroturf during shmita

I previously asked about Planting grass during shmita, and discovered that it is forbidden. But what about astroturf (synthetic grass)? Would there be any problem with installing that during the ...
1
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0answers
69 views

Large scale hydroponics and Shmita

The gemara in Nedarim 59 (among many other places) discusses the concept of shmita produce and plants grown from them retaining their status when the original "seed" isn't destroyed when planted. In ...
2
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0answers
101 views

Questioning the Rambam's Reasoning on Yovel / Shmita

In the answer to the question Why is Shmita only Rabbinic Nowdays? it quotes the Rambam as requiring that each tribe be settled on their tribal plot: משגלה שבט ראובן ושבט גד וחצי שבט מנשה, בטלו ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Is it necessary for the 12 tribes to be settled in Israel in order to keep shmita? [duplicate]

Some commentators say that it is necessary for 12 tribes to be settled in Israel in order to keep shmita (rambam) but the fact is that two of the tribes had given up their shares in Israel to live on ...
1
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1answer
123 views

Kadosh-status of fruit grown during shmita but picked afterwards?

If a fruit that has grown on a tree during the shmita year and is only picked in the 8th year (not a shmita year) does it have a kadosh (holy) status since it grew and was ready to be eaten during ...
2
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0answers
44 views

Shinui and Shemittah: Is there such a thing?

I don't remember the exact words used in the pesukim to describe shemittah, but I do remember that it uses a very similar lashon to shemirat Shabbat. As in, it is forbidden to work the land because of ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Eating specifically fruit of shmitta

Is there an inyun to specifically eat fruits that have kedushas shvi'is? How much must a person go out of their way to buy such fruits? Let's say they cost more, how much more must they spend? Is this ...
2
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0answers
83 views

Using an Esrog that has on it Kedushas Shvi'is

There will be a question this coming Sukkos (as there was somewhat last sukkos as well -- according to some opinions) because the esrogim will have kedushas shvi'is (the ones grown in Israel) If there ...
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0answers
29 views

Making a bracha on the fruit with kedushas shvi'is before another fruit

In halacha we find that various foods come first in the order of the brachos we make on them. So to for fruit (for example if one is the fruit is from the 7 minim or not.) What about if I would have a ...
1
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0answers
20 views

Making Vitamins from Fruit of Shvi'is (Shmitta — the 7th year)

There are certain things a person can and can't do with the fruit of shmitta and in what way they are allowed to eat it. Could a person (or perhaps a company with the ability to produce such products)...
3
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1answer
62 views

What is to be done with food illegally harvested in shmita year?

If some food was harvested and sold and this was done on shmita year, and this harvest is later found or left in ones possetion,without having purchased it, is it permissible or desirable to be eaten ...
1
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1answer
183 views

The Chofeitz Chayim on World War Three

I read the following: בְּשֵׁם הֶ'חָפֵץ חַיִּים' כָּךְ בִּשְׁנַת תשע"ה 75 שָׁנָה אַחֲרֵי פְּרוֹץ הַשְּׁנִיָּה צְפוּיָה לִפְרֹץ הַמִּלְחָמָה הַשְּׁלִישִׁית שָׁמַעְתִּי מֵהגה"צ ר' צְבִי מֵאִיר ...
2
votes
2answers
416 views

Was the Shmita year ever observed before the first exile?

The Jews were punished with 70 years of exile for the 70 Shmita years (sabbatical years) they did not keep. (Chronicles II 36:21). Does this mean they never kept Shmita even during the time of the ...
6
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1answer
146 views

The Omer during Shmita

The original Omer was an offering of newly cut barley. So what happened during the Shmitta year when there was no harvest? Presumably this offering was not brought? Was there still a biblical ...
3
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1answer
54 views

Issur Sefichin on Otzar Beis Din produce

The Sages were concerned that individuals would plant vegetables in the seventh year and claim that these had grown by themselves. They therefore forbade consumption of Shemitta vegetables where the ...
2
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4answers
105 views

Was biblical Shmita observed during the time of the second temple?

Was biblical shmita observed during the second beit hamikdash? Is there a source for this?
2
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1answer
57 views

Aquatic Plants for Aquarium During Shmita

I have a fish tank and was wondering if there are any restrictions to putting aquatic plants (fully submerged) inside to help with the water chemistry during the shmita. The plant's main function will ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Can the concept of Heter Mekhirah truly be supported from the Rambam?

Many of those who support the concept of the heter mekhirah today rely (at least in part) on their reading of the Rambam in various parts of the Mishneh Torah, most specifically in Hilkhoth Shemittah ...
1
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1answer
237 views

What should one do with Shemittah produce?

What should one do with Shemittah produce he owns, outside of Israel?
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Heter mechira abroad

If someone lives outside of Israel, is he allowed to use fruits from heter mechira? Heter mechira is a certain kula for the Jewish agriculture in Israel. If I don't live in Israel does the Hetter ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Mah inyan Shmita eitzel the price of tea in China?

I saw some red peppers in an American grocery store labelled "Product of Israel". I have never seen that before, and my guess is that since it's a shmitta year, there is less of an Israeli domestic ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

What if one is served a shmita product that is not shmita kosher? Eat it or throw it?

If one is served a product from which Shmita was not kept- (fruit, or other) is it permissible or even recommended to eat it since the product will otherwise be thrown to the trash? The products have ...
5
votes
0answers
47 views

What to do with discarded shemittah produce of co-workers

I currently work in an environment where colleagues (irreligious and/or not Jewish) are consuming produce that has shemittah sanctity. They often throw their left over food directly in the bin with ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Is moving a potted plant with vegetables from the ground to a table change its status as far as Shmita?

If potted vegetables on the ground (considered shmita worthy) is placed on a table, does this change its status as far as the laws concerning shmita food?
14
votes
2answers
150 views

Does Shmita apply in Jordan?

Since the East bank of the Jordan River was given to shevet Reuven as an inheritance, was Shmita observed there as well? If so, does shmita still apply there?
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Is it usury to give a lender more than you borrowed on a Shemittah-cancelled loan?

Let's say that, prior to Shemitah, Reuven borrowed a bottle of milk from Shim'on, it had already been opened and partially consumed. For whatever reason, Reuven was unable to return the milk, and ...
-2
votes
1answer
8k views

What are the exact Shmita dates (in Gregorian) since 1900 or a general formula for determining the dates?

I know there are these two questions already (https://judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/36703/trying-to-get-shmita-year-dates-without-a-headache) and (When is the next shmita year (as of 5772)?); ...
2
votes
2answers
224 views

What year was the first Shemita?

When was the first Shemita year? I want to compare with our years from 1800 til now.
5
votes
1answer
376 views

What is Otzar Beis Din?

During shmittah, some stores sell otzar beis din produce which is ok to eat. What is otzar beis din and why does it make the produce permissible to eat?
8
votes
1answer
270 views

Why is Shmita only Rabbinic nowadays?

I was reading up on Heter Iska and it said that Shmita and Shmitat Kesafim are only Rabbinic today. Why do the Biblical laws no longer apply?