Questions tagged [shevatim-12-tribes]

The Twelve Tribes of Israel, descended from and named after the sons and grandsons of Jacob.

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Why do we not know which tribe we are from

Some people are from the tribe of Levi. But no one today knows which tribe they are from. Why is this? Even if you say the 10 exiled tribes were lost. They still had people from each tribe in Israel.
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The Word נולד by Each Tribe

The Yalkut Shimoni uses the word נולד when each tribe was born: ראובן נולד בי"ד בכסליו מת בן מאה חמשים וחמש שנים שמעון נולד בכ"ח בטבת ומת בן מאה ועשרים שנה לוי נולד בי"ו בניסן ומת בן ...
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Do we know what the degolim of the shivtey koh looked like [duplicate]

Is there any replica from the past of what they looked like?
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Jewish Identity

Lately, it seems that Israel cultural anthropologists etc. are very interested in finding random people at the far ends of the earth, then slapping those newly found people with a '10 Lost tribes' ...
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Are there positive meanings in Torah about horses that relate to Jews? Also dogs?

Sorry if this is basic but if I learned it I forgot it. I think what I'm trying to remember was about Joseph the Righteous, but I will ask more broadly, are there any positive affiliations of Jews in ...
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Double listing of Shvatim on Cohen clothing

We learn (Tetzaveh 28:9) that the names of the 12 Shvatim go on the Shoham stones at the straps of the Ephod. (28:12). But also, perhaps more famously, the Cohen (Gadol?) also had them on the Choshen/...
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Is everyone today from two or three tribes?

I am a little hazy on the division of the ten tribes and the two tribes. Is everyone today from the two "nonlost tribes"? Are only Yisraelim? Is it possible Jews today are from the other ...
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What happened to Bnei Yakov?

From the time of the sale of Yosef (Chapter 37) until the decision to head to Egypt (Chapter 42) we don't hear about the story/goings on of brothers (excluding Yehudah). We have flash references for a ...
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Sources needed on Beis Shammai and Mashiach and the paths of the tribes

Does anyone know where to find the following explanations/sources? ספר השיחות תשנ''א Sefer Hasichos, Shavuos 5751 where the concept is explained of that when Mashiach comes, we will follow Beis ...
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Why were the shevatim named by their mothers, not Yaakov

Yitzchok and Yishmael were named by Avraham. Yaakov and Eisav were seemingly named by Yitzchok. Yet all of the Shevatim were named by their mothers, based on their situation at the time, without any ...
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Mashiach and the (blessing of the) tribes (Gen. 49)

I have a question regarding the blessings of the tribes in Bereishis 49. The Torah (49:14) states for example, "Issachar is a strong-boned ass, Crouching among the sheepfolds", which Rashi ...
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Why are 2 Shevatim missing a Vav

In Devarim 27:12-13 אֵ֠לֶּה יַֽעַמְד֞וּ לְבָרֵ֤ךְ אֶת־הָעָם֙ עַל־הַ֣ר גְּרִזִ֔ים בְּעׇבְרְכֶ֖ם אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּ֑ן שִׁמְעוֹן֙ וְלֵוִ֣י וִֽיהוּדָ֔ה וְיִשָּׂשכָ֖ר וְיוֹסֵ֥ף וּבִנְיָמִֽן׃ וְאֵ֛לֶּה ...
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Why does Yitroh's advice disregard the tribal structure of the Hebrews?

IMHO, Yitroh's advice that was supported by Moses and God, of dividing the people into groups of 10,50, 100,1000 completely disregards the tribal structure: וְאַתָּה תֶחֱזֶה מִכָּל־הָעָם אַנְשֵׁי־...
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Multiple Tribes of Binyamin?

In the book "Sefer Yosef Breslevi", there's an essay by Yisrael Ben-Shem in which he raises multiple questions related to various appearances of people from the Tribe of Binyamin throughout ...
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Combining the blessing of Benjamin with the death of Jacob

When I was reading the blessing of Jacob (Bereishit 49), it caught my attention that the blessing of Benjamin and the summary is combined with the death and the funeral of Jacob. Based on Sifra, Rashi ...
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What is the significance of Dina in the Biblical narrative?

Dina is mentioned only several times in the Torah - her birth, her rape and the massacre, and her counted with the 70 souls coming down to Egypt. The midrash tells us how Jacob mistreat her with Esau ...
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Ohr HaChaim on the Tribes' Individual Characteristics

I remember that somewhere the Ohr HaChaim discusses the unique characteristics that each tribe possessed. Does anyone know where in his commentary this can be found? Thanks.
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Ten Martyrs - Why would Binyamin be culpable?

There's the famous incident known as the Ten Martyrs (see here), where Ten famous Rabbis were killed (not in the same period) as an atonement for the Ten children of Yaakov selling Yosef. The ten are ...
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Was Gad Strong or weak?

In Vezos Habracha where Rashi says on Perek 33:18 that the last 5 tribes he doubled over, Moshe did this because these tribes were weak so he wanted to strengthen them. However Rashi later on, on ...
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Which tribe was Eliyahu HaNavi from - Contrasting opinions?

There appear to multiple views about which tribe Eliyahu came from: Bereishis Rabbah 71:19 אֵלִיָּהוּ מִשֶּׁל מִי, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אָמַר מִשֶּׁל בִּנְיָמִין, דִּכְתִיב (דברי הימים א ח, כז): ...
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Order of Reuven and Gad

It caught my attention that in Parashat Matot the first time Reuven and Gad asks for permission to settle on the eastern side of the Jordan they are mentioned in their order of birth (Bemidbar 32:1): ...
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Why was the blasphemer not allowed to dwell among Dan?

In Vayikra 24:10 it says: "There came out among the Israelites one whose mother was Israelite and whose father was Egyptian. And a fight broke out in the camp between that half-Israelite and a ...
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What tribe was Barak from?

Please bear with the odd question. About a year ago, I was in the middle of writing an essay on some of the shoftim that have less background information written about them in Sefer Shoftim. ...
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Where were Yaakov's sons buried?

The end of parshat Vayechi has Yosef requesting that he be buried in Cana'an. At the end of book of Yehoshua, we see that he was buried in Shchem. Where were the other brothers buried? Beginning of ...
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The proposed killing of Yosef would have left 11 tribes

We know the Patriarchs and Matriarchs prophetically had knowledge there would be the Shevatim (12 tribes) descended through Ya'akov. Source: (Bereshit Rabbah 72,5) concerning the fact that Ya'akov ...
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How did the Shela make the brothers less culpable?

Rashi brings the Midrash that Yosef told Yaakov three sins the brothers did: אבר מן החי - They ate a limb from a live animal עריות - They were guilty of illicit relations שקורין לאחיהם עבדים - They ...
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How Halachic was Yaakov's decision to discriminate between his wives and kids?

וַיָּ֧שֶׂם אֶת־הַשְּׁפָח֛וֹת וְאֶת־יַלְדֵיהֶ֖ן רִֽאשֹׁנָ֑ה, וְאֶת־לֵאָ֤ה וִֽילָדֶ֙יהָ֙ אַחֲרֹנִ֔ים, וְאֶת־רָחֵ֥ל וְאֶת־יוֹסֵ֖ף אַחֲרֹנִֽים׃ putting the maids and their children first, Leah ...
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Ramifications of lack of Brachah for the tribe of Shimon

I have a hard time understanding Moses' Brochos to the tribes and how it correlates to the actual course of history. As I can see, the interpreters felt the same problem and tried to pick single ...
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What happens to Converts and Chalalim once the Moshiach comes?

As per the answers to this question, there is a general consensus that when Moshiach comes, we will find out who belongs to what tribe, and the 12 tribes will revert to their original landholdings. We ...
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Has the number of the tribes of Israel anything to do with the universe/stars/planets?

Has the number of the tribes of Israel anything to do with the universe/stars/planets? Maybe the other way around? Is there anywhere in the Talmud or tradition that talks about this question (not ...
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Why did the two tribes have significantly more livestock than others?

The sizes of Gad and Reuben tribes were pretty average, however, Torah states that their livestock was disproportionally big (Num 32): וּמִקְנֶה רַב הָיָה לִבְנֵי רְאוּבֵן וְלִבְנֵי־גָד עָצוּם מְאֹד׃ ...
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How the areas of the tribes were possibly equally valued?

I base my question solely on the WIKI of the division of the Land of Israel between the 9.5 tribes (the final division by Yehoshua). I'm not a big of a geographer, but I live in Israel, and I know ...
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What families constituted 1/2 tribe of Menashe?

Following my similar question "is-half-the-tribe-an-administrative-unit", IIRC Menashe had only two sons - Mechir and Asriel and 4 grandsons - Gilad, Shechem, Shemida, and Hepher. Why the Torah ...
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Why 2.5 tribes' claim wasn't considered slander against Eretz Israel?

The 2.5 tribes claimed (Num 32,4): הָאָ֗רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֨ר הִכָּ֤ה ה' לִפְנֵי֙ עֲדַ֣ת יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֶ֥רֶץ מִקְנֶ֖ה הִ֑וא וְלַֽעֲבָדֶ֖יךָ מִקְנֶֽה׃ the land that the LORD has conquered for the community of ...
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How did the 2.5 tribes override a Deoraytah Mitzvah of settling the land of Israel?

IIRC, the Pshat of the Torah clearly implies that the purpose of the Exodus was to inherit the Land of Israel, and G-d commands Bney Israel many times to enter the promised land, to settle it, etc. It ...
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How the tribes' borders were determined?

IIRC, the Lot (גורל) was used to match the areas with the tribes (B"B 122b): אֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן הָיָה מְלֻבָּשׁ בְּאוּרִים וְתֻמִּים וְאוֹמֵר בְּרוּחַ הַקֹּדֶשׁ אִם שֵׁבֶט פְּלוֹנִי עוֹלֶה ...
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Apportioning the Holy Land by family

The Torah tells us how the Promised Land was apportioned by Tribe of Israel. But within each tribe, how was the land apportioned by family? On what basis? Anything in the Sources?
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Why were Leah and Bilhah's tribes larger than Rachel and Zilpah's?

I plotted the census results given in Bamidbar, and it struck me that the tribes descended from Rachel are very small. In contrast, those descended from Leah have population counts between average and ...
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Why Eleven and Twelve in "Echad Mi Yodea" refer to the same thing?

In Echad Mi Yodea song both #11 and #12 refer to the tribes - without Yosef and with him. This is especially pronounced in the families that go through the full list on every line, like "the 3 ...
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Actual dates of when the sons of Yaakov died?

The Yalkut Shimoni Shemot 162:9 lists the dates of births for the Tribes, and the age they died. ויהי כל נפש יוצאי ירך יעקב שבעים נפש ובעשו כתיב כל נפשות ביתו (כתוב ברמז קל"ח). ויוסף היה במצרים ...
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Did converts (ger tzedek) in ancient Israel own land? [duplicate]

Sources like Exodus 12:48,49 lead me to believe, that righteous converts/ proselytes(ger tzedek) became full-fledged citizens and members of the nation of Israel. On the other hand, I know that the ...
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Is "Half the tribe" an administrative unit?

The Torah says that the land was handed to two AND A HALF tribes (Num 32:33): וַיִּתֵּן לָהֶם מֹשֶׁה לִבְנֵי־גָד וְלִבְנֵי רְאוּבֵן וְלַחֲצִי שֵׁבֶט מְנַשֶּׁה בֶן־יוֹסֵף אֶת־מַמְלֶכֶת סִיחֹן׃ So ...
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Why do some textbooks say that there are 10 tribes of Israel?

My current boring, older-than-me textbook says that there are 10 tribes. My much more often updated teacher say that there are 12. And my friend who reads encyclopedias for fun says 13.
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Benei Menashe Jews [duplicate]

A group of people from the North-East of India claimed to be the descendants of the lost tribe of Menashe. It was confirmed in 2005 by Rabbi Shlomo Amar Shlit"a, the then Sefardic chief Rabbi of ...
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Tribal affiliation through the father

Which Tanakh verses support the halacha that tribal affiliation is transmitted through the paternal side?
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Why is Shimon's name not mentioned?

Why in V'zos Brachah, is Shimon not mentioned? Except for Rashi that said he is included in Yehudah name because of the incident with Cozbi Bat Tzur.
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Why did Reuven and Zevulun have to stand on Mount Ebal?

During the blessings and curses in parashas Ki Tavo, why were Reuven and Zevulun, in particular, sent to Mount Ebal? (They were the only two tribes descended from Rochel and Leah who were sent to that ...
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Where would Reuven and Gad have been?

The tribes of Reuven and Gad ask Moshe for permission to settle on the east side of the Jordan river. They are granted permission and half of Menashe is placed there as well. Is there any way to know ...
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What tribe were Eldad and Medad from?

I have been trying to find biographical information about Eldad and Medad but cannot seem to find a source which states which tribe they are from. The Baale Tosfot - Daat Zekeinim says they were ...
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Yechezkel 42:22-23

Yechezkel 42:22 and 23 speaks of the stranger that sojourns with the Israelites that eventually converts and is allowed to receive the tribal inheritance. How does this work if they are not members of ...
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