Questions tagged [shemot-exodus]

The book of Sh'mos (Exodus), second book of Tanach. For questions about the Exodus, use [tag:yetziat-mitzrayim].

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19
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1answer
826 views

Critical Jewish analysis of the Ipuwer papyrus

I just stumbled across information about the Ipuwer papyrus, and I was wondering how many Jewish Egyptologists have had an opportunity to review and study it at length. Other than this very brief ...
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3answers
468 views

Was Moshe decieving Pharoh, or was the original “Exodus” from Egypt meant to be temporary?

Inspired/based on this question, I was surprised to see that the following hasn't yet been asked here: Moshe is told by God (Shemos 3:18) to request of Pharoh that the Jews leave for three days, and ...
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3answers
288 views

Why did Moshe and Aaron need to use a staff in initiating the plagues?

Why did Moshe and Aaron need to use a staff in initiating the plagues? Such as in שמות פרק ז פסוק יט: יט. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל משֶׁה אֱמֹר אֶל אַהֲרֹן קַח מַטְּךָ וּנְטֵה יָדְךָ עַל מֵימֵי ...
9
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4answers
239 views

Why krias yam suf, not bkias

As far as i know, the torah shebichsav never refers to the splitting of the sea as a 'kriah', i.e. a ripping. The torah says things like ויבקעו המים (Shemos 14:21) which means that the sea split. In ...
8
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2answers
129 views

Why are the last five parshiyos of sefer Shemos not in sefer Vayikra?

Since parshiyos Terumah through Pekudei deal with the building and vessels of the Mishkan and the priestly garments, why are they in Sefer Shemos and not in Sefer Vayikra? Isn't Shemos supposed to be ...
7
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3answers
546 views

Moses' Hebrew name was given to him in Egyptian?

In שְׁמוֹת it says: וַתֹּ֧אמֶר לָ֣הּ בַּת ־ פַּרְעֹ֗ה הֵילִ֜יכִי אֶת ־ הַיֶּ֤לֶד הַזֶּה֙ וְהֵינִקִ֣הוּ לִ֔י וַאֲנִ֖י אֶתֵּ֣ן אֶת ־ שְׂכָרֵ֑ךְ וַתִּקַּ֧ח הָאִשָּׁ֛ה הַיֶּ֖לֶד וַתְּנִיקֵֽהוּ ׃ ...
7
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3answers
129 views

“ויחזק” Vs “ויכבד”

Throughout Parshat Vaeira, Bo, and Beshalach, these two phrases are interchangeably employed. Either Pharoah's heart is "strengthened"- "החזיק", or "heavy"- "כבד" (obviously these are loose ...
7
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2answers
87 views

Torah portions that end abruptly?

In parshat Va-era the 2nd portion - Sheini ends rather abruptly (in the middle of a sentence) Shemot 6:28: Now it came to pass on the day that the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt, <-- ...
7
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1answer
97 views

Where were the Luchos for the year before the Mishkan was erected?

After the erection of the Mishkan, the Luchos were kept in the Aron therein. But there is an issue of timing. Moshe received the Luchos shortly after leaving Egypt, but the Mishkan was only erected ...
6
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3answers
101 views

Why was Yoseph the first of Ya'aqov's sons to die?

According to the simple reading of the verses, the end of Sefer Bereshit (Bereshit 50:24-26) and the beginning of Sefer Shemot (Shemot 1:6) describe Yoseph dying before any of his brothers. Why was ...
6
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2answers
160 views

Why didn't Par'oh have Moshe killed from the outset?

Bat Par'oh found a three-month-old Hebrew baby in/around the Nile (Shemot 1:5-10) and had him fed and raised by Yokheved until approximately age 2 (Shemot Rabbah 1:26). Bat Par'oh then raised this ...
5
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3answers
614 views

In Psalm 105:39 why is the cloud said to “cover” rather than “precede” the people?

In both Exodus and Nehemiah 9:12 the cloud seems to be a pillar in front of the people but Psalm 105:39 seems to indicate that the cloud traveled above them. Were there two clouds or am I ...
5
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2answers
104 views

What can we learn from the Jews being commanded to put blood on the doorposts of their homes in Egypt?

What can we learn from the Jews being commanded to put blood on the doorposts of their homes in Egypt? The Torah is nitzchis (eternal) but here we have a mitzvah which was specifically given for one ...
5
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3answers
116 views

Why is every commandment and action in regards to the 10 plagues repeated?

When we read about the 10 plagues everything is repeated twice: once when Hashem commands Moshe and a second time when Moshe executes the plague. The Torah could simply write "and he did so" after ...
5
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1answer
247 views

When Did Moses Receive the Torah

I apologize for the fact that this threatens to be the most ignorant question ever asked on this site, but I'm not sure where else to ask it. My understanding is that God gave the entire Torah to ...
4
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1answer
97 views

was paroh the same paroh during the 210 years

Was Paroh at the start the same as the one when it says "there arose a new king" (Exodus 1: 8)? How many parohs were there during the 210 years.
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2answers
152 views

Why did God invite Moshe to stand on “*the* rock”?

In Parashat Ki Tisa, during the atonement for the Golden Calf, God says to Moshe (Exodus 33:21): הִנֵּה מָקוֹם אִתִּי; וְנִצַּבְתָּ, עַל-הַצּוּר Behold, there is a place by Me, and thou shalt ...
4
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2answers
193 views

What happened to Moshe's Mateh (stick)

I once heard that Moshe's stick was used as the middle pole that held the beams together in the Mishkan that miraculously bent twice (Rashi, Shabbos 98b). Does anyone know a source for this?
4
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1answer
56 views

Does Exodus 20:21 contradict the law that offerings may only be offered in the Temple?

I know that Jerusalem is where the sacrifices are to be held. So when I read this verse I was intrigued. An altar of earth you shall make for Me, and you shall slaughter beside it your burnt ...
4
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1answer
196 views

The Frogs Plague [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “Moshe cried out” - really? For this plague, the posuk says Moshe left and "cried out" (tzoak) to God that the plague should stop. Why did this plague affect the ...
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3answers
157 views

What does Exodus 21:28 mean if an Oral Torah was given at Sinai?

One of the claims Rabbinic Judaism makes is that Oral Torah contains instructions for how to "properly slaughter" animals. The laws of shechitah are not in the Written Torah, yet one of the proofs for ...
3
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3answers
98 views

Contradiction between Shemos 9:6 and 9:20-21?

In Shemos 9:6: "HASHEM carried out this word the next day, and all the livestock of Egypt died, and of the livestock of the Children of Israel not one died." (Artscroll English Tanach) This ...
3
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2answers
151 views

Pharoh's privacy at the Nile

How did Pharaoh prevent people from seeing him use the Bathroom at the Nile? We know he went early morning, but what prevented others from seeing him? A source for this information would be ...
3
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2answers
79 views

What did Moshe mean in Shemos 4:10?

Shemos 4:10 (Artscroll English Tanach) "Moses replied to HASHEM, "Please, my Lord, I am not a man of words, not since yesterday, nor since the day before yesterday, nor since You first spoke to Your ...
3
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1answer
26 views

According to Seder Olam Rabbah, when did Bnei Yisrael travel to Refidim?

According to the chronology I cite here from Seder Olam Rabbah ch. 5, ומאילם נסעו לאלוש, שנאמר ויסעו מאילם ויבאו כל עדת בני ישראל אל מדבר סין (שמות טז א) (הוא אלוש) בחמשה עשר יום לחדש השני לצאתם ...
3
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1answer
108 views

How did we live in Goshen in our own houses while still being slaves?

Bereshit 47:27 states that the Israelites (or Hebrews) settled in Egypt in the region of Goshen. It also say they got them possessions therein. From 45:10 it seems they also had their own flock. ...
3
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1answer
202 views

Why did Shifrah give Moses back to Pharaoh's daughter?

Parashat Shemot, Chapter 2, states: וַתַּ֥הַר הָאִשָּׁ֖ה וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֑ן וַתֵּ֤רֶא אֹתוֹ֙ כִּי־ט֣וֹב ה֔וּא וַֽתִּצְפְּנֵ֖הוּ שְׁלֹשָׁ֥ה יְרָחִֽים׃ ג וְלֹא־יָכְלָ֣ה עוֹד֮ הַצְּפִינוֹ֒ ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Who blew the shofar during Matan Torah?

During Matan Torah, the shofar was heard by the entire nation but who blew it? Was it Moshe? Angels? The text does not specify. Is there midrash to address this?
3
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1answer
45 views

Stations of the Exodus far into Canaan

Why is it that certain Exodus stations such as Libnah, Rissah, and Mount Shapher are so far into the actual Promised land of Canaan? Were the Israelites drifting into Canaan unknowingly?
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“They could have walked out of Egypt” Source?

I have heard on multiple occasions of a Chazal that states something along the lines of: "Had Binei Yisroel merited/been righteous enough, they could have walked out of Egypt." There are a number of ...
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54 views

Makkas Dam; monetary exchange

Midrash Rabbah describes how the Jews in Egypt became wealthy through the plague of blood by selling their water to the Egyptians who were desperate. This may be a thought experiment as I haven't seen ...
2
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3answers
67 views

Why is the Pasuk for Vayareiu Osanu Hamitzrim a Pasuk where nothing happens?

Why is the Pasuk that the Haggadah uses to show that “the Egyptians did bad to us" the Passuk in which Pharaoh sits down and says (Shemos 1:10): הָ֥בָה נִֽתְחַכְּמָ֖ה ל֑וֹ פֶּן־יִרְבֶּ֗ה וְהָיָ֞ה ...
2
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1answer
908 views

How can we explain the growth of Israelite population in Egypt?

Jacob and his family went to Egypt numbering (approximately) 70 people. After approximately 200 years, 600,000 men between the ages of 20-60 (if I'm not mistaken). So probably 2 million total got ...
2
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2answers
483 views

Why did the Egyptian “astrologers” tell Pharaoh that a savior would be born?

רש"י suggests that Pharaoh's astrologers told him that they had a vision that a savior would be born on a certain day (שמות א:כב & שמות א:טז). Assuming the “astrologers” had no real power of ...
2
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1answer
94 views

How did the Israelites worship without bread and wine for 40 years?

At the end of Parahas Ki Tavo we read that for 40 years the Israelites did not have bread or wine. The seventh aliya says (Devarim 29:5), "You neither ate bread, nor drank new wine or old wine, in ...
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3answers
79 views

Who was Miriam responding to?

Shemos 15:21: וַתַּעַן לָהֶם מִרְיָם שִׁירוּ לַיהֹוָה כִּי גָאֹה גָּאָה סוּס וְרֹכְבוֹ רָמָה בַיָּם And Miriam called out to them, Sing to the Lord, for very exalted is He; a horse and its ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Israel in Egypt after being freed but before the Exodus?

One of Artscroll's "Daily Dose of Torah" books, on parshat Vaera, says that the Israelites stayed in Egypt for a significant period of time after being freed from slavery but before the Exodus. I ...
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2answers
61 views

What is the significance behind God splitting the seas?

I heard from one of my rebbeim that the inifinite God has an infinite amount of ways of performing any given task. With that in mind, it is interesting to note that twice in the Tanach, God splits the ...
2
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2answers
208 views

Why did HaShem have to introduce Himself to the Israelites in Mitzrayim?

In Shemot 3:6 HaShem introduces Himself to Moshe and says: 'I am Elohei Avicha, Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak and Elohei Ya'akov'. In verse 13, Moshe asks HaShem which name he should tell the people ...
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2answers
407 views

Were Jews enslaved by Egypt or instead corvee labor?

Richard A. Gabriel has a military interpretation of the Exodus. A key part of his analysis is that Avadeem is not the word for slave, it is the word for “worker” or even servant. If this is true,...
2
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2answers
128 views

Population of Jews at exodus seems unrealistically large [duplicate]

I am a preacher. Today I was talking with some Jews who talked about the 2.5 -3.0 million people who witnessed the miracles of the exodus. But according to my knowledge, the population of Africa at ...
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2answers
35 views

In Exodus 2:2 why is the baby Moses described as TOV?

In Exodus 2:2 what did Moses' mother notice about him that made her name him this? Is it why she hid him?
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1answer
79 views

What is the inherent connection between 5 and being armed?

Throughout Rav Hirsch's commentary on the Torah we find a deeper connection between related words. (i.e. Vayikra (5:15) "מַעַל is related to the me’il – robe of the Kohen gadol – as begged “garment” ...
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2answers
97 views

The tribe and the stick

Is there a connection of definition between the two words used for "tribe" - מטה and שבט which both mean "stick" or "rod"? If so, why is the term "rod" used to refer to a tribe? Examples: שבט - ...
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1answer
55 views

Who was uncircumcised, and by whom at which time and why was this person sought to be killed?

What exactly is happening in the passage about the circumcision of Shemot 4:24-26? First of all, who was met, sought to kill and let from - at which time in the story did this occur - and by whom? ...
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1answer
83 views

Meaning of Sifra D'Hafkona

Online i found another name for the book of Exodus/Shemot, Sifra D'Hafkona. What does it mean and how to translate this in English and Hebrew?
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2answers
541 views

What does it mean that God hardened Pharaoh’s heart?

Typically God does not interfere with a person's free choice. {provide source} If this is so, what is the idea of Hardening Pharaoh's heart? Was that a removal of Pharaoh's free choice?
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0answers
27 views

Why is Bee Honey Kosher? [duplicate]

Honey is formed when a bee mixes enzymes in its own body with nectar from flowers to form honey. Since honey is thus a byproduct of a non-kosher animal, how could it be Kosher while for example, camel ...
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0answers
44 views

How did Jethro know Moshe's God?

Jethro appeared to be a friendly guy to Moshe, and even appeared to agree with what Moshe believed in, especially in theological terms (i.e. worshipping Hashem). If that's the case, then how did ...
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33 views

How was Israel's livestock fed in the desert? [duplicate]

The Children of Israel were fed the Manna for 40 years. But how were the numerous heads of cattle which accompanied them out of Egypt fed? What information is available in the Torah and the Midrash?