Questions tagged [shema]

Shema refers to a prayer, named Shema after its first word. It is traditionally said 3 times a day: in the morning and evening prayers, and before retiring at night. Shema may refer to the first verse (Deut. 6:4), the longer version which includes Deut. 6:5-9, 11:13-21 and Num. 15:37-41, or the even longer prayer said before bed.

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Accidentally saying “El Melekh Neeman” when in a tzibbur

There is a very widespread custom of commencing one's recitation of the Shema with the three-word phrase, אל מלך נאמן, when davening alone, and of having the shaliach tzibbur repeat the last two words ...
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How do we know that Shema is a time-based obligation and not an event-based obligation?

The time for reciting Shema is discussed in the Mishnah and various tannaic opinions are given, both for the morning Shema and for the evening Shema: Berachot 2a מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה ...
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R Yonah's position about saying Hashkiveinu before nightfall

The Talmud (Berachot 8b-9a) tell us that the Halacha is according to the opinion that, at least if forced to, one can fulfill his obligation for the night time reading of Shema after dawn before ...
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152 views

Answering “amen” to “Ahavas olam” in the evening but not in the morning

Mishna B'rura (61:16) cites a difference of opinion regarding whether one should respond "amen" to the shatz's (leader's) blessing immediately before "Sh'ma" or should, on the contrary, finish saying ...
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83 views

No Shema' at the end of Shirat haYam?

Over the last several years, I have noticed that most schuls in the US do not recite the pasuk of שמע ישרﭏ at the end of Shirat haYam in Pesukei deZimrah, while every Nusach Ashkenaz siddur I've seen (...
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116 views

How does this explanation in Aruch Hashulchan address the issues regarding Shema times?

In this answer I cited R. Yechiel Michel Epstein's explanation for rejecting R. Yaakov of Karlin's suggestion that the times for Shema are not based on sha'ot zemaniot. In truth, however, I don't ...
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110 views

Bedtime Shema and אל מלך נאמן

Orach Chayim 61:3 (based on Berakhot 60b) says that the chazan should repeat ה' אלהיכם אמת after the 245 words of the Shema, in order to have 248 words in total, which corresponds to the traditional ...
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64 views

forgiving people on the first night of Pesach

According to the Ezras Torah Luach, we only say the bracha of המפיל and the Shema itself for Kriat Shema al Hamita, skipping the rest, because Pesach is leil shimurim, when we don't need extra prayers ...
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128 views

How are Birchos Krias Shema blessings on Krias Shema?

The Ramban (Brachos 11b) writes that Birkas Kriyas Shema are blessings over the Mitzva of saying Shema. What's in the text of Birkas Kriyas Shema that has to do with Shema? It talks about angels, ...
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101 views

How does a verse in Yirmiyahu prove that one should say “אני ה' אלהיכם אמת” without interruption

In Talmud Berachot end of 14A, beginning of 14B, a reason is given why one does not make an interruption between "Ani Hashem Elokeichem" of the end of Shema, and "Emet": ‏א"ר אבהו א"ר יוחנן ...
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455 views

Is it ok to Text After Kriyat Shema al Hamita?

Is it okay to text after saying kriyat shema al hamita? You're not supposed to talk afterward, as it says: Tremble and sin not. Reflect in your hearts while on your beds, and be utterly silent. -...
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150 views

Proper kavanah for baruch shem kevod?

What intention should one be having when reciting "baruch shem kevod malchuto le'olam vaed" in the shema?
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Does one need to fulfill the 248 words when reciting Shema outside the timeframe of Kri'at Shema?

O.C. 61:3 states that one should recite a total of 248 words when saying Kri'at Shema. As there are only 245 words, the last 3 words are fulfilled by listening to the Shat'z repeat the ה אלקיכם אמת. ...
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100 views

Why is Barchu connected to communal Torah recitation?

Why is Barchu connected to communal Torah recitation? I get the pattern, in that we say it before the brachos of Shema and before the brachos of Kriyas Hatorah. But why? The intent behind it would ...
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44 views

Volume of “Barukh Shem Kevod”, Relative to “Shema Yisrael”

When reciting the Shema, the prevalent custom is to say the first line ("shema yisrael... echad") out loud, and the following line ("barukh shem kevod...") in a whisper. This custom can be sourced in ...
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94 views

time of kriat shma change nowadays

The time of kriat shma is learned basically from the pasuk "בשכבך ובקומך", meaning the time people sleep and the time people wake up. 2000 years ago people acted according to the daylight. Nowadays ...
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50 views

Does kri'at shmaʿ on its own require handwashing?

If one is going to recite kri'at shmaʿ on its own (in order to recite it in its proper time), do you need to wash your hands first specially for the purpose? I.e., you're going to be davvening ...
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145 views

Can a rabbinical mitzvah (that is currently being done) override a biblical mitzvah?

There's a principle of Osek Ba-Mitzva Patur Min Ha-Mitzva that says that if one is in the midst of doing one mitzvah he is exempt from performing other mitzvot. Do both mitzvot have to be of the ...
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Is it always a good idea to say an extra Shema' if you missed one?

According to Double AA's answer on a related question, "it can't hurt" to say an extra Shema' later if you missed the Zeman (set time) for it. While it may be true to a certain extent that saying ...
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336 views

Can I say the prayers of Birkot HaShachar and Tikkun Chatzot after Chatzot (Midnight), even if I don't sleep yet?

Can I say the prayers of Birkot HaShachar and Tikkun Chatzot after Chatzot (Midnight), even if I had not gone to sleep yet? How should I proceed with the Kriat Shema Al Hamitá if I will remain awake ...
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1answer
31 views

Why is omitting the nighttime Shema called an “aveirah” and not a “bittul aseh?” (Berachos 2a)

The mishnah on Berachos 2a teaches us that according to Chachamim one can say Krias Shema until chatzos ("midnight"). The mishnah proceeds to tell us that anytime Chachamim say a mitzvah can be ...
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1answer
43 views

What is the significance of oil?

The Shema Prayer (Hear o’ Israel the Lord is God and God is One) is considered Judaism’s declaration of faith in God. Deuteronomy 7:13, quoted from Chabad.org, reads “And He will love you and bless ...
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35 views

Change of the heart

In some places (like Mishlei 3:3 and 7:3) our hearts are compared to luchot (tablets) on which one should inscribe the words of HaShem. In another places our hearts should be circumcised: Devarim 10:...
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51 views

how is the Sh'ma used?

I have seen books (to be honest they were novels) like Bodie Thoene use the SH'ma as if its used in battle, or it gave them a sense of strength in peace time, like a reminder. Like in America they say ...
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62 views

Is it halachically ok to put up a printed copy of the Shema?

Obviously printing out a copy of the Shema would not be acceptable for a mezuzah etc - but suppose I wanted to print out a copy of the shema in Hebrew (either a photocopy of a scroll or just a digital ...
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124 views

Where was Moses standing when he spoke the Shema?

Having a visual sometimes helps. When reading scripture I like to visualize it. I would like to be as accurate as possible. If we went back in time to the moment Moses said "Hear O Israel", and ...
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73 views

Saying Shema from Klaf

I've heard of saying parshat haketoret from a klaf. Does a similar practice exist for shema? If so, is it just Shema and V'haya (essentially a mezuzah) or the above and Parshat Tzitzit?
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172 views

saying boruch shem out loud on Yom Kippur but not immediately after?

The entire Yom Kippur we say the "boruch shem" after "shema" out loud, contrary to the normal whispered tone, because we are compared to angels on this day. The question is, when Yom Kippur first ...
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48 views

intent on shema regarding idolatry

in the shema we recite "Take care lest your heart be lured away, and you turn astray and worship alien gods and bow down to them" what intent should one have while reading this given that the ...
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152 views

Should shma be read in the special trop?

On the Yamim Noraim, a special trop is used for reading the Torah. For someone who generally reads shma with the trop, would it be preferable to use the special trop if possible? I ask because ...