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Questions tagged [shema]

Shema refers to a prayer, named Shema after its first word. It is traditionally said 3 times a day: in the morning and evening prayers, and before retiring at night. Shema may refer to the first verse (Deut. 6:4), the longer version which includes Deut. 6:5-9, 11:13-21 and Num. 15:37-41, or the even longer prayer said before bed.

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"Melody of Kriat Shema'" What does this mean?

The Shulchan 'Aruch (O"Ch 65:2) says the following: קרא ק"ש ונכנס לב"ה ומצא צבור שקורין ק"ש צריך לקרות עמהם פסוק ראשון שלא יראה כאלו אינו רוצה לקבל עול מלכות שמים עם חביריו וה&...
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How could the words עשב בשדך run together?

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 61:20 states: One should put a gap between a word whose beginning [letter] is like the end [letter] of its predecessor, for example: "b'chol l'vav'kha", "al ...
Josh Friedlander's user avatar
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Order of holding Tzitzis by Krias Shma

The Lubavitcher Rebbe writes in Hayom Yom of 22 Sivan: לאמירת והביאנו לשלום כו' מחברים תחלה ב' הציציות דלפניו, אח"כ [אחר כך] מצרפים ציצית כנף השמאלי דלאחוריו, אח"ז [אחר זה] ציצית דכנף הימין ...
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What Does the Rambam Mean by ותלמודו (Laws of Shema 1:2)?

The Rambam in Laws of Shema states (1:2): וּמַה הוּא קוֹרֵא, שְׁלֹשָׁה פָּרָשִׁיּוֹת. אֵלּוּ הֵן (דברים ו ד) ״שְׁמַע״ (דברים יא יג) ״וְהָיָה אִם שָׁמֹעַ״ (במדבר טו לז) ״וַיֹּאמֶר״. וּמַקְדִּימִין ...
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Per the Rambam, Is There a Thematic Nexus Between the Final Paragraph of Shema and the First Two?

The Rambam (Laws of Shema 1:2) articulates the three paragraphs of Shema and their proper order: וּמַה הוּא קוֹרֵא, שְׁלֹשָׁה פָּרָשִׁיּוֹת. אֵלּוּ הֵן (דברים ו ד) ״שְׁמַע״ (דברים יא יג) ״וְהָיָה אִם ...
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Is it a hefsek to eat or drink during kriat sh’ma

According to the Halacha, is it permitted for Jews to eat or drink during kriat Sh’ma, or no is that prohibited as a hefsek? Or no, is it not necessarily a hefsek to fulfilling the mitzvah?
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Why don't we say "yimloch Hashem..." in the kedushah of birkos krias shema?

We say yimloch Hashem by the other kedushos by chazaras hashatz and by uva letzion (well, really we say Hashem yimloch...) What's different about the kedushah here?
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Plural and Singular in Prashat VeHaya Im Shamoa [duplicate]

In the Parshat VeHa'ya Im Shamoa (the second Parshah of the Kriyat Shema), the verse begins with the plural:והיה אם שמוע תשמעו... ולמדתם אותם את בניכם And you put these words on your hearts and minds, ...
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Does the Sh’ma have to be said verbally

According to Halacha, does the Sh’ma prayer have to be recited out loud? Or can it be read by oneself? I mean B’dieved, Lechatlicha it is likely preferable to verbalize it.
Kirk's user avatar
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List of Shema words

Does anyone have a list of the words in Shema that are easy to mess up on, in that the last letter of the first word is the first letter of the next one? For instance, על לבבך and ואבדתם מהרה. The ...
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Per the Rambam and/or Raavad Can One Recite the Shema Prayer in Slang?

The Rambam states that one may recite the Shema in any language, but one must choose his/her words carefully (Laws of Shema 2:10): A person may recite the Shema in any language he understands. One ...
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Doesn't Euphemizing "Who Makes Peace and Creates Evil" Before Reading the Shema Mitigate Shema's Awesome Power?

The first blessing in the morning before Shema is known as Yotzer Or. It begins: בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵֽינוּ מֶֽלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם יוֹצֵר אוֹר וּבוֹרֵא חֽשֶׁךְ עֹשֶׂה שָׁלוֹם וּבוֹרֵא אֶת־הַכֹּל: ...
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Is there an opinion that holds the time for Krias Shema is sunset?

Based on my research, the opinions that I have found state that the time for reciting Shema is Tzeis HaKochavim. I have found the opinion (namely, the Rabbeinu Tam) that one can potentially fulfill ...
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Davening Shema with minyan

I find my minyan moves so fast through the paragraphs and brachot after the Shema, I have to skip forward after “emes” to join them with “kadosh kadosh kadosh” etc. is this permissible? Do i have to ...
Dovid Buchenholz's user avatar
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Putting oneself in doubt, when it comes to a Mitzvah Derabanan

The Mishnah Berurah (46 S”K 31) brings an opinion - which is how the SA Harav rules - that in a case where one is afraid that he might miss the time of Shema by the time the Tzibur reaches the place ...
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The Sh’ma in kabbalah and chasiduss

Are there any kabbalistic and Hasidic interpretations or meanings given to the Sh’ma? If so, what are they? Preferably both kabbalah and chasiduss references
Kirk's user avatar
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How should a Baal Teshuva choose between MGA and GRA for the latest Shema time? [duplicate]

Generally, a Jew knows if their origins are Ashkenazic or Sephardic. One may even know if they come specifically from Lithuanian, Hassidic, Moroccan, Tunisian or any other community but they might ...
rudolfovic's user avatar
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Rabanan cancelled out his mitzvah -- does it matter if his problem was active or passive?

There's the well-worn discussion of cases where someone did a mitzvah when the rabbis said not to, e.g. blowing shofar or taking lulav when the otherwise-right day was shabbos. This is usually linked ...
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Sh’ma time on a long travel

If one is traveling a very long distance, for example an El Al flight from Los Angeles to Tel Aviv, at what time should they recite the Sh’ma? Would it be based on the time of departure, the time they ...
Kirk's user avatar
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Did Rash"i hold like the Gr"a or like Rabbeinu Tam?

NOTE: Most of these time calculations assume the day is either the autumnal or vernal equinox, where there are 12 hours of sunlight and therefore Neitz is at 6:00 AM and Gra's shkiah is 6:00 PM There ...
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Minhag chabad during Krias shema al hamita

Does anyone know the source of the custom of reflecting on the Rebbe's face during the krias shema al hamita Someone told me about this "minhag" is there a source for this one. what then ...
L770's user avatar
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Washing before prayer (specifically Shema

I know the morning requires 3 times, but during other times of the day, is it required to wash 3 times before prayer (mainly wondering about the Shema), or is only 1 time ok?
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Reciting Shema In The Afternoon

If one missed the time of the boqer shema, but it’s time to recite Mincha, should they say the Shema then Mincha, or just recite Mincha?
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Abbreviated Shema [duplicate]

I am aware that the Shema consists of 3 paragraphs, however, is there an abbreviated Shema? If so, what is it? Also, in what situations are we allowed to say the abbreviated version?
Mikayah Yisrael's user avatar
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Source for saying Emes at end of Shema?

I was just learning the Mishna Berura and Aruch Hashulchan on this topic, and one thing that seemed to be strangely taken for granted by the Mishna Berura, without any source for it that I can find, ...
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Permissibility of Saying Shema and/or Berakhot After Third Hour

Are the Berakhot of the Shema allowed to be said after the third Halakhic hour, or both the Shema and the Berakhot?
Mikayah Yisrael's user avatar
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How do Jewish people understand the commandment not to make or worship idols?

The first commandment given to Moses on the mountain is clear and unambiguous. In English it reads "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. You shall ...
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Is "these words" in Deuteronomy 6:6-9 referring to the Shema, or the whole book?

When Deuteronomy 6:6 commands that "these words" should be displayed, remembered, and obeyed, is the phrase referring to the Shema, or is "these words" referring to the whole book? ...
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When saying the shema in a minyan should it be said loudly or quietly

When saying the shema in a minyan should it be said loudly or quietly? I was at the opposite side in the Synagogue and I could hear a lot of the shema someone else was saying...
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Finished Shema After Zeman [duplicate]

If one started The Shema before the zeman, however the recitation extends into the time after the zeman, where does it say one still finish The Shema? Also, did they meet the obligation if they ...
Mikayah Yisrael's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
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How to hold tzitzit and siddur when reading the Shema?

The ArtScroll siddur says to hold the tzitzit in the left hand for the first two paragraphs of the Shema and then to hold them in both hands for the third paragraph (and a bit more). My question is, ...
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Distracted While Reciting First Verse of Shema

If one is saying the Shema, got distracted while reciting the first verse, but then finished the rest of the shema into the time after the zeman, do they have to recite it again because of being ...
Mikayah Yisrael's user avatar
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What is the rationale for holding tzitzit in left and then right hand during Shema?

The Artscroll siddur says to hold the tzitzit in the left hand for the first two paragraphs of the morning shema and then also in the right hand for the 3rd paragraph. What is the rationale for this ...
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Is the Mishna making the dresha from מְאֹד or , מוֹדֵד, מִדָּה?

דָּבָר אַחֵר בְּכָל מְאֹדֶךָ, בְּכָל מִדָּה וּמִדָּה שֶׁהוּא מוֹדֵד לְךָ הֱוֵי מוֹדֶה לוֹ בִּמְאֹד מְאֹד (Berachos 9:5) This is one of the Mishnah's explanations of the phrase in the Pasuk we say ...
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Why doesn’t this Gemara include בכל לבבך

So the Talmud in Berachot 61b asks why the Shema states to serve Hashem “with all your money” if it already says “with all your soul” and vice versa. And they answer that “all your soul” refers to ...
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In Meseches Tamid 31b why are the karbonos interupted for shema?

https://www.sefaria.org/Tamid.31b.1?lang=bi&with=all&lang2=en There is a very detailed description of how the animal is cut up, exactly how the kohanim are to hold it, and then all of the ...
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Shema Text not consistent

In the first paragraph of the Shema we say you need to love Hashem בכל לבבך ובכל נפשך ובכל מאדך, to love Hashem with all your heart, soul, and resources. But in the second paragraph of Shema, it says “...
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Yotzei for Kerias Shema before bed from Maariv shema?

Can you be yotzei for the Kerias Shema before bed from the Maariv shema if you daven maariv right before going to bed? Is this bedieved? Should you avoid davening maariv right before bed? Couldn't ...
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Origins of kriat shema [duplicate]

I'm looking for sources that discuss when it became a common practice to recite the shema. The gemara in berakhot says "m'eimotai korin et shema", when do we recite the shema, but doesn't ...
ezra's user avatar
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Does one say “emes” at night?

When saying Kriat Shema Al Hamita, if one were saying all three paragraphs, would they said “emes” at the end? It seems to me that the reason we say “emes” is to attach it to the next paragraph, which ...
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Being יוצא with the chazzan saying - ה' אלוקיכם אמת, if I am not up to Kerias Shema yet

Kerias Shema consists of only 245 words. In order to say 248 words in , the chazzan repeats the words "ה' אלוקיכם אמת". If one davens without a minyan one should say "אל מלך נאמן" ...
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Why we have to say Keriat Shma on the bed in the Sukkah?

It is known that on Passover night the custom is not to say Keriat Shma on the bed since it is called Shimurim night - a night that is preserved from the 'bad winds' (Mazikim). We don't put a Mezuza ...
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Is cantillation with Kriyat Shema required?

Is one required to recite Kriyat Shema with the tune of Torah reading? I know it says so in Talmidei Rabbenu Yonah on the Rif Brachoth 8b, however, as someone who learned Hebrew later in life, it is ...
Asher Klein's user avatar
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Shema vs Shabbos Candle Lighting

Can anyone possibly enlighten me as to why when reciting the first verse of Shema one covers their eyes using one hand (the right hand) as opposed to when lighting Shabbos candles one is to cover ...
user27078's user avatar
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ולא תתורו: kadma veazla or azla-geresh?

In the third parashah of Shema' (maftir from P' Shelach) we have a divergence of cantillation on the words ולא תתורו. In R' Wolf Heidenheim (see Koren for a contempary example) these words are ...
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Does one who has no intention of sleeping say the blessing of Hashkivaynu after the evening Shema?

Does one who has no intention of sleeping during the night say the blessing of Hashkivaynu after the evening Shema?
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Can you accidentally be mikayim the morning Shema?

If you say Shema in the morning, before davening oficially starts, as part of pesukdei d'zimra, and had no intention other than just saying the words, will you fulfill the mitzvah? 2 follow ups: does ...
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Shema Before Zman If Shul Starts After Zman

I heard that a person should say all 3 paragraphs of Shema before sof z'man kriyat sh'ma if their shul starts after sof z'man kriyat sh'ma. What's the source for the need to say all three p'rakim to ...
Shalom Feuer's user avatar
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1 answer
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Shema in Pesukei D'zimra

When one says Shema in korbanot, is he yotzei in the mitzvah of Kriyat Shema? Its best to say shema with its brachot; however, if one were to fulfill the mitzvah of Shema by saying the verse in ...
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Quality of Sh'ma repeated in its proper time

Often, I find myself at a ma'ariv minyan that meets before "nightfall" and someone invariably makes the announcement that we should all remember to repeat the sh'ma after tzeit hakochavim. I ...
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