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Questions tagged [shema]

Shema refers to a prayer, named Shema after its first word. It is traditionally said 3 times a day: in the morning and evening prayers, and before retiring at night. Shema may refer to the first verse (Deut. 6:4), the longer version which includes Deut. 6:5-9, 11:13-21 and Num. 15:37-41, or the even longer prayer said before bed.

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Common mistakes in the Tefillah [duplicate]

For obvious reasons, one has to be careful to pronounce every word properly in the Tefillah. But I was once taught by a teacher some common mistakes in the pronunciation of some words in the Amidah ...
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Where was Moses standing when he spoke the Shema?

Having a visual sometimes helps. When reading scripture I like to visualize it. I would like to be as accurate as possible. If we went back in time to the moment Moses said "Hear O Israel", and ...
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Saying shema before death in inappropriate circumstances

There are circumstances under which a person should not recite the Shema: if they are in the presence of naked people, if they are themselves undressed, if there is nearby fecal matter, if they need ...
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Maariv After Bedtime Shema

Many a time I realize that I have forgotten to say Maariv in midst of reciting the bedtime Shema. Halachic Question: Is one permitted to Daven Maariv after saying ברוך המפיל?
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Fulfilling Kri'at Shema by reading it as a Torah reader

Let's say someone is a Torah reader. The weekly Torah portion is Va'etchanan, which contains the first pargraph of Kri'at Shema. He arrives in shul exactly at the time when he must start to read the ...
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Megillah 4.6 — Why can't the blind recite the Shema with their benedictions (according to R. Judah)?

In Megillah 4.6, R. Judah says: "He that has never seen the light may not recite the Shema' with its Benedictions." I interpret "has never seen the light" as "blind" (rather than lacking inspiration ...
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Why do the siddurim ask us to gather all 4 tzitzis before saying Shema?

Shulchan Oruch Orach Chaim 24 (4, 5) says 4 Some have a custom to look at their Tzitzit when they reach the verse "And you shall see them," and to place [their Tzitzit] on their eyes. This is ...
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Love HaShem with lev, nefesh en me'od, why not something else or just lev and nefesh

Why does the command to love HaShem tells us to love him with all our lev, with all our nefesh and with all our me'od? Why doesn't the verse says or add something like, with all you neshama or with ...
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Why does it say to love HaShem meodecha

The verse of Devarim 6:5 reads: Love HaShem your G'd, with all your heart bechol levav'cha, with all your being uvechol nafshecha, and uvechol ... meodecha. If I'm correct it's the only place in the ...
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Does Rambam contradict the Shema

Does Rambam teach one should not say "God is one" but rather "God is not multiplicity?" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maimonides See segment labeled "Negative Theology."
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Can someone trying to convert have mezuzahs on his doorposts?

When one is going through an orthodox conversion, one is asked to keep all the mitzvoth with the exception of fully keeping the shabbos and putting Tefillin. I was wondering if this exception also ...
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Reason for Sepharadi Qeri'at Shema' Custom

I have seen no small number of Sepharadim recite Qeri'at Shema' whilst covering their eyes in the fashion below (as opposed to what I assume is the predominant Ashkenazi custom of simply placing one's ...
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Source for Chasidik practice of imagining yourself giving up your life during the first verse of Krias Shma

in a chassidus shiur i heard that the obligation for krias shma (for people busy with parnoso) according to all opinions is the first posuk of shma with kavono and that the kavono is by saying it you ...
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Dr. Bronner's soap

If you read the label of a bottle of Dr. Bronner's soap you will find--as I was flabbergasted to find--that the very last words are a whimsical English translation of "Shema Yisroel." Dr. Bronner ...
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Viduy on motzaeh shabbat?

If one has the custom to say viduy during kriat shema al hamitah, can he say this viduy following shabbat since motzeh shabbat is sort of a half holiday?
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time of kriat shma change nowadays

The time of kriat shma is learned basically from the pasuk "בשכבך ובקומך", meaning the time people sleep and the time people wake up. 2000 years ago people acted according to the daylight. Nowadays ...
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Individual Repeating 'Hashem Elokeikhem Emes'

When reading Keriat Shema without a minyan, to complete 248 words, the Minhat Ela'zar says that the individual should repeat 'Hashem Elokeikhem Emes'. Is there any drawback to this position? (It's new ...
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What does shomo-a tishm'u in the shema prayer mean?

The second paragraph of the shema begins with "and it will come to pass that if you continually hearken to my commandments..." Apparently shomo-a tishm'u means continually hearken but I would like ...
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Must one be synced with the minyan? [duplicate]

What should I do if I'm about to say the Shema Israel but the rest of the minyan is already on aleinu leshabeach, to give an example. Should I say "El melej neeman"? Do I need to be in sync with the ...
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Answering Amen , Kaddish and Barchu during different parts of davening

Would anyone know where I could find a chart which lists the things your able to answer to (ex. Amen,Kaddish,Barchu) during the different parts of Davening (Pesukei DiZimrah,Birchos Krias Shemah,Krias ...
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R Yonah's position about saying Hashkiveinu before nightfall

The Talmud (Berachot 8b-9a) tell us that the Halacha is according to the opinion that, at least if forced to, one can fulfill his obligation for the night time reading of Shema after dawn before ...
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Does kri'at shmaʿ on its own require handwashing?

If one is going to recite kri'at shmaʿ on its own (in order to recite it in its proper time), do you need to wash your hands first specially for the purpose? I.e., you're going to be davvening ...
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Proper kavanah for baruch shem kevod?

What intention should one be having when reciting "baruch shem kevod malchuto le'olam vaed" in the shema?
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Is reciting Shema a mitzva d'oraisa?

The first paragraph of the Shema (itself from the Torah) includes the instruction to say the Shema twice daily "when we lie down and when we arise." This would seem to indicate that the recitation of ...
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Pronounciation in MO schools

I am curious about the Hebrew pronunciation taught in many Modern Orthodox schools. It doesn't seem to conform to real Israeli pronunciation, nor is it the "standard Yiddish" or Polish pronunciation ...
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Shema pronunciation [duplicate]

I've heard that the proper way to say the Shema Israel is by pronouncing the final daleth (d) sound for a longer time. 1) Is this a real thing? What are the sources? 2)I find it near impossible to ...
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dying person reciting shema

I have read a few times about people reciting the shema before dying. what is the reason for this and does it have any basis in halacha.
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Why are some parts of the second paragraph of the Shema in the singular and some in plural?

The second paragraph of the Shema is mainly worded in the plural. But there are some parts in the singular. Why is that? The parts in the singular are in bold text below. וְהָיָה אִם שָׁמעַ ...
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Saying Shema from Klaf

I've heard of saying parshat haketoret from a klaf. Does a similar practice exist for shema? If so, is it just Shema and V'haya (essentially a mezuzah) or the above and Parshat Tzitzit?
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Yachid v.s. Echad

What is the definition and difference between Yachid and Echad? I read some where that Maimonides told HaShem is Yachid, but isn't He Echad?
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Protecting love for Hashem

The Sh'ma opens with the commandment to love the L_rd your G_d with all your heart, all your soul and all your resources. To help protect the sanctity of Shabbat, there are laws which build a fence ...
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Covering eyes for Shma which isn't THE shma

Based on the answer to this question about covering ones eyes for the Shma said early in davening, it would appear that one only covers his eyes when saying the verse of Shma in order to enhance the ...
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Do we say “baruch shem kvod” in a whisper when not saying Shma?

As per this question, we whisper the statement Baruch Shem Kvod Malchuto L'olam Va'ed duirng shma (except on Yom Kippur). But what about when we say the phrase not as part of shma? Do we whisper it ...
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saying boruch shem out loud on Yom Kippur but not immediately after?

The entire Yom Kippur we say the "boruch shem" after "shema" out loud, contrary to the normal whispered tone, because we are compared to angels on this day. The question is, when Yom Kippur first ...
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Why are SA OC 61:22 and 61:23 in that order?

Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 61:20–1, dicattes that, when reading "Sh'ma", one must put a space between words that are in danger of being run together. In the following paragraph, :22, it says "...
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When saying Shema Yisroel as your last words, should you say “בָּרוּךְ שֵׁם כְּבוֹד מַלְכוּתוֹ לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד”?

Ad 120 Since the "Baruch shem..." that follows the statement of "Shema yisroel" was collocated to "Shema yisroel" by rabbis, and is subordinate to the extent that we say it in an undertone, must it ...
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What is the sof zman kriat shema according to Hacham Ovadia Yosef?

What is the is the sof zman kriat shema according to Hacham Ovadia Yosef? Please provide your source.
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Why hasn't the sof zman kriat shema adapted to the sleeping patterns of today?

The second mishna in mesechet berachot writes: From when may one recite Shema in the morning? From when one can distinguish between Tekhelet [purple-blue wool] and white. Rabbi Eliezer says: [...
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Minhag saying Shema after Aleinu

Shalom! I heard some Biala chassidim saying the posuk of Shema Israel after completing the prayer of Aleinu Leshabeyach. Where does that tradition come from?
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intent on shema regarding idolatry

in the shema we recite "Take care lest your heart be lured away, and you turn astray and worship alien gods and bow down to them" what intent should one have while reading this given that the ...
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What does יוציא בשפתיו mean?

The Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chaim 62:3) rules that one fulfills the mitzvah of Keri'at Shema even if he did not hear the words that he has said--with one condition: צריך להשמיע לאזנו מה שמוציא בפיו, ...
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Which “shita” did the 5 rabbis in the Haggadah follow regarding the earliest time for morning Shema?

This section from the Haggadah: Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Story of the Five Rabbis 1: מַעֲשֶׂה בְּרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן-עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְרַבִּי ...
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How are Birchos Krias Shema blessings on Krias Shema?

The Ramban (Brachos 11b) writes that Birkas Kriyas Shema are blessings over the Mitzva of saying Shema. What's in the text of Birkas Kriyas Shema that has to do with Shema? It talks about angels, ...
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Is it ok to Text After Kriyat Shema al Hamita?

Is it okay to text after saying kriyat shema al hamita? You're not supposed to talk afterward, as it says: Tremble and sin not. Reflect in your hearts while on your beds, and be utterly silent. -...
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Why no repetition of the Shema in shul?

We repeat the amida in shul for the sake of those who do not know the amida. We read the birkat hamzaon aloud for the sake of those who do not know the blessings. In both cases, we assume that many ...
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Customs regarding reciting the Shema after the allowed time

The latest time for reciting the קְרִיאַת-שְׁמַע is שׇׁלוֺש שׇׁעוֺת זְמׇנִיּוֺת (three variable hours) after sunrise (Orach Chayim 58:1). On Shabbat, many communities recite the morning Shema after ...
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What's the source for the phrase in Krias Shema al HaMitah: : …בְּשֵׁם יְיָ אֱלֹקֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל and to recite it 3x?

What's the source for the actual phrase that is cited in Krias Shema al HaMitah: בְּשֵׁם יְיָ אֱלֹקֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל: מִימִינִי מִיכָאֵל וּמִשְּׂמֹאלִי גַבְרִיאֵל וּמִלְּפָנַי אוּרִיאֵל וּמֵאֲחוֹרַי ...
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Why is the mitzvah of tefellin not by night?

Berachos discusses the importance of saying shema while wearing tefellin. Saying shema without tefellin is likened to bringing an incomplete sacrifice (Berachos, 14b). Similiary, one who washes his ...
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What kavana (intention) should you be having while reciting the Shema?

What kavana (intention) should you be having while reciting the Shema? It is a biblical obligation to recite the shema twice a day so it would be worthwhile to do it the right way. If you can provide ...
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Choosing between Brachos on Shma and Sof Zman Kriyas Shema

Let's say Yosef woke up late one day, and by the time he was ready to say kriyas shema, it was two minutes before sof zman kriyas shema (the latest time at which a person could say kriyas shema). He ...