Questions tagged [shema]

Shema refers to a prayer, named Shema after its first word. It is traditionally said 3 times a day: in the morning and evening prayers, and before retiring at night. Shema may refer to the first verse (Deut. 6:4), the longer version which includes Deut. 6:5-9, 11:13-21 and Num. 15:37-41, or the even longer prayer said before bed.

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Plural and Singular in Prashat VeHaya Im Shamoa [duplicate]

In the Parshat VeHa'ya Im Shamoa (the second Parshah of the Kriyat Shema), the verse begins with the plural:והיה אם שמוע תשמעו... ולמדתם אותם את בניכם And you put these words on your hearts and minds, ...
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Does the Sh’ma have to be said verbally

According to Halacha, does the Sh’ma prayer have to be recited out loud? Or can it be read by oneself? I mean B’dieved, Lechatlicha it is likely preferable to verbalize it.
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List of Shema words

Does anyone have a list of the words in Shema that are easy to mess up on, in that the last letter of the first word is the first letter of the next one? For instance, על לבבך and ואבדתם מהרה. The ...
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Per the Rambam and/or Raavad Can One Recite the Shema Prayer in Slang?

The Rambam states that one may recite the Shema in any language, but one must choose his/her words carefully (Laws of Shema 2:10): A person may recite the Shema in any language he understands. One ...
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Doesn't Euphemizing "Who Makes Peace and Creates Evil" Before Reading the Shema Mitigate Shema's Awesome Power?

The first blessing in the morning before Shema is known as Yotzer Or. It begins: בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵֽינוּ מֶֽלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם יוֹצֵר אוֹר וּבוֹרֵא חֽשֶׁךְ עֹשֶׂה שָׁלוֹם וּבוֹרֵא אֶת־הַכֹּל: ...
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Is there an opinion that holds the time for Krias Shema is sunset?

Based on my research, the opinions that I have found state that the time for reciting Shema is Tzeis HaKochavim. I have found the opinion (namely, the Rabbeinu Tam) that one can potentially fulfill ...
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Saying Shema without tzitzit considered שֶׁקֶר?

Struggling to understand the logic of Shulchan Aruch Harav: Chapter 8:1 "Whoever recites Shema without wearing tzitzit is giving false testimony." (כָּל הַקּוֹרֵא "קְרִיאַת שְׁמַע" בְּלֹא צִיצִית – ...
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Putting oneself in doubt, when it comes to a Mitzvah Derabanan

The Mishnah Berurah (46 S”K 31) brings an opinion - which is how the SA Harav rules - that in a case where one is afraid that he might miss the time of Shema by the time the Tzibur reaches the place ...
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Davening Shema with minyan

I find my minyan moves so fast through the paragraphs and brachot after the Shema, I have to skip forward after “emes” to join them with “kadosh kadosh kadosh” etc. is this permissible? Do i have to ...
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The Sh’ma in kabbalah and chasiduss

Are there any kabbalistic and Hasidic interpretations or meanings given to the Sh’ma? If so, what are they? Preferably both kabbalah and chasiduss references
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How should a Baal Teshuva choose between MGA and GRA for the latest Shema time? [duplicate]

Generally, a Jew knows if their origins are Ashkenazic or Sephardic. One may even know if they come specifically from Lithuanian, Hassidic, Moroccan, Tunisian or any other community but they might ...
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How does this explanation in Aruch Hashulchan address the issues regarding Shema times?

In this answer I cited R. Yechiel Michel Epstein's explanation for rejecting R. Yaakov of Karlin's suggestion that the times for Shema are not based on sha'ot zemaniot. In truth, however, I don't ...
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Rabanan cancelled out his mitzvah -- does it matter if his problem was active or passive?

There's the well-worn discussion of cases where someone did a mitzvah when the rabbis said not to, e.g. blowing shofar or taking lulav when the otherwise-right day was shabbos. This is usually linked ...
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Sh’ma time on a long travel

If one is traveling a very long distance, for example an El Al flight from Los Angeles to Tel Aviv, at what time should they recite the Sh’ma? Would it be based on the time of departure, the time they ...
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Did Rash"i hold like the Gr"a or like Rabbeinu Tam?

NOTE: Most of these time calculations assume the day is either the autumnal or vernal equinox, where there are 12 hours of sunlight and therefore Neitz is at 6:00 AM and Gra's shkiah is 6:00 PM There ...
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Source (Ashkenazi) for kissing Tefillin at Bracha of Yotzer Or?

The Ashkenazi ArtScroll Siddur says to kiss your Shel Yad at “Yotzer Or” and Shel Rosh at “Borei Choshech”. What’s the source for this?
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Why doesn’t this Gemara include בכל לבבך

So the Talmud in Berachot 61b asks why the Shema states to serve Hashem “with all your money” if it already says “with all your soul” and vice versa. And they answer that “all your soul” refers to ...
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Minhag chabad during Krias shema al hamita

Does anyone know the source of the custom of reflecting on the Rebbe's face during the krias shema al hamita Someone told me about this "minhag" is there a source for this one. what then ...
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Distracted While Reciting First Verse of Shema

If one is saying the Shema, got distracted while reciting the first verse, but then finished the rest of the shema into the time after the zeman, do they have to recite it again because of being ...
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Washing before prayer (specifically Shema

I know the morning requires 3 times, but during other times of the day, is it required to wash 3 times before prayer (mainly wondering about the Shema), or is only 1 time ok?
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Reciting Shema In The Afternoon

If one missed the time of the boqer shema, but it’s time to recite Mincha, should they say the Shema then Mincha, or just recite Mincha?
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Is reciting Shema a mitzva d'oraisa?

The first paragraph of the Shema (itself from the Torah) includes the instruction to say the Shema twice daily "when we lie down and when we arise." This would seem to indicate that the recitation of ...
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Abbreviated Shema [duplicate]

I am aware that the Shema consists of 3 paragraphs, however, is there an abbreviated Shema? If so, what is it? Also, in what situations are we allowed to say the abbreviated version?
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Source for saying Emes at end of Shema?

I was just learning the Mishna Berura and Aruch Hashulchan on this topic, and one thing that seemed to be strangely taken for granted by the Mishna Berura, without any source for it that I can find, ...
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Permissibility of Saying Shema and/or Berakhot After Third Hour

Are the Berakhot of the Shema allowed to be said after the third Halakhic hour, or both the Shema and the Berakhot?
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How do Jewish people understand the commandment not to make or worship idols?

The first commandment given to Moses on the mountain is clear and unambiguous. In English it reads "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. You shall ...
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Is "these words" in Deuteronomy 6:6-9 referring to the Shema, or the whole book?

When Deuteronomy 6:6 commands that "these words" should be displayed, remembered, and obeyed, is the phrase referring to the Shema, or is "these words" referring to the whole book? ...
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When saying the shema in a minyan should it be said loudly or quietly

When saying the shema in a minyan should it be said loudly or quietly? I was at the opposite side in the Synagogue and I could hear a lot of the shema someone else was saying...
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Finished Shema After Zeman [duplicate]

If one started The Shema before the zeman, however the recitation extends into the time after the zeman, where does it say one still finish The Shema? Also, did they meet the obligation if they ...
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How to hold tzitzit and siddur when reading the Shema?

The ArtScroll siddur says to hold the tzitzit in the left hand for the first two paragraphs of the Shema and then to hold them in both hands for the third paragraph (and a bit more). My question is, ...
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What is the rationale for holding tzitzit in left and then right hand during Shema?

The Artscroll siddur says to hold the tzitzit in the left hand for the first two paragraphs of the morning shema and then also in the right hand for the 3rd paragraph. What is the rationale for this ...
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Accidentally saying "El Melekh Neeman" when in a tzibbur

There is a very widespread custom of commencing one's recitation of the Shema with the three-word phrase, אל מלך נאמן, when davening alone, and of having the shaliach tzibbur repeat the last two words ...
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Is the Mishna making the dresha from מְאֹד or , מוֹדֵד, מִדָּה?

דָּבָר אַחֵר בְּכָל מְאֹדֶךָ, בְּכָל מִדָּה וּמִדָּה שֶׁהוּא מוֹדֵד לְךָ הֱוֵי מוֹדֶה לוֹ בִּמְאֹד מְאֹד (Berachos 9:5) This is one of the Mishnah's explanations of the phrase in the Pasuk we say ...
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In Meseches Tamid 31b why are the karbonos interupted for shema?

https://www.sefaria.org/Tamid.31b.1?lang=bi&with=all&lang2=en There is a very detailed description of how the animal is cut up, exactly how the kohanim are to hold it, and then all of the ...
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Shema Text not consistent

In the first paragraph of the Shema we say you need to love Hashem בכל לבבך ובכך נפשך ובכל מאדך, to love Hashem with all your heart, soul, and resources. But in the second paragraph of Shema, it says “...
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Does one say “emes” at night?

When saying Kriat Shema Al Hamita, if one were saying all three paragraphs, would they said “emes” at the end? It seems to me that the reason we say “emes” is to attach it to the next paragraph, which ...
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Yotzei for Kerias Shema before bed from Maariv shema?

Can you be yotzei for the Kerias Shema before bed from the Maariv shema if you daven maariv right before going to bed? Is this bedieved? Should you avoid davening maariv right before bed? Couldn't ...
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Origins of kriat shema [duplicate]

I'm looking for sources that discuss when it became a common practice to recite the shema. The gemara in berakhot says "m'eimotai korin et shema", when do we recite the shema, but doesn't ...
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Berachot in Kriat Shema

I'm sorry if the question is too general, but I was just wondering about Berachot Kriat Shema. What exactly are they? What kind of relationship do they have with the Shema? We need to make a Beracha ...
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Why is the first bracha after Yishtabach not a bracha?

In any checklist for saying 100 brachos a day, and based on the fact that we do not answer amen, why is the bracha that ends in "oseh shalom u'voreh es hakol" not considered a bracha? It is not ...
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Maariv After Bedtime Shema

Many a time I realize that I have forgotten to say Maariv in midst of reciting the bedtime Shema. Halachic Question: Is one permitted to Daven Maariv after saying ברוך המפיל?
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dying person reciting shema

I have read a few times about people reciting the shema before dying. what is the reason for this and does it have any basis in halacha.
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What constitutes the Shema?

In wanting to add a Jewish practice, I am now saying the Shema daily. (It is nice to know that is a mitzvah explicitly in the Torah.) What is the "actual" Shema. When I was a kid (Reform) we would ...
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What level of obligation is of kriat shema al hamita?

What is the level of obligation for krias shema al hamita (the recitation of Shema before going to bed)? Is it a mitzvah deoraisa, mitzvah derabanan, is it a minhag avoseinu byadeinu? Maybe it's ...
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Shema in Pesukei D'zimra

When one says Shema in korbanot, is he yotzei in the mitzvah of Kriyat Shema? Its best to say shema with its brachot; however, if one were to fulfill the mitzvah of Shema by saying the verse in ...
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How are Birchos Krias Shema blessings on Krias Shema?

The Ramban (Brachos 11b) writes that Birkas Kriyas Shema are blessings over the Mitzva of saying Shema. What's in the text of Birkas Kriyas Shema that has to do with Shema? It talks about angels, ...
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Being יוצא with the chazzan saying - ה' אלוקיכם אמת, if I am not up to Kerias Shema yet

Kerias Shema consists of only 245 words. In order to say 248 words in , the chazzan repeats the words "ה' אלוקיכם אמת". If one davens without a minyan one should say "אל מלך נאמן" ...
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Why we have to say Keriat Shma on the bed in the Sukkah?

It is known that on Passover night the custom is not to say Keriat Shma on the bed since it is called Shimurim night - a night that is preserved from the 'bad winds' (Mazikim). We don't put a Mezuza ...
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Shema vs Shabbos Candle Lighting

Can anyone possibly enlighten me as to why when reciting the first verse of Shema one covers their eyes using one hand (the right hand) as opposed to when lighting Shabbos candles one is to cover ...
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Is cantillation with Kriyat Shema required?

Is one required to recite Kriyat Shema with the tune of Torah reading? I know it says so in Talmidei Rabbenu Yonah on the Rif Brachoth 8b, however, as someone who learned Hebrew later in life, it is ...

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