All Questions

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Can one extinguish Shabbat candles after dark if you a worried about an animal knocking it over and causing a fire?

If one lit Shabbat candles before dark, had them burning during dinner, and now wants to go to bed, but is worried that a cat or a dog might knock them over and cause a house fire; is it permissible ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Why do women wave their hands in front of the Shabbos candles before making the bracha? [duplicate]

There seems to be a widespread custom among women to wave their hands in front of Shabbos candles before making a bracha on them. I have never seen men do this when lighting the Shabbos candles. Why ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

For how long has the Bracha on nerot Shabbat been around?

When did the Bracha on nerot Shabbat come into play? I know that the Mishna mentions generally the mitzva mid'rabanan to light a light on Shabbos. But when did klal yisrael begin saying the Bracha?
5
votes
2answers
191 views

A poor person, Chanukah candles v. Shabbos candles, and selling clothing to buy candles

Although one who cannot afford Shabbos candles is not required to sell his clothing to fund them, one who cannot afford Chanuka candles is required to sell his clothing. (Shulchan Aruch O.C. 671.) ...
3
votes
1answer
244 views

When does Shabbat officially start?

I am confused about the exact/official time of Shabbat starting. Is it 18 minutes before sunset, when the candles are lit, or at sunset?
6
votes
2answers
124 views

Why is the blessing over the candles said after lighting the candles?

All of the blessings I know of over bread, wine, washing of hands, installing a mezzuzah, reading from the Torah, studying Torah the blessing is said first, and then the action is done (reading from ...
3
votes
1answer
256 views

Does one's wife have to observe “early” Shabbat if her husband does? [duplicate]

If a man attends an early Shabbat minyan long before the latest candle lighting time (18 mins. before sundown, e.g.) and has started Shabbat before then, must his wife accept Shabbat at the same time ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Hand waving during candle lighting [duplicate]

There seems to be a ubiquitous minhag for women to wave their arms around when they light candles, let's say for shabbos. I don't mean covering their eyes with their hands I mean waving around in the ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Candles, becoming a bas mitzvah on Shabbos

If a girl becomes a bas mitzvah exactly on Shabbos, can she fulfill the mitzvah of lighting candles on behalf of another person on that week? On one hand, the candles are specifically for Shabbos, ...
5
votes
2answers
260 views

Why did the Gaon of Vilna kindle many Shabbat lights?

I am making my giur and got a book from my teacher with all kinds of questions. In the chapter about lighting the candles I found one I am not able to answer: It is reported about the Gaon of Vilna ...
3
votes
1answer
414 views

Other sources of light to bless Shabbat over

In places were candles are unsafe or prohibited from use, could light emitting diodes with batteries substitute? Closing the circuit would be regarded as work. But so is lighting a candle for any ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Why are Shabbat candles lit 18 minutes before sunset? [duplicate]

My understanding is that the number 18 is the amount of time it takes for an average person to walk 1 mil (side Q, how does this measurement translate to current English or metric units?) Why was ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

If a lady missed the time to light the Shabbat candles, what should she do?

If shekia (according to sefardim and litvish minhagim) is 4:59, and the lady (who is litvish or sefardi) was busy preparing for the Shabbat. If by the time she got to the candles it was 5:00, what are ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Did the New York Times really testify to the eternity of the Jewish People? [closed]

There's a story I've heard quite a few times that is reprinted all over Jewish sites on the internet. It goes like this: On January 1, 2000, the NY Times ran a Millennium edition. It was a special ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Lighting Candles when eating Out on Friday Night

If one is going out to eat (such as at a simcha), should Shabbos candles be lit at home or at the hall? I heard that some rabbis do not allow candles to be lit at the hall in the shul but instruct ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

Where are we commanded to light candles Fri night? [duplicate]

The bracha for lighting candles Friday night is "who has sanctified us with his commandments and commanded us to light the lamp of Shabbat." What is the source for the commandment? While we are on ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Should an unmarried woman light one or two Shabbat candles?

Should an unmarried woman light one or two Shabbat candles? I have seen both practices, but it seems that only little girls light one candle and that a grown-up woman lights two although she is not ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

response to barachu vs candles, in bringing shabbat in early?

I understand how it can be that lighting candles bring in shabbat. But I don't understand how responding to Barachu(or any part of the davening) can bring in or be used to bring in shabbat. I can ...
6
votes
1answer
118 views

Why 2 candles for yom tov

For Shabos, there is a custom to light 2 candles: one for shamor and one for zachor. Shulchan aruch harav 263.1: ‏…אחד כנגד זכור ואחד כנגד שמור…‏ I understand that on yomtov ...
2
votes
0answers
123 views

Why 2 shabbos candles? [duplicate]

Why do women light two candles, specifically, for Shabbos? Is it one for the husband and one for the wife? Is it one for shamor and one for zochor?
4
votes
1answer
456 views

Judenstern (Jeckische Shabbat lamp)

Historically, German Jews used a lamp like the one shown below for neirot Shabbat. Does anyone still make it? If so, where could it be found?
3
votes
2answers
223 views

Must one follow a community's candle-lighting time?

If one belongs to a synagogue, and the synagogue tells its members that the community's Shabbos candle-lighting time is a certain time, is one obligated to light at that time (or by 18 minutes after ...
7
votes
1answer
658 views

The single male and shabbat

Is a single male permitted to light the shabbat candles and say the blessing? And if so, how many candles? Do the rules change based on whether alone or in the company any single females?
7
votes
4answers
1k views

May one say a blessing on light bulbs for shabbat

If one doesn't have candles for shabbat, may one say a blessing on light bulbs? Since the point is to have light for שלום בית (household serenity), it would seem that electric lights would have the ...
7
votes
1answer
620 views

Blessing on Shabbat candle lighting for men

Should a man say the blessing then light the shabbos candles or light the candles first then say the blessing?
9
votes
4answers
872 views

Is one allowed to light a candle which has oil on top and water underneath on Erev Shabbos?

The gemara Shabbos 47b says that even on Erev Shabbos one may not place a vessel with water in it under a candle in order that any sparks emitted by the flame should fall into the water, because it is ...
5
votes
1answer
480 views

Daven mincha after lighting Shabbos candles

As most shuls daven mincha right before Kaballos Shabbos, in order to daven mincha with a minyan on Friday one must light candles prior. Is it better to light candles and then daven mincha, or should ...
7
votes
2answers
273 views

Defining residence for purpose of candle lighting

Do you light Shabbat or Channuka candles in the place where you sleep/dwell or in the place where you will be spending the evening? Does it make a difference if you are going to be sleeping out of ...
5
votes
0answers
150 views

What is the Hebrew term for the drawing of the hands inward during lighting of Shabbos candles?

Someone elsewhere asked what is the Hebrew term for the drawing of the hands inward during lighting of Shabbos candle. For example, Chabad.org describes the custom, Extend your hands over the ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Can a gentile light a Shabbat candle and do the prayers?

I am a gentile, however I am seriously considering to convert. I would like to do some of the Shabbat traditions just to get a feel of the celebration (can you call it that?) like light the candle ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Pretending in kiyum hamitzvot

When a woman (or, if need be, a man) lights candles for Shabbat, she covers her eyes before making the bracha to "pretend" that the candles aren't lit yet because we generally say the bracha before ...
3
votes
1answer
263 views

Lighting candles on Yom Tov that falls out on Motzei Shabbos

Before a woman lights candles for Yom Tov that falls out on Motzei Shabbos does it say anywhere that she needs to say "HaMavdil" first? (Since the kedushas are different -- on Shabbos it was ossur to ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

Are you yotzei by lighting candles through a grama?

Does one fulfill the mitzvah of lighting candles (sabbath or chanukah) if done by a grama (indirect action)? Example
6
votes
3answers
198 views

Candles lit from Shabbos to Shabbos

In Hilchos Channukah (OC Siman 675 Sif 1 -- see also there Mishneh Brurah Sif-Katan 3) we learn that if one lit Channukah candle(s) (for the mitzvah) for one day and they stayed lit until the ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

When should we light shabbat candles?

On page 188 of my סדור רינת ישראל (or p. 196 in this edition) the instructions for lighting shabbat candles begins as follows: כשהחמה בראש האילנות, מדליקים נר של שבת. My limited Hebrew has me ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Hand movements when lighting shabbat candles

When women light shabbat candles I often see them making hand gestures. These look like two or perhaps three circles around in the air. What is the source for this practice? Is it a law or custom? Is ...
17
votes
2answers
3k views

40 minutes offset for candle lighting?

Several Zmanim apps are giving a choice on my "candle lighting offset". The default here is 40 minutes instead of the usual 18 minutes I've heard. Why 40? Why do I even have a choice? Does the fact ...
11
votes
2answers
814 views

3 year olds lighting a shabbat candle

When my eldest turned three her male cousin also turned three. Many of her friends and her cousin were getting Tzitzit. She asked for her own. We explained that boys wear TzitTzit and girls light ...
19
votes
2answers
419 views

The custom of adding a candle for each child

Many people, including myself, added or will add a candle on Friday night for each child that is born. Where and when did this custom originate?
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Husband lighting Shabbat candles

If my wife is out of the country for an extended trip, am I required to light Shabbat candles in the house if I am home alone? Does it matter how long she is going to be away? Or that the time ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Should one light Shabbat candles if Friday is yom tov?

Today is the second day of Rosh Hashana, and it happens to be Friday. The holiday will end after Shabbat begins. Should we light candles today?
4
votes
3answers
322 views

Why do we call it “candle-lighting” time?

Since it is still permissible to do melacha (work forbidden on shabbat) including lighting shabbat candles until shki'a (sunset), which is 18 minutes (or 40 minutes in Jerusalem) following "candle-...
11
votes
2answers
869 views

Why do some women light additional shabbat candles for the past weeks they didn't light?

Some women have the custom to light an additional shabbat candle for every week which, for whatever reason, they did not have a chance to light shabbat candles in the past. For example, if a woman ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Can one follow Rabbeinu Tam time for beginning Shabbos?

Does anyone today follow Rabbineu Tam time for the beginning of Shabbos? Reading some tshuvas (e.g. Eretz haTzvi) it is clear this was widespread in Europe. If one has previously been accustomed to ...
7
votes
1answer
664 views

Shabbat in the arctic

If I were to travel to Barrow, Alaska in the summer, when there is no sunset, when should I light the Shabbat candles? (This is not a hypothetical question; I work remotely for an Alaskan corporation ...
7
votes
6answers
297 views

Number of Candles at Lighting

How many candles should one light on Erev Shabbos and Yom Tov? And why that number?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Calculating shabbat candle lighting time

Is it possible to calculate the candle lighting time based on location and date alone? Assume all you have is a GPS, a watch and a calculator.
5
votes
1answer
124 views

Lighting Chanuka candles on Erev Shabbat

Since it's not common sense to leave a fire unattended (or against an apartment building's guidelines to have unattended fires), what's the general minhag for lighting Chanuka candles on Erev Shabbat ...
2
votes
1answer
292 views

Early Mincha Erev Shabbos Chanuka

There are people that daven Mincha on Erev Shabbos Chanuka prior to lighting the Menorah and there are people that light first and then Daven Mincha. Those that Daven early do it in order to avoid ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Kosel after Candle Lighting

I noticed that in Israel many women accompany their husbands' in taxis to the Kosel after they already lit the Shabbos Candles. Is this permissible? And if so, why (or how)?