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Questions tagged [sanhedrin]

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7
votes
1answer
676 views

Why does a small sanhedrin have 23 judges rather than 21?

Sanhedrin 1:6 explains the size of the small sanhedrin, but I'm having trouble following the reasoning. It says (my notes in brackets): From where do we learn that the little Sanhedrin should be ...
6
votes
1answer
111 views

Can a Judge Issue a Ruling After his Death?

In a recent decision (No. 18-272, Yovino v. Rizo, decided February 25, 2019 Per Curiam, properly cited as 586 U. S. ___ (2019)), the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) dealt with the matter of a ...
6
votes
1answer
102 views

How can the Sanhedrin ever err?

On the one hand we know that if a Sanhedrin issued an erroneous decision (which was acted upon) they must bring a sacrifice (Vayikra 4:13). On the other, we have the concept of "lo bashamayim hi" (...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

How did the Beis Din have the authority to relax the rules of Muktza?

Shulchan Aruch HaRav (O.C. 310:16) lays out the general history of the prohibition of Mukza (Based on Shabbos 123b): בימי נחמיה בן חכליה שהיו העם מזלזלים באיסורי שבת כמ"ש בימים ההם ראיתי ביהודה ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Is there a limit to the number of consecutive leap years?

The Rambam in Hilchot Kiddush Hachodesh 4:5 (Thanks @DonielF) states that Sanhedrin was allowed to declare a leap year not just based on "seasonal alignment' (I.e. 16 Nissan should be after the spring ...
3
votes
3answers
151 views

Examples of a functioning Sanhedrin in the Talmud

We find many references in the Talmud to what could be perceived as a Sanhedrin, like Chachamim or Beis-Din, or that Hillel and his descendants were the Nessi'im (of a Sanhedrin presumably), but I don'...
3
votes
2answers
78 views

Tanaim in the Sanhedrin

Do we know by name any Tanainm that actually sat at great Sanhedrin? (71 sages) I know Shimon "H'tzadik" that were in the Keneset Hagdola, but it's not the same.
3
votes
3answers
176 views

How to understand Hilchot Mamrim 3?

In Hilchot Mamrim 3a, it states: מי שאינו מאמין בתורה שבעל פה, אינו זקן ממרא האמור בתורה, אלא הרי הוא בכלל המינים, ומיתתו ביד כל אדם. [ב] מאחר שנתפרסם שהוא כופר בתורה שבעל פה--מורידין ולא מעלין, ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Did Sadducees contribute to halacha? [duplicate]

We know that Sadducees served on the Sanhedrin and even became high priests. [Yoma 19b] They did not believe in the afterlife or the resurrection of the dead, but this does not mean their ...
3
votes
0answers
72 views

What direction did the Great Sanhedrin face?

In the standard scheme of the Temple and the Great Sanhedrin, taking the fact that they sat in an arc, what direction did they face - South (Altar), East (Ezrat Nashim), West(K"K) or North (wall)? I'...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Why Poskim don't work and write in groups?

At any given moment there are several leading (and hundreds of secondary) Rabbis and Poskim. Each one running his own Yeshivah, writing his books and issuing his own Psakim. I understood that the ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Considerations for impeachment of the Nassi of Sanhedrin

While cynically coincidental, my business is exclusively with the Sugya of the [temporary] impeachment of Rabban Gamliel in his Maariv Chova argument with R' Yahoshua (Brochos 27b). אמרי עד כמה ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Considerations for electing the Nassi - theoretical vs practical?

In theory Rambam Hilchot Sanhedrin 1.3 teaches us: הַגָּדוֹל בְּחָכְמָה שֶׁבְּכֻלָּן מוֹשִׁיבִין אוֹתוֹ רֹאשׁ עֲלֵיהֶן וְהוּא רֹאשׁ הַיְשִׁיבָה וְהוּא שֶׁקּוֹרִין אוֹתוֹ הַחֲכָמִים נָשִׂיא בְּכָל ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Order of promotion of Sanhedrin judges

There were three Sanhedrins on the Temple Mt: - The Great: 71 members and 3 lines of 23 students for filling in or replacing the judges (see Sanhedrin 37a) and - Two Lesser: 23 members each, with ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Examples of a decision ruled by voting of Sanhedrin in the Talmud

If I understand correctly the Peshat of the Torah (Deut 17), when a Machlokes raises, there's a simple and Kosher way of resolving it - gathering the High Court and voting on it and, of course, ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Where did the 70 elders (High Sanhedrin) sit in the wilderness?

All the depictions of the tribal camps around the Mishkan in the desert show that the tribe of Levi was surrounding it and Israel were not allowed in there. I don't recall a reference to a specific ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Was the bat kol right?

In Bava Metzia 59b, the rabbis are discussing a matter of halacha, and at some point a Voice from Heaven (bat kol) interjects an opinion. The rabbis reply that the Torah is out of God's hands (they ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Tribes' Nessi'im and can a judge sit in two Sanhedrins simultaneously?

Following and completing "order-of-promotion-of-judges" In what Sanhedrin did the tribes' Nesi'im sit - tribal (23) or common (23 at Temple Mt) or the Great (73)? And, therefore, should every Sage ...
0
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0answers
26 views

High Priest vs Sanhedrin - who decides?

Who outpowers whom in Halochos of running the Temple - the Nassi and the Sanhedrin or the High Priest and his team of working Kohanim, assuming he's a Chacham also? If the Sanhedrin, what means do ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Did Sanhedrin sit by the Mishkan before the Temple was built?

For about 500 years of the Mishkan, was there an obligation of placing the High Sanhedrin next to it or as the Posuk says "בַּמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִבְחַר ה' א' שְׁמוֹ שָׁם" - explicitly the Temple Mount ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Where was the Sanhedrin in the Purim story?

I'm trying to understand the "chain of command" in the story of Megillat Ester, and I see Ester as a prophetess, Mordechai as a prophet and a sage but what's missing is the 70 elders - the Sanhedrin. ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

If “not in Heaven”, can Sanhedrin disregard or contradict a prophet?

It is a Mitzvah to listen to a prophet (non-capital) and it is a Mitzvah to listen to the Sanhedrin (capital). While it's accepted that a prophet can't establish new Halochos, he can command on ...
-2
votes
1answer
58 views

Why representatives were sent to spy and not the elders?

What was the logic of sending tribes' representatives and not simply [from the] the elders, isn't it what the elders were elected for - to decide for the masses? In other words, even if some of them ...