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Questions tagged [safrus]

Ritual scribal work relating to the writing of holy texts

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וידבר ה' אל משה לאמר: Same paragraph

In almost all cases in the Torah, when G-d's speech to Moshe is introduced with: וידבר ה' אל משה לאמר a new paragraph is begun in the written Torah text at this point. I'm aware of one possible ...
Joel K's user avatar
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Is Mashuah Klaf valid for sta’’m

According to Halacha, are Sefer Torahs/tefillin/mezuzot with Mashuah Klaf kosher and valid? Or due to the separation between the writing and the parchment, is it invalid and unusable for the ...
Kirk's user avatar
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Writing Modim DeRabanan on a Mezuza klaf

I would like to write the full Modim DeRabanan on Klaf that was made for Mezuza, I dont know what condition was made on it, its just regular Klaf you buy for Mezuza from the Stam store. is it ok to ...
Elazar Zadiki's user avatar
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When was Menachem Davidovitch's tikun published?

As has been discussed here in the past, the modern layout for a Sefer Torah comes from Mencahem Davidovitch, a 20th-century sofer. When did he first publish it and where? (ie, did he publish a book or ...
Popular Isn't Right's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
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If we have full copies of the Torah in an unchanged form (Dead Sea Scrolls), why don’t we revert our Torah scrolls back?

We have found very old Torah scrolls, which were named the Dead Sea Scrolls. These scrolls are some of the oldest Torah scrolls out there; however, there are some discrepancies between these ancient ...
Kyotiq's user avatar
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Why is the Taz's position on tefillin parsha spacing controversial?

When writing tefillin, one should ideally leave a setumah gap between the parshiyot of shema and vehaya im shamoa. Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 32:36 holds that this should be done following the opinion ...
Joel K's user avatar
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סדורה breaks in the Torah

The Tur Yoreh Deah 275 describes three kinds of breaks in the Sefer Torah. The first two types are פתוחה and סתומה, the standard "open" and "closed" breaks. He and the Beis Yosef ...
MichoelR's user avatar
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Is one permitted to change one of Hashem’s names to another in writing?

If someone had in mind to write the name א-ל, would he be allowed to turn it afterwards into א-להים?
שלום's user avatar
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How are *kri uksivs* marked in a Megillah/klaf that has vowels?

Chayei Adam brings down (155:14) that technically yes, one could take a handwritten Megillas Esther, add in the vowels and cantillation marks, and it would still be kosher: ואין לעשות בה נקודות או ...
Shalom's user avatar
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What ksav were the tefillin of the GR"A (AKA Vilna Gaon)?

I had always thought the GR''A wore ksav Beis Yosef but I recently read on https://shulchanaruchharav.com/halacha/the-different-styles-of-script-used-in-stam-today-kesav-beis-yosef-arizal-vallish-...
DWeinstein's user avatar
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Where do we put the taggin on letters besides שעטנ״ז ג״ץ?

There are different traditions as to on which letters to put the taggin (the crowns), but many old traditions include various specific letters that are not in שעטנ״ז ג״ץ (the letters that we generally ...
magicker72's user avatar
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Writing a ה or ק half on a patch and half off

When you need to patch a Torah, the practice is to write a letter either entirely on the original klaf or entirely on the patch, but not partly on one and partly on the other. See eg. Keset HaSofer 18:...
magicker72's user avatar
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How many cows are required to obtain the parchment of a typical Sefer Torah?

How many cows are required to obtain the parchment of a typical Sefer Torah? I have tried estimating the question with some online sources: Chabad states that a Sefer Torah has 62 and 84 sheets of ...
dexiides's user avatar
4 votes
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Obligation to Purchase Sta"m from non-Jew

According to a halacha I read, There is an obligation to purchase any Sta”m which is in the possession of a non-Jew. If such items remain in his possession, they may become desecrated. If the non-Jew ...
rosends's user avatar
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Dagesh in pe lefufah

If you were writing pointed text with a pe lefufah (or doubled/spiral pe, or pe kefulah) for pedagogical purposes, and the pe had a dagesh, would you write the dagesh inside the inner spiral, or ...
sideband's user avatar
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Changes to the name of Hashem in written texts

I have seen an article which cites a text called Massorah and this text supposedly catalogs 134 instances (referenced here) in which the written text "originally" used the 4 letter name of ...
rosends's user avatar
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Taz on Sefer Aftarta: why mention that printing is writing?

On the topic of a sefer aftarta (a scroll containing the haftarot of the year), the Taz writes as follows (OḤ 284:2, translation mine): ‮א"כ אפי' אם יהיו נכתבים אין להם דין ספר אלא משום עת לעשות ...
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Were scrolls ever written on both sides?

Every Hebrew scroll I've ever seen has been written on only one side. This makes sense both due to the physical properties of velum (the outer side is smooth and easy to write on; the inner side is ...
Mike Izbicki's user avatar
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Do Sifrei Torah use kashida justification? [duplicate]

During aliyah, I noticed that the certain letters in the Sefer Torah what appeared to me to be kashida justification. From Wikipedia: Kashida or Kasheeda (Persian: کشیده; "extended", "...
Casey Rodarmor's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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First archaeological evidence of Crowns on Letters in a written scroll

What is the first archaeological evidence of Crowns on Letters in a written scroll of Torah? I took a look at the oldest Torah scrolls and didn't see the crowns until the 12th century.
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What is the status of Hebrew/Aramaic text canonicalization / standardization? [closed]

I am looking through the Sefaria Exports and finding it is extremely messy, non-uniform, and full of modern "Latin script" symbols, see this literature question for a small amount of context....
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Authentic Q'laph for Tephilin [closed]

The Gemara describes a process for developing q'laph for tephilin. However, this tradition has been lost since then. Has there been any research on restoring the method of producing authentic q'laph? ...
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1 answer
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List of all un-erasable names in Tanakh

There are certain words in Tanakh that refer to God (shemot or azkarot) that have special rules: they cannot be erased and they require special sanctification before a sofer writes them. These include ...
magicker72's user avatar
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Can a paper crease be a sirtut?

When writing books of Tanakh, we need a sirtut, a horizontal line that helps align the text. Indeed, it is forbidden to write any three words of a verse in k'tav Ashurit without a sirtut. See, for ...
magicker72's user avatar
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4 votes
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Leather straps for practicing tefillin knots

There are various instructional YouTube videos (such as this, et al), and diagrams (at the end of some Mishnah Berurahs, for instance), that explain how to tie the the various tefillin knots: e.g. ...
MichoelR's user avatar
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5 votes
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Why is the final Heh in Ha'Shem's name different in K'thav Chabad/Alter-Rebbe?

Now I'm no Sofer by any means, although I do have a strong interest in the different Hebrew calligraphic traditions. All of which I find extremely beautiful in their own way. While studying the style ...
עמנואל-העבד's user avatar
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Form of letters for safrut

Does anyone know of a good online resource for how to make the letters for Sefer Torah, tefillin, mezuzot, based on the Mishnah Berurah's Mishnat Sofrim (siman 36) or Keset Hasofer (Ch. 5), and/or ...
MichoelR's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Does anyone permit writing Shir HaShirim on klaf from a non-kosher species?

A Torah, tefillin, mezuzah, and Esther scroll must be written on klaf that comes from a kosher species. See Shulchan Aruch OH 32:12 (and OH 691:1 and YD 271:1): יהיה הקלף מעור בהמה חיה ועוף ידהטהורים ...
magicker72's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
386 views

Thickening letters for tefillin and mezuzos

The poskim in Orach Chaim 32 talk about the requirement that the letters for tefillin and mezuzos be written כסדרן, in order. As a result (32(23)), if a letter is missing there is no way to fix it ...
MichoelR's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Combining the blessing of Benjamin with the death of Jacob

When I was reading the blessing of Jacob (Bereishit 49), it caught my attention that the blessing of Benjamin and the summary is combined with the death and the funeral of Jacob. Based on Sifra, Rashi ...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Seeking details on "teliyah", dangling missing words in a Sefer Torah

Can one add in missing words above the line in a Torah scroll? discusses an example of adding in a missing word in a Sefer Torah. The answer gave a reference Shulchan Aruch YD 276:1, but it is very ...
MichoelR's user avatar
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4 votes
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Mezuzah - Copying from memory

The gemara Menachos 32b says that even though a Sefer Torah may not be written except "מן הכתב", copied from another text, tefillin and mezuzah don't have that requirement and may be written ...
MichoelR's user avatar
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1 vote
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Can one write sta"m via a stencil?

Say you wanted to write a tefillin, mezuzah, Torah, or any other sta"m venture. To make it easier for you, you created a stencil of the text that you can overlay on the klaf and fill in. You hope ...
magicker72's user avatar
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Are there books or training exercises that scribes use to strengthen their skills?

I'm not a scribe and I have no plans on becoming a scribe. This would not be used for religious practice or religious needs. I just happen to enjoy the practice of Hebrew calligraphy and I'm ...
Michael's user avatar
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I need to conduct an interview with a sofer (scribe)

I am a Bible teacher at a Christian school and I am wanting to research and possibly write more about the process of scribes creating a sefer Torah scroll. I would really enjoy and be honored to ...
Gabriel Rutledge's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
177 views

Open and closed parshiot

In the Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh Deah, Laws of Sefer Torah, סימן רעה הלכה ב it relates to the issue of between paragraph spacing. I would to know the frequency of open and closed parshiot (paragraphs) ...
sol eaglstein's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
63 views

Where can I find the Halacha that a scribe who is unsure of a letter on a sacred text, can ask the opinion of a young child versed in the aleph-Bet?

I was told about a law that a scribe who is unsure about a letter in a mezuzah/Torah/tefillin, can ask a child who is versed in Aleph-Bet if it is Kosher or not. Where can I find it?
Moshe's user avatar
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What makes Ksav Arizal unacceptable to some?

A certain rabbi said that Megillas Ester written in Ksav Arizal should not be used in nussach Sefard shul because people won't be yotze with its reading. What makes Ksav Arizal so different as to make ...
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2 votes
0 answers
149 views

Tagim in Tefilin

I'm having tefilin written for my son's bar mitzvah, and the sofer told me that today the minhag is to only put tagim ("crowns" or "thorns") on the letters שעטנז גץ throughout the tefilin and nothing ...
Mordechai's user avatar
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Possible to change tefillin from outward wrapping to inward?

Is it possible to change the tefillin shel yad from one that wraps outward to one that wraps inward? Is it necessary to re-tie the knot? Thanks in advance and shanah tovah.
sheino-yodeah's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the difference in meaning between a Pesucha and a Setuma?

Paragraphs in a Torah scroll are separated in two ways: "open" breaks (a “Pesucha," generally a gap to the end of the line) and "closed" breaks (a “Setumah,” generally a gap in the middle of the line)....
DonielF's user avatar
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3 votes
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Large Nun in Num 27:5

וַיַּקְרֵב מֹשֶׁה אֶת מִשְׁפָּטָן לִפְנֵי יְהוָה.‏ I've seen the ן letter in Number 27:5 (above) is written enlarged (Nun Rabati (Great)). Why is that?
Alaychem goes to Codidact's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
81 views

What are the rules regarding resewing Torah "sheets"?

During my Yom Tov Torah reading, I noticed that two Sifrei Torah had seams that seemed (OK, a bit of a pun intended, here ;-) a bit loose. So, I have a few questions regarding some of the requirements ...
DanF's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is there ever a rule not to place certain words on separate lines in a Sefer Torah?

The Gemara in Chulin 64b - 65 discusses the Bas Hayaana bird, and explains that although that is indeed the name of the bird, the fact that it is two separate words allows us to also interpret them ...
HaLeiVi's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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looking for the text of the mezuzah in the sofer font

Where can I find the font of mezuzah in the ktav stam (the way its written in the mezuzah) not in picture, but in text "so I can copy paste the text"?
Avrohom Monheit's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
510 views

Can I see a list of the 18 Tikunei Sofrim (emendations of the scribes), with each described?

Can I see a list of the 18 Tikunei Sofrim(emendations of the scribes)? (Describing each of them) I have found various references to the 18 Tikunei Sofrim online, but no elaboration on what each one ...
barlop's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
471 views

Tagin on letter Tet

Shalom! I recently read that in Genesis 1:4, the word Tov is used for the first time and when written in Hebrew, the Tet is crowned with 4 tagin instead of the usual 3. I have been searching for ...
Diana's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Strange letters according to Sefer haTaggin

My chevrusoh mentioned last week that there is a sefer entitled Sefer haTaggin which discusses all of the strange letters found in Tana"ch. Is there a collection of these letters and their forms (...
Noach MiFrankfurt's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
231 views

Why does the number of letters Vav in name Achashverosh vary?

Why does Megillas Esther spell Achashverosh's name varyingly with one (as in 2:21), two (as in 1:1), and zero (as in 10:1) letters Vav?
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5 votes
1 answer
141 views

Elevated Ayin (ע) in Iyov 38:13 and 38:15

I noticed this in Iyov 38:13,15: יג לֶאֱחֹז, בְּכַנְפוֹת הָאָרֶץ; וְיִנָּעֲרוּ רְשָׁעִים מִמֶּנָּה.‏ טו וְיִמָּנַע מֵרְשָׁעִים אוֹרָם; וּזְרוֹעַ רָמָה, תִּשָּׁבֵר.‏ I know about ...
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