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Questions tagged [safrus]

Ritual scribal work relating to the writing of holy texts

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1answer
46 views

looking for the text of the mezuzah in the sofer font

Where can I find the font of mezuzah in the ktav stam (the way its written in the mezuzah) not in picture, but in text "so I can copy paste the text"?
2
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1answer
62 views

Can I see a list of the 18 Tikunei Sofrim (emendations of the scribes), with each described?

Can I see a list of the 18 Tikunei Sofrim(emendations of the scribes)? (Describing each of them) I have found various references to the 18 Tikunei Sofrim online, but no elaboration on what each one ...
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2answers
93 views

Tagin on letter Tet

Shalom! I recently read that in Genesis 1:4, the word Tov is used for the first time and when written in Hebrew, the Tet is crowned with 4 tagin instead of the usual 3. I have been searching for ...
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0answers
37 views

Strange letters according to Sefer haTaggin

My chevrusoh mentioned last week that there is a sefer entitled Sefer haTaggin which discusses all of the strange letters found in Tana"ch. Is there a collection of these letters and their forms (...
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1answer
102 views

Why does the number of letters Vav in name Achashverosh vary?

Why does Megillas Esther spell Achashverosh's name varyingly with one (as in 2:21), two (as in 1:1), and zero (as in 10:1) letters Vav?
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1answer
56 views

Elevated Ayin (ע) in Iyov 38:13 and 38:15

I noticed this in Iyov 38:13,15: יג לֶאֱחֹז, בְּכַנְפוֹת הָאָרֶץ; וְיִנָּעֲרוּ רְשָׁעִים מִמֶּנָּה.‏ טו וְיִמָּנַע מֵרְשָׁעִים אוֹרָם; וּזְרוֹעַ רָמָה, תִּשָּׁבֵר.‏ I know about ...
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49 views

Examples of old tefillin parshiot

I recently opened a pair of parshiot (Beit Yosef, first half of the 20th century) and I'm trying to identify where they were written. I am certain that if they date to around the bar mitzvah of their ...
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0answers
69 views

Is untanned klaf kosher? [closed]

A recent article (here) was written by Rabbi Hoffman. He writes that the Mishnah lays out a detailed process for tanning klaf, which was held as the only kasher form of parchment by nearly all sages ...
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1answer
48 views

Torah Hebrew calligraphy [closed]

I want to know what was the calligraphy used in the first Torah manuscript? I searched Google but found no answer.
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2answers
62 views

Making lines to copy the Torah

Do the Scriptures themselves say to write lines when making a copy of the Torah, or if this is an oral tradition?
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46 views

Why is every verse in the first 4 chapters of Eicha written as its own parsha?

I recently browsed a Tikun Simanim and noticed that in the first 4 chapters of Eicha (Lamentations), each verse is in its own parsha (paragraph). I don't know if this is unique among the books of ...
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79 views

Criteria for special formats of some chapters in the Tanach Scrolls

Usually, when writing verses in Tanach Scrolls, words are written across the column from the right margin to the left (except, of course, for required Parsha spacing.) I have seen two "special" ...
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0answers
87 views

Tikkun Sofrim for Nach

Is there a mainstream (or popular) Tikkun Sofrim used for the layout of complete Sifrei Nevi’im (and K’suvim)? Notes: In the recent years, there seems to be a great uniformity in the way sofrim write ...
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1answer
98 views

Sofer wearing a special robe

In the book “Israel: Splendors of the Holy Land” by Sara Kochav, there is a picture of a sofer (Torah scibe). The image describtion claims that the sofer needs to wear a special robe, as depicted in ...
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2answers
92 views

Safrut in practice - Calculating Ma Tovu at the top of the column

I think this question might be best answered by a professional sofer or someone who has written a Torah even once. There is a fairly "strong" minhag to place the verse of Ma Tovu at the top of the ...
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1answer
76 views

Why is there no mitzvah for an individual to write his own mezuzah?

Ramba"m states that there is a mitzvah for every individual to write his own Torah. This mitzvah can be accomplished by writing one letter. Why is there no mitvah for writing a mezuza. It seems that ...
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1answer
36 views

Is there a ketivat ot for tefillin or mezuzot?

I've heard and attended a few ketivat ot ceremonies for the writing of a Torah. I've never heard of a similar ceremony for tefillin or mezuzot. I assume that it may be that these items have far fewer ...
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1answer
40 views

What is the halacha regarding filling in letter outlines in a Torah?

I attended a ketivat ot (writing a letter in a Torah) last night. The entire Torah had been written, but many letters had outlines. The person "writing" the letters filled in the outlines. I ...
5
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1answer
117 views

Why does one need to go to the mikvah before writing a letter in the Torah?

My cousin is writing a new Torah. He requested that anyone who wishes to write a letter in the Torah must have gone to the mikvah that day. Is this halacha or minhag? The sources that I saw that ...
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1answer
401 views

If the signatures of the witnesses and names filled in on a kesuva fade is it still kosher?

If the signatures of the witnesses and names filled in on a kesuva fade is it still kosher? What if it is to the point that one can’t read anything anymore? Can this be corrected?
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1answer
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What was the material used to write the curses for the Sotah on?

וְ֠כָתַב אֶת־הָאָלֹ֥ת הָאֵ֛לֶּה הַכֹּהֵ֖ן בַּסֵּ֑פֶר וּמָחָ֖ה אֶל־מֵ֥י הַמָּרִֽים׃ The priest shall put these curses down in writing and rub it off into the water of bitterness. (Bamidbar 5:23) I ...
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1answer
140 views

What are the symbols in the margins of the Aleppo codex?

I'm doing some research on the history of safrut and am trying to gain some understanding of the Aleppo Codex, in particular. I'm curious what all the symbols in the margin mean. See here for a ...
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44 views

Where can one see how klaf is made?

One elementary grade yeshiva in my area has a "creative" activities director that tries to hunt for some "unusual" day trips for the kids. Sometimes, I assist him. I'm curious if there are any places ...
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2answers
83 views

Do all the letters in Sta“m need to be the same ”baseline" height?

I know that prior to writing a column in a Sefer Torah, a Sofer "scores" the parchment to mark the rows. I am also aware that certain letters have "risers" and "descenders" (e.g. a final nun has a ...
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1answer
80 views

What is the minimum number of lines on a klaf?

I remember hearing once that sifrey Tanach had to have a required minimum number of lines when written on a klaf and that this requirement is often not followed by those writing "parshas ketores" and ...
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2answers
132 views

What is the source for writing names of Haman's sons in a separate column?

What is the source for writing names of Haman's sons in a separate column? We see that most megillos are written this way, but where can I find halacha? Shulchan Aruch doesn't seem to be discussing it?...
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0answers
72 views

May one etch punctuation and trop into a sefer torah?

Is a Torah still kosher if various annotations are scored into the parchment? To be clear, I am asking not about writing annotations, but scratching them into the parchment.
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319 views

Can a woman write a megillah?

I know that a woman can't write a sefer torah. What about Megillat Esther? If a female soferet wrote a Megillah Esther, would it be kosher?
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1answer
82 views

History of using a feather quill for safrut

In the times of Chazal a reed (קנה) was used for writing (as is clear from Ta'anit 20b). When did the practice of writing with a feather begin? Also, since feathers did exist in those times, why did ...
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0answers
44 views

What’s the reason behind having to use specifically animal skin for klaf?

What’s the reasoning behind the need to use animals per se as opposed to any other paperlike material for klaf (to write on)? Is there significance in the need to take the life of an animal for the ...
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3answers
144 views

Confusing Tes with Pei

The Gemara (Shabbos 103a) gives a list of letters that should be written very carefully to avoid being mixed up with other letters: "וכתבתם שתהא כתיבה תמה שלא יכתוב אלפין עיינין עיינין אלפין ביתין ...
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1answer
209 views

Has Paleo Hebrew (Ktav Ivri) Ever Been Found With Crowns?

Has Paleo Hebrew (Ktav Ivri) Ever Been Found With Crowns? Whether we are talking about ancient scrolls, or amulets, or any type of ancient Hebrew writing.
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1answer
144 views

Correcting a Torah with a marker

About a month ago, a sofer corrected a mistake in one of our shul's Torah scrolls. I found the mistake while reading the end of parshat Masei. There was an incorrect letter that changed the meaning ...
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80 views

Can a ger tzedek be a sofer?

I just heard from somebody that there is a machlokes whether a ger tzedek can be a sofer or not. What are the sources (if any)? If it is, then would that make it impossible to earn money as one if you'...
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1answer
140 views

Becoming a Sofer Stam

I have searched previous questions and didn't find anything on this topic, but please redirect me if this is a repeat. I am a yeshiva Bachur learning in EY and I am considering staying here but I don'...
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1answer
93 views

What halachic sefarim do sofrim learn?

I was told by one of my Roshei Yeshiva that there are books that are designated for sofrim (scribes). Does anyone know what are the main books they use to review the Halachot and as reference for ...
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1answer
89 views

Can one add in missing words above the line in a Torah scroll? [duplicate]

One of the Torah's in my shul has this interesting safrut style. Note that the last word of the verse appears between the lines. It seems that the Sofer (scribe) ran out of room, and stuck in the last ...
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0answers
95 views

What qualities should one seek in Sefer Torah parchment and ink?

As a "seasoned" Torah reader, I've become interested in some aspects of Safrut. Our shul has existed for many decades, and we have accumulated many Sifrei Torah. We recently had a sofer evaluate ...
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1answer
107 views

Are all Vavei Ha'amudim Sifre Torah created today, identical?

There is a standardized format of writing Torah scrolls called Vavei Ha'amudim. The concept is that the majority of columns in the Torah (except for 6 places) should start with the letter vav. This ...
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0answers
36 views

Which way should the Tagin be on a nun hafuchah (upside down nun)?

In a written Torah, there are two upside down nun's - one before Bemidbar 10:35 and another after Bemidbar 10:36. When the Sofer writes this, should the tagin ("crowns") be placed on top (i.e., ...
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1answer
52 views

Mehudar K'tav: erasing touching letters before continuing

One of the hiddurim on my tefillin is that any letters which touch are erased and re-written before continuing. However, if I recall properly, the Kesset haSofer (Siman 7) requires that this be done ...
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2answers
392 views

May one write with a pencil or marker in the margins of a sefer Torah?

As a Ba'al Kri'ah (Torah reader), I sometimes find it difficult to locate the start of an aliyah (reading) on Shabbat, esp. in parshiot Vayetze and Miketz where both of these are one contiguous parsha ...
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1answer
105 views

May one patch a hole in a Sefer Torah?

Let's say the Torah parchment has a hole such that a letter is missing where the hole is, making the entire Torah "pasul". May one use either of these methods to fix the problem? 1 - Get a small ...
6
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1answer
160 views

Must the spacing between words in a written Torah be consistent?

I'm asking this question with some emphasis on the beginning of parshat Vayechi. Most chumashim that I have seen have a notation that unlike the end of every other weekly Torah reading that has a ...
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2answers
151 views

Is there any particular standard recension/variation of the masoretic tradition that scribes use for torah scrolls in shul?

I don't know if i'm entirely correct in this, but I understand that there have in the past been variations in malai and chaser, throughout both the ashkenazi and sephardi world.. And then there was ...
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2answers
156 views

Why is the HEY enlarged in Deut. 32:6?

"To" Ha Shem.... In some Torah scrolls the HEY is enlarged for the word "To" which proceeds Ha Shem, What is the significance? I have not seen this in other verses of Torah where the word proceeding ...
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1answer
174 views

When and how did Chet get its STaM easy-to-differentiate-from-Hay form?

I have been looking at photos of old (pre-1300'sCE) Torah scroll fragments, most notably the Song of The Sea pictures of the 700-800CE Ashkar-Gilson fragment and the 1150-1225CE Bologna complete ...
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1answer
232 views

What is the purpose of the “crowns” on top of the letters (tagin)?

When writing a Torah the letters שעטנזגצ (as well as the "final" letters, ן and ץ) have "crowns" on top of the letters. What is the purpose of these crowns and why were these specific letters chosen ...
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42 views

Has any commentary explained why the Torah reading for fast days doesn't begin at a parsha?

Every public Torah reading, except for two, begins at a parsha (the start of a new "paragraph" as written in a Torah scroll.) The two exceptions are: Vayechi which has a space of just one letter ...
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1answer
95 views

May one read from a Torah that has uneven parchment?

This morning, while I was reading from the Torah, someone in my shul noticed that the parchment was not cut evenly (in a straight line). I.e., the bottom piece of parchment seemed to have torn away. ...