Questions tagged [rosh-chodesh-new-month]

the first day of every Jewish month; a minor holiday

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8
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3answers
1k views

Saying Ulichaporas Pasha in Musaf of Rosh Chodesh

During Musaf of Rosh Chodesh the words Ulichaporas Pasha is added on during a leap year. Why is this done? And what is the significance of it?
13
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1answer
472 views

Removing Tefilin before Mussaf

I've seen some people remove their Tefillin before Mussaf on weekdays of Rosh Chodesh. Why do they do this?
6
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1answer
191 views

Should a person observe Rosh Hodesh & say “Kiddush Ha'Aretz” if he lives permanently on the moon?

This is not meant to be a "Purim Torah" question. The concept of Rosh Hodesh is based on the orbit of the moon around Earth. But, with the proposal of sending people to live permanently on Mars, I ...
14
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3answers
341 views

Why not two days of Rosh Hodesh, as we have two days of yontif?

The reason for two days of yontif (outside Israel) is based on uncertainty about the date due to distance from Jerusalem and time needed to travel to convey the news of when the month started. The ...
13
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2answers
499 views

Purpose of announcing Molad

The custom is that the gabbai announces the time of the Molad during the course of "Bircas HaChodesh" on Shabbos Mevorchim. What is the purpose of this? The molad is anyhow not directly connected to ...
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3answers
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Meat on Rosh Chodesh of 9 days

Why is The reasoning that Sefardim do eat on Rosh Chodesh and Ashkinazim do not? Sefardim Is It Permissible To Have Left Over Meat From Shabbat During The 9 Days Ashkenazim EATING MEAT AND ...
10
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1answer
201 views

Forgiveness on Rosh Chodesh

If Rosh Chodesh is a "Zeman Kapara" (time of atonement) as we say in the Mussaf prayers, why does it contain no selichot and no tachanunim? Why doesn't it (the day of Rosh Chodesh itself) resemble Yom ...
9
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1answer
115 views

Mentioning our sins on Shabbos Rosh Chodesh

During every Shemoneh Esrei of mussaf, we pray that the Beis Hamikdash be rebuilt. However, only on Yom Tov do we mention that it was destroyed due to our sins - ומפני חטאינו. On Shabbos, and on Rosh ...
6
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4answers
411 views

Why do we use Adar, specifically, for the Jewish leap year?

Why when we add an additional month to the year do we only add it in Adar? Why not have a second Cheshvon or a second Shevat, etc.?
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1answer
97 views

Why Tiskabel after Hallel on Rosh Hodesh and not other weekdays of Hanukka?

Why do we say a Tiskabel kaddish after Hallel on Rosh Hodesh and only a half-kaddish after Hallel on the other weekdays of Hanukka? What is the general principle and rationale?
8
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2answers
628 views

When do we start reciting Psalm 27?

Yesterday being the 30th of Av (and Rosh Chodesh Elul), prompted a question at shul: exactly when do we start saying Psalm 27—on the first day of Elul or the first day of Rosh Chodesh Elul? Most ...
8
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4answers
371 views

How accurate is the Molad?

To the best of my knowledge the Molad is every 29.5 days + 793 Chalakim. Is there any information showing if the current Molad calculation is accurate scientifically? If it is off by how much is it ...
8
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2answers
440 views

Why don't we say Hallel on Rosh Hashanah?

For most months, on the first day (Rosh Hodesh) we say the Hallel service between Shacharit and Mussaf. For the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah), however, we do not say Hallel. Why is it not ...
6
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2answers
246 views

“Chaparat Pesha” just through Adar II

We know that the phrase ולכפרת פשע is added to the Musaf Amidah of Rosh Chodesh during a leap year. However, in most minyanim I've davened in, the custom seems to be that one only adds it from ...
5
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3answers
842 views

Tefillin removal on Rosh Chodesh

Removal before Musaf, some wait until after Kaddish, some don't. Why wait? Is there a source for this? Some do not 'wind up' the rezuas but wait until after amidah. Is this because it creates a ...
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3answers
1k views

Who observes Yom Kippur Katan, and how?

Which groups of Jews observe the monthly holiday known as "Yom Kippur Katan," in which one dedicates the day before Rosh Chodesh to repentance, often including fasting and selichot? In what ways do ...
4
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4answers
317 views

Why are the commandments for Rosh Chodesh and Passover in the same paragraph?

The reading for Parashat Hachodesh consists of a single paragraph in the Torah, Exodus 12:1-20, whose main topic is God's commandments related to the Passover offering and holiday observance that ...
4
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1answer
120 views

Shabbos Chanuka - Rosh Chodesh - Torah reading mistake

Orach Chaim 684:3 says that on Shabbos Chanuka that is also Rosh Chodesh we take out three Sifrei Torah. In the first one we give six Aliyos in the Parsha of the week. In the second one we read about ...
2
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2answers
134 views

Why are we increasing Simcha when it isn't Adar yet?

Rosh Chodesh is 2 days as today is the 30th of Shevat. Adar doesn't actually begin until tonight. Yet the sense of mishenichnas Adar marbim b'simcha seems to hold sway even today, and not just in the ...
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3answers
2k views

Why is Rosh Chodesh sometimes TWO days?

Why for certain months of the year do we celebrate the festival of Rosh Chodesh for two days while on other Roshei Chadashim we have one day of Rosh Chodesh?
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4answers
700 views

Hours, minutes, and chalakim

On Shabbat preceding Rosh Chodesh, the time of the molad is generally announced in units of hours, minutes, and chalakim. However, minutes are not a traditional Jewish unit of time; rather hours are ...
8
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2answers
186 views

Are there any sages who have written about experiencing a total solar eclipse?

This year, on August 21, 2017, many Americans will have a chance to experience a total solar eclipse. Total solar eclipses were rarely documented before the 10th century of the Common Era. But, I ...
8
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3answers
339 views

How was Rosh Chodesh determined, if a New Moon Cannot be Seen?

1. Question / Issue : If a New Moon cannot be seen, then it seems that the first visible confirmation of a New Moon is actually the Waxing Crescent Moon, which can only be observed after the New Moon ...
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3answers
564 views

Why is the day of Rosh Chodesh announced before every month except Tishrei?

Why is Tishrei the only month not included in the custom of announcing the day(s) of Rosh Chodesh on the Shabbos before the month begins?
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0answers
131 views

If Yom Kippur Katan has to exist, why isn't it ON Rosh Chodesh?

The practice of Yom Kippur Katan is held on erev Rosh Chodesh (by some) so that we can maintain the element of kapparah essential to Rosh Chodesh but not compromise the celebration of the day by ...
3
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2answers
84 views

Why did the people have to respond twice “It is sanctified” when Sanhedrin declared Rosh Hodesh?

Ramba"m (Maimonedes) Hilchot Kid. Hachodesh 2:8 says: Afterwards - i.e., after [the witnesses'] testimony is substantiated - the head of the court declares, "It has been sanctified." And all the ...
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2answers
141 views

When does the year start in terms of saying “Ulichaporas Pasha” for a leap year?

When we add the words "Ulichaporas Pasha" during Musaf of Rosh Chodesh when it's a leap year, when is the year determined - Nisan or Tishrei?
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1answer
74 views

Why don't we remember the Churban in Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh musaf?

The requirement to remember the churban is incumbent upon Jews every day (top of page 2) and is especially important at times of joy. Aside from the practices of leaving a wall unfinished/unpainted, ...
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2answers
302 views

Why isn't Rosh Hashana on Elul 30 and Tishrei 1

When Rosh Chodesh is two days, it's on the 30th of the old month and the first of the new month. Rosh Hashana falls on the beginning of the new month of Tishrei. Why then is Rosh Hashana on Tishrei ...
8
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1answer
437 views

Source for wearing special clothing on Rosh Chodesh

Is there a source for wearing somewhat festive clothes on Rosh Chodesh? I have seen some people who hold this custom.
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1answer
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When should one cut his nails for Shabbos when Friday is Rosh Chodesh

In the answer to Rules for Cutting Nails it quotes the Mishna Berura 260:6 that one should not cut their nails on Thursday. Mishna Berura explains that by cutting them on Thursday they will begin to ...
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2answers
2k views

Cutting hair when Rosh Hodesh Av is a Friday

Is it permissible to cut hair on Rosh Hodesh Av when it comes out on a Friday?
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1answer
272 views

Why is the Rosh Chodesh leining split up the way it is?

The Rosh Chodesh Torah reading comes from the first 14 psukim of Bamidbar 28. These verses are split into 3 sections in the Torah, but we have to split them into 4 aliyot for leining. The three ...
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1answer
2k views

Shaving on Rosh Chodesh when it is Erev Shabbos

Is one who has the minhag of Reb Yehuda Hachassid to not shave or take a haircut on rosh chodesh (as outlined in his will) allowed to shave and or take haircuts when Rosh Chodesh comes out on Erev ...
3
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1answer
188 views

When to get an aliya for a Bar Mitzvah?

According to the new "Annotated Edition" of the Siddur Tehillas Hashem, a Bar Mitzvah bachur should get his first aliya either on Shabbos Mincha time, Monday, Thursday, or Rosh Chodesh. I assume that ...
3
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1answer
164 views

Not saying shir shel yom on Rosh Chodesh?

This morning (Rosh Chodesh), I davened at the Ohel Yitzchak shul on Washington St., Jerusalem (no, not that Ohel Yitzchak). After aleinu but before shir shel yom the gabbai announced that because it ...
3
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1answer
87 views

Do we, today, cause the Churban?

When, in musaf for Shabbat Rosh Chodesh, we recall the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash, the text indicates not just that our forefathers were responsible for sinning that caused the destruction, or ...
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0answers
46 views

Lack of Benching Rosh Chodesh Tishrei [duplicate]

I have heard that the reason we do not Bench Rosh Chodesh Tishrei is in order to confuse the Satan. Now the Satan is no fool. How is the Satan getting confused when we pull this trick year after year?
2
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1answer
75 views

Rosh Chodesh at home

How could one celebrate Rosh Chodesh at home and are there any customs like on Shabat (candles, bread, kiddush) or festivals (blowing shofar)?
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1answer
81 views

When do sefardim begin reciting selihot?

Since rosh hodesh Elul is a mini-holiday do you need to wait till the day after rosh hodesh or do sefardim begin saying selihot on the first of Elul?
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1answer
85 views

Are the calculations of the Molad mentioned by Ramba"m based on constant or variable (seasonal) figures?

Rambam KidushHachodesh 6:3 states: [the interval] between one conjunction of the moon and the sun and the subsequent conjunction according to their mean movement is twenty-nine full days, ...
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0answers
27 views

How can we make requests for personal needs in Rosh Chodesh “Bentching”? [duplicate]

On Shabbos before Rosh Chodesh we "Bentch" the new month between Shacharis and Mussaf. Seeing that it is Shabbos, when Chazal forbade one to ask for his personal needs how can we make these requests, ...
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2answers
170 views

Why do we bring a sin offering on rosh chodesh, given the midrash about changing the size of the moon?

We bring a sin offering as a 'kapara' for hashem for decreasing the size of the moon. The story goes that the moon said we cant have two 'kings' the same size so I want to be bigger. Hashem says no ...