Questions tagged [rosh-chodesh-new-month]

the first day of every Jewish month; a minor holiday

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Tefilas Hashlah when Rosh Chodesh Sivan on a Sunday

Teflias Hashlah is traditionally said on the day before Rosh Chodesh Sivan. However, this year, with Rosh Chodesh falling out on Sunday, I heard that it is said on the previous Thursday. Is that true? ...
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111 views

Why is there a difference when to remove tefillin between Rosh Hodesh vs. Hol Hamo'ed Pesach?

I've read this M.Y. question that explains why tefillin are removed before Musaf on Rosh Hodesh and Hol Hamo'ed. From what I have noticed in Nusach Ashkenaz shuls, on Hol Hamo'ed Pesach, tefillin is ...
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Does birchat hachodesh need three people?

Does birchat hachodesh need three (or four) people preferably as a commemoration to Beth Din?
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256 views

Not davening the musaf of Rosh Chodesh on Shabbos Rosh Chodesh

If someone by mistake didn't say atah y'ztarteh (the special tefillah we say by musaf on Shabbos that is also rosh chodesh) and instead davened a regular musaf on shabbos rosh chdoesh, what's the din ...
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May one shave/haircut on Friday, Rosh Chodesh Iyar

The Mishneh Berurah (493:5) rules that even those who have the custom not to cut hair or shave during the first half of the sefira are permitted to shave/have a haircut when Rosh Chodesh Iyar falls on ...
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472 views

Removing Tefilin before Mussaf

I've seen some people remove their Tefillin before Mussaf on weekdays of Rosh Chodesh. Why do they do this?
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Bracha on Hallel On Rosh Chodesh

The last Tosafos on Masechet Arachin Daf 10 amud Aleph and continuing to amud Beis https://www.yutorah.org/daf.cfm/6039/arachin/10/a/ make a compelling case to recite a Bracha on Hallel. Many Sefardim ...
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Fasting on Rosh Hodesh

Someone took upon himself a fast at Mincha, not knowing that it would be Rosh Chodesh tomorrow. Are there opinions to rely on wether he may break the fast prematurely so as not to fast on Rosh ...
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Why do we specifically skip Lo Lanu and Ahavti?

On those days on which we skip part of Hallel (i.e. Rosh Chodesh and the last six days of Pesach), why were the first pieces of Tehillim 115 and 116 (Lo Lanu and Ahavti) the pieces chosen to be ...
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87 views

Do we, today, cause the Churban?

When, in musaf for Shabbat Rosh Chodesh, we recall the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash, the text indicates not just that our forefathers were responsible for sinning that caused the destruction, or ...
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96 views

Was there any limit to the number of consecutive “full” (30 day) or normal (29 day) months during the time of the Sanhedrin?

When Sanhedrin existed, each month had to be sanctified by Sanhedrin after testimony of 2 witnesses (or automatically by Sanhedrin if no one appeared by the end of the 30th day.) Refer to Maimonedes ...
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116 views

Splitting up the rosh chodesh reading when another follows it

Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 684:3 says (in my own translation): If rosh chodesh Teves comes out on Shabas, we remove three Torah scrolls, and six people read in the weekly section and one in that ...
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When did two days of Rosh Hodesh begin and the concept of “doubt”?

I'm trying to understand the historical workings of Rosh Hodesh prior to Sanhedrin. I assume that the entire concept of having possibly 2 days Rosh Hodesh was related to the timing of when witnesses ...
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Source for Higher Infant Mortality Rates in the Winter of a Leap Year?

At the shiva for my infant son, someone said that the reason we say kaparat pesha in mussaf rosh chodesh, is that to atone for the sins that cause higher rates of stillbirth, miscarriages, and infant ...
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When does the year start in terms of saying “Ulichaporas Pasha” for a leap year?

When we add the words "Ulichaporas Pasha" during Musaf of Rosh Chodesh when it's a leap year, when is the year determined - Nisan or Tishrei?
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248 views

Why do we have Adar I & Adar II- why don't we give the additional month a new name?

Building off the question of why Adar is chosen as the month to be doubled, why in a leap year do we have an Adar I and Adar II? Why wasn't the additional month given a brand new name?
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Hakeves echad and not hakeves haechad?

On Rosh Chodesh we read in Bamidbar 28:4"et hakeves echad..." Shouldn't the grammar dictate there be a definite article on adjectives that modify definite nouns? Later in the pasuk it says "hakeves ...
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70 views

Why didn't they send messengers for Rosh Chodesh Shevat?

The mishnah in Rosh Hashana 1:3 lists the months when they would send messengers to notify people which day Rosh Chodesh was: Nisan because of Pesach Av because of Tisha Be'av Elul because of Rosh ...
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245 views

Eidim Zomemim in a case of seeing a new moon

As discussed in Maseches Rosh Hashanah, if two witnesses saw the new moon, they'd go to Beis Din to testify they saw it and Beis Din would then declare when Rosh Chodesh would be. But what if these ...
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Musaf Amida for Rosh Chodesh

The Mishna in Rosh Hashono 4 (4) says that originally in the Beis Hamikdosh, evidence of the new moon (of Tishrei) was accepted all the day of the 30th of Elul (which was made holy as a Yom Tov). On ...
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What is the shir shel yom for Rosh Hodesh Tevet according to the tradition of the GR"A?

My understanding of the tradition of the Vilna Gaon (whose tradition is followed in Israel) with respect to shir shel yom is that every day has exactly one shir shel yom. For example, during Hanukkah, ...
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164 views

Not saying shir shel yom on Rosh Chodesh?

This morning (Rosh Chodesh), I davened at the Ohel Yitzchak shul on Washington St., Jerusalem (no, not that Ohel Yitzchak). After aleinu but before shir shel yom the gabbai announced that because it ...
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Purpose of announcing Molad

The custom is that the gabbai announces the time of the Molad during the course of "Bircas HaChodesh" on Shabbos Mevorchim. What is the purpose of this? The molad is anyhow not directly connected to ...
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Was there a bracha on blowing the silver trumpet?

The Torah mentions blowing the silver trumpet at various times during the year (e.g., RH, chagim). Was there a bracha on blowing the silver trumpets?
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Yaaleh V'Yavo said in error when it is not Rosh Chodesh

A fellow is praying the evening Maariv the night after Rosh Chodesh. In error he said Yaaleh V'Yavo. He realizes when he finished Shemona Esrei. Does he have to say over Shemona Esrei?
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Yom HaKaseh - Rosh HaShanah

Is it true that Rosh HaShanah is also called Yom HaKeseh, meaning “The Day of the Hiding” or “the Hidden Day.” I noticed that it’s called this way because of Tehillim 81. Is it true it’s also called ...
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“U'l'Kaparat Pesha” said during a leap year

During yesterday's Ben Hashmashot shiur, our Rav read a section from Otzar Hadinim (Eisenstein) (B"N, I'll insert the excerpt later, when I have access, or perhaps someone can edit it in.) that ...
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151 views

Source for candle lighting on Rosh Chodesh

Can I have a source for where does it says that one can/should light candles on erev rosh chodesh? Or is it only on rosh chodesh tevet, why?
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Why is there an apparent “high priority” on reciting all 7 Consolation Haftarot?

Last week, I looked at the back of my shul's Tiqun Kor'im (I forgot which version it is, offhand) and noticed a long paragraphs explaining the different customs of what happens when Shabbat parshat R'...
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Birkas Hachodesh when Rosh Chodesh is Shabbat and Sunday

On Shabbat Mevarchim, Birkas Hachodesh, a prayer announcing when the Rosh Chodesh will be, is said after Kriat Hatorah before Mussaf, containing the following line (with some variations depending on ...
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271 views

Why is the Rosh Chodesh leining split up the way it is?

The Rosh Chodesh Torah reading comes from the first 14 psukim of Bamidbar 28. These verses are split into 3 sections in the Torah, but we have to split them into 4 aliyot for leining. The three ...
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Who should NOT accept upon himself a voluntary fast?

Taanit 12b states that only if one has the ability is fasting positive. The Shulchan Aruch (YD 245:17) states that a melamed a Torah teacher of children should not fast, (see Aruch ha-Shulchan) a ...
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Why is the rosh chodesh goat not in Rosh Hashana's section of Pin'chas?

Numbers 28 lists the musaf offerings of rosh chodesh. They include a goat, which is a chatas offering, and several animals as an ola offering. Numbers 29 lists the musaf offerings of Rosh Hashana. ...
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How do we explain the order of requests in the Musaf Amida for Rosh Chodesh?

The requests in the Musaf Amida for Rosh Chodesh are stated in order after the words:חַדֵּשׁ עָלֵינוּ אֶת הַחדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לְטובָה וְלִבְרָכָה ששון וּלְשמְחָה. לִישׁוּעָה וּלְנֶחָמָה. לְפַרְנָסָה ...
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Me'am Lo'ez on not beginning a new mesechta on Rosh Chodesh

It is brought down by the Me'am Lo'ez to Vayikra (page 64) that it is customary not to begin learning a new mesechta on Rosh Chodesh. The footnote gives as a source "Tur; Hagah; Taanis 32; Yoreh Deah ...
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152 views

Av Harachamim on Shabbat before Rosh Hashanah

In shul yesterday, we said "Av Harachamim" before Ashrei. We also did not bless the month of Tishrei. I know that there are various reasons why we aren't mevarchim the chodesh Tishrei and I figured ...
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Why did the people have to respond twice “It is sanctified” when Sanhedrin declared Rosh Hodesh?

Ramba"m (Maimonedes) Hilchot Kid. Hachodesh 2:8 says: Afterwards - i.e., after [the witnesses'] testimony is substantiated - the head of the court declares, "It has been sanctified." And all the ...
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How was Rosh Chodesh determined, if a New Moon Cannot be Seen?

1. Question / Issue : If a New Moon cannot be seen, then it seems that the first visible confirmation of a New Moon is actually the Waxing Crescent Moon, which can only be observed after the New Moon ...
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1answer
96 views

Forgot Yaaleh V'Yavo by Mincha on Erev Shabbos

Rosh Chodesh is on Friday only, and someone forgot to say Ya'aleh V'Yavo in the Mincha Amida. It is now already after nightfall, and he remembers that he omitted it. Must he repeat the Ma'ariv Amidah ...
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Is the year “5778” that will come into effect on 1 Tishrei (tomorrow), six months early or six months late? [closed]

Is the world at least six months older or younger than 5,778 Years? Is the year "5778" that will come into effect on 1 Tishrei (tomorrow), six months early or six months late, knowing that the New ...
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440 views

Why don't we say Hallel on Rosh Hashanah?

For most months, on the first day (Rosh Hodesh) we say the Hallel service between Shacharit and Mussaf. For the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah), however, we do not say Hallel. Why is it not ...
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186 views

Are there any sages who have written about experiencing a total solar eclipse?

This year, on August 21, 2017, many Americans will have a chance to experience a total solar eclipse. Total solar eclipses were rarely documented before the 10th century of the Common Era. But, I ...
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87 views

Source for Rema re: Fasting in Sefer Tanya

Orach Chaim Simman 580 Seif 1 the SA writes אֵלּוּ הַיָּמִים שֶׁאֵרְעוּ בָּהֶם צָרוֹת לַאֲבוֹתֵינוּ וְרָאוּי לְהִתְעַנּוֹת בָּהֶם; וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמִּקְּצָתָם בְּרֹאשׁ חֹדֶשׁ, יֵשׁ מִי שֶׁאוֹמֵר ...
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Why do we bring a sin offering on rosh chodesh, given the midrash about changing the size of the moon?

We bring a sin offering as a 'kapara' for hashem for decreasing the size of the moon. The story goes that the moon said we cant have two 'kings' the same size so I want to be bigger. Hashem says no ...
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What does Zayin Ayin VeNun mean in the Ashkenazi Yotzer for Shabbos Rosh Chodesh?

In the Ashkenazi Yotzer for Shabbos Rosh Chodesh, the the Paytan (Rabbeinu Binyomin ben Zerach) writes in the "nun" verse "וזיי''ן עיי''ן ןנו''ן פשוטה מכריעות לכלנה" What does this mean? See here
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Maleh month with Rosh Chodesh on Shabbos

Does our Jewish calendar contain a Maleh month with its first day starting on Shabbos (contain parts of six calendar weeks), and if yes, how often does it occur?
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291 views

What do those people who wear tefillin all weekday do on Rosh Chodesh?

There are people who wear tefillin all day (see related question When did people stop wearing Tefilin all day? and the comments to it.) For one or two reasons many remove tefillin before Mussaf on ...
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1answer
83 views

Why repeat birkas hamazon after omitting “yaale v'yavo” on chol hamoed

Aruch Hashulchan, OC 188:18, cites a difference of opinion regarding the following case. On Shabas which is rosh chodesh, someone says the Shabas addition in birkas hamazon (grace after the meal) but ...
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70 views

Should one be sure to have a bread meal on Rosh Chodesh?

Is there a source for the idea of specially having a bread meal on Rosh Chodesh so that one can say the special insertion for Rosh Chodesh in the grace after meals? related: Rosh Chodesh at home
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134 views

Why are we increasing Simcha when it isn't Adar yet?

Rosh Chodesh is 2 days as today is the 30th of Shevat. Adar doesn't actually begin until tonight. Yet the sense of mishenichnas Adar marbim b'simcha seems to hold sway even today, and not just in the ...