Questions tagged [rishonim]

Torah scholars from 1000-1500, roughly.

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Where did Rabbeinu Tam attribute Nishmas to Peter?

Lots of sources (eg this one) say that Rabbeinu Tam attributed the prayer Nishmas Kol Chai to the apostle Peter. But no one seems to give a precise citation of where Rabbeinu Tam said this. Can anyone ...
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What's the source for a rabbinic statement that 'when one country expels the Jews, another lets them in'?

I'm very confident that I once saw a statement from a rabbi (probably in the Medieval era, but maybe later) to the effect that "God has ensured that when one country expels its Jewish population, ...
הנער הזה's user avatar
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(how) does מיגו still work?

A מיגו is a logical argument used multiple times throughout the Rishonim and Achronim (for example, the Sha"Ch has a very long discussion about it here: https://www.sefaria.org.il/...
Lo ani's user avatar
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Does trusting in my efforts guarantee I'll be unsuccessful?

R. Bachya ibn Paquda states (Chovos Halevavos, Shaar Habitachon, Pesicha): ואם יבטח על חכמתו ותחבולותיו וכח גופו והשתדלותו ייגע לריק ויחלש כחו ותקצר תחבולתו מהשיג חפצו Taken literally, this implies ...
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Summary of mefarshim in back of Gemara

Hey can anyone write a brief summary of some of the most used mefarshim in the back of the Oz VeHadar Gemara for example and maybe a fact on the nature of the commentary. for eg. the Ritva, is he ...
anonymous's user avatar
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Known tombs/graves of Rishonim in Europe

Are there any graves of Rishonim that are known in Europe (not a whole cemetery like in Worms but the actual tomb)? I know about the Maharal and Rema as well as the oldest known from a rabbi (that of ...
Loyodea's user avatar
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Where should Halacha come from?

On the Wikipedia page for the Bach (Rabbi Yoel Sirkis), it mentions He was also critical of those who relied solely on the Shulchan Aruch for halachic decisions, rather than on the Talmud and the ...
lgshost's user avatar
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Start of Shabbos

I believe someone asked a question on this site regarding the which day Shabbos starts I.E. Friday night or Shabbos Day. Some answers quoted machlokes Rishonim that before matan torah Shabbos started ...
Daniel Ross's user avatar
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Ran comments on Gemara Masechet Shabbath

I did learn several comments of Rishonim on a Suggia in Masechet Shabbath and read a footnote (from Harav Moshe Hershler) on the Ramban (Edition Hamachon Hatalmud Haisraeli). He refers to a comment by ...
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Looking for pirushim on Rabeinu Bachye al Hatorah

Looking for pirushim on Rabeinu Bachye al Hatorah. Books similar to Ha'ezrach Beyisrael. Specifically on the more cryptic passages.
eliezer's user avatar
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Why would contradicting Tosafot be an issue if there were multiple authors?

Often, Rabbis will question why different Tosafot (even in different Mesechtas) disagree with each other, finding a way to make them congruent. If Tosafot was written by multiple authors (at least 100 ...
Elie's user avatar
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Is there an Ashkenazi equivalent to the Rambam's introduction to the MT?

In the Rambam's introduction to the Mishneh Torah, he claims he received a direct transmission of the true rabbinic tradition from the academies of Babylonia to him and traces it. For Ashkenazim, is ...
Daniel Romero's user avatar
6 votes
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Who is Rabenu Yonah Baal Tosfot

In Tosfot Shabbat 39b, they cite Harav Rabenu Yonah: וה"ר יונה מפרש בטלה אפי' בקדירה חייתא והיינו דקאמר בטלה משמע לגמרי מכל דבר:‏ He is not in the list of Baale Tosfot in Wikipedia. He also ...
kouty's user avatar
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The qualifiers given by the Meiri

Following this post, quoting several qualifierss given by the Meiri to the Rabanim whose opinions he reports, I am interested to know if we have an exhaustive list, because some of are not reported in ...
kouty's user avatar
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Parshanut Theory/Intro Books

I am currently looking for a book that gives a thorough introduction into the Rishonim's and other Meforshim's understanding of the Chumash in their compilations and a guide to Parshanut and (Jewish) ...
Nochie Wolf's user avatar
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How can I answer a Rishon's question

Since the Rishonim are a lot greater than us, and most of them had ruach hakodesh (see chabadlibrary.org/books/bsht/kst/3/217.htm), would it be possible for me to think of an answer to a question that ...
Moishe Fishoff's user avatar
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277 views

Jumping elephants

There has been a conflict for a while between Orthodox Jews, some of them gedolim, concerning works by a certain author. One of the points of conflict is something he said about a Tosefos in Kiddushin ...
MichoelR's user avatar
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A response to Rav Reuven - Bava Basra [closed]

In the 6th daf of Bava Basra, we find the following case: מאי איריא ברשות הרבים אפילו רשות היחיד נמי רשות הרבים איצטריכא ליה מהו דתימא נימא ליה סוף סוף הא בעית לאצטנועי מבני רשות הרבים The Gemara ...
Yishai De Costa's user avatar
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What advice do you have for learning rishonim?

In my yeshiva, I've joined a b'iyun shiur that makes extensive use of a variety of rishonim. I find its hard to keep track of differences in the language of each specific rishon. What advice do you ...
MatPalRishon's user avatar
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Satan does not "work" On Yom Kippur

The Gemara in Nedarim 32B states; הַשָּׂטָן בְּחוּשְׁבָּנֵיהּ תְּלָת מְאָה וְשִׁיתִּין וְאַרְבְּעָה The letters of the term the Satan [haSatan] in numerical value is 364, which equals the number of ...
Chatzkel's user avatar
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What exactly is considered a גרמא?

I faintly recall some Rishon saying that גרמא means something that doesn't happen right away but takes at least a few seconds to happen. Does anyone know the source for that, or anyone that disagrees?
Dovid's user avatar
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Did the Rashbam write a commentary on the rest of Shas?

Rashi's commentary on the Gemara is incomplete on some tractates. The commentary of his grandson, the Rashbam, is printed in its place in Bava Batra and Pesachim. Did the Rashbam only write a ...
H. Eugene Walters's user avatar
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Has a Scriptural index been compiled on Radak's 'Michlul'?

While not in a current position to browse the the end of any modern printings of Michlul, I have been interested to know if any of them contain indices which enable easy searching for any verse ...
Dr. Shmuel's user avatar
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Origin of mesora for halachos covered in Seder Zeraim

Other than Berachos, there is no gemara in Seder Zer'aim. Where then does our mesora for the halachos discussed in that seder come from? The rishonim do discuss them, but were did they get it from? ...
qwerty's user avatar
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Epicurus in Rishonim's writings

I saw a couple of essays yesterday arguing that some teachings in Avot may have been directed specifically against the Greek philosopher Epicurus* and his teachings. I was wondering whether any of the ...
Harel13's user avatar
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Was the Ritva's teacher the Ba'al Hamaor's grandson?

I came across this statement while learning Ritva: והנכון כמו שפירש הרב בעל המאור ז״ל זקנו של רבינו נ״ר Who is "Rabbeinu" that he refers to? To the best of my knowledge, his teacher the ...
H. Eugene Walters's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
314 views

Why so much critique of the ibn Ezra?

Throughout Chumash, the Ramba"n goes after the ibn Ezra. The Ramba"n says in his introduction to the Chumash that his attitude toward the ibn Ezra is "תוכחה גלויה ואהבה מסותרת". In ...
Yehuda's user avatar
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Tosfot quoting the Ri Migash?

Tosfot in Yevamot 83b seems to address the comment of Rabbi Yosef Ibn Migash on Baba Batra. ול"ג דתניא כמו שגורס הרב אבן מאגש ואומר דתניא גבי בכור דלא היה לו לרבא להניח המשנה ולהביא הברייתא שאין ...
kouty's user avatar
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How to learn with Rishonim?

I learn Gemara daily and I can read rather well through the text with Rashi and Tosafos. I would like to incorporate Rishonim into my learning. How do I do this? Do I look at them on every sugya? Do I ...
Richard Franklin's user avatar
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View of the Shu"t Min HaShamayim

The Shu"t Min Hashamayim was written by a Rishon who would receive answers in dreams from Heaven. Is there a difference in Torah views regarding how to weigh the halachic perspective of such a work? (...
NJM's user avatar
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4 votes
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Looking for a sefer with a collection of interesting/fundamental Rishonim on the Parsha

I'm looking for a sefer which is a collection of interesting, original and fundamental pieces from the Rishonim on the weekly Parsha. I prefer if they are quotes [the original wording], but also happy ...
chortkov2's user avatar
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-1 votes
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Looking for a Shiltei ha-Gibborim citation

The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics (page 435, footnote 50, available on Google Books preview here) refers to a comment in the Shiltei ha-Gibborim. The only precise reference is "note 3 on ...
Zarka's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Source that Amorayim are not required to know Beraitot/Toseftot

I was told that some Rishonim on Sha"s comment that Amorayim were not required to know Beraitot or Toseftot, they only were required to know the Mishna. Where's that source?
Al Berko's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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Can anyone explain R. Nissim of Marseilles's seemingly problematic opinion on longevity in Genesis?

Recently, I have been looking into the idea of longevity in Genesis. Today, I stumbled upon R. Nissim of Marseilles's opinion of it, but no matter how many times I read over the article that mentioned ...
Legitgotonequestion's user avatar
12 votes
0 answers
242 views

Source for Geonic division of mitzvos

The Rambam and those who follow suit divide the 613 mitzvos into two groups, 248 positive mitzvos and 365 negative mitzvos. This is sourced from Makkos 23b. However, many of the Geonim (for example: ...
robev's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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Are there any Rishonim buried in England and France

Do we know of any of the burial places of Rishonim around France and England? I know Rabbi Yisrael Meir Gabbai has found some but are there any tools to source ancient Jewish cemeteries e.g. a map?
yosefkorn's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
256 views

Where can the Tosafot of Rabbi Samson of Sens be found?

This might be quite a basic question, but there’s a passage from Rabbi Samson of Sens’s commentary on Mishnah Eduyot 1:5 that I’ve seen quoted in a few books eg here. (Sometimes it’s quoted as being ...
Zarka's user avatar
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Rabbeinu Nissim's source in Rif Pesochim 23 apparent contradiction?

Rabbeinu Nissim ben Re'uven in Maseches Pesochim (page 23 in the Rif ד''ה דילמא see here) says that, whilst one has to eat the Pesach offering "על השובע" (an eating of satisfaction), when it comes to ...
Joshua Pearl's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
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Instances in Shas where Tosfos quotes the Rambam?

I'm aware of one instance where Tosfos quotes the Rambam: Menachos 42b- Tosfos dibbur ha'maschil "תפילין יש להן בדיקה" where right at the beginning we see Tosfos write "וכן פי' ה"ר משה בר מיימון". ...
alicht's user avatar
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1 answer
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Source for Cremation Specifically Not Jewish

A respected Rabbinic figure recently mentioned that one of the Rishonim - maybe Tosfos - writes that אין דרך בני ישראל לשרוף מתיהם: burning a Jew's lifeless body is not the Jewish way. Where is this ...
NJM's user avatar
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10 votes
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Which sins are beyond punishment?

Yishai said in a comment elsewhere on this forum : It has been pointed out in Rishonim that some sins are so bad they can't get a punishment - because the punishment creates forgiveness, but ...
user9806's user avatar
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Why are some rishonim referred to with the word "the" (e.g., "The Meiri")? [duplicate]

In common usage, some names have the word "The", others do not. Why? Why "The Meiri", "The Rambam", "The Ramban", "The Vilna Gaon", "The Semag", but "Rashi", "Ibn Gabirol", "Ibn Ezra", "Rabeinu Tam"...
Yehuda W's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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In what order were the works of the Rashba written?

Rabbi Shlomo Ibn Aderet wrote a huge number of responsa, as well as a commentary on much of the Talmud, and a couple of Halachic works. I would assume that the responsa were written over a long ...
רבות מחשבות's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
622 views

Why is there no Rashi on Maseches Nedarim, Nazir, most of Bava Basra etc?

A similar question asked "Which masechtot don't really have Rashi?" which proceeded to list the Masechtot (Nedarim, Nazir, Moed Kattan) & parts of Shas (most of Bava Basra, last 4 daf of Makkos) ...
alicht's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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List of which Rishonim wrote on each Masechta?

I would like to know if anyone has made a comprehensive list/chart of which Rishonim wrote on each masechta in shas. Such a list would include details such as: Masechtos where Rashi is not rashi, the ...
SE is Evil - Support Monica's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
153 views

Rishon who holds killing in an upward motion is more negligent

The Mishnah (Makkos 2:1) teaches that someone who kills inadvertently is sent to exile, if and only if they killed in a downward motion. If it was in an upward motion, there is no exile. Is this ...
robev's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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No kares for adultery with an arusa

I was listening to this lecture by Rav Herschel Schachter and near the end he parenthetically mentioned that there's an opinion of the Maharam MiRotenburg and Tosafos HaRosh in Yevamos that there's ...
robev's user avatar
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When were these fasts observed?

The Tur (Orach Chayim 580), quoting the Bahag (Laws of the Ninth of Av), gives a list of days on which to fast. This list is copied or mentioned by some other rishonim (as quoted in the footnote to ...
b a's user avatar
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2 answers
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Rashi Biographical Details [closed]

On Avodah Zarah 75a (dibur hamtchil "ולא פליגי"), Shabbos 85b ("בנוטה שורה לכאן ושורה לכאן"), Sukkah 40a ("ה"ג עצים דהסקה תנאי היא"), and Makkot 19b ("רישא במעשר שני טמא") there are personal comments ...
MiYavin's user avatar
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1 answer
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Whey in butter (Chema't akkum)?

I recently read a responsum from R' Tam (brought in Shaarei Dura 78) where he discusses butter that was mixed with whey. While he permits regular butter from a gentile for consumption he nevertheless ...
Bach's user avatar
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