Questions tagged [reward-punishment]

The concept of reward and punishment in Judaism- theologically, halachically, and philosophically

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175 views

B'nai Yisra'el complaining about water and food - sometimes punished, sometimes not

There were numerous times that B'nai Yisra'el complained to Moshe (and, sometimes, Aharon) about the lack of food or water in the desert. But, it seems that sometimes G-d punishes them and sometimes ...
3
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1answer
151 views

7 laws of Noach - Tinnok Shenishbah [duplicate]

I know in Judaism, we have a concept of "Tinok Shenishba" - does this not apply to a gentile? How will a ben noach at the end of time be punished for not keeping the 7 mitzvah bnei Noach if they are ...
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1answer
109 views

What can someone do to protect his property/children from children?

From the answers here, the schulchan aruch h"m 349.3 and the aruch hashulchan 349.1: it seems that if a child (below 12/13 years old) damages you no one is responsible (but is he stole and the thing ...
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1answer
37 views

Different type of blessing for rain and snow

One of my friends who lived in Israel explained that, of course, precipitation during the "winter" months is vital and it is considered a great blessing from G-d. This we know is alluded to several ...
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3answers
142 views

How can Hashem judge a person לזכות, favourably, as in הדן חבירו לכף זכות דנין אותו לזכות

The Gemoro Shabbos 127b brings three stories illustrating the principle, הדן חבירו לכף זכות דנין אותו לזכות “He who judges his neighbour in the scale of merit is himself judged favourably.”...
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74 views

Spiritual Causes For The Black Death?

From Wiki “The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe in the years ...
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1answer
89 views

Which sins are specifically punished with earthquake?

There were/are earthquakes in many countries in the world in the past few days. If earthquake is a form punishment from Hashem, then which sins are punished by such? I/We can use the answer to ...
5
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2answers
225 views

Yom Kippur more lenient than Shabbos?

The potential punishment for an av melacha on Shabbos is stoning (ch"v). (Obviously, only under certain circumstances and after repeated attempts to dissuade the sinner.) However, I learned here that ...
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2answers
918 views

What sin(s) would be involved if a married man slept with another woman?

If a married Jewish man had an extramarital relationship with a woman who was not in the category of arayos or issurei biah, what, if any, sins would he have committed, and to what, if any, punishment ...
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0answers
77 views

Oversight in mikvah preparation; is her husband guilty?

Ordinarily, if we make an honest mistake in our efforts to do a mitzvah--or we do an inadvertent aveira--we are, at least to some extent, forgiven. In any case, our liability, and our obligation to ...
6
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2answers
240 views

Why does G-d reward reshaim in this world to punish them in the next, if He is good? [duplicate]

The question of "Why do some reshaim people live a good life, while some good people suffer" is often answered that G-d rewards the rasha in this world, in order to punish him in the world to come for ...
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1answer
389 views

How come a rape is considered a damage but not a crime in Judaism? [closed]

In our Western (Goyish) culture, rape constitutes a serious criminal offense (up to 15 years inside), that is probably based on a Pshat of Deu 22, 26: וְלַנַּעֲרָה לֹא־תַעֲשֶׂה דָבָר אֵין ...
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1answer
79 views

What does the Rambam say in regards to a sin having to happen?

I have seen it claimed that the Rambam in Shemona Perakim chapter 8 says that if the Torah specifies a punishment, someone must commit the sin, it is just unknown who exactly will earn the punishment (...
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2answers
209 views

Why do the best of doctors go to Gehinnom according to the Maharsha?

Says the final Mishnah in Kiddushin 82a: טוב שברופאים לגיהנם The best of doctors go to Gehinnom If your name is followed by MD, you may leave now. The Maharsha is puzzled by why this should ...
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1answer
41 views

Lashes for owning chametz when the Pesach is brought

Rambam in Sefer HaMitzvos Lo Saaseh 115 writes שבעת שחיטת הפסח והוא בין הערבים לא יהיה חמץ ברשותו לא אצל הזורק ולא אצל השוחט ולא אצל המקטיר ולא אצל אחד מבני החבורה, וכל מי מהם שיהיה חמץ אצלו בעת ...
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0answers
173 views

Reason for Ein Onshim Min HaDin

There's a concept that אין עונשים מן הדין that appears a bunch of times throughout Shas (Makkos 5b for example). It basically means we don't learn out punishments the same way we learn out obligations....
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2answers
111 views

Spies punishment midda kneged midda?

Although the spies' punishment through their tongue makes sense for the lashon hara against the land, what is the 'measure for measure' regarding the worms in their navel? As Sefaria transcribes and ...
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0answers
278 views

Why did Metatron receive 60 lashes?

In the story of the 4 who entered Pardes (Chagigah starting on 14b) it says that Elisha ben Abuyah saw Metatron the angel sitting and therefore became a heretic. In order to show Elisha that Metatron ...
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1answer
98 views

What is the punishment before Vayehi Bineso'ah Ha'aron?

Rashi on Bamidbar 10:35 writes based on Shabbos 116a that Vayehi Bineso'ah Ha'aron is moved out of its proper place is to separate between two punishments. ויהי בנסע הארן" - עשה לו סמניות מלפניו ...
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77 views

Why was Tisha B'Av established as a day of crying for those who didn't sin?

Ta'anis 29a teaches that since by the Meraglim the Jews cried for naught, that night, which was Tisha B'av, would be established as a night of crying for all generations. Why should this be? What ...
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1answer
91 views

Why did HaShem "need" the punishment to be a day for a year by the Meraglim?

Rashi to Bamidbar 13:25 writes that since the punishment for the spies' false report was to be one year of wandering for each day in Eretz Yisrael, HaShem allowed them to finish miraculously in just ...
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1answer
69 views

Why did HaShem punish the Benei Yisrael through quail in particular?

According to the Midrash, the Benei Yisrael in Bamidbar 11 wished to have illicit relations with close relatives. In response, HaShem punished them with death via eating quail. Why was this an ...
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1answer
551 views

Why do we still not mention Rebbi Meir's name?

According to the gemarah in Horiyot 13b-14a statements made by Rebbi Meir were dubbed 'acherim' and those of Rebbi Natan were changed to 'yeish omrim'. This was done as a punishment for an attempt ...
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2answers
203 views

Which sins are specifically punished with drought?

The province of South Africa in which I live, the Western Cape, is in severe drought. Many shuls across the country are praying for rain, and a few days ago the Chief Rabbi of South Africa declared a ...
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2answers
203 views

What's the deal with moral relativism?

I have heard and read from kiruv books, outreach speakers, pamphlets etc. that Orthodox Judaism doesn't like "Moral Relativism" (the position that moral or ethical propositions do not reflect ...
3
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1answer
319 views

Why were Er and Onan punished?

As discussed here, wasting seed is not forbidden for a non-Jew. Rashi to Bereishis 38:7 and Semak negative commandment 292 explain that Er and Onan died for that very sin. If non-Jews are allowed ...
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330 views

Does the concept of eternal damnation exist in Judaism? [duplicate]

Does the concept of eternal damnation exist in Judaism? This is not about some temporary state of judgement like is referred to on Rosh HaShanah 17a by the expression לדורי דורות, but a permanent ...
6
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1answer
162 views

What exactly is the judgement of Rosh Hashanah?

In the Rosh Hashanah Musaf, it is implied that all human beings and countries are judged on this day whether they will have peace or war, life or death, and in the Unesaneh Tokef prayer, this is ...
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1answer
106 views

Punishment for assault

I'm familiar with jewish laws governing murder, but I can't recall ever having heard of jewish laws which govern assault. What are some of the rules concerning classifying and punishing people who ...
0
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1answer
166 views

Why is there no tzara'at nowadays [duplicate]

In the Torah it says clearly that the punishment for speaking Lashon Hara' is צרעת. Why then do we not see this happening as an immediate or even delayed punishment nowadays? And why does the Torah ...
5
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0answers
77 views

Using Torah as a punishment

I remember hearing or seeing somewhere that a Rebbi who uses the Torah for a punsihment can make a student hate Torah. For example,a boy speaks in class ,then the Rebbi makes the boy write over a ...
3
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1answer
281 views

What was HaRaMBa"M's position on "yissurim shel ahavah"?

In the Talmud Bavli (Berakhot 5A-B), HaZa"L discuss yissurim shel ahavah (i.e. afflictions of love). In his translation of R' Bahya's "Hovot HaLevavot" (introduction to Sha`ar HaBitahon)...
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0answers
65 views

"Placing a Stumbling Block Before the Blind" in Moed Qatan 17a

In Moed Qatan 17a, the story is brought of Rebbi's handmaiden who placed somebody in nidui because she saw him striking his adult son. According to her, this was an infringement of the prohibition of ...
3
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1answer
101 views

God is just, but is this world just in itself or when combined with the world to come?

To expand, God is just and thus everything that happens is just. But does justice fully manifest itself in this world or a combination of this world and the world to come? For example if a 3 month ...
5
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3answers
237 views

Does Moshiach bear our sins, in any sense?

I know 'bear' is vague, but I have always been upset by the popular Jewish singer, Mordechai ben David's song, 'Yerusholayim Our Home'. It contains the line, 'Suffering for years, from all our sins ...
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6answers
587 views

Why was Yaacov punished for hiding Dinah?

Why was Yaacov punished for hiding Dinah from Esav? Isn't this an expected attitude from a loving and protective father?
3
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1answer
242 views

Why was the snake punished?

In Michtav M'Eliyahu vol2. page 137 Rabbi Dessler explains that the primordial snake was an external manifestation of the evil inclination which entered man after the sin. If so, why was the snake ...
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1answer
160 views

Reward of Olam Haba?

The Mesilat Yesharim (ch.4) quotes the Talmud (Bava Batra 75b) which says in Olam Haba (the World to Come) every person will be singed by the chupah (canopy) of his fellow, an analogy referring to the ...
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2answers
101 views

equivalent schar

so nothing in this world is comparable. but for the sake of this question, comparison is needed. compare a girl, named Chanie brought up in Monroe, and a girl named Clara brought up in Las vegas, in ...
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1answer
126 views

Indirect murder

If you tell someone to murder someone else and they do it, are you chayav misa - even if you didn't personally perform the act? If not, what are you liable for, and on what basis?
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1answer
128 views

What's the difference in the terms עָוֺן פֶּשַׁע חַטָּאָה in Exodus 34:6-7

Exodus 34:6-7 says, וַיַּעֲבֹ֨ר יְהוָ֥ה ׀ עַל־פָּנָיו֮ וַיִּקְרָא֒ יְהוָ֣ה ׀ יְהוָ֔ה אֵ֥ל רַח֖וּם וְחַנּ֑וּן אֶ֥רֶךְ אַפַּ֖יִם וְרַב־חֶ֥סֶד וֶאֱמֶֽת ׀ נֹצֵ֥ר חֶ֙סֶד֙ לָאֲלָפִ֔ים נֹשֵׂ֥א עָוֺ֛ן ...
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1answer
155 views

What's wrong Letzanut?

The Talmud in Sotah 42 says four groups do not receive the Shechina (divine presence) in the next world. One of these is the group of "letzim" (jesters). What is considered bad letzanut? I assume ...
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1answer
186 views

Are non-Jews held accountable for their deeds?

According to the "Path of the Just" by Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzato ch.3 For one who is still held captive in the prison of his evil inclination - his eyes do not see this truth, and he is incapable ...
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2answers
55 views

Mitzvah and connection. How does that work?

If you do good deeds, are you then connected to good? Do you draw blessing into your life? How does Mitzvah connection to good work?
3
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1answer
115 views

Credit for a mitzvah done wrong

Hypothetical case: I have been putting tefillin on every applicable morning for many years now. This morning, in shul, someone came up to me and said, "Your shel yad is placed completely incorrectly! ...
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3answers
205 views

Why was Aharon punished at Mei Meriva?

In parshat Chukat, we see that it was Moshe who hit the rock instead of speaking to it, as G-d had commanded him. Yet, Aharon was punished with dying before entering the land of Israel, receiving the ...
5
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2answers
586 views

Does teshuva remove punishment?

In Bamidbar 15, the text speaks of someone who commits an intentional sin (mentioning idolatry and blasphemy) and says that kareit is the punishment (if there was no warning) etc. Then the story of ...
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1answer
164 views

Stripes for Rebellious Conduct

This phrase is used by Rambam in Mishneh Torah but I can't find any elucidation of what it means. I understand it to mean a punishment of a a lesser degree than lashes, something like "a mark on your ...
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2answers
113 views

Why does Hashem react so violently against the people who demanded meat?

The question is self explanatory so I'll just clarify why it seems to me that Hashem's reaction is disproportionate. Imagine a parent with a spoiled child who starts demanding more than he deserves. ...
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1answer
118 views

If a Jew was forced to do a mitzva, does it count?

If a Jew was forced to do a mitzva (For example, if we grab him and put tefilin on him.): Has he fulfilled his obligation? For example, if he was forced to say shma and then made teshuva (and now ...