Questions tagged [reward-punishment]

The concept of reward and punishment in Judaism- theologically, halachically, and philosophically

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7
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1answer
270 views

Is there a penalty under the law for attempted adultery?

If a married man or woman propositions sexual misconduct to a person, or a man or woman propositions a person they know is married, is there a prescribed penalty according to the law, i.e. would a a ...
7
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2answers
343 views

Why did God destroy Sodom in such a strange way?

Why does it rain both fire and brimstone (gafris - 19:24) on Sodom surely one or the other was enough? Furthermore, if the whole city is 'turned upside down' (19:25) why was there a need to rain ...
5
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0answers
89 views

Only Kohanim get reward for mitzvos in this world

There's a concept of שכר מצוות בהאי עלמא ליכא, there is no reward for mitzvos in this world (Kiddushin 39b). Much has been written on what this means and why it's true, but I found a innovative idea ...
5
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0answers
75 views

Using Torah as a punishment

I remember hearing or seeing somewhere that a Rebbi who uses the Torah for a punsihment can make a student hate Torah. For example,a boy speaks in class ,then the Rebbi makes the boy write over a ...
5
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0answers
77 views

Doctor's mistake and homicide

The mishnah in Makkos (beginning of 2nd chapter) teaches that if the person inadvertently killed someone through performing a mitzvah, the murder is exempt from the punishment of exile, which I ...
5
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0answers
155 views

Why are there only a finite number of people?

If the purpose that we ascribe as the reason for creation (as stated in the Ramchal's Derech Hashem, Klach Pischei Chochma and other works) is for God to bestow his goodness unto creation (bearing in ...
4
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0answers
106 views

A man tells us he raped a woman

The Torah says the following about a man who rapes a woman (Deuteronomy 22:29). וְ֠נָתַן הָאִ֨ישׁ הַשֹּׁכֵ֥ב עִמָּ֛הּ לַאֲבִ֥י הנער [הַֽנַּעֲרָ֖ה] חֲמִשִּׁ֣ים כָּ֑סֶף וְלֽוֹ־תִהְיֶ֣ה לְאִשָּׁ֗ה ...
4
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0answers
156 views

Reason for Ein Onshim Min HaDin

There's a concept that אין עונשים מן הדין that appears a bunch of times throughout Shas (Makkos 5b for example). It basically means we don't learn out punishments the same way we learn out obligations....
3
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0answers
104 views

Source for story about a murdering son-in-law whose family was swallowed alive

I stumbled upon a really random story in the middle of a sefer on the Azharos of Rav Shlomo ibn Gabirol. The author says he heard it from his father. Since he was discussing the prohibition of murder, ...
3
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0answers
78 views

Does God care about things that don't affect the Jews?

There is a trope in Judaism that God smites even the greatest Empires when they oppress the Jews. Does God ever smite nations that are wicked to other non-Jews? We do have the example of Sodom, but ...
3
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0answers
107 views

Does a Ben Noach, who keeps the seven mitzvot but has bad hashkafah, get punished by Hashem?

Does a Ben Noach, who keeps the seven mitzvot but has bad Hashkafah, get punished by Hashem? For example, if the B'nei Noach says things that are kefira for a Jew like saying that the Oral Torah is ...
3
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0answers
77 views

Why was Tisha B'Av established as a day of crying for those who didn't sin?

Ta'anis 29a teaches that since by the Meraglim the Jews cried for naught, that night, which was Tisha B'av, would be established as a night of crying for all generations. Why should this be? What ...
3
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0answers
98 views

What degree of punishment is assigned to one who wants to commit a sin, but is only stopped by the lack of an opportunity?

For instance, if one thought of murdering a certain someone, but the only thing stopping him was the lack of an opportunity, would he be liable to a punishment equal to that of a murderer, or ...
3
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0answers
90 views

what are the rewards for the righteous in Olam Haba?

I am looking for some sources from chazal on what rewards await the righteous in olam haba (the afterlife). preferably some kind of comprehensive treatise rather than bits and pieces.
3
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0answers
92 views

Is instigating a crime through careless choices of words a violation of Lifnei 'Iver?

I would like to look at the scope of Lifnei 'Iver -- the commandment to not put a stumbling block before the blind (Lev. 19:14). Specifically, I would like to know how one is punished for the sin -- ...
3
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0answers
111 views

Punishment on Shabbos

It says in OC Siman 339 Sif 4 that judgements are not made on Shabbos. As well the Rema writes there that we therefore don't put someone into jail on Shabbos. As well we don't hit them since this is ...
3
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1answer
61 views

If your donation is matched, do you get reward for the match as well?

If an organization has a philanthropist that agreed to match every dollar donated. If you give $100, and he matches your $100. Do you get reward for $200 or $100? Had you not given your $100, ...
3
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1answer
234 views

Who gets more rewarded for the Mitzvah of procreation?

The man is obligated in the mitzvah of Pru Urivu (Having children 1 male 1 female) while the woman is not (technically it's a machlokes in the gemara, but we hold of the one that they're not chayav). ...
3
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1answer
309 views

Why were Er and Onan punished?

As discussed here, wasting seed is not forbidden for a non-Jew. Rashi to Bereishis 38:7 and Semak negative commandment 292 explain that Er and Onan died for that very sin. If non-Jews are allowed ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Punishment vs suffering

The Rambam says in Hilchos Teshuva chapter 1 עָבַר עַל כְּרֵתוֹת וּמִיתוֹת בֵּית דִּין וְעָשָׂה תְּשׁוּבָה, תְּשׁוּבָה וְיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים תּוֹלִין וְיִסּוּרִין הַבָּאִין עָלָיו גּוֹמְרִין לוֹ ...
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0answers
54 views

What was the consequence of Yael's sin?

The gemarah (Horiyot 10b, Nazir 23b) states that Yael sinned for the sake of God in sleeping with Sisra. I would like to know what consequence, if any, there was for this sin. Was her husband ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Was Iyov rewarded for passing his first test?

In Iyov chapter 1 Satan proposes to God to test Iyov's fidelity to God by striking Iyov's possessions. God agrees and Iyov loses essentially everything. At the end of chapter 1 and again in chapter 2 ...
2
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0answers
80 views

The basic jewish model for reward and punishment

I'd like to understand what is known and not hidden by god in regards the accounting of mitzvas: What happened after Yom Kipur - does god balance all my miztvas in comparison to sins I made in the ...
2
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0answers
77 views

Oversight in mikvah preparation; is her husband guilty?

Ordinarily, if we make an honest mistake in our efforts to do a mitzvah--or we do an inadvertent aveira--we are, at least to some extent, forgiven. In any case, our liability, and our obligation to ...
2
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0answers
253 views

Why did Metatron receive 60 lashes?

In the story of the 4 who entered Pardes (Chagigah starting on 14b) it says that Elisha ben Abuyah saw Metatron the angel sitting and therefore became a heretic. In order to show Elisha that Metatron ...
2
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0answers
58 views

“Placing a Stumbling Block Before the Blind” in Moed Qatan 17a

In Moed Qatan 17a, the story is brought of Rebbi's handmaiden who placed somebody in nidui because she saw him striking his adult son. According to her, this was an infringement of the prohibition of ...
2
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0answers
45 views

To what degree and under what conditions can the righteous influence God's judgement of a population?

When Noah was told of the flood's coming, he did not pray for mercy on behalf of the world. When God told Abraham that he was about to assess S'dom and Amorrah, Abraham continually questioned God ...
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0answers
59 views

Rambam and Mitzvah of Ner Channukah (Chaviva hi ad ma'od)

The Rambam writes in Hilchos Channukah Perek 4 Halacha 12 מצות נר חנוכה מצוה חביבה היא עד מאד The Mitzvah of Ner Channukah is very "chaviv"/"dear" mitzva (please correct this translation.) What is ...
2
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1answer
87 views

What if the wicked son didn’t know better?

We say at the Seder: רָשָׁע מָה הוּא אוֹמֵר? מָה הָעֲבוֹדָה הַזּאֹת לָכֶם. לָכֶם – וְלֹא לוֹ. וּלְפִי שֶׁהוֹצִיא אֶת עַצְמוֹ מִן הַכְּלָל כָּפַר בְּעִקָּר. וְאַף אַתָּה הַקְהֵה אֶת שִׁנָּיו ...
2
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1answer
327 views

What is the penalty for someone who insults Judaism

In a Jewish country where the law of Judaism is practised, if someone insults Judaism, makes fun of its prophets and defames Torah, what is the punishment for him (non Jew), if any?
2
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1answer
149 views

How do reward and punishment work?

1-Good things happen to good people. Because God rewards good behavior. [Lev 26:3-13] 2-Bad things happen to bad people. Because God punishes bad behavior. [Lev 26:14-45] 3-Good things happen to ...
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0answers
53 views

Why prohibitions and their corresponding punishments are separated in the Torah?

I was arguing with a Documentary Hypothesis supporter who claimed that we consistently find that Biblical prohibitions and their punishments are not written in one place. The Ten Commandments are a ...
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0answers
42 views

What made G-d change His opinion about Humans and how is it possible?

וַיָּ֣רַח ה' אֶת־רֵ֣יחַ הַנִּיחֹחַ֒ וַיֹּ֨אמֶר ה' אֶל־לִבּ֗וֹ לֹֽא־אֹ֠סִף לְקַלֵּ֨ל ע֤וֹד אֶת־הָֽאֲדָמָה֙ בַּעֲב֣וּר הָֽאָדָ֔ם כִּ֠י יֵ֣צֶר לֵ֧ב הָאָדָ֛ם רַ֖ע מִנְּעֻרָ֑יו וְלֹֽא־אֹסִ֥ף ע֛וֹד ...
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112 views

How can Kares be greater than execution by beis din (and also eternal according to R' Kapach)?

In this exposition of what kares means, the following view is quoted: [...] R. Yosef Kafach (Mishneh Torah, Hilkhos Teshuvah ch. 8 n. 4) offers a different interpretation. He suggests that the Rambam’...
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Using אוהביו, יראיו, חסידיו in Chovas Halevavos referring to those who receive additional reward

ספר חובות הלבבות - שער הביטחון - פרק רביעי Chovos Halevavos (Duties of the Heart) Shaar Habitachon (Gate of Trust) Chapter 4: ועניני העולם הבא יחלקו לשני חלקים ... והשני שהוא מחסד הבורא יתעלה על ...
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0answers
73 views

Spiritual Causes For The Black Death?

From Wiki “The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe in the years ...
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0answers
78 views

Using 'zechus avos' in this world

On the one hand zechus avos has an affect in this world. On the other hand schar mitzvah be'hay almah leika (the reward of a mitzvah is not given in this world.) How do these two idea's work? They ...
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0answers
92 views

Did the ancient Rabbanim believe that the spirits of the dead walked the Earth?

In the Midrashim I noticed that Rabbanim keep mentioning events in which the Rabbi would be walking along and come across a man doing some task and it would turn out to be the spirit of a dead man who ...
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0answers
48 views

Wanting to do a Mitzvah, getting paid for intent AND accomplishent

I heard from someone that whoever wants to do a mitzvah, Hashem gives him reward before he does the mitzvah, and after he does the mitzvah Hashem doubles it. Where is the source for this?
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34 views

What was the reason for Job's original success and prosperity?

The book starts with the description of Job's piety and then his wealth and success: ... That man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil. Seven sons and three daughters were born ...
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0answers
46 views

What mitzvos are under the umbrella term מתן שכרה בצידה referenced in the Jerusalem Talmud Bava Basra

The gemara in the Jerusalem Talmud Bava Batra (cited here) refers to a collective set of commandments called "מתן שכרה בצידה", which I believe can be loosely translated as "reward given on the side" ...
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0answers
74 views

Does attending a Siyum receive the merit as if one has learned the whole Masechta (Tractate)?

I've heard people say that attending a Siyum gets the merit like you learned all of the Gemara that's getting Siyum'd on. Is there a mekor (Torah source) for this idea? (And if yes, then does any ...
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0answers
71 views

Reward for saying Asher Yatzar

Is saying Asher Yatzar, the blessing after using the bathroom, something that one will get rewarded for? Will one get rewarded for each time he said Asher Yatzar? Please cite sources.
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0answers
81 views

Women and the egel

The Leviim were rewarded for not participating in the egel (golden calf) by replacing the buchorim (firstborn) as the workers in the mishkan. But the women also did not participate in the calf. What ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Can external actions reduce my “reward” for giving charity?

The Rambam lists 8 levels of giving charity, saying one is better than the next. I am assuming that there is some greater advantage to performing this mitzvah on a "higher" level, an idea ...
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2answers
55 views

Mitzvah and connection. How does that work?

If you do good deeds, are you then connected to good? Do you draw blessing into your life? How does Mitzvah connection to good work?
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2answers
93 views

Why isn't Heavenly judgement final and exhaustive and requires Earthy retribution?

Many Biblical and Rabbinic sources speak of the Earthy retribution - a person suffers (is justly punished) in this Earthy world because of the sins of previous generations. For example, "אֵל ...
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1answer
89 views

Were G-d's expectations for Dor Hamabul realistic?

Undoubtfully the all-loving G-d was a bit harsh on punishing the whole generation of Noah (probably millions?) by drowning them (and all the animals - what did they do?) in boiling water (He could ...