Questions tagged [reward-punishment]

The concept of reward and punishment in Judaism- theologically, halachically, and philosophically

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
0answers
9 views

Why prohibitions and their corresponding punishments are separated in the Torah?

I was arguing with a Documentary Hypothesis supporter who claimed that we consistently find that Biblical prohibitions and their punishments are not written in one place. The Ten Commandments are a ...
15
votes
3answers
3k views

Why doesn't God offer Sodom and Gemorrah the same chance to repent He offers Nineveh?

Why does God destroy Sodom and Gomorrah without warning, but offer Nineveh a chance to repent? The men who come to Lot's house could have just easily prophesied to the people of Sodom and Gomorrah ...
5
votes
0answers
87 views

Only Kohanim get reward for mitzvos in this world

There's a concept of שכר מצוות בהאי עלמא ליכא, there is no reward for mitzvos in this world (Kiddushin 39b). Much has been written on what this means and why it's true, but I found a innovative idea ...
8
votes
5answers
872 views

Dama ben Nesina and the red heifer

Kidushin 31a brings the story of Dama ben Nesina and his amazing Kibud Av V'Aim which cost him a huge fortune. He was rewarded for his amazing Kibud Av V'Aim by one of his cows giving birth to a red ...
8
votes
1answer
805 views

Not finding your bashert is a punishment for doing zera levatala?

Are there Kabbalistic or Talmudic sources saying that not finding your bashert is a punishment for doing zera levatala (wasteful seminal emission)? I heard a popular rabbi make this claim in a class ...
2
votes
1answer
9k views

Were some Jews transformed to monkeys for violating the sabbath?

Some historical Islamic sources quote that early Jews who violated the Sabbath were transformed into apes : O Jews! Remember that Allah sent His torment on the village that disobeyed Him and broke ...
1
vote
2answers
165 views

Does the plain text of the Torah support the view that “It would have been preferable had man not been created”?

תָּנוּ רַבָּנַן: שְׁתֵּי שָׁנִים וּמֶחֱצָה נֶחְלְקוּ בֵּית שַׁמַּאי וּבֵית הִלֵּל. הַלָּלוּ אוֹמְרִים: נוֹחַ לוֹ לְאָדָם שֶׁלֹּא נִבְרָא יוֹתֵר מִשֶּׁנִּבְרָא, וְהַלָּלוּ אוֹמְרִים: נוֹחַ לוֹ לְאָדָם ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

Why wasn't Aharon punished for making the Golden Calf

Why wasn't Aharon punished by death together with idolators (others who have sinned with the Golden Calf) when Moses came from the mountain? Why was Aaron treated differently?
5
votes
3answers
234 views

Adam and Chava’s Punishment

I’m sure this was asked here multiple times, but I’m having trouble finding it. Can someone please explain to me: 1) how is Adam’s punishment of “eating bread from the sweat of your brow” a ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

What was the reason for Job's original success and prosperity?

The book starts with the description of Job's piety and then his wealth and success: ... That man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil. Seven sons and three daughters were born ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

Delayed Judgement on Rosh Hashana

I heard that the judgement determined on Rosh Hashana does not start to get carried out until some date after the chagim, possibly in Marcheshvan or later. Is anyone familiar with this teaching and ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Does one get punished for not keeping positve mitzvos?

Does one get punished for not keeping positive mitzvos? Or is it the case that you just do not get the reward for keeping them and punishments are for transgressing negative mitzvos?
5
votes
5answers
782 views

G-d doesn't have emotions? Why?

Here I've read, that the Rambam in yesode hatorah says, G-d has no emotions. But the Torah is full with things like: what He hates (usually the breaking of His laws, especially the sins related ...
-1
votes
2answers
93 views

Why isn't Heavenly judgement final and exhaustive and requires Earthy retribution?

Many Biblical and Rabbinic sources speak of the Earthy retribution - a person suffers (is justly punished) in this Earthy world because of the sins of previous generations. For example, "אֵל ...
5
votes
1answer
224 views

Do women get reward for not shaving their payos and beard

Do woman/non-Jews get a reward for not doing things they are permitted to do, and men / Jews are forbidden to do? I know that if someone does a mitzvah they are not commanded doing, they get a reward....
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Can external actions reduce my “reward” for giving charity?

The Rambam lists 8 levels of giving charity, saying one is better than the next. I am assuming that there is some greater advantage to performing this mitzvah on a "higher" level, an idea ...
3
votes
4answers
452 views

Midah Keneged Midah in the Punishment of an Entire Tzibur [i.e, Covid-19]

I was recently reading a controversial article on The Lakewood Scoop claiming that Coronavirus (Covid-19) is a punishment for the fact that we expelled anti-vaxxers from our Yeshivos and Mosdos ...
-1
votes
2answers
55 views

Mitzvah and connection. How does that work?

If you do good deeds, are you then connected to good? Do you draw blessing into your life? How does Mitzvah connection to good work?
3
votes
4answers
152 views

Is it wrong to expect rewards for observance?

Many commentators have told us to perform the commandments for their own sake, out of love, not for the purpose of receiving rewards. The Rambam summarized this exhortation as follows : "When I ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

What exactly is “prohibited magic” in Judaism?

It appears that "magic" in most "modern" "western" civilizations is prohibited. But societies like those in China or Latin America or Africa have mentions of all kinds of ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Are thousands of generations to be accounted for literally?

Deuteronomy 5:10 ..."To those who keep His commandments...God's grace is extended to a thousand generations", Rashi's comment suggests when obeying out of fear. Deuteronomy 7:9..."Those ...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

Source for story about a murdering son-in-law whose family was swallowed alive

I stumbled upon a really random story in the middle of a sefer on the Azharos of Rav Shlomo ibn Gabirol. The author says he heard it from his father. Since he was discussing the prohibition of murder, ...
23
votes
12answers
2k views

Does the Torah ever mention jail as a punishment for a crime?

I have learned that punishments in the Torah often (always?) have a rehabilitative aspect to them as well as providing justice to the victim, e.g. someone who steals and can't pay back the value of ...
5
votes
2answers
365 views

Violating a cancelable oath?

If someone made an oath "I'm not going to eat bread for thirty days" and wants to "cancel" it, he goes to three people and tells them "I didn't know that it would be so hard". They say "OK, it's ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

What mitzvos are under the umbrella term מתן שכרה בצידה referenced in the Jerusalem Talmud Bava Basra

The gemara in the Jerusalem Talmud Bava Batra (cited here) refers to a collective set of commandments called "מתן שכרה בצידה", which I believe can be loosely translated as "reward given on the side" ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Was Yaakov lacking Bitachon?

When Yaakov becomes afraid of Eisav's arrival, the passuk says that he was very frightened. Chazal in Maseches Brachos note that he was afraid שמא יגרום החטא. Does this display a lack of Bitachon, ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

High priest’s death pardoning criminals?

A Christian was telling me that in ancient Israel there was some rule about banishment and high priests, that Jesus is the ultimate high priest, that his death released everyone from sin. What - if ...
8
votes
1answer
212 views

Why can a baby get Tzaraas?

Reference in Gemora Shabbos 133a Daf Yomi recently to tzaraas (skin disease see Leviticus 13) on the foreskin regarding mila (circumcission). This implies babies can have tzaraas. If tzaraas is not ...
3
votes
2answers
202 views

What are the “major” and “minor” commandments?

The Mishna says: Be quick in performing a minor commandment as a major one. [Avot 4:2] But we do not rank the commandments. The Mishna also says: Be as scrupulous in observing a minor ...
6
votes
1answer
154 views

What happens if a Jewish king marries a 19th wife?

The mishna on Sanhedrin 21a teaches us that a king may not have more than 18 wives, and this is also codified by The Rambam (Hilchos Malachim 3:2): לֹא יַרְבֶּה לוֹ נָשִׁים. מִפִּי הַשְּׁמוּעָה ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

How does one get punished for sins beyond punishment?

I asked this question in a comment to another question's answer, but I wanted to ask it explicitly: It has been stated that : [...] it has been pointed out in Rishonim [...] that some sins are so ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Berachot 5a - What is R. Yochanan's objection?

In Berachot 5a we have the following exchange between Reis Lakish and R. Yochanan: אמר רבי שמעון בן לקיש כל העוסק בתורה יסורין בדילין הימנו שנאמר ובני רשף יגביהו עוף ואין עוף אלא תורה שנאמר התעיף ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Does attending a Siyum receive the merit as if one has learned the whole Masechta (Tractate)?

I've heard people say that attending a Siyum gets the merit like you learned all of the Gemara that's getting Siyum'd on. Is there a mekor (Torah source) for this idea? (And if yes, then does any ...
3
votes
3answers
155 views

What does it mean to be judged by the good or evil inclination?

Berachos 61b: תניא רבי יוסי הגלילי אומר צדיקים יצר טוב שופטן שנאמר ולבי חלל בקרבי רשעים יצר רע שופטן שנאמר נאם פשע לרשע בקרב לבי אין פחד אלהים לנגד עיניו Rabbi Yose HaG'lili said: The righteous are ...
1
vote
1answer
240 views

Jewish married man having relations with Jewish divorced woman [closed]

What is the Halacha of a Jewish married man engaging in physical relations with a Jewish divorced woman.
-7
votes
3answers
185 views

What is the reason the religious adherence is currently inversely proportional to the standard of living? [closed]

It is a well-established fact that the most religious modern societies are the poorest, having the least life expectancy, most infant mortality, hunger, wars, wild animals and everything that's on the ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Punishment vs suffering

The Rambam says in Hilchos Teshuva chapter 1 עָבַר עַל כְּרֵתוֹת וּמִיתוֹת בֵּית דִּין וְעָשָׂה תְּשׁוּבָה, תְּשׁוּבָה וְיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים תּוֹלִין וְיִסּוּרִין הַבָּאִין עָלָיו גּוֹמְרִין לוֹ ...
-5
votes
1answer
127 views

If Jews don't believe in heaven, what reason do they have to follow a moral code? [closed]

In Christianity for example, some people argue that you should be good on this Earth in order to get your reward in heaven. In Judaism as there is no heaven, what is the reason given to follow the ...
4
votes
1answer
191 views

How can having witnesses to a crime lessen the punishment?

This answer describes a scenario where if a sin (relations with a non Jew for purposes of marriage) is committed without witnesses, one gets punished with kares, but if there are witnesses he gets ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

What percentage of the humanity must sin to cause G-d to wipe them all?

In the story of the Mabul, the Torah's description of the overall disorder is very vague - "The Earth was corrupted and filled with Hamas". THe outcome is clear - the whole of humanity was judged. ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

What made G-d change His opinion about Humans and how is it possible?

וַיָּ֣רַח ה' אֶת־רֵ֣יחַ הַנִּיחֹחַ֒ וַיֹּ֨אמֶר ה' אֶל־לִבּ֗וֹ לֹֽא־אֹ֠סִף לְקַלֵּ֨ל ע֤וֹד אֶת־הָֽאֲדָמָה֙ בַּעֲב֣וּר הָֽאָדָ֔ם כִּ֠י יֵ֣צֶר לֵ֧ב הָאָדָ֛ם רַ֖ע מִנְּעֻרָ֑יו וְלֹֽא־אֹסִ֥ף ע֛וֹד ...
0
votes
1answer
170 views

Why does נהמא דכיסופא make sense at all between lovers? [duplicate]

This preliminary question asks about what N"D is. The נהמא דכיסופא is a possible explanation for why should we suffer in this world to receive the reward in the afterworld. I tried to verify that: ...
-5
votes
1answer
89 views

Were G-d's expectations for Dor Hamabul realistic?

Undoubtfully the all-loving G-d was a bit harsh on punishing the whole generation of Noah (probably millions?) by drowning them (and all the animals - what did they do?) in boiling water (He could ...
-1
votes
1answer
62 views

Frequency of Heavenly judgment

@Maurice has asked a series of interesting questions on how our reward and punishment system works. We generally hold that Yom Kippur is the time of the final verdict for a year, but I'd like to know ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

How do reward and punishment work?

1-Good things happen to good people. Because God rewards good behavior. [Lev 26:3-13] 2-Bad things happen to bad people. Because God punishes bad behavior. [Lev 26:14-45] 3-Good things happen to ...
5
votes
3answers
140 views

How can Hashem judge a person לזכות, favourably, as in הדן חבירו לכף זכות דנין אותו לזכות

The Gemoro Shabbos 127b brings three stories illustrating the principle, הדן חבירו לכף זכות דנין אותו לזכות “He who judges his neighbour in the scale of merit is himself judged favourably.”...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Does Rambam hold of eternal punishment?

In chapter 3 of Hilchos Teshuva, Rambam says The following individuals do not have a portion in the world to come. Rather, their [souls] are cut off and they are judged for their great wickedness ...
1
vote
3answers
163 views

Consequences of not following the mitzvoths

My question is, “ If a person who has right belief in the oneness of Hashem, and he believes that the Torah is word of G-d, and all the prophets are true and he believes in the Divine judgment and ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Does Teshuva protect from punishment or not?

The Rambam says in Hilchos Teshuva, chapter 6: There are other sins for which justice determines that retribution be exacted in the world to come with no damages coming to the transgressor in ...
1
vote
2answers
197 views

What's the deal with moral relativism?

I have heard and read from kiruv books, outreach speakers, pamphlets etc. that Orthodox Judaism doesn't like "Moral Relativism" (the position that moral or ethical propositions do not reflect ...

1
2 3 4 5 6