Questions tagged [repentance-teshuvah]

Questions pertaining to repentance for one's past sins and transgressions and the concept of teshuvah

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1answer
200 views

1 Shmuel 15: does Hashem “repent”?

The narrative of 1 Shmuel 15 has to do with Shaul forfeiting his kingship because of his mercy to Agag. The root nun-het-mem (I'm seeing it translated as "repent" or "relent") appears three times, ...
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5answers
6k views

Teshuva for wasting seed

Is feeling remorse, praying for forgiveness and studying Torah enough to rectify the heavy sin of wasting seed ? I know that every sin has its own unique way of "correcting" or rectifying it. And ...
6
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2answers
240 views

Requesting forgiveness when in doubt

Rambam writes in Teshuva 2,9 that one must ask a person for forgiveness when he has wronged him and personal Teshuva is not enough. I have seen people (and I myself have often done this) asking for ...
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2answers
223 views

Why wouldn’t G-d allow the decree against the Asarah Harugei Malchus to be overturned?

In general, a bad decree from G-d can be overturned through repentance and davening, while a good one can never be revoked. (This is a major theme in the books of Yirmiya and Yonah, among others.) ...
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2answers
222 views

Did Esav do Teshuva?

The Chizkuni Bireishis 25:8 says at the end of his comment that Esav also did Teshuva. Is there other sources for this amongst the Rishonim and Chazal?
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4answers
215 views

Tikkun for Timtum HaLev

Is there teshuva/tikkun for timtum halev (specifically for forbidden foods)? Please cite sources.
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3answers
131 views

Waiting to do teshuvah until 20

If a boy (teenager) learned he will not be punishesd until he is 20 and decides to go off the derech with the plan to do teshuvah at 20, would HaSh-m accept his teshuva?
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1answer
82 views

Is there an obligation to ask for forgiveness?

Though it is part of the t'shuva process, I wonder if asking mechila from people exists as a separate and distinct obligation. Must I either seek out individuals and ask for forgiveness for both ...
2
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1answer
186 views

Is there a source for the claim that a dishonest person cannot do teshuvah?

If I recall correctly, I remember someone saying in a shiur a long time ago that a dishonest person cannot do teshuvah. Is there any source for this claim?
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1answer
143 views

Which Rav was this?

I heard a rabbi tell a famous true story of a certain other rabbi. A black man broke into his house in the middle of the night and demanded at gunpoint all of the rabbi’s money/valuables. The rabbi ...
3
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1answer
42 views

What is the halakha for public displays of contrition / regret for sin?

In many places in Tanakh we are told of people wearing sackcloth openly, putting ash on their heads and lamenting publicly on account of their sins and the sins of the community. Hashem commands this ...
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2answers
157 views

What is the Teshuvah for a gentile marrying a Jew

Firstly, is it a sin for a gentile to marry a Jew? Second, if so, what Noahide law does it break? Lastly, what is the Teshuvah for that?
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27 views

What is the teshuvah for violating a noahide law? [duplicate]

How does one repent for violating a noahide law? Can you simply pray for forgiveness or must you do more.
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1answer
70 views

Source about a king like Haman if Israel doesn't repent

I'm writing an article about the holocaust and I want to find a source that says if Israel does not repent, Hashem will raise up a king like Haman.
5
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2answers
125 views

Yishmael - if he did Teshuva why does he continue to be punished

We know that Yishmael early on acted in an improper manner (see for example Bereishis Rabbah 53:11) and was resultantly banished from Avraham's household - Bereishis 21:9-10 However, we learn later on ...
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4answers
566 views

Source for repentance being illogical (or counter intuitive)

Rav Yosef Yehuda Leib Bloch in the sefer Shiurei Da'as (page 178) is quoted as having said that there are many places in the words of Chazal that Teshuva is against the sechel. I'm looking for ...
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3answers
138 views

How does “ancestral merit” work?

We see the usage of Zechut Avot, which I loosely translate as "ancestral merit" used in numerous circumstances to ask God to forgive our sins and wrongdoings. Moses used this several times ...
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2answers
61 views

Is one obligated to do teshuva for transgressions (between man and his fellow) commited as a child?

A person who, for example, steals, is obligated to apologise and offer to return what was stolen or compensate the owner. Is an adult who transgressed as a minor also obligated to do teshuva?
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2answers
335 views

Bad dream about others

Someone had a dream that some very bad things happened to his friend/relative/other. What should someone do after having such a dream? Is this is a sign of something? Perhaps one should do Teshuva? ...
3
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1answer
220 views

Why does Ninveh do teshuva so quickly?

In Sefer Yona 3:4 why was it so easy to convince the city of Ninveh to do teshuva (5 words!) if they were so evil?
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1answer
900 views

When and why did we stop wearing sackcloth?

When and why did we stop wearing sackcloth in times of mourning and other times of distress (e.g., when fasting for rain)? (I presume sackcloth was quite uncomfortable.) Sackcloth is mentioned in ...
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5answers
288 views

What happens in Gehinnom?

The Rambam said: Gehinnom, however, is the name for the pain and the punishment that will come to the evildoers [after they die], but the Talmud did not give a [definitive] description of this ...
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1answer
49 views

Chatat or Asham for Non-Jews?

Related to this and this. Non-Jews can make sacrifices anywhere in the world, regardless if there's a Mikdash standing or not. Technically, Jews need to bring a Korban Chatat or an Asham as part of ...
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2answers
369 views

Teshuva for gentiles

What is teshuva for non-Jews? I'm Christian and have broken some laws of Noah, so does praying for forgiveness as a Christian and not doing the sin constitute teshuva for me? Or is just feeling regret ...
4
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1answer
473 views

Remedy for Desire for a Married Woman

Background: We are all human and sometimes tend towards the evil inclination. At times we successfully fight against the inappropriate feelings, thoughts, actions, etc. At other times we don't do so ...
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4answers
2k views

Teshuva and non-Jews?

The Rambam explains the basic requirements of doing teshuva and seeking forgiveness from another person: acknowledging the transgression, making amends, and seeking forgiveness (presumably publicly ...
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0answers
51 views

Teshuva for uttering the ineffable name?

Is there any or a specific way to repent for uttering the ineffable name?
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14answers
11k views

How can I redeem a wasted youth?

I wasted my youth. I am 35 years old. I had a toxic relationship with my parents, especially my mother. My career never started, and I am still looking for a fresh start and finding it humiliating at ...
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3answers
572 views

Does today's Yom Kippur observance atone for all sins?

I find the liturgical and rabbinic descriptions of the atonement process on Yom Kippur challenging. Without a Sanhedrin to mete out punishments for intentional sins, and no altar to bring offerings ...
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0answers
30 views

Does an ex-slave need to do Tshuva?

Rashi, on Shemot 21:6 that talks about an Eved-Ivri extending his servitude, writes: What is the reason that the ear had to be pierced rather than any other limb of the servant’s body? Rabban ...
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2answers
94 views

Irony or Tshuva in Berachot?

In Berachot 10a, it is said that Chizkiyah was punished by Hashem for not having children: מָה עָשָׂה הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא — הֵבִיא יִסּוּרִים עַל חִזְקִיָּהוּ, וְאָמַר לוֹ לִישַׁעְיָהוּ: לֵךְ ...
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3answers
117 views

Illness in certain part of body

I remember hearing that if someone has a sickness, disease, or ailment in a specific part of the body, they should do specific cheshbon nefesh regarding that area of their body. For instance, if a ...
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1answer
136 views

Did Yirmiyahu have realistic expectations?

I'm trying to pretend I was living in Yirmiyahu's time to really understand the issues he faced. The entire nation, save a few, are idolaters, don't fear G-d, etc. Did G-d really expect a bunch of ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Punishment vs suffering

The Rambam says in Hilchos Teshuva chapter 1 עָבַר עַל כְּרֵתוֹת וּמִיתוֹת בֵּית דִּין וְעָשָׂה תְּשׁוּבָה, תְּשׁוּבָה וְיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים תּוֹלִין וְיִסּוּרִין הַבָּאִין עָלָיו גּוֹמְרִין לוֹ ...
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2answers
234 views

No atonement for adultery without punishment?

If I understand correctly, proper teshuva for sins between man and G-d removes punishment (Hilchot Teshuvah 2:9): Neither repentance nor the Day of Atonement atone for any save for sins committed ...
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1answer
31 views

Can a good decree on Rosh Hashanah be rescinded?

If someone was decreed for the good on Rosh Hashanah and afterwards sinned (possibly say with nivul peh) can the good decree be rescinded?
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2answers
121 views

Can a mute person do teshuva?

The Rambam in Hilchos Teshuvah 1:1 tells us that saying vidui (confessing) is an integral part of the teshuva process: כָּל מִצְוֹת שֶׁבַּתּוֹרָה בֵּין עֲשֵׂה בֵּין לֹא תַּעֲשֶׂה אִם עָבַר אָדָם עַל ...
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0answers
58 views

Is teshuva ever ineffective?

Rosh Hashana 17b quotes a Baraita [...] If one repents in the meantime, between Rosh HaShana and Yom Kippur, he is forgiven; if he does not repent in the meantime, then even if he later brings as ...
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3answers
141 views

Sleeping and listening to something that's a Mitzvah

Is there anything that someone can listen to that is as if he is doing mitzvot or good things or even teshuva while he is trying to sleep or asleep? I’ve heard subconsciously you still realize ...
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0answers
79 views

Is adultery a sin between man and G-d or between man and man?

As we know, there are two types of sins: sins between man and man, and sins between man and G-d. I used to think that adultery is a sin between man and man. However, reading Mishneh Torah, I ...
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1answer
68 views

Should repentance and Yom Kippur save someone from capital punishment?

In Yoma 86a we find the following Tannaic statement If one commits a transgression that warrants karet or a sin punishable by death from the earthly court and then repents, repentance and Yom ...
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1answer
113 views

Does Teshuva protect from punishment or not?

The Rambam says in Hilchos Teshuva, chapter 6: There are other sins for which justice determines that retribution be exacted in the world to come with no damages coming to the transgressor in ...
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0answers
51 views

Asking forgiveness from a deceased person who has no gravesite

The Rambam in Hilchos Teshuvah 2:9 writes: הַחוֹטֵא לַחֲבֵרוֹ וּמֵת חֲבֵרוֹ קֹדֶם שֶׁיְּבַקֵּשׁ מְחִילָה מֵבִיא עֲשָׂרָה בְּנֵי אָדָם וּמַעֲמִידָן עַל קִבְרוֹ וְיֹאמַר בִּפְנֵיהֶם חָטָאתִי לַה' ...
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1answer
130 views

Why is a person who refuses to forgive another considered a sinner?

The Rambam Hilchos Teshuvah 2:9 writes about what to do when asking for forgiveness from a person who won't grant it: אֲפִלּוּ לֹא הִקְנִיט אֶת חֲבֵרוֹ אֶלָּא בִּדְבָרִים צָרִיךְ לְפַיְּסוֹ ...
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1answer
87 views

How to make oneself regret a sin?

As we know, regret is part of teshuvah. However, sometimes even though we understand logically that what we've done is wrong, we may not always sincerely regret it. In such case, two questions arise: ...
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0answers
91 views

Are you obligated to ask forgiveness from someone if they don't know you sinned against them?

According to the laws of repentance, is one obligated to ask forgiveness for interpersonal sins the victim is unaware of? For instance, suppose someone cursed their fellow "behind their back", and in ...
6
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2answers
122 views

Why by “Ut'shuva, Utefila UItzedaka” does it say “Zom, Kol, Mamon”?

On top of the words ut'shuvah utefila utzedakah1 in most machzorim it also says Zom, Kol, Mamon2. Why zom on teshuvah if the Rambam's formula for teshuva (Hl. Teshuva 2) no mention of fasting; why ...
13
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1answer
145 views

Hakanah; Teshuva Process

I'm reading the Artscroll biography Reb Elyah. It mentions that he completed a six year Teshuva process known as Hakanah, which includes almost constant fasting and other acts out of love for Hashem, ...
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0answers
32 views

If one entices someone to sin (i.e mesit) are they liable to induce them to not commit the sin and/or follow the commands as part of repentance?

If someone was a mesit (i.e an enticer) and tried to influence someone to commit a sin, as part of that person's repentance, are they liable to track that person down and try and convince them not to ...
8
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2answers
278 views

Elisha ben Abuya and Repentance

Talmud Bavli in Chagigah 15a says: ת"ר מעשה באחר שהיה רוכב על הסוס בשבת והיה רבי מאיר מהלך אחריו ללמוד תורה מפיו אמר לו מאיר חזור לאחריך שכבר שיערתי בעקבי סוסי עד כאן תחום שבת א"ל אף אתה חזור ...

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