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Rabbi Shlomo of Troyes, 1040-1104, and his works

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Meaning of the word "Devash"

Sometimes, when Devash is mentioned in scriptural passages, Rashi observes that the Hebrew word is general and included many sweet fluids. For example, Leviticus 2:11 commands “For you shall not cause ...
Chaim's user avatar
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Megilla: 2nd runners overtake first set that left 70 days earlier (Rashi). How?

In Esther 3:12 it records that Homon sent out his runners with the decree on 13th Nissan. Mordechai sent out his runners on 23rd Sivan to mitigate the decree. Rashi in 8:14 tells us that these second ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
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How does Rashi elucidate on this passage?

Moed Katan 16b states that a righteous person can nullify the decree of God. How does Rashi explain this? Rashi says: צור ישראל - מושל באדם אני מי מושל בי צדיק מושל בי ומבטלה I have a vague idea of ...
GGG's user avatar
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Translate Rashi's commentary regarding Rabbi Sheila

Rabbi Sheila says: And the Torah said: If one comes to kill you, kill him first. He struck him with the staff and killed him. Yet, Rabbi Sheila does not provide any verse from the Torah. Could ...
GGG's user avatar
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Pseudo-Rashi on the third scroll in the Temple

Slightly related. Pseudo-Rashi on Divrei Hayamim 1:8:29 writes: "...This is what is explained at the end of Megillath Yerushalmi. Ezra found scrolls: the scroll of מְעוֹנִים (Me'onim), the ...
Harel13's user avatar
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Can someone translate this excerpt?

Could someone translate the following from Rashi's commentary on the Talmud: במחשכים הושיבני - שאין נוחין זה עם זה ותלמודם ספק בידם I'm interested in what Rashi has to say regarding Rabbi Yirmeya's ...
GGG's user avatar
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Why did Rashi deduce Keruvim faces look like human infants (כְּר֨וּב = כְּיֶּ֔לֶד)?

Rashi on Shemot 25:18 כרבים CHERUBIM — They had the form of a child’s face (Sukkah 5b) כרבים. דְּמוּת פַּרְצוּף תִּינוֹק לָהֶם While no description of the Keruvim faces is given : Shemot 25:18 "...
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Why does Judaism believe in דולפנין Mermaids? [duplicate]

Why does Judaism believe in דולפנין Mermaids? Rashi on Bekhorot 8a:1:1 The Dulfanin reproduce with people - if a person lies with one of them, they can produce offspring. ( ה"ג הדולפנין פרים ורבים ...
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Understanding a Gemara in Pesachim

In the Gemara, Mascheta Pesachim it brings a case on daf 9b which I am rather puzzled, baffled with regards to what the case is. The Rashi which is at the top of Daf 9b I also find puzzling. Who is ...
Russell's user avatar
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Break down this Rashi for me

I'd like to understand pshat in this Rashi. This is Sota, 2b. Rashi reads as follows: והא מדכתיב ״והיא לא נתפשה״ מכלל דפשיטא לך דנטמאה והיכי קאמר והיא לא נתפשה אועד אין בה נהי דרישה דקרא איכא למימר ע״...
Stormbytes's user avatar
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Rashi quoting Targum more in Mikeitz

Although Rashi ordinarily quotes old French every now and then throughout his commentary on the Torah, it seems like the beginning of Mikeitz is particularly filled with those translations. For ...
NJM's user avatar
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Three times Moshe begged to enter אֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל‎

According to Rashi to Devarim 3:24 (here): לאמר TO SAY (i.e. that God should say) — This is one of the three occasions where Moses spoke before the Omnipresent: I will not let You go until You tell ...
Shalom Meisels's user avatar
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Why is there no דגש in the כ״ף of הכזונה in פרשת וישלח לד:לא?

I know that the rule of ה״א התימה is that it usually takes a הֲ unless it precedes a שוא, such as here in הַכְזוֹנָה, where it then just takes a הַ and the following letter doesn't have a דגש in order ...
SY Eisenberg's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
296 views

Source for a Rashi gem story

There's a well-known and widely repeated story that Rashi's father Reb Yitzchak deliberately threw a jewel into the sea, intending to make this appear accidental. What's the origin of this story?
Chaim's user avatar
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Why was Rivka asked for consent after closing the deal?

Then Laban and Bethuel answered, “...Here is Rebekah before you; take her and go, and let her be a wife to your master’s son...” ... The servant brought out objects of silver and gold, and garments, ...
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One to announce to Sarah

Rashi in parshas Va'eira states: והנה שלשה אנשים. אחד לבשר את שרה This is translated as one to announce to Sarah the birth of a son, see Sefaria there, for instance. Artscroll translates similarly ...
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Ya'akov claiming to be Esav - the Anochi versus Ani

As Yakov presents the food that he has prepared for Yitzchok in order to receive the blessings, he says: אָנֹכִי עֵשָׂו בְּכֹרֶךָ - Genesis 27:19. Rashi comments that what Yakov was really saying was: ...
Levi's user avatar
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Rashi about one angel performing one errand

Rashi on Breishis 18:2 says and behold, three men: One to bring the news [of Isaac’s birth] to Sarah, and one to overturn Sodom, and one to heal Abraham, for one angel does not perform two errands (...
user9806's user avatar
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2 votes
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Misprint in Rashi Nozir 45a?

In the texts that I have seen, Rashi commenting on the Gemoro in Nozir 45a says in part: והכי משמע אימתי ובא לפני ה' דהיינו במחנה לוייה בזמן שהוא ראוי לבא אל אהל מועד דהביא כפרתו הא אם לא הביא כפרתו ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
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Was Gad Strong or weak?

In Vezos Habracha where Rashi says on Perek 33:18 that the last 5 tribes he doubled over, Moshe did this because these tribes were weak so he wanted to strengthen them. However Rashi later on, on ...
Russell's user avatar
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How to understand וּמִמֶּ֖גֶד גֶּ֥רֶשׁ יְרָחִֽים - "the bounteous crop of the moons" and Rashi on Devorim 33 (14)

Devorim 33 (14) says וּמִמֶּ֖גֶד תְּבוּאֹ֣ת שָׁ֑מֶשׁ וּמִמֶּ֖גֶד גֶּ֥רֶשׁ יְרָחִֽים׃ With the bounteous yield of the sun, And the bounteous crop of the moons; Rashi says גרש ירחים [AND BY] THE ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
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Why does Rashi leave out an example?

In Devarim 32:48 the pasuk says: וַיְדַבֵּ֤ר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה בְּעֶ֛צֶם הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּ֖ה לֵאמֹֽר That very day the LORD spoke to Moses Rashi on Devarim 32:48 writes: וידבר ה' אל משה בעצם היום ...
Dani's user avatar
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What is the א"ת ב"ש ג"ר calendar mnemonic?

The Gemara Arakhin 9b discusses certain rules of the calendar. Specifically, it mentions that Rosh Hashana will always be on the same day of the week as the day of the Omer (the 2nd day of Pesach), or ...
H. Eugene Walters's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
242 views

Did the Rashbam write a commentary on the rest of Shas?

Rashi's commentary on the Gemara is incomplete on some tractates. The commentary of his grandson, the Rashbam, is printed in its place in Bava Batra and Pesachim. Did the Rashbam only write a ...
H. Eugene Walters's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
365 views

How could anyone think Rashi's daughters wore Tefillin?

There is a widely-held theory that Rashi's daughters wore Tefillin. Rashi here seems to say there is a Bal Tosif (prohibition to add on a commandment) if a women does a Mitzvat Aseh Shehazman Grama (...
talmidforlife's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
87 views

Tzlofachad's reason of death?

In this weeks parasha, Pinchas, Tzlofachad's daughters go to Moshe and say about their father dying was not due to other people, rather due to himself. The gemara in Shabbos 96b notes that Rabbi Akiva ...
Russell's user avatar
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1 vote
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What happened to the male Leviathan?

According to tradition (see Rashi to bereishis 1:21), Hashem created a male and female Leviathan, but then He killed the female and salted it for the righteous. What happened to the male? Did it die ...
Renato S. Grun's user avatar
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51 views

A Jewish slave in an Egyptian house?

Rashi brings down the Mechilta and comments that an Egyptian in a Jewish house the night of the 15 of Nisan was killed by the Makkah and a Jew in an Egyptian house at the same time was spared, because ...
Eli83's user avatar
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Origin of the expressionTalmide Tarbitsae

Rashi in Yoma 62b, when he refute a version of the text of the Gemara calls it Shitata Detalmide Tarbitsae. ומוספין של שבת - שנאמר בהם שני כבשים ודאי שנים שוים לעיכובא מדלא הדר כתב בהו אחד לרבות ...
kouty's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
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According to Rashi by Avraham's prayer for Sodom he reasoned that there were 8 righteous being saved. How would Ham be considered righteous?

According to Rashi on Genesis 18:32, Abraham reasoned that 8 righteous people weren't enough to save the world so that's the limit. However given what we know about Ham (cited here and other places), ...
Alexander Mermelstein's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
123 views

Superfluous Rashi in Sukkah 52b?

The Gemara proceeds to delineate the identities of the 7 shepherd and 8 princes mentioned in Michah 5:4. Amongst the 8 princes are עמוס and צפניה. Rashi ד״ה עמוס וצפניה states they are from Navi. Is ...
Yaakov Pinchas's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why is R. Akiva Eiger the only one to comment regarding the actual language in 1 Chronicles 17:9?

In Gilyon HaShas on bShabbat 55b, R. Akiva Eiger includes bBerachot 7b's statement רַב הוּנָא רָמֵי כְּתִיב ״לְעַנּוֹתוֹ״, וּכְתִיב: ״לְכַלּוֹתוֹ״ as an example in which hazal's quotation of a pasuk ...
NotGoodAtExamples's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
115 views

Where are the last fourteen of the 49 curses in Bechukosai, Rashi only lists 5 sets of 7?

Rashi in the beginning of pashas Netzavim writes, that there are 49 curses in parshas Bechukosai - ["besides the forty-nine that are contained in Torath-Cohanim"] . When you go through the Rashi in ...
פרי זהב's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
812 views

Gamara Rashi Shiur in English

I am looking for a Shiur that is straightforward Gamara Rashi ONLY on gamara megilla. I have tried YU Torah, Shas illuminated and kolhalashon. I have not yet found anything that is English and only ...
Torahtime's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
218 views

Can Catholics be considered pious/G-d-fearing in the context that they believe their church to be their version of Rabbinical authority? [closed]

This question relates to people who are good in nature but mislead in practice and the situation they are raised within. Obviously, Judaism has issues with Catholicism in the sense it contradicts ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Looking for a commentary, possibly in Mas. Nazir

Connected to this question. In the discussion of the relationship between the Nachash and Chava, as related in Masechet Avoda Zara, 22b, the Chidushei Agadot summarizes opinions about the connection ...
rosends's user avatar
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How many times does the law follow Samuel in ritual practice?

The Talmud (Shabbat 22a) records the following: איתמר רב אמר אין מדליקין מנר לנר ושמואל אמר מדליקין רב אמר אין מתירין ציצית מבגד לבגד ושמואל אמר מתירין מבגד לבגד רב אמר אין הלכה כרבי שמעון בגרירה ...
Alex's user avatar
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Is A Plural Verb Indicative on Singular or Plural When Modifying Elokim

Rashi on Shemot 32:1 says bnei Yisrael desired many gods (ד״ה ״אשר ילכו לפנינו״) because as Be’er Mayim Chaim points out, the verse uses the plural verb ילכו instead of ילך. There really should be no ...
הבלשן's user avatar
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2 answers
136 views

Rashi’s Explanation Doesn’t Seem to Fit in the Dibbur Hamatchil

Rashi on Shemot 32:18 explains קול ענות גבורה and קול ענות חלושה however the dibbur hamatchil is אין קול ענות גבורה. Why is he explaining the קול ענות חלושה here when the dibbur hamatchil indicates ...
הבלשן's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
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Because of Bnei Yisrael or Not

Rashi (שמות לב:ז ד״ה ״לך רד), sourcing Brachot 32a, explains that HKB”H tells Moshe to descend from his greatness because H’ only gave Moshe greatness on account of bnei Yisrael. In addition, Moshe ...
הבלשן's user avatar
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1 answer
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Understanding Kli Yakor question on Rashi about Betzalal following Moishe's instructions

The Gemara says in Berachos (55a) א״ר שְׁמוּאֵל בַּר נַחְמָנִי א״ר יוֹנָתָן בְּצַלְאֵל עַל שֵׁם חָכְמָתוֹ נִקְרָא בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁאָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא לְמֹשֶׁה לֵךְ אֱמוֹר לוֹ ...
sfeksfeika's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
201 views

Contradiction in Rashi regarding why the Jews did not take the spoils at Purim

On Esther 8:11, Rashi explains that וְהֵם בַּבִּזָּה לֹא שָׁלְחוּ אֶת יָדָם, שֶׁהֶרְאוּ לַכֹּל שֶׁלֹּא נַעֲשָׂה לְשֵׁם מָמוֹן They "did not send forth their hand in the spoils," to show ...
DonielF's user avatar
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1 vote
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Slaughtering with a non-kosher knife לכתחילה (Rashi, חולין דף ח ע״ב)

Rashi to Chulin 8 amud 2 takes the unusual step of mentioning the practical halacha that he derived from the g'mara. He says that, because the g'mara came to no conclusion about what to do with an ...
msh210's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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Why does Rashi explain "למאי נפקא מינה" on חולין דף ח ע״א?

The Bavli, Chulin 8 amud 1: איבעיא להו ליבן שפוד והכה בו משום שחין נדון או משום מכוה נדון As explained by Rashi, the g'mara is asking as follows: Suppose someone heated a spit and hit someone with ...
msh210's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why does Rashi explain where yoke of Mitzvos is discussed in Parshas Tzitzis?

Berachos 12b: פָּרָשַׁת צִיצִית מִפְּנֵי מָה קְבָעוּהָ? אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בַּר חֲבִיבָא, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהּ חֲמִשָּׁה דְּבָרִים: מִצְוַת צִיצִית, יְצִיאַת מִצְרַיִם, עוֹל מִצְוֹת, וְדַעַת ...
DonielF's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
115 views

Why is Pasuk 4:20 in Shemos out of chronological order?

Rashi on Parsha Shemos 4:20 explains that "Chronological order is not strictly adhered to in the Scriptures" and that's why it's possible for the Pasuk to first say "and he returned to the land of ...
larry909's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Kavana or Ma’aseh? What Matters?

Ohr Hachaim explains Breishit 50:20 by way of a mashal: someone intended to give his fellow poison but ended up giving him wine. The perpetrator is not deemed to be chayav for what he intended to do. ...
הבלשן's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
238 views

Can eilu veilu apply to historical/factual reality or not?

This answer by @Alex says Rashi (כתובות נז. ד"ה הא) already notes that "eilu v'eilu" is only applicable in a machlokes in sevarah, where sometimes one sevarah can be correct while at other times ...
user9806's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Num. 11:5 What is Rashi's identification of הָאֲבַטִּחִים (commonly translated "the melons")?

Rashi's note on Num. 11:5 הָאֲבַטִּחִים is בורק"ש per http://www.daat.ac.il/daat/olam_hatanah/mefaresh.asp?book=4&perek=11&mefaresh=rashi, accessed Dec. 2019. How is this read and what ...
Nissim Nanach's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
901 views

Why did Esav nickname his wife Yehudis?

In Breishis 36:2, Rashi says Oholibamah: She is [identical to] Judith (mentioned above 26:34). He (Esau) nicknamed her Judith (יְהוּדִית) to imply that she denied the validity of idolatry, so that ...
user9806's user avatar
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