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Questions tagged [rashi]

Rabbi Shlomo of Troyes, 1040-1104, and his works

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Establishing the relative order of Rashi's commentaries

In learning Masekhet Ketubot, I encountered Rashi's definition of בי שמשי on daf 103a. There, since the passage is clearly referring to twilight on erev shabbat in particular, Rashi explains why so ...
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Is ראשית really in construct?

There are those who translate בראשית (from Gen 1:1) as "In the beginning of...", saying that ראשית must be in construct form (smikhut). Perhaps most famously, Rashi writes: שֶׁאֵין לְךָ ...
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Why is there no דגש in the כ״ף of הכזונה in פרשת וישלח לד:לא?

I know that the rule of ה״א התימה is that it usually takes a הֲ unless it precedes a שוא, such as here in הַכְזוֹנָה, where it then just takes a הַ and the following letter doesn't have a דגש in order ...
SY Eisenberg's user avatar
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How did Noah react to being childless?

Rashi to Genesis 5:32 reads: אמר רבי יודן מה טעם כל הדורות הולידו למאה שנה וזה לחמש מאות אמר הקב״ה אם רשעים הם יאבדו במים ורע לצדיק זה ואם צדיקים הם אטריח עליו לעשות תיבות הרבה כבש את מעיינו ולא ...
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Unknown La'az in Teshuvot Rashi

In the Elfenbein (1943) edition of Teshuvot Rashi, in the teshuvot from Rashi to the rabbis of Auxerre ('סימן ג), Rashi writes "לשון דמות צלם" is "אאמיינדליי" in la'az. Elfenbein writes in his ...
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Question on Rashi, Bereishis 9:12

In P. Noach (Gen. 9:12) in reference to the phenomenon of the post-deluge rainbow, following Noach's exit from the teivah, the verse states: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים זֹ֤את אֽוֹת־הַבְּרִית֙ אֲשֶׁר־אֲנִ֣י ...
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Why did Rashi choose Hebrew over Aramaic?

Rashi chose a form of Medieval Hebrew to write his commentaries, which facilitates the life of many students, as the Aramaic content in his writing is very low compared to the Gemara or contemporary ...
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We need ten consolers; why not ten mourners?

The mishna, M'gila 23 amud 2 as described by Rashi, says we don't say the mourners' outdoor blessing without the presence of ten people, and the mourners themselves don't count toward the requisite ...
msh210's user avatar
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How Did Aharon Change Moshe's Words to Par'oh?

Moshe's message to Par'oh was to be communicated through Aharon, as per Sh'mot, 7:2 אַתָּ֣ה תְדַבֵּ֔ר אֵ֖ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֲצַוֶּ֑ךָּ וְאַהֲרֹ֤ן אָחִ֙יךָ֙ יְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֔ה וְשִׁלַּ֥ח אֶת־בְּנֵֽי־...
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Why does Rashi call tzeirei and segol "kamatz katan" and "patach katan"

Rashi often refers to tzeirei as "kamatz katan" and segol as "patach katan". Why? In what sense are they smaller versions of kamatz and patach? I understand that kamatz and tzeirei are תנועות ...
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Did Rashi wear a yarmulke?

Tractate Sofrim (14:14) records two opinions that concern the wearing of a head covering during the Shema: there are those who say that it is not necessary, and there are those who say that it is ...
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How many times does the law follow Samuel in ritual practice?

The Talmud (Shabbat 22a) records the following: איתמר רב אמר אין מדליקין מנר לנר ושמואל אמר מדליקין רב אמר אין מתירין ציצית מבגד לבגד ושמואל אמר מתירין מבגד לבגד רב אמר אין הלכה כרבי שמעון בגרירה ...
Alex's user avatar
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Rashi on Adam and on the Snake cunningness

The snake was able to speak from its creation (Likutei Sichos (10) p. 13) so why is man singled out as being capable of speech (דעה ודבור acc. to Rashi) if the snake already had it?
Renato S. Grun's user avatar
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Can Jews listen to and perform J.S. Bach's music, since most of his compositions derive from Christian sources?

"Almost All" (90 - 95%) of J. S. Bach's compositions are, musically, based on various "Protestant Hymns". This is a musical and compositional fact, when one understands how to analyse his compositions ...
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Looking for material on how to 'use' Rashi in the gemara

Where can I find material like 'klalei Rashi'? I'm looking for things such as what Rashi means when he uses certain words and things like that.
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How to understand Gen. 12:5–6 with Rashi

B'reshis 12:5: ‏…וַיֵּצְאוּ לָלֶכֶת אַרְצָה כְּנַעַן / …and they left to go to the land of Canaan וַיָּבֹאוּ אַרְצָה כְּנָעַן.‏ / and they went in[1] to the land ...
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Understanding how the omer was sifted

M'nachos 76 amud 2, describes how flour was sifted to yield the good-quality soles flour for the omer offering that was brought on the second day of Pesach. It was sifted thirteen times, the mishna ...
msh210's user avatar
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Lighting on Chanuka for advertising the mitzva?

The Bavli, Shabbos 21b, discusses lighting the Chanuka lights out of doors; Rashi gives the reason for outdoor lighting as משום פרסומי ניסא / for advertising the miracle. Further down the amud, ...
msh210's user avatar
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In what sense is Hanukkah "a Yom Tov like other yamim tovim"?

The Machzor Vitry (§234) finds a scriptural source for Hanukkah in Leviticus 24:2. That the stipulation that Israelites should collect pure olive oil for the menorah should follow on from a ...
Shimon bM's user avatar
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Rashi and the Pun

A long time ago, I was in someone's house and they had a book about the life of Rashi. In it was a great story, which I will summarise to the best of my memory: Rashi was travelling Europe and in a ...
Rabbi Kaii's user avatar
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The legend of Rashi's 4 lines

There is a known legend among Talmudists that each Amud has four lines of Rashi before the beginning of the text of the Talmud to hint to a student to review the Amud four times before continuing. I'm ...
TORAHistheikur's user avatar
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What is the historic background to the first Rashi?

The first Rashi on Genesis says: Rabbi Isaac said: The Torah, which is the Law book of Israel, should have commenced with the verse (Exodus 12:2) “This month shall be unto you the first of the months”...
Erel Segal-Halevi's user avatar
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Is there a Midrash around Rashi's claim of Terah's forefathers being from Canaan?

Rashi's commentary on Tractate Sanhedrin 44b implies that Terah and his forefathers originated from Canaan. He references the mention of 'your Amorite father' - presumably citing Ezek 16:3 - 'Thus ...
ANH's user avatar
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Rashi's Six Question types

I heard (possibly in the name of the Beer Mayim Chaim) that all of Rashi's commentary al hatorah addresses one of six questions: קושי בדקדוק, סמיכת הענינים, לשון מיותר, סתירה, שינוי בלשון, קושי הבנה I ...
J L's user avatar
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Why does Sanhedrin 95a not list the Kefitzas HaDerech example of the 10 spies in Shelach

Question inspired by R. Elchanan Shoff Oneg Shelach 2019 p.6 Rashi on Bamidbar 13:25 states "They returned from scouting the Land at the end of forty days: But does not the Land measure four ...
Daniel Yaacov's user avatar
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New print of Minchas Yehuda

The popular commentary Sifsei Chachamim is a digest of supercommentaries on Rashi on Chumash. One of the commentaries I've frequently noticed he quotes is the Minchas Yehudah, by Rav Yehudah Leib ben ...
robev's user avatar
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According to Rashi by Avraham's prayer for Sodom he reasoned that there were 8 righteous being saved. How would Ham be considered righteous?

According to Rashi on Genesis 18:32, Abraham reasoned that 8 righteous people weren't enough to save the world so that's the limit. However given what we know about Ham (cited here and other places), ...
Alexander Mermelstein's user avatar
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Why does Rashi interpret Chizkiya’s dragging Achaz’s bones differently in different locations?

The Braisa says (Pesachim 56a, quoted as Mishnah 4:8): תנו רבנן ששה דברים עשה חזקיה המלך על שלשה הודו לו ועל שלשה לא הודו לו גירר עצמות אביו על מטה של חבלים והודו לו [...] The Rabbis taught: ...
DonielF's user avatar
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Where in the writings of the Vilna Gaon does he discuss how Rashi & Tosfot each explain a Talmudic "sugiya?"

Two days ago, I asked this question in the name of the Vilna Gaon. I was informed that the answer may be [also] found in the writings of Rav Chaim Volozhin. So, I re-phrased the question. My ...
Yosef Mackler's user avatar
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Why did the sea travelers in Yonah 1 proselytize instead of becoming righteous gentiles?

We read in Yonah 1 about the men who traveled on a boat with Yonah. When the sea ceased storming we read: "And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and they made sacrifices to the Lord and made vows."...
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Kol Isha Yabia Omer 1:6

Chacham Ovadia writes in Yabia Omer 1:6(end of section 7) different opinions on listening to a woman's voice without knowing what she looks like. He brings the gemara in Berachos 57b that says: three ...
sam's user avatar
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Why does Rashi claim "מלקוש" is locust terminology like "לקש" if "לקש" isn't "locusts"? (תענית ו ע״א)

Someone in my synagogue posed the following question to me; stumped, I pose it to you: The Bavli, Taanis 6 amud 1, notes that מלקוש is good rain. It then proposes that, perhaps, that's mistaken; ...
msh210's user avatar
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Rashi on Righteous Kings: Omissions

Inspired by Jake's comment Rashi to Yebamoth 63a, describing Naamah the Ammonitess' prolific progeny (which began in the Davidic line with her son, Rehoboam), mentions Hezekiah, Asa, and Jehoshaphat, ...
Baby Seal's user avatar
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Why does Rashi translate שלולית differently from everyone else?

The beginning of chapter 2 of Pea says: These things divide a field [into two] for purposes of pea [requiring a separate pea from each subdivision]: …, a שלולית, …. The Bavli, Bava ...
msh210's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why does Rashi cite Gen. 13:10 as an example at Num. 15:15, if it isn't really an example?

Sh'lach, 15:1–16, speaks of the flour, oil, and wine that accompanied certain animal offerings. Verse 15 says, in part: חֻקַּת עוֹלָם לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם כָּכֶם כַּגֵּר יִהְיֶה לִפְנֵי ה׳ Pretty ...
msh210's user avatar
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List of "most important" Rashis on the Torah

There is a list of the most fundamental Ramban al ha Torah commentaries which someone has compiled (I uploaded it here), sorted by parasha, with a short index on the last page. Does something similar ...
mbloch's user avatar
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Source for the practice of messianic interpretation of calamity

I seem to recall a Rashi somewhere in Nach which explains a Pasuk as praising B’nei Yisrael, who see every calamity that befalls them as heralding Mashiach. Can anyone source this?
Yø-c Ro's user avatar
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Why does רש"י sometimes say "בגמרא מפרש", and sometimes say "בגמרא מפרש טעמא"?

For example, Rashi on Mishnah on Bava Kama Daf 27a: ושברה פטור - בגמרא מפרש טעמא 'בעל החבית חייב - מפרש בגמ
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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Avoiding retzuot of tefillin (shel yad) from tangling while wrapping

I don't know if others have this same issue, but it happens to me often that while wrapping the רצוע of the תפלין של יד around my arm, that it gets tangled up and I need to straighten it every few ...
יואל אליצור's user avatar
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Devarim 20: division of roles

Devarim 20:1-9 is a list of instructions that must be given orally to soldiers before setting out to battle. Rashi (on verse 8) explains that a priest says the words in verses 3-4, and that they also ...
Zarka's user avatar
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Why is a lulav from עיר הנדחת pasul because it lacks a shiur?

In לולב הגזול, the first Mishna says a לולב של עיר הנדחת is pasul. Rashi explains that this is because it "lacks" the minimal length of 4 tefachim, since it is supposed to be burned and is ...
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Megilla: 2nd runners overtake first set that left 70 days earlier (Rashi). How?

In Esther 3:12 it records that Homon sent out his runners with the decree on 13th Nissan. Mordechai sent out his runners on 23rd Sivan to mitigate the decree. Rashi in 8:14 tells us that these second ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
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Pseudo-Rashi on the third scroll in the Temple

Slightly related. Pseudo-Rashi on Divrei Hayamim 1:8:29 writes: "...This is what is explained at the end of Megillath Yerushalmi. Ezra found scrolls: the scroll of מְעוֹנִים (Me'onim), the ...
Harel13's user avatar
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Origin of the expressionTalmide Tarbitsae

Rashi in Yoma 62b, when he refute a version of the text of the Gemara calls it Shitata Detalmide Tarbitsae. ומוספין של שבת - שנאמר בהם שני כבשים ודאי שנים שוים לעיכובא מדלא הדר כתב בהו אחד לרבות ...
kouty's user avatar
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Is A Plural Verb Indicative on Singular or Plural When Modifying Elokim

Rashi on Shemot 32:1 says bnei Yisrael desired many gods (ד״ה ״אשר ילכו לפנינו״) because as Be’er Mayim Chaim points out, the verse uses the plural verb ילכו instead of ילך. There really should be no ...
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Because of Bnei Yisrael or Not

Rashi (שמות לב:ז ד״ה ״לך רד), sourcing Brachot 32a, explains that HKB”H tells Moshe to descend from his greatness because H’ only gave Moshe greatness on account of bnei Yisrael. In addition, Moshe ...
הבלשן's user avatar
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Why does Rashi change a claim of holiness made by his supposed source or switch sources midstream?

Follow up to this question about Bereishit 31:53. A word from the "eloh" root is used 3 times in that pasuk. In the Artscroll, there is the word "chol" in the margins for 2 of them, which echoes ...
rosends's user avatar
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Beracha and Kedusha referring to the generation of the desert

Rashi in his commentary on Bereishis 2:3 explains that the beracha of shabbos is in the future when the mannah fell during the week and an extra portion fell on Friday and kedusha is also in the ...
Yussi's user avatar
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What does Rashi mean by the words "לחבר ולפטרון"?

In Parshas Vayigash (פרק מה פסוק ח), Yosef tells his brothers to tell Yaakov Avinu that וישימני לאב לפרעה "[G-d] made me a father to Pharaoh". Rashi comments and says that this means לחבר ...
pine5900's user avatar
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Why does Rashi specifically tell us his interpretation method on 3:8?

In Bereishis 3:8, Rashi makes the following comment about his method of interpretation: וישמעו. יֵשׁ מִדְרְשֵׁי אַגָּדָה רַבִּים וּכְבָר סִדְּרוּם רַבּוֹתֵינוּ עַל מְכוֹנָם בִּבְ"רַ וּבִשְׁאָר ...
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