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Questions tagged [rashi]

Rabbi Shlomo of Troyes, 1040-1104, and his works

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9 votes
1 answer
171 views

Establishing the relative order of Rashi's commentaries

In learning Masekhet Ketubot, I encountered Rashi's definition of בי שמשי on daf 103a. There, since the passage is clearly referring to twilight on erev shabbat in particular, Rashi explains why so ...
1 vote
1 answer
107 views

Is a statement against or about the peril of adding or subtracting a letter from the Torah, with a connection to destroying the world, made by Rashi?

Is a statement against or about the peril of adding or subtracting a letter from the Torah made by Rashi ? I recall hearing that Rashi said that if one letter were erased from the Torah, the entire ...
6 votes
0 answers
62 views

Is ראשית really in construct?

There are those who translate בראשית (from Gen 1:1) as "In the beginning of...", saying that ראשית must be in construct form (smikhut). Perhaps most famously, Rashi writes: שֶׁאֵין לְךָ ...
2 votes
1 answer
279 views

Whom did Rashi call "oker harim"

In Bava Kamma 109b Rashi (s.v. lamed-alef, in the middle of the page) brings an alternative explanation in the name of "oker harim." Do we have any clue who he meant by that? Artscroll does ...
4 votes
1 answer
384 views

Why does Rashi (most of the time) not quote sources for his commentary?

The Gemera in Meggilah 15a and Pirkei Avot 6:6 says, כל האומר דבר בשם אומרו מביא גאולה לעולם שנאמר ותאמר אסתר למלך בשם מרדכי. My question is, if quoting teachings of other people is very important (...
0 votes
2 answers
105 views

Where is the Rashi found on וְאָֽהַבְתָּ֥ לְרֵֽעֲךָ֖ כָּמ֑וֹךָ?

I don't mean in the Chumash but which Gemera and where does Rashi say what this means precisely? It has been suggested to me that Rashi says רֵֽעֲךָ refers to Hashem. Where might that be?
3 votes
3 answers
487 views

Does The Entire Orthodox World Hold Rashi In The Same Regard?

I know how integral Rashi’s Torah Commentary is in the Askenaz community (in their Yeshivot they begin teaching it pretty much as soon as kids can read). I was wondering if this was also true in the ...
2 votes
1 answer
193 views

How did Rashi reach the number of eight people carrying the grapes?

The פסוק states: וַיָּבֹ֜אוּ עַד־נַ֣חַל אֶשְׁכֹּ֗ל וַיִּכְרְת֨וּ מִשָּׁ֤ם זְמוֹרָה֙ וְאֶשְׁכּ֤וֹל עֲנָבִים֙ אֶחָ֔ד וַיִּשָּׂאֻ֥הוּ בַמּ֖וֹט בִּשְׁנָ֑יִם וּמִן־הָרִמֹּנִ֖ים וּמִן־הַתְּאֵנִֽים׃ (במדבר ...
4 votes
2 answers
82 views

Who carried the aron which traveled in front of the camp?

Rashi describes how the aron (which contained the broken pieces of the first luchos and which was taken out with the Jewish army in times of battle) would travel in front of the camp in the desert. ...
4 votes
1 answer
334 views

What's the simple meaning, per Rashi, of the "upper waters", and where are they?

B"H In the simple meaning of the verse of "He separated between the water that is below the sky (/beginning of "outer space"/"firmamemt") to the water that is above it&...
1 vote
1 answer
145 views

How did anyone study the Talmud before Rashi?

Supposedly, the knowledge was transmitted from teacher to student in each generation and so Rashi learned it all from his teacher and wrote it all down. Was it common for people to be familiar with ...
0 votes
2 answers
124 views

Why Shavuos on Sunday

Rashi on Rosh Hashana 22 omud 2 says that the baytusim wanted the 1st day of sefirah and Shavuos to fall on Sunday because of the possuk which says ממחרת השבת which they interpret literally, that the ...
0 votes
2 answers
342 views

(Where) does Rashi say the shibud Mitsrayim was for 113 years [of which the last 86 were the קושי השעבוד]

Where does Rashi say [if at all] the shibud Mitsrayim was for 113 years [of which the last 86 were the קושי השעבוד]?
2 votes
1 answer
111 views

Additional differences of Rashi's Torah scroll

Rashi on Shmot 25,20 interprets the Vav we don't have in our Torah scrolls: "ואת כל אשר אצוה אותך אל בני ישראל. הרי וי"ו זו יתירה וטפלה, וכמוהו הרבה במקרא" Siftey Chachamim explains: "אע"פ שאין ...
5 votes
1 answer
238 views

Can eilu veilu apply to historical/factual reality or not?

This answer by @Alex says Rashi (כתובות נז. ד"ה הא) already notes that "eilu v'eilu" is only applicable in a machlokes in sevarah, where sometimes one sevarah can be correct while at other times ...
1 vote
2 answers
76 views

What is Palifit mean in the Rabeinu Gershom on Baba Basrah 2a?

BH What does it mean Palifit it this Rabeinu Gershom in Daf B amud Alef in Bava Basra?
4 votes
3 answers
688 views

In what sense is Hanukkah "a Yom Tov like other yamim tovim"?

The Machzor Vitry (§234) finds a scriptural source for Hanukkah in Leviticus 24:2. That the stipulation that Israelites should collect pure olive oil for the menorah should follow on from a ...
1 vote
1 answer
115 views

Where are the last fourteen of the 49 curses in Bechukosai, Rashi only lists 5 sets of 7?

Rashi in the beginning of pashas Netzavim writes, that there are 49 curses in parshas Bechukosai - ["besides the forty-nine that are contained in Torath-Cohanim"] . When you go through the Rashi in ...
11 votes
4 answers
8k views

Online English Rashi (Talmud)

Is there an English translation of Rashi's commentary on the Talmud available online?
5 votes
1 answer
108 views

Question on Rashi, Bereishis 9:12

In P. Noach (Gen. 9:12) in reference to the phenomenon of the post-deluge rainbow, following Noach's exit from the teivah, the verse states: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים זֹ֤את אֽוֹת־הַבְּרִית֙ אֲשֶׁר־אֲנִ֣י ...
0 votes
1 answer
134 views

Does Rashi on Bereshis 7:4 imply that a human can be created against Hashem's will?

Rashi on Bereshis 7:4 says: ארבעים יום. כְּנֶגֶד יְצִירַת הַוָּלָד, שֶׁקִּלְקְלוּ לְהַטְרִיחַ לְיוֹצְרָם לָצוּר צוּרַת מַמְזֵרִים Is Rashi implying that a human be created against Hashem's will? Was ...
0 votes
2 answers
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Rashi's comment on Abraham's gifts

The Torah says: וְלִבְנֵ֤י הַפִּֽילַגְשִׁים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לְאַבְרָהָ֔ם נָתַ֥ן אַבְרָהָ֖ם מַתָּנֹ֑ת וַֽיְשַׁלְּחֵ֞ם מֵעַ֨ל יִצְחָ֤ק בְּנוֹ֙ בְּעוֹדֶ֣נּוּ חַ֔י קֵ֖דְמָה אֶל־אֶ֥רֶץ קֶֽדֶם׃ -- but to Abraham’...
0 votes
1 answer
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"Lashon yevani" in Rashi

In his commentary on Bava Metzia 21b, Rashi describes זוטו של מים as "לשון גודל ושירוע בלשון יווני"; i.e. a Greek word for size or expanse. But what is this Greek word, exactly, and how is ...
3 votes
0 answers
101 views

Rashi and the Pun

A long time ago, I was in someone's house and they had a book about the life of Rashi. In it was a great story, which I will summarise to the best of my memory: Rashi was travelling Europe and in a ...
3 votes
2 answers
322 views

What does Rashi mean with "our Rabbis expounded what they expounded"?

B"H In Ester 1:7 when it mentions how the feast had different"vessels", Rashi gives his explanation, then finishes off "our Rabbis expounded what they expounded", a very ...
0 votes
0 answers
22 views

Megillas Esther Online text Shiur ideally with Rashi's commentary

Looking for a Megillas Esther text shiur with Rashi's commentary similar to Rabbi Gordon from Chabad.org for Chumash. He goes through each Pasuk and then explains Rashi's commentary inside but for ...
1 vote
0 answers
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The beauty of referencing Torah-sources

Rashi, in several places, says "לא ידעתי" - I don't know. It is said that Rabbi Akiva Eiger made a list of the times Rashi said "לא ידעתי" - I don't know, people were bothered by ...
7 votes
1 answer
319 views

How do kidneys give advice?

In parashat Vayikra (3:9)the kidneys are referred to as "העצה". Rashi comments explains that they are called this because they give advice. In what way do the kidneys give advice?
3 votes
0 answers
147 views

The legend of Rashi's 4 lines

There is a known legend among Talmudists that each Amud has four lines of Rashi before the beginning of the text of the Talmud to hint to a student to review the Amud four times before continuing. I'm ...
1 vote
0 answers
53 views

Martzeia in the eye?

The Torah describes how a slave who doesn't want to leave his master (by Shmitah) has to get pierced through his ear: Exodus 21:6 וְהִגִּישׁ֤וֹ אֲדֹנָיו֙ אֶל־הָ֣אֱלֹהִ֔ים וְהִגִּישׁוֹ֙ אֶל־הַדֶּ֔לֶת ...
0 votes
1 answer
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Nevi'im written before they happened

In parshas Nasso Rashi brings a medrash to explain the verse: Numbers 7:23: וּלְזֶ֣בַח הַשְּׁלָמִים֘ בָּקָ֣ר שְׁנַ֒יִם֒ אֵילִ֤ם חֲמִשָּׁה֙ עַתֻּדִ֣ים חֲמִשָּׁ֔ה כְּבָשִׂ֥ים בְּנֵֽי־שָׁנָ֖ה חֲמִשָּׁ֑ה ...
3 votes
0 answers
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What is the historic background to the first Rashi?

The first Rashi on Genesis says: Rabbi Isaac said: The Torah, which is the Law book of Israel, should have commenced with the verse (Exodus 12:2) “This month shall be unto you the first of the months”...
1 vote
0 answers
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The Staff of Moses

Pirkei DeRabbi Eliezer 40: Rabbi Levi said: That rod which was created in the twilight was delivered to the first man out of the garden of Eden. Adam delivered it to Enoch, and Enoch delivered it to ...
3 votes
2 answers
392 views

Is Egypt really a Kur HaBarzel which has the power of cleansing the Gold (Jewish People)?

Devarim 4:20- Rashi מכור — a כור is a vessel in which one refines gold. Explaing that Egypt was as the Torah describes a Kur HaBarzel, an iron crucible, which has the power, explains Rashi to purify ...
1 vote
0 answers
48 views

Do anybody wear solely rabbeinu tam tefillin [duplicate]

Many people follow the majority Halacha practice of wearing Rashi tefillin. Some people, especially but not exclusively Sephardim and Hasidism, also wear Rabbeinu Tam, which is seen as an act of piety....
4 votes
2 answers
284 views

Gen 36:24 Rashi and the Pit of Snakes and Scorpions -- really Pshat?

In Genesis Chapter 37 Joseph’s brothers consider whether to kill him. But Reuben heard, and he saved him [Joseph] from their hand[s], and he said, "Let us not deal him a deadly blow. And Reuben ...
3 votes
1 answer
186 views

Why was Yoseph sold to Ishmaelites and then Midianites, rather than Midianites and then Ishmaelites?

The following question and translations are courtesy of Studies in Bereshit by Nechama Leibowitz. In Parshat Vayeshev, some pesukim suggest that Yoseph was sold by his brothers to Midianites, and ...
5 votes
2 answers
373 views

Did Rashi have Talmud Yerushalmi?

Rashi quotes a couple of times from Yerushalmi but doesn't seem to have had regular access to it. This being from the numerous times Rishonim ask on him from it.
1 vote
2 answers
97 views

Why does Rashi say that Lavan covered 7 days worth of distance in one day?

In Parshas Vayeitze, Rashi comments on the words דרך שבעת ימים, quoting a midrash, saying כל אותן ג' ימים שהלך המגיד להגיד ללבן הלך יעקב לדרכו, נמצא יעקב רחוק מלבן ששה ימים, ובשביעי השיגו לבן. למדנו ...
2 votes
1 answer
230 views

Maharal on lentils

Rashi says that Jacob made lentils for Esau as they are round like a wheel as this day was the day Abraham died and aveilut is the wheel(galgal) of the world. The Maharal from Prague comments that ...
19 votes
5 answers
3k views

Which masechtot don't really have Rashi?

I often hear that the printed "Rashi" commentary in certain masechtot of the Talmud Bavli (first that come to mind are Moed Katan and Nedarim) is not actually written by Rashi. Does anyone have a full ...
2 votes
2 answers
352 views

Does Rashi bring contadictory opinions?

Rashi on chumash is based on chazal. Sometimes Rashi appears to bring contradictory opinions and some mefarshim say that its machlokes midrashim. Is there a source or mesorah that Rashi's shita in ...
3 votes
3 answers
363 views

What was Moshe Rabbeinu's argument against the angels?

Breishis 18:8 says that Avraham served the angels milk and meat together. Rashi in the name of the Medrash says that it only seemed like they were eating. Medrash Shocher Tov Tehilim 8 says that one ...
1 vote
0 answers
45 views

Is wheat bad for animals?

Rashi on Bava Metzia 90a D"H UMatrezes (a few lines from the bottom) says that if an ox has a certain stomach disease, wheat worsens the ox's condition. However, the Gemara says on Bava Kamma 20a ...
3 votes
1 answer
75 views

Is there a translation of Rashi on Shas in English?

BH Where is there a translation of Rashi on Shas? I know there is one for Tosfot using summaries on Daf Yomi is there something like this for Rashi?
6 votes
1 answer
431 views

Rashi with sources in context

Is there a sefer chumash with Rashi's commentary which brings Rashi's sources in context? For example, if Rashi were to quote a gemara, this sefer would print the relevant text of the gemara in the ...
1 vote
1 answer
149 views

How to reconcile Rashi's view/logic with Rabbi Ulla's three Noahide commandments? Who is correct?

In Sanhedrin 59a, Rashi writes (s.v. לזה ולזה נאמרה): כי יהיב קודשא בריך הוא תורה לישראל לא שקלינהו להנך מבני נח וכדקיימי להו קיימי When Hakadosh Baruch Hu gave the Torah to Yisroel, he did not take ...
22 votes
6 answers
845 views

Why do fish die?

In Parshas Bereishis (Genesis 3:6), there's an interesting comment by Rashi. The Torah says: וַתֵּ֣רֶא הָֽאִשָּׁ֡ה כִּ֣י טוֹב֩ הָעֵ֨ץ לְמַאֲכָ֜ל וְכִ֧י תַֽאֲוָה־ה֣וּא לָעֵינַ֗יִם וְנֶחְמָ֤ד הָעֵץ֙ ...
11 votes
1 answer
1k views

What was the serpent’s plan?

According to Rashi, the serpent desired Eve and his plan was that Adam eat from the tree and die so that he can have her [Rashi Genesis 3:1, Bereishis Rabbah 18:6]. If that was his plan, why would he ...
2 votes
0 answers
124 views

List of "most important" Rashis on the Torah

There is a list of the most fundamental Ramban al ha Torah commentaries which someone has compiled (I uploaded it here), sorted by parasha, with a short index on the last page. Does something similar ...

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