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Questions tagged [prayer-book]

Questions about the various prayer books used by Jews, and the prayers contained therein.

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6
votes
0answers
132 views

Explicit shaimos printed in prayer books

The gemara in Shabbos 115b cites a Tosefta seemingly condemning those who publish prayer-books (and amulets) with G-d's name: "...מכאן אמרו כותבי ברכות כשורפי תורה". Nonetheless, it is common practice ...
15
votes
4answers
340 views

How do we know what the Chazzan should say aloud?

In many siddurim, the text indicates a position, toward the end of each normal paragraph of prayer, where the Chazzan is supposed to start reading aloud, so that everyone knows when it's time to go on ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How did the Ten Martyrs actually die?

On Yom Kippur and Tisha B'av we read about the Ten Martyrs who were gathered and killed by Emperor Hadrian to atone for the Sale of Yosef HaTzadik. In addition to the idea that the Ten Martyrs didn't ...
19
votes
1answer
1k views

Why so many vocalized shvas in Siddur Tehillat Hashem?

I prayed using a Siddur Tehillat Hashem the other day, and I noticed that many more shvas were marked with an asterisk above, indicating that they should be vocalized, than I'd expect. In particular, ...
12
votes
2answers
181 views

Minhag to pause in middle of birkas kriyas shema

Many (if not all) shuls that I have been to have it such that in the first bracha of kriyas shema everyone reads until וכלם פותחים את פיהם בקדשה ובטהרה, בשירה ובזמרה, ומברכים ומשבחים ומפארים ...
3
votes
1answer
354 views

Who wrote the 1950s-era super-patriotic Prayer for the United States of America?

In the "Tikun Meir" siddur from about 50 years ago, there's a very unique prayer for the United States of America. Something to the effect of: Humble were its beginnings, but by Your kindness, ...
6
votes
1answer
928 views

Does anyone pray according to Rambam's Seder Tefila?

I wonder if among the new wave of Talmidei haRambam, there might be anyone using a siddur that uses Rambam's language of prayer exclusively, as recorded in the Mishneh Torah (here).
6
votes
2answers
626 views

Siddur & chumash — which gets stacked on top?

I've seen this one asked over and over again, and always heard different things. Do you stack a chumash on top of a siddur, or the other way around?
5
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0answers
181 views

Siddur for Skolyer Chasidim

Is there a specific siddur for the minhag of the Skolyer Chasidim (Chasidim of Ukrainian town of Skole)?
5
votes
1answer
619 views

Which Raban Shimon ben Gamliel was it who was martyred?

The Ten Martyrs liturgy describes Rabbi Yishmael the High Priest and Raban [=nasi or "chief rabbi"] Shimon ben Gamliel as killed by the Romans at the same time. Rabbi Yishmael served as cohen gadol ...
4
votes
2answers
506 views

How does a Braille siddur work?

A member of our minyan has a degenerative vision problem and has, for a time, been using a home-made very-large-print siddur. After an absence, she returned this Shabbat with a guide dog and said she ...
3
votes
3answers
248 views

3 steps forward after Shmona Esrei of Maariv

Is one required to take 3 steps forward after finishing Shmona Esrei/Ammida of Arvit after he has taken the 3 steps backwards?
2
votes
3answers
388 views

Does Sim Shalom use orthodox text for maariv, and, if so, is it usable for maariv?

I was in a Jewish Community Center recently for a meeting, after which a bunch of people wished to say orthodox maariv. Someone went to the JCC's chapel to borrow sidurim (prayer books), and brought ...
0
votes
1answer
242 views

Commonly used Breslov Siddur

What is the exact siddur used at most Breslover kehillos? Does it vary? How about the one used at the Chut Shel Chessed Yeshiva in Jerusalem? I know it's probably Nusach Sefard, but which one?
14
votes
4answers
395 views

Font size variation within siddurim

People might write this off as a matter of typeface and nothing more, but why do so many siddurim vary the font size within the tefillos? I used to think that they made the more important tefillos ...
10
votes
3answers
13k views

What does “Baruch shem k'vod malchuso l'olam vaed” mean?

A sentence commonly said during prayer is "בָּרוּךְ שֵׁם כְּבוֹד מַלְכוּתוֹ לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד". How do we interpret it? What does it mean? It sounds like it means: Blessed is/be the name of the glory/...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Seeking a German Siddur

I was wondering if there is a 'Minhag Ashkenaz' siddur presently in print. I have an older one at home, but it has sentimental value and as a university student, I would rather avoid using such a ...
6
votes
3answers
262 views

Evidence of 2nd Temple Liturgy @Temple &/or Synagogue

Friends, I have tried & failed to find really firm documented evidence of 2nd temple period Liturgy used either in Temple services or among the Judean or extra-Judean synagogues. What I find ...
18
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2answers
1k views

Nun in Ashrei- Psalm 145

The prayer Ashrei, which we recite three times a day, is an acrostic consisting of all the letters of the Hebrew alphabet except for nun (נ). Why is the nun omitted?
13
votes
7answers
1k views

Which parts of the prayer service must be said clearly out loud?

I've heard a few different opinions on this. During longer prayer services, such as Shacharit on Shabbat, at least in Nusach Sefard, Pesukei D'Zimrah is quite long and there is a tendency for the ...
11
votes
3answers
326 views

Who distributed the zemiros across the three meals?

Any book of zemiros whether it's a siddur, birchon, or what have you divides the zemiros between the three meals. Sometimes the rationale is obvious as with the tikkunim which are written for each ...
6
votes
2answers
378 views

Aleinu L'Shabeach - Nusach HaTefila

The words "Sheheim Mishtachavim Li-Hevel Voryk Umispallelim El Eil Lo-Yoshiya" - Was this originally part of Aleinu and then removed, or was it added later to Aleinu? Why was this done?
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Explain the use of the chazzan to end paragraphs

My understanding of the "history" of the shaliach tzibbur (shat"z) is that few people could read or pronounce Hebrew, and, there were few siddurim printed. Thus, the use of an "expert" to represent ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Why skip Yikum Purkan and Mi Sheberach on a weekday Yom Tov?

This is a question specific to Ashkenazim (Nusach Ashkenaz, Nusach Ari, and Nusach Sefard). On Shabbat, after the Torah Reading and before Mussaf, 3 prayers, (2 Yikkum Purkans and a Mi Sheberach) are ...
1
vote
2answers
313 views

Is there a free copy of this early (earliest?) siddur online?

A footnote in the Rosenfeld selichot book said Rav Amram Gaon was approached by Spanish Jews in the 800's with a request to allow the writing down the daily prayers, something that was prohibited by ...
20
votes
7answers
609 views

Why are there colored splotches on the pages on many Jewish texts?

On many editions of the Chumash, Talmud, and even many more-modern books, you look at the side of the book (opposite the spine) and there are random colored splotches printed on the pages. (For ...
14
votes
1answer
434 views

Is there a Beta Israel Siddur?

Ashkenazi siddurs are different from Sephardic siddurs, do Beta Israel Siddurs even exist?
10
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5answers
405 views

Where in Davening do we kiss תפילין?

It is well-known (I assume) that one should kiss his תפילין when saying וקשרתם לאות... (twice) in שמע, when saying פותח את ידך... in אשרי, and עוטר ישראל בתפארה in ברכת השחר. Most Artscroll Siddurim ...
7
votes
2answers
187 views

Why switch the reference from “גוי” to “עם” in Tachanun?

Why does the prayer "Shomer Yisra'el" in Tachanun say in two of the verses the word גוי in the first and last phrase, but עם in the middle phrase? שומר גוי אחד שמור שארית עם אחד ואל יאבד גוי אחד .....
6
votes
5answers
754 views

What siddur do Satmerer Chasidim use?

Many Chasidic groups have a particular siddur that is used by most in that group. Does Satmer have such a siddur?
5
votes
1answer
329 views

Why do we not use the original language of בִּרְכַּת הַמִּינִים?

The language we currently use in the amidah for בִּרְכַּת הַמִּינִים is different from that found in the earliest siddurim. The gemarah (Berachot 40b) teaches us that "If one alters the formula laid ...
4
votes
2answers
272 views

Who knows of a online siddur that is not vocalized?

Is there a non-vocalized siddur available online? I think being from the US I'm unaware of full text resources of Judaic text without vowels.
3
votes
1answer
91 views

When were the tefillos formulated?

I have been told that before Galus Bavel the only prayer a Jew was required to pray was the Shema. (And I suppose Birkas HaMazon, as well.) When the Jews were exiled to Bavel, the Anshei Knesses ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Differences between siddurim of the same nusach

In nusach Sefard siddurim, there are pronounced differences between nearly every one, each reflecting the particular view of its author as to how to properly reconcile the Arizal with nusach Ashkenaz. ...
0
votes
1answer
341 views

Asher Meza's siddur, kosher or not?

it's me again, I am soon going to a travel after Tisha B'av and I am searching for a concise siddur so I can daven fastly. I found a really concise siddur called "ways of torah" made by a ...
8
votes
1answer
629 views

What is the source of the 'elu devarim' text printed in siddurim?

The girsa of the 'elu devarim' text that appears in many siddurim after birkot hatorah cannot be sourced, so far as I can tell, to any particular rabbinic text. Here's the version that appears in ...
12
votes
1answer
395 views

Veshameru in Chabad siddur

Why do Chabad siddurim always print Veshameru before the Shabbat Ma'ariv Amida, even while also noting that the Chabad custom is not to say it? Are there any groups that use the Chabad Nusach Ari ...
12
votes
1answer
161 views

Line break before למען ירבו ימיכם

In most of my prayer books there is a line break before למען ירבו ימיכם in the second chapter of the Shema (see also this one from Vilna or Zhytomyr): וְהָיָ֗ה אִם־שָׁמֹ֤עַ תִּשְׁמְעוּ֙ אֶל־...
11
votes
3answers
266 views

Why do siddurim and Shulchan Oruch OC start with Shacharis?

Why do siddurim and Shulchan Oruch OC start with the morning? Since the day starts with night, they should start with Maariv as does the mishnah.
7
votes
4answers
775 views

Why haven't I seen the Havinenu prayer in Sidurs?

I was reviewing recently Rambam's laws of prayers and ran across this ( הלכות תפילה פרק ב,ב ): בכל תפילה משלוש תפילות אלו שבכל יום, מתפלל אדם תשע עשרה ברכות אלו על הסדר. במה דברים אמורים, בשמצא ...
5
votes
3answers
479 views

Books on Tefillah

Can you tell me of some books/seforim about Jewish prayer (in terms of nusach, development of tefillah, etc.). A good example would be "Netiv Binah". They can be either online or in print.
3
votes
1answer
144 views

“If you have time, say this”

I have seen in many siddurim, mainly in korbonos, the phrase "if you have time, add this parsha". How do you know if you have time? It seems obvious that if adding it would make you miss zman ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

Switching siddur style (Nusach)

I'm Ashkenazi and I usually pray with a Nusach Sfarad or a Rinat Israel siddur, but I have a pocket siddur that I use for travel that is Sefaradi. Can I say birkot hashachar in the Sefaradi version, ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Use of phrase ברוך הבא

Based on what I have seen I Nusach Ashkenaz siddurim such as Art Scroll and Birnbaum, among some others, I noticed the phrase ברוך הבא is used at the beginning of a Brit (circumcision) when welcoming ...
3
votes
3answers
177 views

Why do Ashkenazim recite both “ahavah rabbah” and “ahavat olam” but Sephardim only the latter?

In the paragraph before Kriyat Shema, the Ashkenazic custom is to begin with the words "ahavah rabbah" by Shacharit, and with the words "ahavat olam" by Ma'ariv/Arvit. The Sephardic custom is to ...
2
votes
1answer
334 views

Western Ashkenazi Siddur?

Does anyone know where I can find an authoritative Yekkish siddur? I found a siddur Sefas Yisroel on open siddur, but I am unsure it's accurate — meaning one that accurately reflects the nusach of the ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

What prayers are obligatory on a daily basis? What prayers are obligatory on Shabbat? And who decides what's actually obligatory?

When you go through a siddur you see lots of prayers, but never a mention of what's actually obligatory. Having seen the Rambam siddur, it seems like we have a looooot more prayers now, but are they ...
9
votes
1answer
228 views

The midos by which the Torah is expounded. Rabbi Eliezer the son of Rabbi Yosi haGelili's are not in the siddur. Rabbi Yishmoel's are. Why?

Rashi on Braishis 2(8) refers to the 32 midos of Rabbi Eliezer the son of Rabbi Yosi haGelili by which the Torah is expounded. These are less familiar than the 13 of Rabbi Yishmoel that we say every ...
8
votes
1answer
433 views

Dropping a phone siddur or chumash

If you have a siddur or chumash on your phone and you drop it, do you kiss it if... the siddur is not open the siddur is open, but shem hashem is not showing the siddur is open and shem Hashem is ...
7
votes
1answer
199 views

“Naḥat Ruaḥ LeYoẓro” source

At the end of מוסף לשבת in דרכי אבות השלם (p. 375), a quotation is written in the name of רבי יהודה: אמר רבי יהודה: אשרי מי שעמלו בתורה ועושה נחת רוח ליוצרו Can anyone help me find the exact ...