Questions tagged [posek-psak-decisor-ruling]

Questions about halachic deciders and their rulings.

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1answer
229 views

Following an old Rabbi's Pesak

Let's say you asked your old rabbi a question and he answered you, but now let's say you have lost contact with him. Do you still have to follow this pesak or can you change?
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1answer
51 views

Origin of mesora for halachos covered in Seder Zeraim

Other than Berachos, there is no gemara in Seder Zer'aim. Where then does our mesora for the halachos discussed in that seder come from? The rishonim do discuss them, but were did they get it from? ...
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3answers
189 views

Halachah: What's the difference between this site and looking up a question in a book?

Per our oft-cited FAQ, and our frequent use of the disclaimer to consult one's own rabbi in matters of practical Halachah, we do not, as a matter of policy, accept questions, or provide answers, ...
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0answers
95 views

How do you decide who lives and who dies?

The Talmud [Bava Metzia 62a] teaches as follows. Two people are in a desert and only one of them has water. If both drink, both will die, but if only one drinks, he will survive and reach ...
2
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0answers
116 views

Epidemics and public torah study

In the current pandemic, there seem to be diverse opinions, both of medical/government officials and of religious leaders regarding communal gatherings for religious services. For example, some shuls ...
3
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0answers
60 views

When the Mishna Berurah quotes the Vilna Gaon, is he paskening like him?

The Shulchan Aruch in 47/1 says One who thinks about words of Torah does not need to say the blessings [of the Torah]. Similarly, one may pasken without giving the reason The Mishna Berurah ...
12
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3answers
1k views

Why has the Mishnah Berurah become the Authoritative Halachik Work instead of the Aruch haShulchan?

Hirhurim just had a post about this topic, where he discussed some reasons that people should follow the aruch haShulchan. Yet in many circles, people just follow the Mishna Berura and rarely even ...
2
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3answers
500 views

How authoritative is the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch?

The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch makes some clear statements that do not reflect the range of opinions. For example, Ch 53 #2, "...in the case of...vegetables, which are eaten after they are cooked, when the ...
12
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3answers
1k views

Posek vs. Rabbi?

It seems to me obvious that certain sheilos are best dealt with by only the leading Rabbanim. At the same time colloquially we often say a Rabbi has "paskened" a sheilah when the answer is fairly ...
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1answer
91 views

View of the Shu"t Min HaShamayim

The Shu"t Min Hashamayim was written by a Rishon who would receive answers in dreams from Heaven. Is there a difference in Torah views regarding how to weigh the halachic perspective of such a work? (...
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1answer
127 views

Asking Am Haaretz and doing opposite

There is a Sm"a (I think) somewhere which talks about what to do in a situation when a chacham is not available to answer one's question - namely, to get advice from an Am Haaretz, and then do the ...
3
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1answer
197 views

Do halachic authorities actually believe in eilu v'eilu?

This answer https://judaism.stackexchange.com/a/93714/13680 states the following viewpoint [...] HKB"H does not care about the truth anymore, as long as they arrived at their conclusion sincerely ...
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2answers
399 views

May I rely on the halachik leniency of others?

If "Reuven" believes the halacha to be one way and "Shimon" believes it to be more lenient may Reuven rely on Shimon to do something for him based on this leniency? Here is a 100% fictional ...
10
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4answers
142 views

Why do different halachic authorities arrive at conflicting rulings?

Rabbi A says strawberries are ha'adama; Rabbi B says that strawberries are Ha'etz. The halachic texts are replete with such differences in "opinion". What's the underlying reason that different ...
1
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1answer
94 views

Asking a second rabbi for a ruling

Tosafot on Avodah Zarah 7a: [translation from here] It is forbidden to ask [a second rabbi for permission] only if one does not inform him [that a first rabbi was consulted and he forbade it]... ...
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0answers
62 views

Case Study: Kashrut of Tapioca Starch

I have heard different answers from representatives of the cRc and the Star-K regarding the kashrut of un-certified tapioca starch. While both agree that it requires a hechsher for Pessach, the Star-K ...
1
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2answers
418 views

What Rav do majority of Sefardi Jews follow(ed) on 2010?

Which rabbi do the majority of sefardim follow? Or, do a majority of them not follow a single rabbi? As of May 3, 2010
4
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2answers
265 views

Rabbi's liability for giving a wrong psak

Companion question to Questioner's liability for receiving a wrong psak. Let's say that someone asks his Rav, for example, if a certain food is Kosher, and the Rav paskens that it is not, and ...
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0answers
100 views

Questioner's liability for receiving a wrong psak

If someone asked a competent Rav a shaila, and the Rav was wrong, is the "questioner" liable? For example, if someone asked a Rav if one is permitted to water his plants on Shabbat and the Rav ...
3
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0answers
63 views

Poskining like someone on their Yahrtzeit

I have heard in the name of Rav Yisroel Salanter that there is an inyan to poskin like a given posek on their Yahrtzeit, even if we would not poskin like them the rest of the year. Two questions: 1) ...
3
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2answers
170 views

Is one obligated to listen to a Rav? [duplicate]

If I ask my rav for halachic advice, must I follow it or can I ask a different posek? Seperately, if I ask my rav for personal advice, must I listen?
3
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1answer
292 views

Leading poskim in the Charedi community today [closed]

Who are the leading poskim in the Israeli Ashkenazi Charedi community today? As far as I am aware R. Nissim Karelitz is no longer active, so I would like to know who has taken his place and that of ...
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0answers
53 views

Why Poskim don't work and write in groups?

At any given moment there are several leading (and hundreds of secondary) Rabbis and Poskim. Each one running his own Yeshivah, writing his books and issuing his own Psakim. I understood that the ...
8
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4answers
494 views

P'sak halacha by AI?

How good does artificial intelligence need to be before we can turn to a robot for piskei halacha? The accepted reason that even the most knowledgeable people need to ask legal advice from poskim is ...
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6answers
527 views

Untrustworthy sifrei halacha?

I have noticed that there are a few popular printings of the Mishna B'rura that come with footnote references to the Chazon Ish on each halacha where the two disagree (example). I have also noticed a ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the meaning of psak?

I have asked many people this question, and not yet got a comprehensive answer: What is psak? Like, let's say I have a certain piece of food of uncertain status. If I ask my 6 year old kid if it's ...
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0answers
20 views

Can an artificial intelligence serve as a judge and/or posek? [duplicate]

If the vast corpus of halachic material including information on how sources are weighed and how halacha has been decided through the ages was compiled and processed through an artificial intelligence ...
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2answers
180 views

Why doesn't “Yatir Bechorot Yatir” semicha exist nowadays? (ie besides “Yoreh Yoreh” & “Yadin Yadin”)

The gemara in Sanhedrin 5a teaches us about 3 different levels of semicha: “Yoreh Yoreh”- primarily in Yoreh Deah, but can also include Shabbos, Niddah etc- which allows the person to issue rulings ...
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2answers
112 views

Standing For Reading of Decalogue

Poskim are recorded here permitting standing specifically for the Torah reading of the Aseres Hadibros. Are there any poskim who forbid this in accordance with the ruling of the Rambam?
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1answer
125 views

What's the path to becoming a Posek

What's the path to becoming a Jewish Orthodox Posek (like R' Yechiel Michel Epstein, a.k.a the Aruch Hashulchan). What Sefarim does one have to learn? What learning method is the most effective?
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1answer
52 views

What gives a rav authority to grant his own semichah?

I have heard many stories about people receiving private semichah from rabbanim, even into the 20th century, under such figures as the Chofetz Chaim, R' Moshe Feinstein, and R' Isser Zalman Meltzer; a ...
65
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12answers
9k views

Why is it necessary to ask a Rabbi?

In various places on this site, including the FAQ, we have the following disclaimer: Like Wikipedia, this site makes no guarantee of validity, and does not offer professional (particularly rabbinic)...
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3answers
184 views

Are there unresolved ‘tekus’ in the Talmud later resolved in responsum?

Often in the Talmud questions are asked which do not yield a result. These non-answers are called ‘teku’ (תיקו). Frequently, the questions which are left with teku are those which are far-fetched. ...
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2answers
78 views

When two opinions differ how the Halachah is made? [closed]

Lets supose that in talmud sage A say that something is permitted and sage B say that something is not permitted, what opinion should we follow? Have seen some places that the difference is absurd, ...
5
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2answers
437 views

May a ben-Noach ask a non-Jew for psak?

This question asks who b'nei Noach turn to for psak. The answer to that question was that there are a few rabbis who are involved in the b'nei Noach movement who rule on the law for non-Jews. Now I ...
25
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24answers
1k views

SE Challenge: Halachot in which rulings range from permissible to Torah violation? [closed]

Inspired by my previous question regarding heating up soup on Shabbat, I present a challenge to the Judaism StackExchange community -- List halachot which have halachic decisions ranging from ...
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10answers
365 views

Halachoth whose rulings range from obligatory to a (Torah) prohibition

Inspired by this question ( SE Challenge: Halachot in which rulings range from permissible to Torah violation?) , I thought I'd go further. Can you think of any Halachoth whose rulings range from ...
4
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2answers
2k views

How to get an urgent answer if your local rabbi isn't reachable

I think many frum people have been in the situation of needing time-sensitive help with a halachic question, but not having access to their/any rabbi. What resources such as hotlines are available to ...
6
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1answer
211 views

Retroactive psak and conversions

B"H I constantly read about Orthodox conversions which are retroactively nullified by the Israeli Rabbanut, sometimes affecting multiple generations. I am not writing this question to express nor ...
6
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3answers
253 views

If two rabbis tell you opposite things which do you listen to?

If you ask two rabbis the same question and they give you opposite answers (one says mutar the other says assur). Which do you listen to?
1
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1answer
273 views

Are Yoetzet Halacha permitted according to halacha?

Recently, in certain segments of the modern orthodoxy there have been appointments of Yoetzet Halacha, a woman specially trained to assist woman with questions in Hilchos Neda. Is this permissible ...
5
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1answer
470 views

Under what circumstances can Ashkenazim rely on Sephardic poskim?

Is there any reason an Ashkenazi Jew should not hold by the psak of a Sephardi rov--or vice versa--for decisions relating to general matters (not ostensibly to do with particular minhagim)? If so, ...
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0answers
62 views

Where can a gentile seek guidance? [duplicate]

Jews have rabbanim to provide them with guidance. What about gentiles? Where can they go to seek guidance when they are unsure of how to conduct themselves? While one could argue that the Noachide ...
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1answer
420 views

Earning semichah with just a test

What if someone does know a lot of halachah and wanted to earn semichah and become a posek? Are there any good semichah programs which will award semichah with just a test (as opposed to a additional ...
4
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2answers
247 views

Audio Recording on Shabbat/Yom Tov

Would there be a problem with leaving a recorder on from before Shabbat or Yom Tov, and thereby recording a lecture given on Shabbat itself? There is a wealth of literature on the subject of Melacha ...
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2answers
175 views

Should an Ashkenazi learn Yalkut Yosef and Kaf HaChaim? [closed]

Should and Ashkenazi such as myself learn Yalkut Yosef and Kaf HaChaim, Sephardi halachic works, or should I not bother as the halacha wouldn't apply to me?
7
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1answer
119 views

Situations where your own opinions define Jewish law

I am asking this question to evoke a list of situations in which one's personal feelings, intuitions, beliefs, and/or tastes have a role in creating the halacha. I can think of a few on my own. With ...
6
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1answer
176 views

Is becoming a “Talmid HaRambam” limited to the Rambam?

This answer explains (very nicely) the justification and practice of those who consider themselves followers of the Rambam, as opposed to any other opinion. In the cited responsa of the Beis Yosef, ...
2
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1answer
160 views

What was the Shita of the Rema

The beit yosef has a very clear Shita. There are 3 important poskim:rosh.,rif,and rambam. He goes after the majority of these Poskim in case of a machloket. When looking into the rema(darkei ...
3
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1answer
158 views

Same Rabbi (Posek) for husband and wife

Do a husband and a wife need to have the same Rabbi (Posek) or can they have their own Rabbis?