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Questions tagged [plagues-makkos]

The plagues in Egypt preceding the exodus therefrom, as recounted in Exodus and elsewhere

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82 views

Why didn't the Egyptian people react violently to the Plagues?

The Egyptian people surely knew that the Jewish people were immune to the plagues and many must have suspected that all these catastrophes were happening to them on our account (either through Moshe's ...
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Why was Pharaoh spared? [duplicate]

Pharaoh & many Egyptians were obviously evil men who enslaved our ancestors & foolishly refused to let them go free. Why was Pharaoh spared? As the main villain in this tragedy you’d think he ...
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Why is the word “Makkat” added to 10th plague of Bechorot?

Why does the Haggadah refer only to the 10th plague with "Makkat" and not by the other 9 plagues? :אֵלּוּ עֶשֶׂר מַכּוֹת שֶׁהֵבִיא הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא עַל־הַמִּצְרִים בְּמִצְרַיִם, וְאֵלוּ הֵן ...
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Question about Shemot, locusts

I have a question that I've asked to multiple rabbis but that remains unanswered: Dear Rabbi:  Question about Parasha. In Exodus 10:19 the locusts enter the Red Sea. What is the connection ...
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Why did pharaoh not want the frogs to be immediately removed?

Why did pharaoh not want the frogs to be immediately removed?Why did he request that they be dealt with "tomorrow"
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How was Moshe protected by the sand in Egypt?

Moshe does not enact the third plague. Rashi explains that, לֹא הָיָה הֶעָפָר כְּדַאי לִלְקוֹת עַ"יְ מֹשֶׁה, לְפִי שֶׁהֵגֵן עָלָיו כְּשֶׁהָרַג אֶת הַמִּצְרִי וַיִּטְמְנֵהוּ בַּחוֹל, That the dirt ...
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Locusts don't damage Egypt. Really?

Rabenu Chanan'el, in his commentary to Bo 10:19, writes, in part: מעת עתרת משה רבינו עד עכשיו אין ארבה מפסיד בכל גבול מצרים ואם יפול בארץ ישראל ויבא ומכנס בגבול מצרים אינו אוכל מכל יבול הארץ כלום ...
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What happened to the Nile in the week following the first plague?

According to the tosafist R' Yosef Bechor Shor, as cited in answers here and here, the Nile turned to blood only long enough to kill all the fish and then it turned back to water (which was now fouled ...
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How did the messengers to Moshe and Aharon manage to get to them through the hail?

During the plague of hailstones, Paroh calls Moshe and Aharon. Shmos 9 (27). וַיִּשְׁלַ֣ח פַּרְעֹ֗ה וַיִּקְרָא֙ לְמֹשֶׁ֣ה וּֽלְאַהֲרֹ֔ן וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֖ם חָטָ֣אתִי הַפָּ֑עַם ה׳ הַצַּדִּ֔יק ...
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Why are the 10 plagues in this specific order?

Is there a specific reason for the sequence of the plagues? Why the plague of blood is followed by the plague of frogs, for example?
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what does the first word of shemot 8:7 mean?

Sh'mot 8:7: וְסָרוּ הַצְפַרְדְּעִים, מִמְּךָ וּמִבָּתֶּיךָ, וּמֵעֲבָדֶיךָ, וּמֵעַמֶּךָ: רַק בַּיְאֹר, תִּשָּׁאַרְנָה. Artscroll says it means "depart", implying the frogs will hop away. A few p'...
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Were Children of Israel killed in the plague of the firstborn?

We know from Torah that all B'nai Israel who: Ate the Passover lamb Did not eat leavening (bread and beer) Were inside at midnight (and stayed inside until morning) Were in a house whose doorposts ...
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Why is emphasis put on the sparing of the Jewish people at Makas Bechoros more than at any of the other Makos?

Shmos 12:27 --------------- שמות יב כז וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֡ם זֶֽבַח־פֶּ֨סַח ה֜וּא לַֽיהוָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר פָּ֠סַח עַל־בָּתֵּ֤י בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בְּמִצְרַ֔יִם בְּנָגְפּ֥וֹ אֶת־מִצְרַ֖יִם וְאֶת־בָּתֵּ֣ינוּ ...
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Did the Egyptians know that Bnei Yisrael had light during Makas Choshech?

Did the Egyptians knows that Bnei Yisrael had light during Makas Choshech, the plague of darkness?
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What is the current interpretation of “‘arob”, or “עָרוֹב”? [duplicate]

Wikipedia says that the meaning of the phrase "‘arob", or "עָרוֹב", is disputed. I have always been taught it as "flies" - and that's the word used by the NIVUK translation of Exodus 8:21. In the so-...
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Why did G-d choose to punish Egypt with ten plagues, as opposed to another amount?

G-d used ten plagues (blood, frogs, lice, wild animals, pestilence, boils, hail, locusts, darkness, and death of the firstborns) to punish the Egyptians for enslaving the Jewish nation. Why did He ...
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Why the Ten Plagues (blood, frogs, lice, etc.) specifically?

Why did G-d specifically choose to punish the Egyptians with the plagues of blood, frogs, lice, wild animals, pestilence, boils, locusts, hail, darkness, and the death of all firstborns?
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Why (what is the origin) are ALL the plagues in Egypt called Makkot?

In the text of Sh'mot, the 10 "plagues" to which the Egyptians were subjected are described/called different things: Blood is called about because the water was hit (makkeh) by Moshe and Aharon (7:17)...
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Egyptians not turning to their gods?

We read about a couple of "sorcery contests" between Moses and Egyptians, first turning the rods into serpents and then through the first plagues. Some well known facts: Egypt was a land of idol ...
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What kind of blood did the Nile turn into?

One of the ten plagues that Moses unleashes on Egypt in the Book of Exodus is to make the Nile river run red with blood (Exodus 7:20). My question is, is there any information, either in the Torah ...
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“They could have walked out of Egypt” Source?

I have heard on multiple occasions of a Chazal that states something along the lines of: "Had Binei Yisroel merited/been righteous enough, they could have walked out of Egypt." There are a number of ...
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אצבע אלוקים היא - *how* many? [duplicate]

We all know the part of the seder in which we talk about how many makot were part of an אצבע (10) and how many were part of a יד (50). But wait a minute. The phrase אצבע אלוקים היא was not told at ...
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Avraham's ten tests and the miracles in Mitzraim

Avos d'Rebbi Nassan* 33 recounts that corresponding to Avraham's ten tests,1 Hashem performed ten miracles for the Bnei Yisrael in Mitzraim2 and struck the Mitzriim with ten makkos, and likewise He ...
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After makkas kinnim and makkas shchin, did the respective makkos revert to their original state?

Makkas Kinnim came about by turning the dust of the ground into lice (Shemos 8:12-15). Likewise, Makkas Shchin came about by turning oven ash to boils (Shemos 9:8-12). We know that Makkas Dam, the ...
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Is one allowed to drink from the wine spilled out of the cup at the Makkos?

It is a widespread minhag that during the mention of the makkos at the Seder one should either spill out wine or dip a finger into the cup and put it to the side. I have heard that one should not ...
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Connection of the 10 plagues to the 10 sayings used to create the world

I have read in the name of the Vilna Gaon that the 10 plagues were corresponding to the 10 sayings God used to create the world (dont know the exact source). Thus the slaying of the first born ...
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How did they breathe during the plague of darkness?

Despite some great answers to The Plague of Darkness and Plague of darkness: if he was standing, he was unable to sit? I still have a question. If the darkness was so thick that they couldn't move, ...
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Why is there a number switch in the names of the plagues?

In the makkot, there seems to be inconsistency in terms of the number-title of the plagues. One of the words is in the singular (tz'farde'a, frog) while the one after it is in the plural, kinim, lice. ...
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Paroh Doesn't Listen in Different Words

(All Pesukim cited are in Shemos.) 7:4: "Paroh will not listen to you." 7:13 (after the staffs turning into snakes): "He did not listen to them." 7:22 (Dam): "He did not listen to them." 8:11 (...
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Paroh Refuses in Different Words

(All Pesukim cited are in Shemos.) 7:3: "I will 'kasheh' Paroh's heart." 7:13 (after the staffs turning into snakes): "Paroh's heart was 'yechazeik'." 7:22 (Dam): "Paroh's heart was 'yechazeik'." 8:...
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The Jews Dying in the Plague of Darkness

Rashi writes that one of the reasons for the plague of darkness was so that all of the wicked Jews who did not want to leave Mitzrayim could be killed and the Mitzrim would not say the Jews are also ...
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Makkas Dam; monetary exchange

Midrash Rabbah describes how the Jews in Egypt became wealthy through the plague of blood by selling their water to the Egyptians who were desperate. This may be a thought experiment as I haven't seen ...
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How did the Egyptians who didn't fear Hashem have animals?

To address the question of how the Egyptians had any animals after Dever, Rashi (9:10) quotes the Mechilta ואם תאמר מאין היו להם הבהמות והלא כבר נאמר (פסוק ו) וימת כל מקנה מצרים, אלא לא נגזרה גזרה ...
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Why wasn't Pharoah allowed a chance to “repent” before the last plague (death of 1st born)?

Follow up to Why is every 3rd plague unannounced We see that in the warning, Moses uses the phrase, "Send my people and they shall worship me." There is a warning about the 10th plague. But, here, ...
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hail and fire in Egypt

The posuk says, ''There was hail and fire flaming amid the hail'' [Shemos 9:24]. Does anyone know what day the hail and fire fell in Egypt? (i.e. Sunday, Monday or Tuesday etc.)
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Why the change in language when warning about the plagues?

I noticed an interesting change in the language Moses uses when warning Pharoah about plagues: Dam - Shemot 7:17 "Thus said G-d" Tzefarde'ah - Shemot 7:26 "Thus said G-d" Arov - Shemot 8:16 "Thus ...
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Why would Pharaoh's heart be made כבד by G-D?

I've always loved the account of the 10 plagues (who doesn't?), but I always felt a little odd about the several times (7, in fact) Pharoah's heart was made "hard/heavy" by G-d because I'm a strong ...
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If God is all powerful, why does he need the angel of death to carry out the tenth plague?

If God is all powerful, why does he need the Angel of Death? Why did God need the angel of death to carry out the 10th plague to the Egyptians? Couldn't God himself just do it?
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plague of the Firstborn [duplicate]

Are there any additional sources as to why the tenth plague (maakas bechoros) in Egypt was specifically directed at the first born? Were they more guilty than the rest of the Egyptians for enslaving ...
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Were firstborn children born to a mother who miscarried killed during Makat Bechorot? [duplicate]

The last of the ten plagues was Makat Bechorot, where all firstborn Egyptians were killed overnight. We know from Pidyon Haben that a firstborn son, born after a mother had miscarried (after more ...
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Timeline of the 10 plagues in exodus?

Do we have a chronological timeline (with years) of the 10 plagues? I'm trying to recreate a full timeline of the הגדה של פסח for the upcoming holiday, going from the arrival of Jacob and his family ...
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Why there were exactly 10 plagues?

Why did G-d punish the Egyptians with exactly 10 plagues, not less, not more? What is the significance of 10?
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Exodus 11:5 Why the firstborn?

Moses said, "Thus says the LORD, 'About midnight I am going out into the midst of Egypt, and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of the Pharaoh who sits on his throne, ...
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What was wrong with Pharoah?

How מכה after מכה,‎ פרעה could just go and still deny בנ"י the right to leave is preposterous. And maybe you’ll say ה'‏ hardened his heart- but this is only after the last five מכות; the first ...
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Was the fire within each hailstone or within the hailstorm?

Vaera 9:23–24: וַיֵּט משֶׁה אֶת מַטֵּהוּ עַל הַשָּׁמַיִם וַה׳ נָתַן קֹלֹת וּבָרָד וַתִּהֲלַךְ אֵשׁ אָרְצָה וַיַּמְטֵר ה׳ בָּרָד עַל אֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם׃ וַיְהִי בָרָד וְאֵשׁ מִתְלַקַּחַת בְּתוֹךְ ...
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What was the Plague of the Sword?

In the Haggadah you will find the following exegesis of part of Deuteronomy 26:8: וּבִזְרֹעַ נְטוּיָה. זוֹ הַחֶרֶב, כְּמָה שֶּׁנֶּאֱמַר: וְחַרְבּוֹ שְׁלוּפָה בְּיָדוֹ, נְטוּיָה עַל-יְרוּשָלָיִם..&...
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How should one respond after each plague is named during the seder?

In the Haggadah, the Ten Plagues are recited, and a drop of wine is spilled for each one. However, in the Tunisian tradition (and maybe others), after the reader chants each plague, the others ...
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Jews and makkas choshech

I heard someone say that the Jews who didn't want to leave Egypt died during makkos choshech. 1) Does anyone know where the source for this can be found? 2) Did four-fifths our people die during ...
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Why do all of them say that there were 5 times more plagues at the sea, instead of 1.5 times?

In the Haggadah it says: (text from WikiSource) רַבִּי יוֹסֵי הַגְּלִילִי אוֹמֵר: מִנַּיִן אַתָּה אוֹמֵר שֶׁלָּקוּ הַמִּצְרִים בְּמִצְרַיִם עֶשֶׂר מַכּוֹת וְעַל הַיָּם לָקוּ חֲמִשִּׁים מַכּוֹת? ...
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Were there specific locusts in reserve for the 8th plague?

Hashem's instructions to Moshe to bring the locusts reads as follows: וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל משֶׁה נְטֵה יָדְךָ עַל אֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם בָּאַרְבֶּה וכו And Hashem said to Moses, "stretch out your ...