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Questions tagged [plagues-makkos]

The plagues in Egypt preceding the exodus therefrom, as recounted in Exodus and elsewhere

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2answers
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Why didn't the Egyptian people react violently to the Plagues?

The Egyptian people surely knew that the Jewish people were immune to the plagues and many must have suspected that all these catastrophes were happening to them on our account (either through Moshe's ...
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Why was Pharaoh spared? [duplicate]

Pharaoh & many Egyptians were obviously evil men who enslaved our ancestors & foolishly refused to let them go free. Why was Pharaoh spared? As the main villain in this tragedy you’d think he ...
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Why is the word “Makkat” added to 10th plague of Bechorot?

Why does the Haggadah refer only to the 10th plague with "Makkat" and not by the other 9 plagues? :אֵלּוּ עֶשֶׂר מַכּוֹת שֶׁהֵבִיא הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא עַל־הַמִּצְרִים בְּמִצְרַיִם, וְאֵלוּ הֵן ...
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Mnemonic of Rebbi Yehuda

The Haggadah tells us that Rebbi Yehuda came up with a mnemonic for remembering the Ten Plagues: Dtzach Adash B'Achav Why was the mnemonic necessary? It doesn't seem to me to be that difficult to ...
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Question about Shemot, locusts

I have a question that I've asked to multiple rabbis but that remains unanswered: Dear Rabbi:  Question about Parasha. In Exodus 10:19 the locusts enter the Red Sea. What is the connection ...
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Why did pharaoh not want the frogs to be immediately removed?

Why did pharaoh not want the frogs to be immediately removed?Why did he request that they be dealt with "tomorrow"
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“They could have walked out of Egypt” Source?

I have heard on multiple occasions of a Chazal that states something along the lines of: "Had Binei Yisroel merited/been righteous enough, they could have walked out of Egypt." There are a number of ...
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1answer
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Avraham's ten tests and the miracles in Mitzraim

Avos d'Rebbi Nassan* 33 recounts that corresponding to Avraham's ten tests,1 Hashem performed ten miracles for the Bnei Yisrael in Mitzraim2 and struck the Mitzriim with ten makkos, and likewise He ...
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How was Moshe protected by the sand in Egypt?

Moshe does not enact the third plague. Rashi explains that, לֹא הָיָה הֶעָפָר כְּדַאי לִלְקוֹת עַ"יְ מֹשֶׁה, לְפִי שֶׁהֵגֵן עָלָיו כְּשֶׁהָרַג אֶת הַמִּצְרִי וַיִּטְמְנֵהוּ בַּחוֹל, That the dirt ...
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The Plague of Darkness

This is a two fold question 1)The plaque of darkness has considerable commentary, however I have yet to find a rabbi who speaks about what created the darkness. Therefore, What created the darkness ...
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Locusts don't damage Egypt. Really?

Rabenu Chanan'el, in his commentary to Bo 10:19, writes, in part: מעת עתרת משה רבינו עד עכשיו אין ארבה מפסיד בכל גבול מצרים ואם יפול בארץ ישראל ויבא ומכנס בגבול מצרים אינו אוכל מכל יבול הארץ כלום ...
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How did the messengers to Moshe and Aharon manage to get to them through the hail?

During the plague of hailstones, Paroh calls Moshe and Aharon. Shmos 9 (27). וַיִּשְׁלַ֣ח פַּרְעֹ֗ה וַיִּקְרָא֙ לְמֹשֶׁ֣ה וּֽלְאַהֲרֹ֔ן וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֖ם חָטָ֣אתִי הַפָּ֑עַם ה׳ הַצַּדִּ֔יק ...
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Why did the Mitzryim turn water into blood rather than vice versa?

Why didn't the Mitzryim magic makers just take away the blood from the first makkah to prove to Moshe that he was just doing magic and Hashem had nothing to do with it: why did they add blood (Exodus ...
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What happened to the Nile in the week following the first plague?

According to the tosafist R' Yosef Bechor Shor, as cited in answers here and here, the Nile turned to blood only long enough to kill all the fish and then it turned back to water (which was now fouled ...
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Why are the 10 plagues in this specific order?

Is there a specific reason for the sequence of the plagues? Why the plague of blood is followed by the plague of frogs, for example?
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Were Children of Israel killed in the plague of the firstborn?

We know from Torah that all B'nai Israel who: Ate the Passover lamb Did not eat leavening (bread and beer) Were inside at midnight (and stayed inside until morning) Were in a house whose doorposts ...
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3answers
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Why does the Haggadah interpret ביד חזקה as referring to דבר?

Why does the Haggadah interpret ביד חזקה (strong hand) as referring to the plague of דבר (pestilence)? Why don’t the other plagues demonstrate a strong hand?
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what does the first word of shemot 8:7 mean?

Sh'mot 8:7: וְסָרוּ הַצְפַרְדְּעִים, מִמְּךָ וּמִבָּתֶּיךָ, וּמֵעֲבָדֶיךָ, וּמֵעַמֶּךָ: רַק בַּיְאֹר, תִּשָּׁאַרְנָה. Artscroll says it means "depart", implying the frogs will hop away. A few p'...
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What is considered to be “firstborn”?

This is probably a bit pedantic and beside-the-point, but here goes: in Exodus 12 (I am reading the Jewish Publication Society translation), we have: 12 For I will go through the land of Egypt in ...
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Why did G-d choose to punish Egypt with ten plagues, as opposed to another amount?

G-d used ten plagues (blood, frogs, lice, wild animals, pestilence, boils, hail, locusts, darkness, and death of the firstborns) to punish the Egyptians for enslaving the Jewish nation. Why did He ...
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Why is emphasis put on the sparing of the Jewish people at Makas Bechoros more than at any of the other Makos?

Shmos 12:27 --------------- שמות יב כז וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֡ם זֶֽבַח־פֶּ֨סַח ה֜וּא לַֽיהוָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר פָּ֠סַח עַל־בָּתֵּ֤י בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בְּמִצְרַ֔יִם בְּנָגְפּ֥וֹ אֶת־מִצְרַ֖יִם וְאֶת־בָּתֵּ֣ינוּ ...
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Did the Egyptians know that Bnei Yisrael had light during Makas Choshech?

Did the Egyptians knows that Bnei Yisrael had light during Makas Choshech, the plague of darkness?
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After makkas kinnim and makkas shchin, did the respective makkos revert to their original state?

Makkas Kinnim came about by turning the dust of the ground into lice (Shemos 8:12-15). Likewise, Makkas Shchin came about by turning oven ash to boils (Shemos 9:8-12). We know that Makkas Dam, the ...
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What is the current interpretation of “‘arob”, or “עָרוֹב”? [duplicate]

Wikipedia says that the meaning of the phrase "‘arob", or "עָרוֹב", is disputed. I have always been taught it as "flies" - and that's the word used by the NIVUK translation of Exodus 8:21. In the so-...
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Why the Ten Plagues (blood, frogs, lice, etc.) specifically?

Why did G-d specifically choose to punish the Egyptians with the plagues of blood, frogs, lice, wild animals, pestilence, boils, locusts, hail, darkness, and the death of all firstborns?
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Why is every commandment and action in regards to the 10 plagues repeated?

When we read about the 10 plagues everything is repeated twice: once when Hashem commands Moshe and a second time when Moshe executes the plague. The Torah could simply write "and he did so" after ...
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Why (what is the origin) are ALL the plagues in Egypt called Makkot?

In the text of Sh'mot, the 10 "plagues" to which the Egyptians were subjected are described/called different things: Blood is called about because the water was hit (makkeh) by Moshe and Aharon (7:17)...
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Jews and makkas choshech

I heard someone say that the Jews who didn't want to leave Egypt died during makkos choshech. 1) Does anyone know where the source for this can be found? 2) Did four-fifths our people die during ...
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After the first plague, where did Paro's magicians get water to turn to blood?

Sh'mot chapter 7 describes the first plague, with the Nile and all other water turning to blood (except the Israelites' water). Paro's magicians then turn water into blood, which convinces Paro that ...
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Egyptians not turning to their gods?

We read about a couple of "sorcery contests" between Moses and Egyptians, first turning the rods into serpents and then through the first plagues. Some well known facts: Egypt was a land of idol ...
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What kind of blood did the Nile turn into?

One of the ten plagues that Moses unleashes on Egypt in the Book of Exodus is to make the Nile river run red with blood (Exodus 7:20). My question is, is there any information, either in the Torah ...
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Why do all of them say that there were 5 times more plagues at the sea, instead of 1.5 times?

In the Haggadah it says: (text from WikiSource) רַבִּי יוֹסֵי הַגְּלִילִי אוֹמֵר: מִנַּיִן אַתָּה אוֹמֵר שֶׁלָּקוּ הַמִּצְרִים בְּמִצְרַיִם עֶשֶׂר מַכּוֹת וְעַל הַיָּם לָקוּ חֲמִשִּׁים מַכּוֹת? ...
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אצבע אלוקים היא - *how* many? [duplicate]

We all know the part of the seder in which we talk about how many makot were part of an אצבע (10) and how many were part of a יד (50). But wait a minute. The phrase אצבע אלוקים היא was not told at ...
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Is one allowed to drink from the wine spilled out of the cup at the Makkos?

It is a widespread minhag that during the mention of the makkos at the Seder one should either spill out wine or dip a finger into the cup and put it to the side. I have heard that one should not ...
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Why should God punish the firstborn of another nation that was in Egypt?

The Pasuk describes the victims of the plague of the firstborn as follows: It came to pass at midnight, and the Lord smote every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who ...
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1answer
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Connection of the 10 plagues to the 10 sayings used to create the world

I have read in the name of the Vilna Gaon that the 10 plagues were corresponding to the 10 sayings God used to create the world (dont know the exact source). Thus the slaying of the first born ...
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1answer
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The Jews Dying in the Plague of Darkness

Rashi writes that one of the reasons for the plague of darkness was so that all of the wicked Jews who did not want to leave Mitzrayim could be killed and the Mitzrim would not say the Jews are also ...
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What were the 300 plagues of the Exodus?

The הגדה says: במצרים לקו חמשים מכות, ועל הים לקו חמשים ומאתים מכות In Egypt, they were struck with 50 plagues, and by the Sea [of Reeds], they were struck with 250 plagues What were ...
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2.4 million killed according to Rashi in B'shalach. Why does no one talk about it?

In the begining of Parshat B'shalach, Rashi says that one p'shat for "Vachamushim" means one fifth, because during Makas Choshech, 4 out of 5 were killed out, and it happened during the time it was ...
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How did they breathe during the plague of darkness?

Despite some great answers to The Plague of Darkness and Plague of darkness: if he was standing, he was unable to sit? I still have a question. If the darkness was so thick that they couldn't move, ...
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Paroh Refuses in Different Words

(All Pesukim cited are in Shemos.) 7:3: "I will 'kasheh' Paroh's heart." 7:13 (after the staffs turning into snakes): "Paroh's heart was 'yechazeik'." 7:22 (Dam): "Paroh's heart was 'yechazeik'." 8:...
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Why is there a number switch in the names of the plagues?

In the makkot, there seems to be inconsistency in terms of the number-title of the plagues. One of the words is in the singular (tz'farde'a, frog) while the one after it is in the plural, kinim, lice. ...
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Paroh Doesn't Listen in Different Words

(All Pesukim cited are in Shemos.) 7:4: "Paroh will not listen to you." 7:13 (after the staffs turning into snakes): "He did not listen to them." 7:22 (Dam): "He did not listen to them." 8:11 (...
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Cover the Earth and you will not see

Why by the Locusts does it use the repetitive language: I will cover the eye of the land and you will not see it, if it is covered of course you can not see it? וְכִסָּה אֶת עֵין הָאָרֶץ וְלֹא יוּכַל ...
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Why is every 3rd plague (of the 10 brought on Pharoah) unannounced?

It seems like Moshe warned Pharoah of every plague except the 3rd (lice), 6th (boils) and 9th (darkness). Why is that? Is there something special about these plagues?
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Makkas Dam; monetary exchange

Midrash Rabbah describes how the Jews in Egypt became wealthy through the plague of blood by selling their water to the Egyptians who were desperate. This may be a thought experiment as I haven't seen ...
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1answer
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How did the Egyptians who didn't fear Hashem have animals?

To address the question of how the Egyptians had any animals after Dever, Rashi (9:10) quotes the Mechilta ואם תאמר מאין היו להם הבהמות והלא כבר נאמר (פסוק ו) וימת כל מקנה מצרים, אלא לא נגזרה גזרה ...
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hail and fire in Egypt

The posuk says, ''There was hail and fire flaming amid the hail'' [Shemos 9:24]. Does anyone know what day the hail and fire fell in Egypt? (i.e. Sunday, Monday or Tuesday etc.)
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Why wasn't Pharoah allowed a chance to “repent” before the last plague (death of 1st born)?

Follow up to Why is every 3rd plague unannounced We see that in the warning, Moses uses the phrase, "Send my people and they shall worship me." There is a warning about the 10th plague. But, here, ...
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1answer
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Did Moshe know beforehand that there would be 10 plagues?

I was wondering whether, before the first time Moshe went to Pharaoh, he knew that there would be 10 plagues, and what they would be.