Questions tagged [pentateuch-chumash]

Questions pertaining to the Five Books of Moses (Chumash)

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10
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1answer
618 views

First use of modern names for books of Torah

Today, it is common practice to use Bereshis, Shemos, Vayikra, Bamidbar, Devarim as the names of the five books of the Torah, but this was not always the case. As an example, the Talmud refers to ...
4
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1answer
234 views

Who killed Nimrod?

I used to think that Esav killed Nimrod and took the special garment that was originally Adam Harishon's. (Is this a Midrash?) But now I'm wondering if Avraham Avinu and Eliezer killed Nimrod during ...
4
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2answers
240 views

Chumash that is numbered according to Petuchot and Setumot?

Traditionally, the Torah is divided into paragraphs and sub-paragraphs graphically and is seen as being meaningfully categorized as such. As the Rambam codifies, the validity of a Torah scroll is ...
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2answers
211 views

Chumash Translated into Old Persian?

Was the Chumash ever translated into Old Persian or Avestan? If not what about any other parts of the Tanach?
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0answers
207 views

Was the world created for the sake of Bikkurim or Torah?

I was reading Let There Be Rain and on page 8 it says the following: "The world was created for the sake of the mitzvah of bikkurim,..." (Shemos 34:26) Yet the Tikkunei Zohar [78b] and Bereishis ...
6
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2answers
334 views

Yocheved is the daughter of who?

So Yocheved, as it is known, is the wife of Amram,mother of Moshe Rabbeinu, Aharon HaCohen, and Miriam the prophetess, peace be on them. And Yocheved, like Amram, is from the Tribe of Levi. Amram is ...
2
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0answers
47 views

Expressing benefit in the Pentateuch

Regarding the prohibition of deriving benefit from a murderous animal (shor haniskal), the gemara (e.g. Bava Kamma 41a) suggests (in an initial interpretation) that, from the fact that the Torah uses ...
16
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9answers
3k views

Why is there no description of Olam Haba in the Torah?

According to the beginning of the Mesilas Yesharim, the entire purpose of creation is for man to merit Olam Haba (the bliss of the next world). If so, why is there no mention nor description of Olam ...
1
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1answer
69 views

How is “Between the Evenings” Interpreted in the Aramaic Targums?

Shemot 12:6, (Exodus) - והיה לכם למשמרת עד ארבעה עשר יום לחדש הזה ושחטו אתו כל קהל עדת־ישראל בין הערבים [Between the Evenings]׃ Could someone help provide references from the Targums, (Jonathan, ...
2
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1answer
165 views

What to remove from a generic chumash to get only the letters as found in the torah scroll?

I am writing a program to do various computations with the Torah. To do this I need to remove all punctuation, spaces and other notations. I have removed the (פ) breaks and all non-Hebrew letters (...
4
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0answers
247 views

Reading Mishnah Torah on Hoshana Rabba

There is a minhag that many have to read in shul from a Sefer Torah the entire Chumash of Davarim on the night of Hoshanah Rabbah. What is the first makor (source) for this minhag and what is the ...
4
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1answer
797 views

How and exactly when was the Torah canonized and by whom

I had read in the bible that Prophet Moses received the 10 commandments on a tablet and there was also some other revelations which were not nailed on the tablet which constitute the Torah. Hence I ...
0
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2answers
3k views

Why do the Jews not live strictly by Moses' law? [duplicate]

The books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy contain a very strict and specific set of laws. Why don't modern Jews live as strictly to the scriptures and the ancient Israelites did?
3
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1answer
273 views

Is a vav before a verb in the Chumash always a tense changer?

I know that the vav before a noun can be a vav hachibur (cf http://www.torahmusings.com/2012/12/on-the-prefix-vav/) but in front of a verb it changes tense (past to future and vice versa) and may or ...
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0answers
49 views

How many Pesukim in the Tora warn against Idolatry?

A fellow teacher wishes to present to their class the severity of Idol Worship. They thought it may be impactful if they presented to the class how many Pesukim warn against Idol Worship. Perhaps ...
1
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2answers
164 views

Torah out of order and the resurrection

I remember reading once that the Torah (Pentateuch) is not in the correct order and if someone knew the correct order he would have the ability to do techias hameisim (resurrection). The exact ...
4
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5answers
5k views

Is it true that every 50th letter of the Hebrew Pentateuch text spells the word “Torah”?

According to some online sources, if you take every 50th letter of the first two books of the Torah, you'll end up with a repetition of the word "Torah". And the same applies but backwards for the 4th ...
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1answer
121 views

Why the term “Lord God” in Genesis 2–4?

We sometimes see the term "YHVH Elohim", like in Genesis 2-4. I don't understand why it doesn't just say one or the other, like in many other places in the torah. According to the Documentary ...
-1
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1answer
351 views

Abram's worship of El Elyon [closed]

In Genesis 14:18-20 Abram recognizes the deity El Elyon of the Jebusite monarch Melchizedek. Some scholars have investigated into the meaning of this name El Elyon and propose that it actually ...
9
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3answers
254 views

Why did Hashem start the Torah with a story?

Why did Hashem start the Torah with a story?
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0answers
41 views

Why does the Torah write the 3rd person fem. pronoun as הוא? [duplicate]

Other than it being Massoretic, is there a reason as to why, in most cases, (See Avot Derabbi Natan 42:5 for list of exceptions) the Torah chooses to write the word for the fem. 3rd person as הוא ...
1
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1answer
958 views

Verse, word and letter statistics for Genesis

I'm trying to find out correct verse, word and letter statistics for Genesis. Some sources say that Genesis should have: 1533 or 1534 verses 20614 words 76064 letters I'm not totally aware where ...
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1answer
211 views

Did Judaism get the verse in the Torah that says man and man and woman and women should not lay with one another from the Vendidad [duplicate]

It says in the Vendidad : The man that lies with mankind as man lies with womankind, or as woman lies with mankind, is a man that is a Daeva [demon]; this man is a worshipper of the Daevas, a male ...
10
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1answer
309 views

What happened with Nadav and Avihu?

Regarding the death of Nadav and Avihu, the Torah says it happened when they brought a foreign / unauthorized fire into the Mishkan. Concerning their death, Rashi brings up Rabbi Eliezer's opinion ...
5
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1answer
236 views

Chumash with Shoresh highlighted

I remember seeing a Chumash that showed the shoresh highlighted for every word, does anyone know what this Chumash is called (and where it can be purchased)?
8
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2answers
255 views

(Ki) Ani Hashem Elokeihem

Twenty-seven times (by my count) in Torah and in Ezekiel, we find the phrase אני ה׳ אלקיכם or אני ה׳ אלקיהם at the end of a pasuk (for example, Lev 25:55). In eight of these cases, the phrase is ...
4
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2answers
990 views

What word is in the middle of the Torah?

The Torah has 304,805 letters and different counts of words (such as 79,976 words). The first word is Bereshit and the last is Israel. I was just wondering (no real reason, just for curiosity): What ...
23
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2answers
1k views

Translation to Greek

I just read in parashat ki tavo that the torah was translated into 70 languages and written on giant stones, yet the talmud says the translation of the torah to Greek many years later was considered a ...
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3answers
390 views

Where can I buy a Chumash with Rashi in English?

Does anyone know where I could get a complete Chumash with Rashi's commentary in English?
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2answers
86 views

Why is תורה sometimes written תורת?

Why is Torah sometimes written in the Torah with a "ת" at the end instead of an "ה"?
2
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1answer
88 views

Why are Talmudical hermeneutics necessary to understand Torah Law? [duplicate]

Most books are written in such a way that everything that the author wants to communicate is spelled out clearly. The Torah is not such a book. Talmudical hermeneutics (for instance, the 13 rules of ...
12
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3answers
1k views

What is the “book of the law” mentioned in Joshua 1?

Specifically, Joshua 1:8: Joshua 1:8 (JPS) 8  This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth, but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do ...
5
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2answers
308 views

Were Esav, Yishmael, and Nimrod Evildoers?

This question asserts that Ishmael was an evildoer (rasha). However, based on a simple (p'shat) reading of the relevant texts (in Genesis), neither he nor Esau nor Nimrod appear to do anything "evil."...
2
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1answer
120 views

Are there any Yiddish Peruishim on the Parsha?

Are there any Yiddish Perushim on the Parsha? I am aware of the Tzena U'Reana,the Chumash Beis Yehuda which is a Yiddish Translation of Rashi and of the Lubavitcher Rebbe's Sichos written in Yiddish ...
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0answers
41 views

How do we know that word of the torah has been kept the same over generations? [duplicate]

Can we guarantee this text has not been significantly altered in any way? What is the evidence which supports its preservation?
2
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1answer
185 views

Rashi says word is redundant

In Genesis 43:11 Rashi's commentary on אֵפוֹא is then: Heb. אֵפוֹא. This is a redundant word, used for stylistic purposes in the Hebrew I was under the impression that the Torah is concise to the ...
1
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2answers
80 views

Do “blind” and “housebound” define death?

In Rashi on Bereishit 28:13, there is an explanation as to why the text speaks of "the God of Isaac" even though Isaac is still alive. {text and translation from Chabad] } ואלהי יצחק: אף על פי שלא ...
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0answers
79 views

Implication of uncertain letters in the Torah

I learned that there are a number of uncertain letters in the written Torah This article lists 12 (counts vary). (1) Bereishit 4:13 "Mineso" (E&T w/o Vav) (2) Bereishit 7:11 "Ma'ayanos (E&...
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4answers
1k views

Is the Messiah mentioned in the Torah?

The coming of the Messiah is a fundamental part of Judaism. But is it even mentioned in the Pentateuch? I've never studied any Perashah that talks about this. And if it isn't, why is it so important?
6
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4answers
667 views

Why is the birth of twins a Chidush for Rivka?

Background: In Parshat Toldot, Rivka conceives and is troubled by the discomfort. She goes to ask Hashem and it is explained to her that 2 nations are struggling within her, so she already knows that ...
5
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1answer
60 views

Why does the text become impersonal?

When Avraham goes to Kiryat Arba from Be'er Sheva (as per Rashi, Bereishit 23:2) or just goes from no where else (Rashbam) to eulogize and mourn Sarah's passing, the text names Sarah (twice, once ...
4
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2answers
116 views

Can someone explain the idea that God “created the world with the Torah”?

Can anyone explain the idea that God "created the world with the Torah," an idea that apparently has a long heritage, such that it does not appear to be the crazy bizarre notion that it seems to me ...
2
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1answer
57 views

מועדים וחגים what's the difference?

What is the difference and why does the Torah give two terms when its talks about the Jewish holidays? מועדים וחגים. I want to know a halachic difference not a kabbalistic meaning.
3
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2answers
101 views

Nature of revelation and inspiration received by Moses?

I'm an outsider to Judaism trying to understand the nature of revelation, in particular the revelation that is Torah. So far I've learned that God spoke to Moses (puh) - in the literal sense - and ...
2
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0answers
85 views

Any more 'daughters of God'?

As far as I have been able to ascertain, there were only two individuals explicitly referred to as a "daughter of God" or had God refer to them as "My daughter": Batya/Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh,...
5
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2answers
5k views

Is there an English translation online of the Ramban on Chumash?

The title pretty much says it- I'm looking for an English translation of the Ramban on Chumash online (preferably for free).
1
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1answer
67 views

צידה vs צָיִד? kri ksiv

What is the reason for the kri ksiv in 'בראשית פרק כ''ז פסוק ג, in which the ksiv is צידה but the kri צָיִד? See http://www.mechon-mamre.org/i/t/t0127.htm I would like to know the reason for how the ...
0
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1answer
55 views

ויישם vs וַיּוּשָׂם

What is the reason for the kri ksiv in בראשית פרק כ''ד פסוק ל''ג, in which the ksiv is ויישם but the kri וַיּוּשַׂם? I would like to know the reason for how the ksiv fits in to the pasuk and how the ...
3
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1answer
214 views

Were the “ending” Hebrew letters (kaf, mem, nun. peh and tzadi) used in the original version of the Torah given at Mt. Sinai?

I have heard that the original Torah that Moshe Rabbeinu wrote, being dictated by Hashem, had no spaces, and that they were added in later. In the original Torah, were the final letters (ךםןףץ) ...
1
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3answers
120 views

Why didn't the Ten Martyrs answer differently?

Without arguing either the historicity or the historical accuracy of the midrash of Eleh Ezkerah, the 10 Martyrs, I am wondering about the details of the story as told. According to the version on ...