Questions tagged [pentateuch-chumash]

Questions pertaining to the Five Books of Moses (Chumash)

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6
votes
1answer
109 views

When beseeching God, why does the kohein gadol appeal to “the torah of Moshe” and not directly to “your torah”?

Yoma 6:2 reports what the kohein gadol says over the goat to be offered: “Please, ‘Hashem’! They have done wrong, they have transgressed, they have sinned before You, Your people the House of ...
3
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0answers
37 views

Why didn't Moshe apply the rule that stam mittah in the Torah, if not specified otherwise, is henek?

Rashi explains (14:34) that Moshe knew that the "mekoshesh eitzim" was mehuyav mittah, but he didn't know which one because it wasn't said anywhere befeirush.  Why didn't Moshe apply the rule that ...
8
votes
2answers
364 views

Why is the Torah written in third person?

I firmly believe that G-d made the Torah, but I wonder why He refers to himself in the third person, while the Ten Commandments are in the first person?
1
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1answer
82 views

Razor used by Leviyim, Nezirim and Lepers

וְכֹֽה־תַעֲשֶׂ֤ה לָהֶם֙ לְטַֽהֲרָ֔ם הַזֵּ֥ה עֲלֵיהֶ֖ם מֵ֣י חַטָּ֑את וְהֶעֱבִ֤ירוּ תַ֙עַר֙ עַל־כָּל־בְּשָׂרָ֔ם וְכִבְּס֥וּ בִגְדֵיהֶ֖ם וְהִטֶּהָֽרוּ׃ This is what you shall do to them, to purify them; ...
1
vote
3answers
105 views

Origin of Chumashim (“unholy” Torahs)

Torah says many times that we're obligated to write Torah scrolls, read them in public and study them. Writing a Kosher Torah scroll while following all the requirements (parchment, ink, intentions, ...
8
votes
4answers
648 views

Why is Techiyas HaMeisim not explicitly mentioned in the Torah?

Since believing that Techiyas HaMeisim is part of the Torah is a fundamental of Judaism (Mishna Sanhedrin Perek HaChelek, although the Rambam Hilchos Teshuva Chapter 3 doesn't emphasize the believing ...
2
votes
1answer
410 views

Rashi's explanation of B'etzem Hayom Hazeh

In Devarim, 32:48, the pasuk uses the phrase בְּעֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה (on that very day). Rashi there comments בשלשה מקומות נאמר בעצם היום הזה, (: Heb. בְּעֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה. In three places ...
-3
votes
1answer
89 views

Why do we use the term “Jew” or “Jewish” when referencing people in the Torah/Chumash passages?

Why do we use the term "Jew" or "Jewish" when referencing people in the Torah/Chumash passages? In the Torah (the Chumash), the "children of Israel" are called just that "בני ישראל" or Israelite. ...
4
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2answers
117 views

What was Rachel expecting to be her fate when she let Leah marry Yaakov?

From what I understand from The Midrash Says, Rachel knew she was in-line to marry Yaakov, and Leah was supposed to marry Esav. And that's why Leah cried a lot. When Rachel allowed Leah to marry ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Online chumash with kometz katans indicated

Is there a free site online that has a chumash online with kamatz katans indicated?
10
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4answers
316 views

What is the reason for שנים מקרא ואחד תרגום?

The gemara in Berachos 8a-b states: אמר רב הונא בר יהודה אמר רבי אמי לעולם ישלים אדם פרשיותיו עם הצבור שנים מקרא ואחד תרגום [...] שכל המשלים פרשיותיו עם הצבור מאריכין לו ימיו ושנותיו Rav ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the total amount and count of pesukim in the Torah?

After much research, both on Israeli websites (here) and other locations, I have yet to figure out what the total amount of pesukim there are in the Torah. I've even physically counted the pesukim in ...
24
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9answers
1k views

After chumashim with notes and Rashi, what's the next torah commentary I should acquire and study?

When I read the torah text (parsha or otherwise) I currently use a couple of chumashim with notes, and Rashi. I know some Hebrew but am not fluent. I'm ready to stretch beyond what I'm reading now ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

Hashem referred as Hamelech in Torah

In Megillah Esther it is said that the word Hamelech is a indirect reference to Hashem. Is there a word Hamelech or Melech in the Torah that is a reference to Hashem? Only in the five Books of ...
0
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0answers
29 views

5 or 6 - Written vs Oral Torah (Z"A vs Malchus)

This question is intended only for those familiar with some basic Kabbalistic concepts. As we know (from יהו"ה), that ו (Vav, number 6) stands for Z"A (masculine) and ה (He, number 5) stands for ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Pocket Chumash recommendations

I'm looking for a new pocket Chumash to keep in my tallis bag for following along during leining. While there are a few features I'd like, but I'm fairly loose on some of them, if not all are ...
3
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5answers
623 views

Which Chumash has the most meforshim?

What sefer (prob Mikraos Gedolos) has the most meforshim in it?
7
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0answers
107 views

Why do most Chumashim mark the end of a Sidra with 3 parsha markings?

With the exception of the end of Vayigash, every Sidrah (Shabbat weekly Torah reading) ends at a parsha (paragraph end.) When there is a parsha end in the middle of the sidrah, Chumashim use a single ...
5
votes
1answer
119 views

What do the different terms for “judges” indicate?

In a few places in the chumash, the word "elohim" is translated as "judges". Rashi does this on Bereishit 6:2 and many meforshim do this on the uses in Shemot (such as in 22:7 and 8) saying that the ...
1
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3answers
191 views

Sefer Devarim not part of the original Torah?

I've been told by a few separate people that Sefer Devarim (as evidenced by historians' accounts and the stylistic differences between it and the other 4 books of Torah) was in fact written at a later ...
-2
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1answer
338 views

How the irrational number Pi can be derived from the Torah?

Some traditions say, based on the Gemmorah in Taanis 9a (also מדרש רבה נשא י' ו', זוהר פנחס רכ"א א, and more): "ליכא מידי דלא רמיזא באורייתא" (Is there anything that is written in the Writings that ...
12
votes
3answers
529 views

Potential issue with Theory on Divine Origins of Judaism?

The core of a theory is that since Judaism is based on events witnessed by something like 3,000,000 Jews, it is true, while other religions rely on an individual or a few individuals who experienced a ...
0
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1answer
59 views

Torah Hebrew calligraphy [closed]

I want to know what was the calligraphy used in the first Torah manuscript? I searched Google but found no answer.
2
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0answers
89 views

What was given on Mt. Sinai at each of the 40-day intervals

It's known that Moshe was on the mountain for 120 days and nights total, although I personally am not sure exactly what was given when. (I'm aware of this question How is the story of the Torah being ...
1
vote
1answer
289 views

How many letters are there in Tanach? [duplicate]

Although I know how many letters there are in the five books of the Torah, 304,805, I do not know how many letters there are in Neviim and Kesuvim. So, my question is, "How many letters are there in ...
6
votes
2answers
125 views

Was Esav originally destined to be the fourth of the Avos?

I think I heard that Esav and Yaakov were supposed to be like Yissachar and Zevulun; partnering together in Avodas HaShem. So then would both have become our Avos? I'm interested in the earliest ...
5
votes
3answers
432 views

What sources try to rectify the difference in the actual vs 600K letters in the Torah?

The New Zohar Shir Hashirim 658 זוהר חדש, שיר השירים, תרנ"ח is [seemingly] the first reference to the number of 600K (ס' רבוא) letters of the Torah corresponding to all the Jews (at least in the ...
1
vote
2answers
359 views

Why does Orthodoxy hold that the Torah has not changed?

King David c. 1040–970 BCE, indeed any of the ancient Jewish kings, if presented with a modern Sefer Torah would not have been able to read it. The masoretic text we now have, written between the 7th ...
2
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1answer
150 views

One Volume Chumash with Rashi Menukad

I'm looking for a new Chumash for school. I want it to be one volume, with Rashi menukad. Does anyone have a suggestion?
15
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4answers
1k views

Is there a place for the documentary-hypothesis in observant Judaism?

The documentary-hypothesis implies that Moses wasn't the writer of the Torah verbatim, but he could have transmitted it before it was written down. Evidence in the text shows several sources and that ...
4
votes
3answers
269 views

How should we understand the Torah’s comparison of a tree to a “man”? What message is the Torah trying to convey?

Deuteronomy 20:19 (19) When in your war against a city you have to besiege it a long time in order to capture it, you must not destroy its trees, wielding the ax against them. Because you will eat ...
1
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0answers
20 views

What is special in “2000 ama” that it have the unique note [duplicate]

What is special in the words "2000 ama" in the verce numbers 35.5 that is has a conitasinal note that is unique in thw chumash (only found once) Onther places in the bible that it is found (במדבר לה ...
6
votes
5answers
339 views

Who said that little Tzfardeaim jumped out of the big one's mouth?

Who said that little Tzfardeaim jumped out of the big one's mouth? As far as I can tell, the gemara in Sanhedrin, as well as all of the mainstream medrashim, use a lashon of וישרצו, which, as Rashi ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Division of Parasha into seven Aliyos [duplicate]

Who is the author of the marks dividing Parashios into seven aliyos found today in almost all chumashim? Notes: The halacha (Mishna in Megillah 21a, Shulchan Aruch OC 135) prescribes that 7 people ...
3
votes
4answers
360 views

Why is Avraham's monotheism not mentioned in the torah?

One of the more famous achievements of Avraham was his discovery in a single God. However there is no mention of this accomplishment anywhere in the Torah. In fact there is no conclusive proof that he ...
-2
votes
2answers
166 views

Why arent the bartenura and the tur haaroch commentaries on chumash quoted/printed more? [closed]

I just recently discovered two interesting commentaries on the chumash on sefaria Tur haaroch Bartenura on the chumash I guess my question is why havent I seen them before. I have never seen either ...
5
votes
2answers
300 views

Rabbinic understandings of non-Divine origin of Onqelos

Shavua' tov all, A question from a friend that I thought I would post here regarding the origin of Onqelos. It seems fair to say that the classical rabbinic understanding is that the Aramaic ...
11
votes
10answers
2k views

Are there unnecessary words in torah?

I've been taught, often enough that I thought it was universal, that there are no unnecessary words in torah (chumash) — every word is there to teach us something. I've seen plenty of discussions in ...
4
votes
2answers
153 views

Authenticity of Rosh's commentary to Torah

What do different sources state regarding the authenticity of the commentary to the Torah attributed to Rosh? I remember seeing people claiming that it is missatributed. If I recall, the suggested ...
4
votes
1answer
236 views

Why did Shifrah give Moses back to Pharaoh's daughter?

Parashat Shemot, Chapter 2, states: וַתַּ֥הַר הָאִשָּׁ֖ה וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֑ן וַתֵּ֤רֶא אֹתוֹ֙ כִּי־ט֣וֹב ה֔וּא וַֽתִּצְפְּנֵ֖הוּ שְׁלֹשָׁ֥ה יְרָחִֽים׃ ג וְלֹא־יָכְלָ֣ה עוֹד֮ הַצְּפִינוֹ֒ ...
14
votes
3answers
379 views

What does the aramaic “pon” mean?

Once in a while, Onkelos will throw in the word pon (פּוֹן) that doesn't directly translate from the Hebrew. Avimelech to Yitzchak: k'z'eir pon shachiv d'm'yached b'ama (Toldos 26:10) Lavan to Yaakov:...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

The figure of “your enemy” in Exodus 23:4-5 according to Jewish Tradition

I am an Italian son of Noah. How does the majority Jewish tradition interpret the figure of "your enemy" mentioned in Exodus 23:4-5? "If you come upon your enemy's bull or his stray donkey, you ...
6
votes
1answer
198 views

Does Jewish tradition report a narrative on what happened to the original manuscript of the Pentateuch?

I'm an Italian gentile believer in HaShem, who commits himself to observe the Noahide Laws, as commanded by the Creator in the Torah. If I'm not mistaken, according to Jewish sources, the Pentateuch ...
7
votes
3answers
362 views

Why do Jews believe the entire Torah, as opposed to parts or most, was given by God to Moses?

It is the Rambam's 8th Principle of Faith that the entire Torah (possibly except the last several verses) was dictated by God to Moses. Why do we believe that? Why, for example, can't we say that the ...
5
votes
0answers
132 views

When did Bliha and Zilpah die?

I heard that Seder Olam Rabbah writes that both Rachel and Leah had already passed away by the time of twenty two years after Yaakov married them. We wanted to know if there are any sources when Bilha ...
10
votes
1answer
278 views

Why is it common for the people in the chumash to name every place they pass?

It seems pretty arbitrary, but in many cases in the Chumash, we find our patriarchs, Moses, etc, name places they pass based on some action that took place there. Is there any additional meaning to ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

When was Yitzchok supposed to be born?

In Parshas Vayeira, there is the Besurah of the birth of Yitzchok in the coming year: לַמּוֹעֵ֞ד אָשׁ֥וּב אֵלֶ֛יךָ כָּעֵ֥ת חַיָּ֖ה וּלְשָׂרָ֥ה בֵֽן This means exactly one year later to the day, as ...
10
votes
1answer
300 views

Are there traditional Orthodox websites that counter thetorah.com?

thetorah.com promotes arguments for the view that the Torah (and other books of Tanach) were written by multiple authors over a long period of time. They do this while still seeing themselves under ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

What does the phrase וַיִּשָּׂ֨א …אֶת־עֵינָ֗יו mean? [duplicate]

In parshas lech lecha, when lot's shepherds aren't getting along with Avraham's and is given the ultimatium of deciding where he wants to go, his decision is illustrated by the pasuk (יג:י). ...
10
votes
1answer
618 views

First use of modern names for books of Torah

Today, it is common practice to use Bereshis, Shemos, Vayikra, Bamidbar, Devarim as the names of the five books of the Torah, but this was not always the case. As an example, the Talmud refers to ...