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Questions tagged [passover-seder-hagada]

The seder (ceremonial meal of the first night or two of Passover) and the haggadah (text used at that meal).

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Why does the piyut of Dayenu in the Haggadah shel Pesah say “Ilu he'echilanu et hamann” before “Ilu natan lanu et HaShabat?”

Bnei Yisrael were given hok umishpat at Marah.  Rashi explains that they were given a few mitzvot, including Shabbat. Afterwards, when they got to Eilim, they were given the mann.  Why then, does the ...
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What is the modern Jewish interpretation of Exodus 12:11?

I'm not Jewish, so please forgive me if my question sounds ignorant. My understanding is that in modern Judaism, the Passover meal is eaten sitting rather than standing. However, this seems to ...
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Why is emphasis put on the sparing of the Jewish people at Makas Bechoros more than at any of the other Makos?

Shmos 12:27 --------------- שמות יב כז וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֡ם זֶֽבַח־פֶּ֨סַח ה֜וּא לַֽיהוָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר פָּ֠סַח עַל־בָּתֵּ֤י בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בְּמִצְרַ֔יִם בְּנָגְפּ֥וֹ אֶת־מִצְרַ֖יִם וְאֶת־בָּתֵּ֣ינוּ ...
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Putting sefiras haomer in nirtzah

Some haggados print sefiras haomer for the second night (outside Israel) at some point in Nirtzah, for people who didn't already count during Maariv. I've seen it after חסל סדור פסח, after אדיר הוא, ...
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Why isn't the bracha “Al Achillat Matzah” said before eating the Afikoman?

Follow up to this answer. Excerpt (my bolding, here): According to Rashi and the Rashbam: The main Matza and Maror were eaten right at the end together with the kezayit piece of Pesach lamb/...
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Is the Afikoman meant to be a substitute for Korban Pesach?

I don't recall, offhand, what the purpose of the Afikoman is. Is it supposed to "represent" the Pesach sacrifice? If so - I'm curious about a common instruction I see in many Hagaddot. It says that ...
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Why do we quote the story of Rav Elazar Ben Azaryah in the Haggadah?

In the Haggadah, following the story of the five sages in Benei Berak, we quote the following Mishna (Brachos 1:5) אמר רבי אלעזר בן עזריה: הרי אני כבן שבעים שנה, ולא זכיתי שתיאמר יציאת מצרים ...
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My family uses tomatoes for karpas, is there a mekor for using tomatoes for karpas?

My family minhag is to use tomatoes for karpas, what is the mekor for this and do any of you guys on miyodeya use tomatoes for karpas as well.
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Why did we deserve 400 years?

After Avraham's mistake of asking "How will I know?" (Nedarim 32a - ושמואל אמר מפני שהפריז על מדותיו של הקב"ה שנאמר במה אדע כי אירשנה), his great grandchildren needed 400 years of slavery. ...
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Gebrocht how does an old person eat matza on seder night

If someone (e.g old people) can't eat a kzais (about 20 grams this is according to volume) of matza on seder night (within the required amount of time) because its too dry one usually wets it to make ...
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How can we not say an after bracha on Kiddush wine during the seder

The Shulchan Aruch (OC 473:2) rules that after the first cup at the seder, one doesn't make an after bracha. The Mishnah Berurah (s.k. 11) explains that we rely on benching after the meal to cover it, ...
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Where do the “plague comparison” paragraphs in the Hagadah come from?

In the Hagadah after enumerating the plagues, there are 3 paragraphs deriving the number of plagues in Egypt and at the Sea of Reeds - by Rabbi Yosi Haglili, Rabbi Eliezer and Rabbi Akiva. What's the ...
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I heard that some old Haggadot originally had the passuk “ויבאנו אל המקום הזה” with an explanation. Where could I find this original text?

Included in Haggada with drash אֲרַמִּי אֹבֵד אָבִי, וַיֵּרֶד מִצְרַיְמָה, וַיָּגָר שָׁם בִּמְתֵי מְעָט; וַיְהִי-שָׁם, לְגוֹי גָּדוֹל עָצוּם וָרָב. ו וַיָּרֵעוּ אֹתָנוּ הַמִּצְרִים, וַיְעַנּוּנוּ; ...
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Avos vs. the Hagada on plague counts

My son asks: The Hagada mentions, toward the end of Magid, three opinions on how many plagues the Egyptians suffered in Egypt and on the Red Sea: R' Yose Haglili: 10 and 50 R' Eliezzer: 40 and 200 R'...
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Ma Nishtana: Why does it say “On other nights we don't dip even once?”

Rav CF ben DanF omeir ... Mah Nishtanah says that on all other nights of the year, we don't dip even once. My son says, "That's not quite true. On Shabbat (and some people do it at each meal), people ...
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Yahatz as a step in the Seder

When did Yahatz, as a ceremonial breaking of a specific piece of matzah, become a part of the Seder? In the Gemara (Pesachim 115b), there's a discussion of what it means for matzah to be "lehem oni", ...
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Seeking more seder skit ideas for kids [duplicate]

Some past posts have provided a few suggestions for skit topics for children at the seder (e.g., acting out the 10 plagues, acting out the exodus). I am seeking additional seder skit ideas, both ...
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Is there such a thing as a kosher replacement for the egg on the Pesach plate?

Is there such a thing as a kosher replacement for the egg on the Pesach plate? I just don't like an invited guest making a comparison to the Easter egg.
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Sources about door-opening at the Seder

In Would there be anything wrong with opening the door earlier at the seder?, the OP lists two possible reasons for opening the door at the Seder, neither of which has any solid sourcing mentioned in ...
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Would there be anything wrong with opening the door earlier at the seder?

We open the door at Shfoch chamatcha. I have heard that it is to invite Eliyahu, or to show a lack of worry on a leil shimurim. But would it be acceptable to open the door before ha lachma anya, when ...
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Who wrote “Dayenu”?

Wikipedia says that the song first appears in 9th Century Seder Rav Amram. I don't have access to that Sefer, and I couldn't locate anything about who wrote this. Was it Rav Amram, himself, or someone ...
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Section of the Zohar before Magid — English Translation

At the Pesach Seder, before Magid, some say the portion from the Zohar "פקודא בתר דא". Where can I find an English translation of this?
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Purpose of nice vessels at the seder

The Shulchan Aruch (OC 472:2) rules like the Tur that one should have nice vessels at the seder. The Gra s.k. 3 writes: שזהו בכלל דרך חירות This is included in the way of cheirus (freedom) ...
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Salt Water With Karpas

Why do some specifically use saltwater at the seder for karpas? NOTE: Rav Shraga Simmons suggests the common answer that it resembles our tears in Egypt, but I haven't seen any commentators offer ...
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Does my uncircumcised friend still needs to be circumcised in order to join the meal for Pesach?

The Korban Pesach was made to be able to keep a meal in order to hold a celebration which serves as a remembrance (Shemot 12:14, 16). A remembrance of the moment we took a lamb and used it's blood to ...
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why does the ma nishtana say we dip 2 times when we actually dip 3 times?

In the current standard text of the ma nishtana it states that at the seder we dip twice. But according to my count we dip three times, Karpas, Marror and Korech (either the whole sandwhich or just ...
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Is there a halachic preference order to the grains used for matzot?

My understanding is that there are 5 grains that may be used for fulfilling the mitzvah of matzah at the seder: wheat, barley, rye, oats and spelt. In U.S., the majority of matzot sold are made from ...
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Ma Nishtana question

In מה נשתנה, first it says הלילה הזה which is זכר and then it says הלילות which is נקבה. Do any commentators theorize why it switches gender?
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Why does Echad mi Yodeia switch languages in middle?

Why does echad mi yodeia switch from hebrew (eg. אֶחָד מִי יוֹדֵעַ? אֶחָד אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ: אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ.) to arameic (eg. שִׁבְעָה יְמֵי שַׁבָּתָא), back to hebrew (eg. ...
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Do Tzipporah and her children need to retell the story of Exodus if they weren't there?

At the beginning of Parashat Yitro, Yitro bring Tzipporah and her children to the camp after the tenth plague, the sea and battle with Amalek. Does their absence these events have an effect on their ...
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Sources of the story about drinking milk to fulfill the four cups at the seder

A man could not afford the wine for the four cups of the seder, and asked the Rav whether he could use milk. The Rav offered to pay for wine, and gave him much more money than wine would require. The ...
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Why on the pesach seder do we eat the matzo which represents freedom before we eat the maror which represents slavery?

Why on the pesach seder do we eat the matzah which represents freedom before we eat the maror which represents slavery?
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At the seder, (why) must we eat from three specific matzot rather than any?

The haggadah instructs us to eat specific matzot from the three on the plate at different times in the seder. Haggadot I've seen offer various explanations of the symbolism, and seem to treat these ...
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Why is the Pasuk for Vayareiu Osanu Hamitzrim a Pasuk where nothing happens?

Why is the Pasuk that the Haggadah uses to show that “the Egyptians did bad to us" the Passuk in which Pharaoh sits down and says (Shemos 1:10): הָ֥בָה נִֽתְחַכְּמָ֖ה ל֑וֹ פֶּן־יִרְבֶּ֗ה וְהָיָ֞ה ...
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Can one use mongrammed matzot for the Seder?

At Kosherfest this year, a company introduced a line of monogrammed matzot. From the description the owner says: We’re a 75-year-old ink manufacturer, we make edible inks as well as kosher inks, ...
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What type of cat of חד גדיא?

In "חד גדיא," the cat eats the goat. What type of cat was this that was big enough to be eating a goat? My understanding from reading various articles is that this song was composed around the 1500s ...
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Can a gentile lead the Passover Seder? [closed]

At a recent family gathering, my younger brother said he had led the Seder during Passover this year. He explained that he'd been present the last several years, but this was his first time leading. (...
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Salt on the table at Pesach seders

It seems that some don't dip the matzah into salt before eating it at the seder. Also, in my community, salt is not put on the table for the seder (except for the salt water for karpas/beitzah--which ...
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Why does the hagadah describe matzoh being made on the Jews backs as they fled Egypt?

It is understood that the ACTUAL making of מצה today is a very careful and meticulous process -and it would seem that there is a discrepancy in the process of people leaving Egypt by way of it simply ...
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אצבע אלוקים היא - *how* many? [duplicate]

We all know the part of the seder in which we talk about how many makot were part of an אצבע (10) and how many were part of a יד (50). But wait a minute. The phrase אצבע אלוקים היא was not told at ...
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Who is the shaliach השליח referred to in Magid in the Hagada?

In Magid in the Hagada, it says, אני ולא מלאך..., אני ולא שרף..., אני ולא השליח A grandson asked who is the shaliach (messenger) who is referred to with the specific letter ה? Please help the ...
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The Number of Rabbinic Mitzvot

Of all of the different mitzvot that the sages instituted, there are seven in particular that get singled out. They are known as the seven rabbinic mitzvot, and are so delineated from the others ...
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Chazeret vs. Maror

I have seen some seder plates which contain places for both חזרת (chazeret) and מרור (maror) and other seder plates which do not contain chazeret. On those that contain chazeret, it appears that ...
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Why read the hagadda on Shabbos Hagadol?

My family has a custom to read the hagadda on the Shabbos before Pesach, from עבדים היינו until לכפר על עוונותינו. This custom is mentioned in many hagaddos, and in the Ezras Torah Luach (although ...
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Does the Haggadah include any reference to Pesach Sheini?

This is merely a curiosity question. Is there any reference to Pesach Sheini mentioned in the Haggadah either directly or by metaphor or "hint", perhaps in one of the "songs", esp. after Nirtzah?
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Seeking mnemonic for the order of the Pesach Seder

The Passover Seder is long and has lots of steps. Sometimes I get confused what comes next! I'm looking for a mnemonic (perhaps poetic?) to use to help remember the order of the different steps. Do ...
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Is there a preferred charoset form?

I've seen charoset made like a paste and others made with loose, visible pieces of apples and nuts. Is there any halachic preference to either form?
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When was Nirtzah added?

The Rambam's Haggadah and the Ba'al HaTanya's Haggadah lack Nirtzah. @DoubleAA quotes a version of the Simanim poem in which the order concludes with Hallel, as well. Also note the discussion here ...
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Mayim Achronim at The Pesach Seder

Why in the Order of the Seder (that is Kadesh urchatz…) do we not include Mayim Achronim while we do we include the regular washing and the washing before dipping the vegetable into saltwater when all ...
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What is the reason we say שפך חמתך, pour out your wrath?

In the Passover Hagadah after Birchat Hamazon and before completing Hallel we say the following: שְׁפֹךְ חֲמָתְךָ אֶל-הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר לֹא יְדָעוּךָ וְעַל-מַמְלָכוֹת אֲשֶׁר בְּשִׁמְךָ לֹא קָרָאוּ....