Questions tagged [passover-seder-hagada]

The seder (ceremonial meal of the first night or two of Passover) and the haggadah (text used at that meal).

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60 views

Why no bracha on the four cups of wine

Most of the time when doing a mitzvah, we say a bracha on the performance of the mitzvah itself (eating matza, lighting hanukkah candles, etc). On seder night, one of the most famous mitzvot is ...
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Why don't we say “this is a Succah our forefathers used in Exodus”

On the Seder Night, we say הא לחמא עניא - this is the bread our ancestors ate in Egypt. The Torah says we should sit in Succos as G-d made Succos in Exodus (Lev 23.43). לְמַעַן יֵדְעוּ דֹרֹתֵיכֶם ...
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In modern Jewish Passover meals, is the wine mixed with water?

The reason why I am curious about this is because every Christian church (except the Orthodox Armenians) adds water to the wine in the Eucharistic chalice before consecration. They also claim that ...
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57 views

Did the wicked son see the Exodus?

I know this is a little out of season but I am learning the Hagadah with the Malbim commentary. We are told in the Hagadah that the wise son will ask his question in the future, meaning he didn't see ...
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Do slaves owned by jews observe shabbat (day of rest)?

To my understanding it is a commandment of God that those who live among jews observe Shabbat. Historically, slaves owned by jews must have lived among them. Does Gods commandment apply to slaves, if ...
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74 views

When to make kiddush at a Seder with no wine?

What is one supposed to do on Seder night if he has no wine (nor chamar medinah if that’s relevant) at all? On a regular Friday night one would make kiddush on bread under these circumstances (...
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53 views

Why is the word “Makkat” added to 10th plague of Bechorot?

Why does the Haggadah refer only to the 10th plague with "Makkat" and not by the other 9 plagues? :אֵלּוּ עֶשֶׂר מַכּוֹת שֶׁהֵבִיא הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא עַל־הַמִּצְרִים בְּמִצְרַיִם, וְאֵלוּ הֵן ...
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Question on inclusion and placement of Nishmat section in the Hagadda

We have nishmat through yistabach in the Hagadda right after the Great Hallel (Psalm 136). Why are those specific paragraphs from the morning davening included, and why do they come immediately after ...
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In Exodus, when exactly they “could not delay” until the dough was leavened?

THe Torah says (Ex 12,39): וַיֹּאפוּ אֶת־הַבָּצֵק אֲשֶׁר הוֹצִיאוּ מִמִּצְרַיִם עֻגֹת מַצּוֹת כִּי לֹא חָמֵץ כִּי־גֹרְשׁוּ מִמִּצְרַיִם וְלֹא יָכְלוּ לְהִתְמַהְמֵהַּ וְגַם־צֵדָה לֹא־עָשׂוּ לָהֶם׃ ...
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1answer
435 views

Why “Go Out and Learn”

Why does the Haggada say צֵא וּלְמַד מַה בִּקֵּשׁ לָבָן הָאֲרַמִּי לַעֲשׂוֹת לְיַעֲקֹב אָבִינוּ - Go out and see what Lavan tried to do" Why not just learn it or hear it rather than "go out and see"? ...
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Why break Hallel in the middle of a parsha?

On Pesach night, following Beis Hillel we break up Hallel between חלמיש למעינו מים and לא לנו. This is in the middle of a parsha, according to the Keter (navigate to Psalms --> From 114_2 to 118_1) ...
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191 views

Fourth cup after starting Nirtzah

The semi popular Passover Haggadah by Rabbi Nathan Goldberg strangely puts drinking the fourth cup at the seder after starting a couple of songs from nirtzah. I've never seen this in any other ...
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1answer
42 views

שליח-השליח: why the difference?

How come in the paragraph starting ויוציאנו ה' ממצרים… the first time the Hagaddah says ולא ע"י שליח, and the second time ולא ע"י השליח?
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How did Lavan become so evil and why wasn't he punished?

As in the previous question, the Haggadah mentions the wickedness of Lavan that surpasses the wickedness of Pharaoh. THat wickedness seems inconsistent with the general story of the Torah - Eisov was ...
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Why at the Seder night it is not sufficient to be wise?

The Haggadah says: וַאֲפִילוּ כֻּלָּנוּ חֲכָמִים, כֻּלָּנוּ נְבוֹנִים, כֻּלָנוּ זְקֵנִים, כֻּלָנוּ יוֹדְעִים אֶת הַתּוֹרָה Listing 4 different qualities means that each one is not sufficient, and ...
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1answer
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Why does מורא גדול and nothing else in the verse refer to גלוי שכינה?

In the Haggadah, we quote the Sifre's exegesis of Deut. 26:8 (in which I've boldfaced quotations from the verse itself): And God removed us [from Egypt] … with a strong hand — ...
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Why don't we ask “Why is this night different from all other nights?”

The Mishnah (Pesachim 116a), when recording the Mah Nishtanah, phrases the question as: מה נשתנה הלילה הזה מכל הלילות?‏ The most literal translation I can muster from this is: What is ...
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Must maariv be said before the seder?

One who says maariv at shul surely says maariv before the seder. If one davens at home, must maariv be said before the seder? (This question came up in a comment to Why is counting the omer not in ...
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125 views

Why don't we (or when do we) use a lenient definition of nightfall on seder nights?

There are various positions on when we can say maariv (evening prayers), corresponding to various positions on when the day ends (and, thus, a new day begins which starts from the night). But the ...
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Why is counting the omer not in all haggadot?

We count the first day of the omer on the night of the second seder, yet some prominent, traditional haggadot do not include the bracha for counting (e.g., ArtScroll, Koren, Steinsaltz). Why not?
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What is parperet hapat

Mishnah Pesachim 10:3 says: מְטַבֵּל בַּחֲזֶרֶת, עַד שֶׁמַּגִּיעַ לְפַרְפֶּרֶת הַפַּת [he] dips the lettuce until he reaches parperet hapat What exactly does parperet hapat mean in this ...
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1answer
68 views

What is the significance of using specifically a chicken for the Zero'ah?

The Chabad custom and possibly others is to use a chicken neck as the zero'ah. Why specifically do we use a chicken to substitute for the Korban Pesach and not any other animal or fowl?
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Is Karpas strictly required?

I was under the impression that Karpas isn't strictly required; as long as one has something to get the kids to ask, that should be enough. This is a position shared by other Mi Yodeyans as well. By ...
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Is there a connection between each of the four expressions of redemption and the respective four cups?

Chazal tell us that the four cups of wine correspond to the four expressions of redemption (Shemos Rabbah 6:4, Rashi to Pesachim 99b DH Arba Kosos, etc.). Is there any specific correlation between ...
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171 views

Is one supposed to eat the zero'ah (shank bone) from the Seder plate?

I'd appreciate some clarity on this issue as I have heard and seen conflicting answers on this - in viewing various questions on this site as well as instructions in a haggadah. Here's some of what I ...
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1answer
47 views

Asking Mah Nishtanah before the Seder

I found it illogical that we / the kids ask Mah Nishtana before the actual Seder Pesach. MiMah Nafshach: If they don't know the answers to their questions and didn't experience a Seder, how come they ...
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Why is karpas usually parsley?

Apparently, a variety of vegetables my be used for karpas. So, when and why has it become common to use parsley?
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108 views

Can one invite a Noachide to the Seder Pesach? [duplicate]

I just read that the Rogatchover Gaon ruled that a Noachide can become a Ger Toshav on his own, without Rabbinical approval (which is otherwise impossible until the yovel is declared), by simply ...
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2k views

Why is making salt water prohibited on Shabbat?

I have read in a few hagadot, and I think in the OU Pesach guide that the salt water to be used for the seder must be prepared before Shabbat begins. That implied that there is some prohibition for ...
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184 views

What did they say instead of Ha Lachma Anya in Temple times?

They couldn't have said "Let all who are hungry come and eat", because only those who were registered for the Pesach could eat at the Seder. Did they say it (or something like it) earlier (on Erev ...
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How can we say “it would have been enough” when Bnei Yisrael were demanding it?

There are a couple of stichs in Dayeinu which seem to be patently false. We say that it "would have been enough" without them, yet we find Bnei Yisrael demanding that they receive them. How could it ...
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How can we say “it would have been enough” when Hashem had already sworn to do it?

In Dayeinu, there are a few stichs which make no sense: how can we say "it would have been enough" without these promises, when Hashem already promised that He would have given them long before we ...
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1answer
185 views

Hefsek between Karpas and maror?

In Shulchan Aruch (O”Ch 475:1): ויברך על אכילת מרור ויאכלנו בלא הסיבה ואח"כ נוטל מצה שלישית ובוצע ממנה וכורכה עם המרור וטובלה בחרוסת: הגה ויש אומרים דאין לטובלו וכן הוא במנהגים וכן ראיתי נוהגין: ...
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What is a typical Ashkenazi Seder like?

Inspired by the comments here, I realized how little I know about what other customs' Sedarim are like. As an Ashkenazi, I'd only ever participated in Ashkenazi Sedarim. Surely there are those who ...
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2answers
253 views

What is a typical Mizrachi Seder like?

Inspired by the comments here, I realized how little I know about what other customs' Sedarim are like. As an Ashkenazi, I'd only ever participated in Ashkenazi Sedarim. As such, I'd like to explore ...
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91 views

What is a typical Teimani Seder like?

Inspired by the comments here, I realized how little I know about what other customs' Sedarim are like. As an Ashkenazi, I'd only ever participated in Ashkenazi Sedarim. As such, I'd like to explore ...
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1answer
98 views

What is a typical Sefardi Seder like?

Inspired by the comments here, I realized how little I know about what other customs' Sedarim are like. As an Ashkenazi, I'd only ever participated in Ashkenazi Sedarim. As such, I'd like to explore ...
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1answer
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Why does Hallel at the Seder not get a Bracha, according to the second opinion cited by the Tur?

The Tur (OC 473) cites two approaches regarding making a blessing on Hallel at the Seder: בענין ברכת ההלל איכא פלוגתא דרבוותא ריצב"א היה מברך עליו ב"פ אחת קודם אכילה ואחת אחר אכילה וכן היה נוהג ה"ר ...
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1answer
45 views

Why does the Ba'al Haggadah cite Yechezkel 16:7 before 16:6? Why does it even cite 16:6 at all?

In my Haggadah,1 I see the following text, in the section expounding Arami Oved Avi: וָרָב. כְּמָה שֶּׁנֶּאֱמַר: רְבָבָה כְּצֶמַח הַשָּׂדֶה נְתַתִּיךְ, וַתִּרְבִּי וַתִּגְדְּלִי וַתָּבֹאִי בַּעֲדִי ...
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1answer
68 views

What is required at the seder? [duplicate]

What is required at the seder? I know this has been answered before, but I wanted to tie it all together in a simple list. Please tell me if I got something wrong. Two basic commandments in Torah: ...
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Do they change the text of the haggadah in Israel?

At the seder, we recite Ha Lachma and say: הָשַׁתָּא הָכָא, לְשָׁנָה הַבָּאָה בְּאַרְעָא דְיִשְׂרָאֵל -- This year we are here, next year in the Land of Israel. Do they say that in Israel? I have no ...
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58 views

Is it praiseworthy for each member of the seder to have all the required foods on his plate?

I was reading a Haggadah and it says that the head of the seder is the only one required to have a plate with all the necessary foods on it. Is it praiseworthy to have each member have all these foods ...
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84 views

What if the wicked son didn’t know better?

We say at the Seder: רָשָׁע מָה הוּא אוֹמֵר? מָה הָעֲבוֹדָה הַזּאֹת לָכֶם. לָכֶם – וְלֹא לוֹ. וּלְפִי שֶׁהוֹצִיא אֶת עַצְמוֹ מִן הַכְּלָל כָּפַר בְּעִקָּר. וְאַף אַתָּה הַקְהֵה אֶת שִׁנָּיו ...
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Can a slave say the Haggadah?

Throughout the Haggadah, we make reference to the fact that originally we were slaves, but now we are freed. To quote just a couple of them: עבדים היינו לפרעה במצרים...ואלו לא הוציא הקב״ה את ...
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Is the Bnei Brak of the Hagada and Megila the same as modern-day Bnei Brak?

The Pesach Hagada mentions the story of five rabbis in Bnei Brak It happened once [on Pesach] that Rabbi Eliezer, Rabbi Yehoshua, Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah, Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Tarfon were ...
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52 views

Is the “wicked son” of the Haggadah an apostate Jew?

I've seen a few sources that seem to understand that the wicked son of the Haggadah was an apostate Jew, who converted to Christianity. See for example, this answer and linked article, as well as ...
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47 views

Why does the piyut of Dayenu in the Haggadah shel Pesah say “Ilu he'echilanu et hamann” before “Ilu natan lanu et HaShabat?”

Bnei Yisrael were given hok umishpat at Marah.  Rashi explains that they were given a few mitzvot, including Shabbat. Afterwards, when they got to Eilim, they were given the mann.  Why then, does the ...
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2k views

What is the modern Jewish interpretation of Exodus 12:11?

I'm not Jewish, so please forgive me if my question sounds ignorant. My understanding is that in modern Judaism, the Passover meal is eaten sitting rather than standing. However, this seems to ...
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68 views

Why is emphasis put on the sparing of the Jewish people at Makas Bechoros more than at any of the other Makos?

Shmos 12:27 --------------- שמות יב כז וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֡ם זֶֽבַח־פֶּ֨סַח ה֜וּא לַֽיהוָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר פָּ֠סַח עַל־בָּתֵּ֤י בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בְּמִצְרַ֔יִם בְּנָגְפּ֥וֹ אֶת־מִצְרַ֖יִם וְאֶת־בָּתֵּ֣ינוּ ...
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1answer
63 views

Putting sefiras haomer in nirtzah

Some haggados print sefiras haomer for the second night (outside Israel) at some point in Nirtzah, for people who didn't already count during Maariv. I've seen it after חסל סדור פסח, after אדיר הוא, ...