Questions tagged [passover-seder-hagada]

The seder (ceremonial meal of the first night or two of Passover) and the haggadah (text used at that meal).

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Hallel in syngagogue on Pesach night before dark

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 487:4 describes a custom to recite Hallel in the synagogue at the end of Arvit on the first (two) night(s) of Pesach. Some (e.g. Gra) link this custom to the practice found ...
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why don't we say a brocho on the Hagadah?

B"H the rule is is that we usually say brochos over Mitvos that we do. Since it's a Mitzvah to tell over the story of going out of Egypt on the first night of Pesach [as it even says in the ...
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If one eats Matzah without leaning, does one need to make another Brocho on the Matza?

BH The general law in the Gemara and brought in the Rambam and Shulchan Aruch is that one needs to lean while eating Matzah and drinking the 4 cups. The question is: Is the leaning an essential ...
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Emptying out Mitzrayim [duplicate]

If when the Jews left Egypt it says וינצלו את מצרים, they emptied out Mitzrayim, then where did all the silver and gold that the Egyptians had at the Yam Suf come from? And the spoils at the sea were ...
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Seeking halachic arguments for starting the Passover Seders earlier than Tzeit

Another thread (Starting the Seder after Sheki'ah (sunset)? Starting the Seder after Sheki'ah (sunset)?) included a discussion of the starting time of the Seders. This led me to search for ...
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Why the Placement of Pour Out Thy Wrath?

The paragraph "Pour Out Your Wrath" is in the Haggada after birchat hamazon and before Hallel. Why might it have been placed there?
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When did "Pour out your wrath" become widespread in Haggadot?

This website quotes Joseph Tabory as saying that the earliest known appearance of Pour Out Your Wrath in a Haggada was in the Machzor Vitry (p. 296) which dates back to around 1200 (See https://www....
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Mekor for Dayenu 'warfare' seder tradition

I recall seeing a minhag in which the participants enjoy hitting each other with scallions during Dayenu at the seder night. I don't know much about this but I was very curious on learning what is the ...
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Source of Chasal Sidur Pesach?

I have read that this piyut was intended to be recited on Shabbat Hagadol. Where does it first appear? Who wrote it?
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Chad Gadya Protects Us From Jealous Angels?

Someone told me in the name of Rav Ephraim Wachsman that after the angels see how much pleasure our Pesach Sedarim give Hashem, they become jealous, which creates an element of danger for Klal Yisroel....
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What was the schedule of a Passover meal during ancient/Biblical times?

When the Passover was celebrated during ancient/Biblical times, do we know what the schedule of that meal would look like? Here is what I understand so far and would like some more information/...
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Who said Moshe is missing from the Haggadah to emphasize HaShem?

Where is the source of the Vilna Gaon/the Gra or any commentator explaining that Moshe is left out of the haggadah (besides the one time he is mentioned) in order to show that it was Hashem who did ...
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Hashem's name missing in Shir Hashirim

Why is Hashem's name missing in Shir Hashirim? The haggadah is so specific in mentioning Hashem's name over and over and instead leaves out Moshe's name (except one time). I'm wondering why then ...
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Karpas - Samech Parech

I've heard many times from my Rabbeim throughout the years that כרפס is the same letters as ס' פרך, representing the 60 myriads of Jews who were forced to do עבודת פרך (often translated as crushing ...
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Why is red wine prescribed for Seder, and what does it represent?

I have not seen specific references describing what the red wine represent in the Seder, and why the red wine is preferred. I know Moses did not write about it, but the tradition of the cup developed ...
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Annus al pi haDibbur

In the Haggadah, we read that Ya'akov Avinu descended to Mitzrayim 'compelled by Divine decree.' Most understand this to mean that Ya'akov understood that his reunion with Yosef would begin the ...
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Seder night songs

In the מגיד section of the הגדה does anybody know if there are any songs/tunes for: יכול מראש חודש מעשה של ברבי אליעזר Any part of the section starting צא ולמד רבי יוסי הגלילי up to דינו
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How can we make berachos after drinking during the Pesach Seder?

The Shulchan Aruch OC (99:1) writes שתה יין כדי רביעית אל יתפלל עד שיסיר יינו ואם שתה יותר אם הוא יכול לדבר לפני המלך אם התפלל תפלתו תפלה ואם אינו יכול לדבר לפני המלך אם התפלל תפלתו תועבה וצריך לחזור ...
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Why does the wise son ask "eidus, chukim and {then} mishpatim"?

The wise son in the hagadah says "What are the eidus, chukim and mishpatim that Hashem, our G-d, commanded you {or "us" according to another version}?" The question is: It's known {...
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Why two kzaysim of matza?

I saw that one eats a kzayis from the whole matza, and a kzayis from the broken matza. One reason given is because one is supposed to eat from the matza that hamotzi was said on and also eat from the ...
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Why the mismatch between the Haggada's Dayenu and its summary?

In the Haggada in the part of Dayenu it ends off with אִלּוּ הִכְנִיסָנוּ לְאֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל וְלֹא בָנָה לָנוּ אֶת־בֵּית הַבְּחִירָה דַּיֵּנוּ. If He had brought us into the land of Israel and had ...
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Why does the ben chocham ask what the mitzvos are if he is a chochom?

Title says it all, if the ben chocham is already wise, as proven from this itself that he asks "what are the adus, chukim and mishpatim..", implying he knows the difference between the three ...
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Why does the ben chocham ask "you"? [duplicate]

In one version of the hagadah the ben chocham asks "what are these adus, chukim and mishpatim, that Hashem commanded you"? (Another version says "us") Why does the ben chocham ask &...
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When Pesach falls on Motzei Shabbos, should women make Havdallah?

Although there are numerous customs, some have the custom that all present at the Seder - including women - recite Kiddush together. On a year such as this, where pesach falls on Motzei Shabbos, what ...
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Ba'al HaTanya on Echad Mi Yodeya

I heard from a Rav in a shiur that he saw written somewhere in the name of the Ba'al HaTanya an explanation for the song Echad Mi Yodeya at the end of the Haggadah. It seems a little incongruous to ...
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What's the source for the מעשה בר' אליעזר... שהיו מסובין of the הגדה?

I'm making a דרשה related to פסח and I want to look up the source of מעשה בר' אליעזר, I don't know where it's located, is it in גמרא, does it even have a source besides of the הגדה? מעשה בר' אליעזר ...
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Why wear white for the inauguration of the Mishkan?

Rashi (Vayikra 8:28) quotes the Gemara Avoda Zara saying ויקטר המזבחה. מֹשֶׁה שִׁמֵּשׁ כָּל שִׁבְעַת יְמֵי הַמִּלּוּאִים בְּחָלוּק לָבָן (עבודה זרה ל"ד) — Moshe (though a non-kohen) was ...
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אֲרַמִּי אוֹבֵד אָבִי not read entirely in the Hagadat Pesach [duplicate]

The Mishna 4 of the 10th Perek of Pesachim ends with "And he expounds from the passage (Sefaria): מַתְחִיל בִּגְנוּת וּמְסַיֵּם בְּשֶׁבַח, וְדוֹרֵשׁ מֵאֲרַמִּי אוֹבֵד אָבִי, עַד שֶׁיִּגְמֹר כֹּל ...
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What is the connection between Pharaoh's butler's cups and Arba Kosos?

The Daas Zekeinim (Shemos 12:8) writes ד"א כנגד ד' כוסות שאמר שר המשקים ליוסף - Yet another interpretation about why we drink four cups of wine on the night of the seder. It is a reminder of the ...
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Five Cups for Five Imahos?

The Shelah (Aseres HaDibros Pesachim Matza Ashira 102) writes an beautiful parallel between the four cups of Pesach and the four Imahos: Sarah – Avraham and Sarah would be mekarev men and women ...
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Who wrote the Haggada?

Who wrote our haggada? Was is a tanna, amora or reishon? I've heard different rumors from different people. Some say Rashi compiled it. Some say it was a tanna while others say it was an amora.
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We dip karpas because of aristocracy

Chazal say that the reason we dip the karpas at the seder is so the children will ask (Pesachim 114b). Meaning, it will spark their curiosity and they will then end up asking other questions about the ...
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Rabbi and Priest Debate: דצ"ך עד"ש באח"ב

Some of the commentators on the Haggada note a story between a rav and a priest where the latter claimed דצ"ך עד"ש באח"ב was a reference to our "heinous crimes" while the rav ...
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Hagaddah with Kabbalistic incorporation

I'd like to view the Haggadah in light of Kabbalistic writings, such as the Zohar and subsequent works. Have there been any publications, whether in recent years or not, which cull together or explain ...
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Is there discussion of a connection between מצוין and צִּיּוֹן?

I haven't worked through all the etymological dictionaries yet so the connection might be obvious, (Jastrow and Klein don't seem to make it explicitly) but I am looking for discussion which connects ...
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How did the Seder Plate look according Jacob ben Asher?

Interested in the question of how the Seder Plate looked like in Jacob ben Asher. More precisely, even the question of how he arranged the matzo. I know that Rema and the Vilna Gaon placed the matzo ...
2 votes
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Where does the Torah actually speak of the 4 Sons?

In the haggadah, we read כְּנֶגֶד אַרְבָּעָה בָנִים דִּבְּרָה תוֹרָה "corresponding to 4 sons the Torah spoke" There are specific p'sukim which discuss the reasons for Passover, but how does any ...
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Does the blessing on the karpas cover the pineapple eaten as dessert at the Pesach meal?

At the Pesach Seder, there is a custom to make a blessing “borei pri hoadomoh” on the karpas and have in mind that this will cover the moror when it is eaten later. There is a custom to make a ...
1 vote
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Not Standing During Hallel of the Seder

Shulchan Aruch Harav Orach Chaim 473:48 says we don’t need to stand during hallel לְפִי שֶׁכָּל מַעֲשֵׂי לַיְלָה זֶה הוּא דֶּרֶךְ חֵרוּת, לְפִיכָךְ אֵין מַטְרִיחִין אוֹתוֹ לַעֲמֹד. How come, ...
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Is there a specific "Shaliach"? [duplicate]

In the haggadah, when the text comments on various verses, it discusses Hashem's taking the people out of Egypt, and explains that it was done לֹא עַל־יְדֵי מַלְאָךְ, וְלֹא עַל־יְדֵי שָׂרָף, וְלֹא ...
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Can one eat the marror from the keara over pesach?

Is it okay to eat the marror and chazeret from the keara (seder plate) ?
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Were there really 5x as many makkos at yam suf?

Towards the end of the haggadah, there is a paragraph discussing how many makkos there were at yam suf: רבי יוסי הגלילי אומר- מנין אתה אומר שלקו המצרים במצרים עשר מכות ועל הים לקו חמישים מכות? ...
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Are the words זרוע and צרוע connected?

Are the words זרוע the bone which is used with Pesach, and צרוע the outstretched arm of our G-d grammatically symbolically connected?
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Must everyone say every word in the Haggadah?

My Halachic Questions: Does everyone (adults) at the seder have to read the haggadah to themselves? (non-sefard) I have heard the Rema requires it, are any mattir? Can the leader of the seder ...
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Why Break the Matza of Yitzchak?

The three matzos of the seder are compared to Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov (Maaseh Rokeach Seder Leil Pesach § 58). Why do we specifically break apart the middle matza (ויקח מצה האמצעית ויבצענה לשתים ...
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Why Break the Matza of Levi?

The Arizal compares the top matza to the Kohen, the middle to Levi, and the third to Yisroel (Pri Eitz Chaim Pesach (6:4) - תקח הג' מצות מצה שמורה, ותניח הכהן למעלה, והלוי למטה ממנו, והישראל ...
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Shaking Off Charoses

The Shulchan Aruch (475:1) says ואח"כ יקח כזית מרור וישקענו כולו בחרוסת ולא ישהנו בתוכו שלא יתבטל טעם מרירתו ומטעם זה צריך לנער החרוסת מעליו ויברך על אכילת מרור ויאכלנו בלא הסיבה - take a ...
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How and in what sense can the matzoh and moror nullify the Korban Pesach?

The Oruch HaShulchan in Simon סימן תעה quotes the Rambam (פרק שמיני דין ו:) ואחר כך מברך "על נטילת ידים"... ואחר כך כורך מצה ומרור כאחת, ומטבל בחרוסת ומברך "ברוך... אשר קדשנו במצותיו ...
1 vote
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Eggs in Salt Water at the Seder

Minhagei Yeshurun (119) writes היה אסור לכהני מצרים עפ"י דתם לאכול מלח לזה צוו חז"ל לאכלו בפסח בסעודה זו למען עשות נגד חקיהם טעם אכילת תחלה בצים מבושלות הוא גם כן למען עשות נגד חוקי המצרים כי ...
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Greeting Elijah during coronavirus

We are nearing Pesach and the Passover Seder. A time when Jews open the door for Elijah. Many Jews interpret Malachi 3:23, “Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great ...
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