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Questions tagged [parshanut-torah-comment]

interpretation of parts of Tanach by close reading, not derivation (Pronounced "par-sha-noot")

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2answers
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Noach - Miracle or Animal Psychologist?

Breishit 6:16 says that there were three levels in Noach's ark. Rash"I explains that the top level was for Noach and his family; the middle for the animals, and the bottom for waste. That implies ...
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34 views

What is the relevance of “the infant dropped the breast from his mouth” and from where is it derived?

סוטה ל עמוד ב -----------------Sotah 30b תנו רבנן דרש רבי יוסי הגלילי בשעה שעלו ישראל מן הים נתנו עיניהם לומר שירה וכיצד אמרו שירה עולל מוטל על ברכי אמו ותינוק יונק משדי אמו כיון שראו את השכינה עולל ...
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1answer
61 views

Who are the to'im?

In the Uva L'Tziyon, after the kedusha desidra, we read "בָּרוּךְ הוּא אֱלהֵינוּ שֶׁבְּרָאָנוּ לִכְבודו. וְהִבְדִּילָנוּ מִן הַתּועִים. וְנָתַן לָנוּ תּורַת אֱמֶת." ("Blessed is He, our God, who ...
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What is the most effective way to translate non-Hebrew translations found in Rabbinic literature?

Non-Hebrew translations are often included by our Sages when attempting to clarify words or concepts. There are myriad examples in RaSh"I (Shemot 5:7) and Hizquni (Wayiqra 11:16). For relatively ...
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What is the Shaḥaf according to Ḥizquni?

The שחף (Shaḥaf) is a bird forbidden by the Torah in both Sefer Wayiqra and Devarim. Ḥizquni (חזקוני, Rabbi Ḥizqiyah ben Manoaḥ), writing in Old French, states (Wayiqra 11:16): אשפמר"א ויש אומרים: ...
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Why is Milah considered Avraham's first Mitzvah. Why not Lech-Lecha?

(בראשית כד ב) שים נא ידך תחת ירכי ופירש רש"י תחת ירכי לְפִי שֶׁהַנִּשְׁבָּע צָרִיךְ שֶׁיִּטוֹל בְּיָדוֹ חֵפֶץ שֶׁל מִצְוָה, כְּגוֹן סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה, אוֹ תְּפִילִין (שבועות ל"ח), וְהַמִּילָה הָיְתָה ...
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2answers
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The purpose of the detailed counting of Benei Yisrael in the Torah

We know that all letter in the Torah has a purpose. A lot of laws are learned from a little thing in the Torah, etc. What is the purpose of all the details in the counting of Benei Yisrael in ...
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1answer
52 views

Explain the anomaly in Bemidbar 2:20

In viewing the 4 groups of 3 encampments mentioned at the beginning of sidra Bemidbar, I noticed that regarding the 2nd tribe in each group, the Torah uses the phrase והחונים עליו ("The ones camping ...
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1answer
56 views

Why, at first did Hashem tell Moshe to go to Bnei Yisrael and to Pharoh, and later He only mentions going to Pharoh?

Shmos 3 From pasuk 16 שמות ג מפסוק טז לֵךְ וְאָֽסַפְתָּ אֶת־זִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם ה' אֱלֹקי אֲבֹֽתֵיכֶם נִרְאָה אֵלַי אֱלֹקי אַבְרָהָם יִצְחָק וְיַעֲקֹב לֵאמֹר פָּקֹד ...
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1answer
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Why should Yitzchok have to give a brachah to the person whom he thought was Eisav, if he had wrongly suspected Yaakov?

In the ספורנו on בראשית כז:כג שעירות - וַיְבָרֲכֵהוּ. עַל שֶׁחֲשָׁדו שֶׁהָיָה רָאוּי לִקְלָלָה, כְּאָמְרו "וְהֵבֵאתִי עָלַי קְלָלָה, (פסוק יב), וְכֵן אָמְרוּ זִכְרונָם לִבְרָכָה: (ברכות לא) ...
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Explain the difference between “מונה” and “סופר”

There are two Hebrew words used regarding counting: מונה as a form, the 10 people minimum needed to say Kaddish, etc. is called a מנין. סופר as a form as in ספירת העומר . This past Shabbat, my rav ...
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The usage of the words קהל and עדה ‎(עדת)

The people of Israel are sometimes called collective קהל, sometimes עדה ‎(עדת) and sometimes plain Israel, and although they probably point out to the exact same group of people they seem to be ...
4
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1answer
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Did The Rebbe R' Heshel of Krokow have a different version of the Chumash?

In the Sefer Chanukas Hatorah, [written by the Rebbe R' Heshel of Krocow], in Parshas Pinchas (Bamidbar 27:3) it says: בפסוק (במדבר כז:ג) - אבינו מת במדבר והוא לא היה בתוך העדה הנועדים על ה' בעדת ...
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Since Moshe killed the Egyptian, There would obviously be no decendent who would convert

See Rashi (Shemos 2:12) "וירא כי אין איש" - שאין איש עתיד לצאת ממנו שיתגייר : Before Moshe Killed the Egyptian he looked [into the future] and saw that no person would descend from the Egyptian who ...
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3answers
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If the Targum on the Torah written by Onkelus was given at Har Sinai, How can Rashi say that he made a mistake?

If the Targum on the Torah written by Onkelus was given at Har Sinai, How can Rashi say that he made a mistake? See Gemara מגילה דף ג ע"א Megilla 3a: ותרגום של תורה אונקלוס הגר אמרו? והא אמר רב ...
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2answers
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Why, in Vayikra 21:10, does the verse state “…HaGadol MeEchav” instead of simply “HaGadol”?

In this weeks Parsha, Emor, I came across this pasuk: והכן הגדול מאחיו אשר יוצק על ראשו שמן המשחה ומלא את-ידו ללבוש את-הבגדים את-ראשו לא יפרע ובגדיו לא יפרם:‮ (ויקרא כא:י) And he that is the ...
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1answer
35 views

Explain different word used regarding sending away the metzorah bird

I received an email relay, this Sunday, from several rabbis passed onwards to me, eventually. (Proof that even your local rabbi has to ask a question on Mi Yodeya.) After the metzorah (Leper) has ...
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1answer
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Why did G-d choose to punish Egypt with ten plagues, as opposed to another amount?

G-d used ten plagues (blood, frogs, lice, wild animals, pestilence, boils, hail, locusts, darkness, and death of the firstborns) to punish the Egyptians for enslaving the Jewish nation. Why did He ...
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0answers
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How could we bring korban pesach in egypt if it was served as a deity?

It says Shemos 8,22: הן נזבח את תועבת מצרים לעיניהם ולא יסקלנו - "If we sacrifice the god of the the egyptians won't they stone us?" (Translation based on Rashi and Onklus) Rashi on Vayikra 1,2 - ...
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3answers
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A similitude of the Lord?

What is meant in Bamidbar 12:8 when the verse reads: "and the similitude of the LORD doth he behold" - וּתְמֻנַת יְהוָה, יַבִּיט I would like to know what the words 'similtude of the Lord' really ...
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1answer
53 views

The signs at the burning bush

In the book of shemot (chapter 4:9) hashem demonstrates to Moshe 3 separate miracles as proof that he appeared to him. The third one involving water from the Nile being transformed into blood. Is ...
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2answers
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People joined the Israelites in Egypt during the night of the Exodus?

I noticed something strange in Shemot 12:43-50. I always assumed the commandments given there were for future generations (like most commentators teach). But then it says in verse 43: "And HaShem ...
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2answers
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Why does the king need to extend the scepter to Esther a second time?

In Esther 8:4 it says וַיּ֤וֹשֶׁט הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ לְאֶסְתֵּ֔ר אֵ֖ת שַׁרְבִ֣ט הַזָּהָ֑ב וַתָּ֣קָם אֶסְתֵּ֔ר וַֽתַּעֲמֹ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ׃ The king extended the golden scepter to Esther, and ...
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2answers
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Why does Achashveirosh ask who is responsible for the decree against the Jews?

In Esther 7:5 it says וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אֲחַשְׁוֵר֔וֹשׁ וַיֹּ֖אמֶר לְאֶסְתֵּ֣ר הַמַּלְכָּ֑ה מִ֣י ה֥וּא זֶה֙ וְאֵֽי־זֶ֣ה ה֔וּא אֲשֶׁר־מְלָא֥וֹ לִבּ֖וֹ לַעֲשׂ֥וֹת כֵּֽן׃ Thereupon King ...
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1answer
34 views

Shabbat and Mishkan - Order of items [duplicate]

I noticed an interesting "anomaly". From the beginning of parshat Terumah through Tetzaveh and into the beginning of Ki Tissa, G-d details numerous laws of the mishkan (Tabernacle). At the end, G-d ...
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1answer
101 views

According to Rashi, why does Esther split up her argument?

At the beginning of Esther 7, Esther makes her plea for the Jewish people. Rashi (to v. 3) makes a very interesting comment: וְעַמִּי. יִנָּתֵן לִי "בְּבַקָּשָׁתִי" שֶׁלֹּא יֵהָרְגוּ. וְאִם תּאמַר: ...
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5answers
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How could Aharon stand inside the Mishkan

According to the position in the gemara in Shabbos :צב that all of the leviim (includes cohanim) were 10 amos tall, how could Aaron or Moshe fit in the Ohel Moed (10 Amos tall as well, see parshas ...
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5answers
267 views

Who said that little Tzfardeaim jumped out of the big one's mouth?

Who said that little Tzfardeaim jumped out of the big one's mouth? As far as I can tell, the gemara in Sanhedrin, as well as all of the mainstream medrashim, use a lashon of וישרצו, which, as Rashi ...
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4answers
111 views

Rokeach's remez to ayin tachas ayin meaning mamon

The Torah says (Exodus 21:24) עין תחת עין, an eye for an eye, which is understood to mean ממון, monetary compensation. I saw this remez by the Rokeach (here, result #2) and don't understand it: ...
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1answer
46 views

Please explain Shemot 23:26

My loose translation of Shemot 23:26 (feel free to edit, please): "There shall not be a miscarriage (I'm somewhat extending Rashi's translation, here) or a barren in your land. I will fill the ...
2
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1answer
130 views

Who says Moshe sinned for killing the Egyptian and why

The Be'er Yosef in Parshas Masei quotes the Arizal's Shaar HaMitzvos parshas Shoftim as follows: ‏ ...הרג את המצרי שהוא קין, היה שוגג, כי הוא חשב שהדין עמו על שהרג הבל, ולכן הרגו בשם המפורש כדי ...
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2answers
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Yitroh's Advise to Moses - did Hashem agree?

Unlike many other occasions where Hashem reacted retroactively either favorably or not, in this Parasha there's no mentioning of Hashem's reaction. What was Hashem's reaction to Yitroh's advice and ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

One of the Aseres Hadevarim (more commonly referred to as "Dibros") is "לא תגנוב". I can think of different types of theft / Geneivah such as stealing money/possesions, Geneivas Daas, and kidnapping. ...
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2answers
119 views

Is the Cushite woman Zipporah?

:וַתְּדַבֵּ֨ר מִרְיָ֤ם וְאַֽהֲרֹן֙ בְּמשֶׁ֔ה עַל־אֹד֛וֹת הָֽאִשָּׁ֥ה הַכֻּשִׁ֖ית אֲשֶׁ֣ר לָקָ֑ח כִּֽי־אִשָּׁ֥ה כֻשִׁ֖ית לָקָֽח "And Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite ...
4
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3answers
226 views

Was Eliezer a tzaddik or a rasha?

Derech Eretz Zuta (1:5) says that Eliezer, the servant of Avraham, was one of the people to have entered Gan Eden alive, while in Pirkei D'Rabbi Eliezer (16:14) we are told Eliezer is the same person ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Moshe appointing leaders & judges - different accounts in Yitro & Devarim

I am trying to reconcile the events leading up to Moshe's decision to appoint leaders for the people (heads of thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.) It seems that we get two different stories. In ...
13
votes
2answers
251 views

Ten Commandments. What did Moshe hear?

Rashi on 20 (1) says all these words: [This] teaches [us] that the Holy One, blessed be He, said the Ten Commandments in one utterance, something that is impossible for a human being to say [in a ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

I'd love to but Hashem doesn't let

Rashi in parshas Kedoshim brings a Toras Kohanim: רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן עֲזַרְיָה אוֹמֵר מִנַּיִן שֶׁלֹּא יֹאמַר אָדָם נַפְשִׁי קָצָה בִּבְשַׂר חֲזִּיר, אִי אַפְשַׁי לִלְבּוֹשׁ כִּלְאַיִם, אֲבָל יֹאמַר אַפְשַׁי ...
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1answer
56 views

Why did Yithro offer sacrifices?

In Parshat Yithro we read that he [Yithro] offered sacrifices "before HaShem": Sh'moth (Exodus) 18.12: "Then Moses' father in law, Jethro, sacrificed burnt offering[s] and [peace] offerings to God, ...
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1answer
107 views

Moses' leadership strategy - reactive vs proactive?

First some background information on reactive vs proactive behaviour. During the 40 years journey in the wilderness, the Torah clearly describes Moses' leadership as reactive - merely responding to ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Why does G-d provide meat together with the mahn?

In viewing the intial complaint, B'nai Yisra'el complained that there was no meat or bread in the desert. I was curious why they asked for meat, considering that they had so many animals and they ...
2
votes
2answers
34 views

What's the reason for specifiying animals only at Refidim?

When B'nai Yisra'el arrived at Marah, there was no drinkable water. Their complaint was "simple" - "What will we drink?" (Shemot 15:24). No mention about animals. In Shemot 16:3, they get a bit more ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Yaakov and Esav identical twins?

Were Yaakov and Esav monozygotic ("identical") twins, or dizygotic ("fraternal") twins? (Inspired by Sabbahillel's answer to Why is the birth of twins a Chidush for Rivka?)
6
votes
2answers
105 views

B'nai Yisra'el complaining about water and food - sometimes punished, sometimes not

There were numerous times that B'nai Yisra'el complained to Moshe (and, sometimes, Aharon) about the lack of food or water in the desert. But, it seems that sometimes G-d punishes them and sometimes ...
1
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1answer
53 views

“One in 5, one in 50, two in 600,000” - can this be called a Geulah?

Different Midrashim give different estimates on the number of Jews actually exiting Egypt, ranging from one in 5 (חמושים) and up to 2 in 600,000, the rest dying in the Plague of Darkness. I was ...
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votes
1answer
69 views

What does “knowing the whole Torah” means?

Many interpretations (both Talmudic, Midrash, Rishoynim etc) when referring to the wisdom of our Sages (from Moses to Tanoyim) use this allegory of "knowing the Whole Torah" (כל התורה כולה). What ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

“A moon like this you should sanctify”?

In Parshas Bo G-d says to Moses to sanctify a new Moon, but Moses "had trouble understanding" and G-d showed him exactly the picture of a new Moon, saying "כזה ראה וקדש". Obviously, Moses knew the ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Egyptians not turning to their gods?

We read about a couple of "sorcery contests" between Moses and Egyptians, first turning the rods into serpents and then through the first plagues. Some well known facts: Egypt was a land of idol ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Could the narrative of Exodus 4:24-26 have happened at another moment in time?

HaShem commands Moshe to do ׳all wonders׳ which HaShem appointed in his hand before Pharaoh once he arrives in Egypt (Shemot 4:21), but despite all wonders - HaShem informs Moshe - Pharaoh will not ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

What is the meaning of Yad Moshe in Parshat VaEira

In Parshat VaEira (9.35) it says "b'Yad Moshe" כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה בְּיַד ־משֶֽׁה ; so what was the hand of Moshe that the Torah tells us here about? (And Pharaoh's heart was hardened, ...